Nickelodeon Animation Studio
Coordinates: 34°10′30″N 118°18′56″W / 34.174918°N 118.315692°W
1990 (as Games Animation)|
1998 (as Nickelodeon Animation Studio)
Studio City, Los Angeles, California, U.S. (1990–1998)|
Burbank, California, U.S. (1998–present)
Animated television series|
|Parent||Nickelodeon and Viacom Media Networks (Viacom)|
Nickelodeon Creative Advertising
Nickelodeon Animation Studio, also known in Burbank as Nickelodeon Studios Burbank, is an American animation studio. The studio is owned and operated by television network Nickelodeon, and the studio produces many of the network's most popular animated series, including SpongeBob SquarePants, The Fairly OddParents, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Harvey Beaks, and The Loud House. It also produces programs for Nicktoons as well.
The Nickelodeon animation division foundations begin with the creation of three original animated programs in 1991, Doug, Rugrats and The Ren & Stimpy Show. After a falling-out with Ren & Stimpy creator John Kricfalusi in 1992, Nickelodeon founded Games Animation to produce future animated endeavors, including their first fully in-house series Rocko's Modern Life. Games produced much of the mid-1990s output of the network, in partnership with notable companies such as Frederator Studios. In 1998, the studio moved from Studio City, California to Burbank in celebration of a new facility, and was renamed Nickelodeon Animation Studio.
Aside from Nickelodeon, the studio has also produced cartoon series for Nick Jr., Nicktoons Network and other Viacom-owned networks such as Spike.
1991–1998: Games Animation
The Nickelodeon Animation Studio's earliest beginnings lie in the roots of the channel's Nicktoons endeavor. In 1990, Nickelodeon appointed Vanessa Coffey as Executive Producer of Animation, charging her with the quest of seeking out new characters and stories that would allow the channel a grand entrance into the animation business. The high cost of high-quality animation discouraged the network from developing weekly animated programming. Although most television networks at the time tended to go to large animation houses with proven track records to develop Saturday-morning series, often generally pre-sold characters from movies, toys or comics, Nickelodeon desired differently. Inspired by the early days of animation and the work of Bob Clampett, Tex Avery and Chuck Jones, Nickelodeon set out to find frustrated cartoonists swallowed up by the studio system. Nickelodeon president Geraldine Laybourne commissioned eight six-minute pilots at a cost of $100,000 each before selecting three. Seeking the most innovative talents in the field, the products of this artists' union – Doug, Rugrats and The Ren & Stimpy Show – represented twelve years of budget-building toward that end.
However, despite the best efforts, relations became strained with Ren & Stimpy creator John Kricfalusi. In fall 1992, Nickelodeon and Vanessa Coffey fired Kricfalusi. Nickelodeon asserted that the termination was due to production delays, whereas Kricfalusi suspected the real reason was that the network was uncomfortable with more crude humor. Nickelodeon objected to most of his proposed plotlines and new characters—including George Liquor, an Archie Bunker-ish "All-American Male." After Kricfalusi and Nickelodeon missed several promised new-episode delivery and air dates, the network—which had purchased the rights to the Ren & Stimpy characters from Kricfalusi—negotiated a settlement with him. The creative tug of war was closely watched by both animators and the television industry and covered in the national press.
In response, Nickelodeon formed its own animation studio, Games Animation. The series was moved to Games and put under the creative supervision of Bob Camp, one of Kricfalusi's former writer-director partners. Nick's plan was to hire bright, young animators and let them do almost anything they want. Coffey soon stepped down as animation vice president for Nickelodeon, to pursue her own projects. She was replaced by Mary Harrington, a Nickelodeon producer who moved out from New York to help run the Nicktoons division that was a near-shambles after Kricfalusi was fired.
In 1992, animator Joe Murray was approached by Nickelodeon with intentions of developing a new animated series for Games Animation. Murray's Joe Murray Productions and Games Animation rented office space on Ventura Boulevard in the Studio City neighborhood of the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, California. The production moved to a different office building on Vineland Avenue in Studio City. Executives did not share space with the creative team. Games Animation's first in-house production, Rocko's Modern Life, premiered on the network in 1993.
The initial duty was to continue producing The Ren & Stimpy Show as Nickelodeon dropped Spümcø and its creator John Kricfalusi from their duties on the show. At the time, Games was located in an office building in Studio City, California. Apart from The Ren & Stimpy Show, Nickelodeon's other Nicktoons were done out-of-house at Jumbo Pictures (whose next deal with Nickelodeon would be a live-action/puppet series Allegra's Window for Nick Jr.) in New York City and Klasky-Csupo (who entered mainstream popularity as animation producers from Fox's longest-running animated sitcom The Simpsons from 1987 to 1992 when animation production duties were given to Film Roman, as well as Everett Peck's Duckman which was produced by Nickelodeon's sister company Paramount Television and aired on USA Network in 1994 through 1997).
