Participant in the Syrian Civil War
Official logo of the Hazzm Movement
Hazzm Movement flag
|Active||25 January 2014 – 1 March 2015|
|Headquarters||Atarib, Aleppo Governorate, Syria|
|Area of operations|
|Strength||400 (February 2015)|
|Battles and wars|
The Hazzm Movement (Arabic: حركة حزم, Harakat Hazzm, meaning Movement of Steadfastness) was an alliance of Syrian rebel groups affiliated with the Free Syrian Army in northwestern Syria that existed from 25 January 2014 until 1 March 2015, when most of them dissolved into the Levant Front.
In late 2013 the former Supreme Military Council chief of staff Salim Idris planned to form the Hazzm Movement in response him being sacked as the chief of staff. The Hazzm Movement was established on 25 January 2014 when 12 small rebel factions merged. Several of the factions had been part of the Farouq Brigades. The groups that became the Army of Mujahedeen were originally going to join the Hazzm Movement. The previous incarnation of the group, called Harakat Zaman Mohamed (The movement of the time of Muhammad), was supported by the Muslim Brotherhood of Syria.
The Hazzm Movement had a northern division, led by Murshid al-Khalid (Abu al-Mutassim), and a southern division led by Mohammed al-Dahik (Abu Hatem). The Secretary-General was Bilal Atar (Abu Abd al-Sham). Abdullah Awda (Abu Zeid) was in charge of military operations and Hamza Shamali (Abu Hashem) in charge of political affairs.
In October 2014, the al-Nusra Front began attacking positions of the Hazzm Movement in the Idlib Governorate, overrunning bases and seizing weapon stores, due to its perceived closeness to the United States. Following the loss of men and weapons to Nusra, the Idlib branch of Hazzm stopped receiving funds from the CIA in December 2014, funds to the Aleppo branch continued. In January 2015, al-Nusra attacked Hazzm Movement positions in the Aleppo Governorate. The Hazzm Movement reacted by joining the Levant Front, a large alliance of prominent Aleppo-based Islamist rebel groups; the alliance urged al Nusra to resolve its dispute with the Hazzm Movement by negotiating with the Levant Front.
On 1 March 2015, after several heavy clashes with the al-Nusra Front, the Hazzm Movement announced they were dissolving into the Levant Front. However, the Levant Front later threatened the Hazzm members, vowing to hunt down their commanders for being "corrupt criminals", ordering their fighters to pledge to "continue jihad" and to not fight together with "corrupt criminals".
On 5 May 2015, some former members of the Hazzm Movement, including the Atarib Martyrs Brigade, and the allied Syria Revolutionaries Front based in the north, as well as smaller FSA groups, joined the newly-formed Army of Revolutionaries. However, the Atarib Martyrs Brigade left Jaysh al-Thuwar in 2016 to join the Army of Mujahideen in in May.
During the Turkish military intervention in Syria which began in late August 2016, some former members of the Hazzm Movement and the Syrian Revolutionaries Front from Turkey participated in the operation under the flags of other rebel factions in Jarabulus.
The 12 groups that merged on 25 January 2014 to form the Hazzm Movement were:
- Atarib Martyrs Brigade—reportedly the largest faction of the Hazzm Movement before its dissolution, based in Atarib
- 9th Division of Aleppo
- Farouq of the North Battalion
- 9th Special Forces Brigade
- Ayman of God Brigade
- Abi Harith Battalion - Farouq Hama
- Free Salamiya Battalion - Farouq Hama
- Martyr Abdul Ghaffar Hamish Battalion
- Martyr Abdullahi Bukar Battalion
- Salt of the Right Company
- Abu Assad al-Nimr Battalion
Several other groups joined the Hazzm Movement at a later date.
9th Division of Aleppo
The 9th Division of Aleppo is a Syrian rebel group formerly affiliated with the rebel Syria Revolutionaries Front coalition and joined the Hazm Movement in January 2014. It is headed by Murshid al-Khaled (Aboul-Moutassem).
- 1st Infantry Brigade — At one point it was part of the 5th Corps and received BGM-71 TOW missiles from the US-backed “Friends of Syria” alliance.
- 1st Armoured Brigade
- 60th Infantry Brigade
- Rocket Artillery Regiment
- Diri al-Shahba Brigade
- Ahbab Allah Brigade
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Those cut off include a larger group of Hazm fighters whom Nusra ousted from their bases in the Zawyah mountains in Idlib province in October
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