Al-Sanadid Forces

Al-Sanadid Forces
قوات الصناديد
Participant in Syrian Civil War

Flag of Al-Sanadid Forces
Active 2013–present
Ideology pro-Shammar tribal autonomy[1]
anti-House of Saud[2]
pro-breakup of Saudi Arabia[2]
Leaders Bandar al-Humaydi[3]
(Sanadid military leader)
Hamidi Daham al-Hadi[4]
(tribe leader)
Headquarters Tell Hamis, Syria[5]
Area of operations Al-Hasakah Governorate, Syria
Strength 4,500+[6]
2,000+ (in reserve)
Part of Syrian Democratic Forces
Syrian Arab Coalition[7]
Allies People's Protection Units
Women's Protection Units
Syriac Military Council
Opponents Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Battles and wars

Syrian Civil War

Iraqi insurgency

Forces of the Brave (Arabic: قوات الصناديد, Jaysh al-Sanadid or Quwwat al-Sanadid) is a militia formed by the Arab Shammar tribe to fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.[13] The tribe is based in Til Koçer and Jazaa regions of the Cizîr Canton of Rojava as well as in Iraq. The red colour in their flag represents blood while the yellow represents the light, calling themselves “marchers on the red death”.[14]

The Al-Sanadid Forces are affiliated with the governor of Jazirah district and tribal leader Hamidi Daham al-Hadi[15] (Humaydi Daham al Hadi[3]), also known as Hmeidi Daham al-Jarba.[16] The Forces are led by Hamidi's son Bandar al-Humaydi.[3]


The al-Sanadid Forces primarily want to ensure the Shammar tribe's autonomy and security in the Al-Hasakah Governorate; furthermore, they have pledged to fight Wahhabism. Hamidi Daham al-Hadi has also expressed his ambition to facilitate the breakup of Saudi Arabia, likely to retake the former Emirate of Jabal Shammar from the House of Saud. Furthermore, they neither support or oppose the Syrian Ba'ath regime.[1][2]

The Shammar tribe generally maintains a long cooperative relationship with the Syrian Kurds since the 18th century,[1] despite a number of tribal disputes. In course of the 2004 al-Qamishli riots, the Shammar under Bandar al-Humaydi were the only tribe in Al-Hasakah Governorate that refused to fight the Kurdish protestors for the government.[17] As result, when the al-Sanadid Forces were formed, they were set up as explicitly pro-Kurdish. Hamidi Daham al-Hadi and his son both repeatedly expressed loyalty to and support for the Kurdish forces.[1][2][17]


The group participated in the clashes in the countryside of Hasakah Governorate in the first half of 2015.[15] The group's headquarters in Tell Hamis was targeted by a suicide bomber on 2 May 2015.[5]

It joined the Syrian Arab Coalition and Syrian Democratic Forces in late 2015.

See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Syria: Sunni force takes up arms against IS group". France24. 14 March 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 "New allies in northern Syria don't seem to share U.S. goals". McClathyDC. 27 October 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 Gutman, Roy (20 October 2015). "Syrian Arab militias dispute they received U.S. airdrop of ammunition". McClatchyDC. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  4. "Declaration of establishment by Syrian Democratic Forces". Kurdish Question. 15 October 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  5. 1 2 Xemgin Othman (2 May 2015). "Sanadid s' Fighters Disappointment a Suicidal Operation in the Countryside of Tel Hamis". Adar Press. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  6. DSG’li komutan: Hedefimiz Musul
  7. "قوات سورية الديمقراطية.. تحالف جديد ضد داعش". 12 October 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  8. "YPG kills 103 IS fighters and enters Tal Hamis after taking over 103 villages". SOHR. 27 February 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  9. "YPG, backed by al- Khabour Guards Forces, al- Sanadid army and the Syriac Military Council, expels IS out of more than 230 towns, villages and farmlands". SOHR. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
  10. 1 2 "War on ISIS unites Syrian Kurds, Arabs and Christians". ARA News. 21 November 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  11. "U.S.-backed alliance captures key dam from Islamic State: alliance spokesman". Reuters. 26 December 2015.
  13. Hamou, Ammar (2 November 2015). "Ahead of battle against Islamic State in Syria's northeast, one faction hesitates to join SDF". Syria Direct. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  14. "Al-Sanadid forces: We go wherever the YPG goes". Hawar News. 15 July 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  15. 1 2 "YPG, backed by al- Khabour Guards Forces, al- Sanadid army and the Syriac Military Council, expels IS out of more than 230 towns, villages and farmlands". Syrian Observatory For Human Rights. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  16. Hubbard, Ben (2 November 2015). "New U.S.-backed alliance to counter ISIS in Syria falters". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  17. 1 2 "Syrian Kurds appoint Arab governor in Hasakah, bid for international support". Middle East Eye. 12 February 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2016.

External links

Al-Sanadid Forces website

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