Games Animation never had an official logo. Instead, every show the studio worked on had its own customized Games Animation logo. In 1993, Nickelodeon greenlit its first fully original in-house series, Rocko's Modern Life, produced by Games Animation with partnership of Joe Murray Studio. Games worked on the show for three years and employed over 70 people during the course of its run. The show was cancelled in 1996 by Nickelodeon due to its creator Joe Murray wanting to spend more time with his family. Following the cancellation, Games Animation produced the pilot of Hey Arnold!, along with its first 26 episodes.
1998–2016: Nickelodeon Animation Studio
In 1996, Albie Hecht, then-president of Film and TV Entertainment for Nickelodeon, met with Nickelodeon artists for a brainstorming session on the elements of their ideal studio, and, with their feedback (and some inspiration from the fabled Willy Wonka chocolate factory), created "a playful, inspirational and cutting edge lab which will hopefully give birth to the next generation of cartoon classics." He added, "For me this building is the physical manifestation of a personal dream, which is that when people think of cartoons, they'll say Nicktoons." Nickelodeon and parent company Viacom threw a bash to celebrate the opening of the new Nicktoons animation studio on March 4, 1998. During the launch party, a gathering of union labor supporters formed a picket line to protest Nickelodeon's independent hiring practices outside the studio's iron gates.
Located at 231 West Olive Avenue in Burbank, California, the 72,000-square-foot (6,700 m2) facility, designed by Los Angeles architecture firm AREA, houses 200–300 employees and up to five simultaneous productions. It also contains a miniature golf course (with a hole dedicated to Walt Disney), an indoor basketball course/screening room, an artists' gallery, a studio store, and a fountain that shoots green water into the air. The Nicktoons studio houses five, project driven production units. Each has its own color and design environment and includes a living room, writer's lounge and storyboard conference room. The studio also has a Foley stage (for recording live sound effects), a post-production area, sound editing and mixing rooms and an upstairs loft area with skylights for colorists.
In September 1999, Nickelodeon opened a major new digital animation studio at 1633 Broadway in Manhattan. The New York studio primarily took over production of Nick Jr. animated properties. At the same time, the Los Angeles facility animated the intro for The Amanda Show.
It was reported in 2005 that the studio was up for sale; this was later corrected, as the owner of the building was selling it.
2016-present: Nickelodeon Studios
In 2016, Nickelodeon's animation facilities will move into a five-story glass structure that will be part of a larger new studio complex next to the current Burbank facilities, which will become part of the studio as a means of bringing animated productions currently produced elsewhere in Southern California under a single production facility. Because it will house both animated and live-action productions, the studio will be renamed to simply Nickelodeon Studios. (not to be confused with the original Nickelodeon Studios at Universal Studios Florida.) The studio will also house the Nickelodeon time capsule, first buried in Orlando, Florida in 1992 at the original Nickelodeon Studios and later at the Nickelodeon Suites Resort in 2006, which will move to the new studio by the latter's closure on June 1, 2016.
List of Nickelodeon Animation Studio productions
Nickelodeon (Main shows)
|Doug||Jim Jinkins||1991–94|| Jumbo Pictures|
|Revived in 1996 as a Disney cartoon on ABC.|
|Rugrats|| Arlene Klasky, Gábor Csupó,|
and Paul Germain
|1991–2004||Klasky Csupo||First installment of the Rugrats franchise.|
|The Ren & Stimpy Show||John Kricfalusi||1991–95||Spümcø (Season 1–2)||This show had its adults-only revival in 2003 on Spike.|
|Rocko's Modern Life||Joe Murray||1993–96||Joe Murray Productions|
|Aaahh!!! Real Monsters||Gábor Csupó and Peter Gaffney||1994–97||Klasky Csupo|
|Hey Arnold!||Craig Bartlett||1996–2004||Snee-Oosh, Inc.|
|KaBlam!||Robert Mittenthal, Will McRobb and Chris Viscardi||1996–2000||Flying Mallet, Inc. (Season 4 only)||First Nicktoon sketch show.|
|The Angry Beavers||Mitch Schauer||1997–2001||Gunther-Wahl Productions, Inc.|
|CatDog||Peter Hannan||1998–2005||Peter Hannan Productions|
|Oh Yeah! Cartoons||Fred Seibert||1998–2001||Frederator Incorporated||Only had three cartoons spun-off into their own shows.|
|The Wild Thornberrys||Arlene Klasky, Gábor Csupó, Steve Pepoon, David Silverman and Stephen Sustarsic||1998–2004||Klasky Csupo|
|SpongeBob SquarePants||Stephen Hillenburg||1999–present||United Plankton Pictures|
|Rocket Power||Arlene Klasky and Gábor Csupó||1999–2004||Klasky Csupo|
|As Told by Ginger||Emily Kapnek||2000–06||Klasky Csupo|
|The Fairly OddParents||Butch Hartman||2001–present|| Frederator Studios|
|Spin-off from Oh Yeah! Cartoons.|
|Invader Zim||Jhonen Vasquez||2001–06|
|Action League Now!||Robert Mittenthal, Will McRobb, and Albie Hecht||2001-02|| Chuckimation|
Flying Mallet, Inc.
|Spin-off from KaBlam!.|
|ChalkZone||Bill Burnett and Larry Huber||2002–08||Frederator Studios||Spin-off from Oh Yeah! Cartoons.|
|The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius||John A. Davis||2002–06|| O Entertainment|
|First Nicktoon series to be spun-off from a theatrical film. Spin-off to the 2001 film Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius.|
|All Grown Up!||Arlene Klasky and Gábor Csupó||2003–08||Klasky Csupo||Second installment of the Rugrats franchise.|
|My Life as a Teenage Robot||Rob Renzetti||2003–09||Frederator Studios||Spin-off from Oh Yeah! Cartoons.|
|Danny Phantom||Butch Hartman||2004–07||Billionfold Inc.|
|Avatar: The Last Airbender||Michael Dante DiMartino and Bryan Konietzko||2005–08|
|The X's||Carlos Ramos||2005–06|
|El Tigre: The Adventures of Manny Rivera||Sandra Equihua and Jorge R. Gutierrez||2007–08||Mexopolis|
|Tak and the Power of Juju||Avalanche Software (original VG series)||2007–09||THQ||Only Nicktoon based on the video game series of the same name.|
|Back at the Barnyard||Steve Oedekerk||2007–11||Omation Animation Studio||Second Nicktoons series to be spun-off from a theatrical film.|
|Making Fiends||Amy Winfrey||2008||First Nicktoons based on a web series of the same name.|
|The Mighty B!||Amy Poehler, Cynthia True and Erik Wiese||2008–11|| Paper Kite Productions|
Polka Dot Pictures
|Rugrats Pre-School Daze||Arlene Klasky and Gábor Csupó||2008||Klasky Csupo||Third and final installment of the Rugrats franchise.|
|Fanboy & Chum Chum||Eric Robles||2009–14||Frederator Studios||Spin-off from Random! Cartoons.|
|Planet Sheen||Keith Alcorn and Steve Oedekerk||2010–13||Omation Animation Studio|| Spin-off of The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius.|
Third and last Nicktoon series to be spun-off from a theatrical film.
Second and last spin-off to the 2001 film Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius.
|T.U.F.F. Puppy||Butch Hartman||2010–15||Billionfold Inc.|
|The Legend of Korra||Bryan Konietzko and Michael Dante DiMartino||2012–14||Ginormous Madman||Sequel to Avatar: The Last Airbender.|
|Robot and Monster||Dave Pressler, Joshua Sternin and J.R. Ventimilia||2012–15|| Smasho! Productions|
|Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles||Kevin Eastman and Peter Laird (original characters)||2012–present|| Mirage Studios|
|First Nicktoons after Nickelodeon's acquisition of the franchise of the same name.|
|Sanjay and Craig||Jim Dirschberger, Jay Howell and Andreas Trolf||2013–16||Forest City Rockers|
|Breadwinners||Steve Borst and Gary Doodles||2014–16|
|Harvey Beaks||C.H. Greenblatt||2015–present|
|Pig Goat Banana Cricket||Dave Cooper and Johnny Ryan||2015–present|
|The Loud House||Chris Savino||2016–present|
|Welcome to the Wayne||Billy Lopez||2016|
|Pinky Malinky||Chris Garbutt and Rikke Asbjoern||2017||World Leaders Entertainment||Originally a Cartoon Network-rejected pilot.|
|Sky Rat||Craig Bartlett||2017||Snee-Oosh, Inc.|
|Bunsen Is a Beast!||Butch Hartman||2017||Billionfold Inc.|
|Glitch Techs||Eric Robles and Dan Milano||2018|
Nickelodeon (Licensed shows)
|The Penguins of Madagascar||2008–15||DreamWorks Animation||First Nickelodeon series from DreamWorks Animation.|
|Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness||2011–16||DreamWorks Animation||Second Nickelodeon series from DreamWorks Animation.|
|Monsters vs. Aliens||2013–14||DreamWorks Animation||Third and last Nickelodeon series from DreamWorks Animation.|
|Rabbids Invasion||2013–present||Ubisoft Motion Pictures||First Nickelodeon series co-produced in France.|
|Nicktoons Film Festival||Nicktoons Network||2004–09||Frederator Studios|
|Random! Cartoons||Fred Seibert||2008–09||Frederator Studios|
|Making Fiends||Amy Winfrey||2008|| DQ Entertainment|
Cyber Chicken Animation Studios
|First Nicktoon to be based on a web series of the same name.|
Nick Jr. Network
|Blue's Clues||Traci Paige Johnson, Todd Kessler, and Angela Santomero||1996–2006|
|Dora the Explorer||Chris Gifford, Valerie Walsh, and Eric Weiner||2000–14||First installment of the Dora the Explorer franchise.|
|The Backyardigans||Janice Burgess||2004–13||Nelvana||First Nick Jr. series produced in Canada.|
|Go, Diego, Go!||Chris Gifford and Valerie Walsh||2005–11||Second installment of the Dora the Explorer franchise.|
|Wonder Pets!||Josh Selig||2006–13||Little Airplane Productions|
|Wow! Wow! Wubbzy!||Bob Boyle||2006–10|| Bolder Media|
|Ni Hao, Kai-Lan||Karen Chau||2007–11||HarringToons Productions|
|Team Umizoomi||Soo Kim, Michael T. Smith, and Jennifer Twomey||2010–15||Curious Pictures|
|Bubble Guppies||Johnny Belt and Robert Scull||2011–16|| WildBrain (Season 1)|
Nelvana (Season 2)
|PAW Patrol||Keith Chapman||2013–present||Spin Master Entertainment|
|Dora and Friends: Into the City!||Chris Gifford and Valerie Walsh Valdes||2014–present||Third installment of the Dora the Explorer franchise.|
|Blaze and the Monster Machines||Jeff Borkin and Ellen Martin||2014–present||Nerd Corps Entertainment|
|Fresh Beat Band of Spies||Nadine van der Velde and Scott Kraft||2015–16|| 6 Point 2|
|Shimmer and Shine||Farnaz Esnaashari-Charmatz||2015–present|
|Rusty Rivets||Joshua Fisher and Michael O'Hare||2016–present|| Jam Filled Toronto|
Spin Master Entertainment
|Welcome to the Wayne||Billy Lopez||2014|
Nickelodeon (Greenlit to series)
|Rugrats: Tommy Pickles and The Great White Thing||Arlene Klasky, Gábor Csupó and Paul Germain||1990||Klasky Csupo|
|Ren & Stimpy: Big House Blues||John Kricfalusi||1990|| Carbunkle Cartoons |
|Doug: Doug Can't Dance||Jim Jinkins||1990||Jumbo Pictures|
|Rocko's Modern Life: Trash-O-Madness||Joe Murray||1992||Joe Murray Studios Company|
|Aaahh!!! Real Monsters||Gábor Csupó and Peter Gaffney||1993||Klasky Csupo|
|Psyched for Snuppa||Michael Pearlstein||1993|| Funbag Animation Studios|
Stretch Films, Inc.
|Re-tooled as Sniz & Fondue, but for KaBlam! only.|
|Arnold||Craig Bartlett||1994||Re-tooled as Hey Arnold! for the series.|
|The Angry Beavers: Snowbound / Cuffed Together||Mitch Schauer||1994||Gunther-Wahl Productions, Inc.|
|ChalkZone||Bill Burnett and Larry Huber||1998||Frederator Incorporated||Aired as part of Oh Yeah! Cartoons. Pilot for the show of the same name.|
|The Wild Thornberrys||Arlene Klasky, Gábor Csupó, Steve Pepoon, David Silverman and Stephen Sustarsic||1998||Klasky Csupo|
|The Fairly OddParents!||Butch Hartman||1998||Frederator Incorporated||Aired as part of Oh Yeah! Cartoons. Pilot for The Fairly OddParents.|
|Jimmy Neutron – Boy Genius: Runaway Rocketboy!||John A. Davis||1998|| O Entertainment|
|As Told by Ginger: The Party||Emily Kapnek||1998||Klasky Csupo|
|CatDog: Fetch||Peter Hannan||1998||Peter Hannan Productions|
|Rocket Beach||Arlene Klasky and Gabor Csupo||1998||Klasky Csupo||Re-tooled as Rocket Power for the series.|
|My Neighbor Was a Teenage Robot||Rob Renzetti||1999||Frederator Incorporated||Aired as part of Oh Yeah! Cartoons. Pilot for My Life as a Teenage Robot.|
|SpongeBob SquarePants: Help Wanted||Stephen Hillenburg||1997 (1999 aired)||United Plankton Pictures|
|Invader Zim||Jhonen Vasquez||1999||Wumberlog Productions|
|All Growed Up||Arlene Klasky and Gábor Csupó||2001||Klasky Csupo||Is the Rugrats' third TV movie, and was re-tooled as All Grown Up!|
|Avatar: The Last Airbender||Michael Dante DiMartino and Bryan Konietzko||2004|
|El Tigre: A Fistful of Nickels||Sandra Equihua and Jorge R. Gutierrez||2005|
|Fanboy||Eric Robles||2008||Frederator Incorporated||Aired as part of Random! Cartoons. Pilot for Fanboy & Chum Chum.|
|Planet Sheen||Keith Alcorn and Steve Oedekerk||2010||Omation Animation Studio|
|Pig Goat Banana Mantis!||Dave Cooper and Johnny Ryan||2012||Nick Cross Animation||Retooled as Pig Goat Banana Cricket for the series.|
|Breadwinners||Steve Borst and Gary Doodles||2012||The Nickelodeon version was aired as part of their 2012's animated shorts program.|
|Bad Seeds||C.H. Greenblatt||2013||Re-tooled as Harvey Beaks for the series.|
|The Loud House||Chris Savino||2013||Aired as part of Nickelodeon's 2013 animated shorts program.|
Nickelodeon (Not greenlit to series)
|Thunder Lizards||Joey Ahlbum and Marc Catapano||1990||Ahlbum Animation, Inc.|
|Kid Komet and Galaxy Gal||Bob Camp and Jim Gomez||1997|
|Hector the Get-Over Cat||John R. Dilworth||1998||Stretch Films, Inc.|
|Stewy the Dog Boy||Dennis Messner||1999||Flying Mallet, Inc.||Aired as part of KaBlam!. Planned for own series, but was cancelled due to being to similar to Teacher's Pet.|
|Constant Payne||Micah Wright||2001|
|Psyko Ferret||Atul Rao, Kim Saltarski, and Greg van Riel||2001||Klasky Csupo|
|What's Cooking?||Arlene Klasky||2004||Klasky Csupo|
|Chicken Town||Niko Meulemans||2005||Klasky Csupo|
|Commander Bunsworth||Aglaia Mortcheva||2005||Klasky Csupo|
|Junkyard Teddies||Arlene Klasky||2005||Klasky Csupo|
|Kung Fu Spy Troll||David Fremont||2005|
|Rollin' Rock Starz||Gábor Csupó||2005||Klasky Csupo|
|SCHMUTZ||James Proimos and David Hale||2005||Klasky Csupo|
|Wiener Squad||Niko Meulemans||2005||Klasky Csupo|
|Zeek & Leo||Niko Meulemans||2005||Klasky Csupo|
|Ace Bogart: Space Ape||Neal Sopata||2006||Klasky Csupo|
|Big Babies||Arlene Klasky||2006||Klasky Csupo|
|Eggheads||Arlene Klasky||2006||Klasky Csupo|
|Grampa and Julie: Shark Hunters||Jef Czekaj||2006||Klasky Csupo|
|Little Freaks||Erin Ehrlich||2006||Klasky Csupo|
|My Stupid Cat||Everett Peck||2006||Klasky Csupo|
|Ricky Z||Arlene Klasky||2006||Klasky Csupo|
|Ronnie Biddles||John Matta and Ken Daly||2006||Klasky Csupo|
|The Billy Goats: Bacon & Bunk — "Moby Weenie"||Debbi Cone and Luke Brookshier||2007|
|Emperor: "Emperor of the Beast"||Scott Christian Sava and Mike Kunkel||2007|
|Grumpy Puppy: "First Place Pup"||Bob Boyle and Jack Thomas||2007|
|Monster Safari||Mark Caballero, Seamus Walsh, and Christopher Finnegan||2007|
|The Modifyers||Lynne Naylor and Chris Reccardi||2007|
|The Wizzard of Krudd||Mike Stern and Greg Miller||2007|
|Adventure Time||Pendleton Ward||2008||Frederator Incorporated||Aired as part of Random! Cartoons. Failed pilot for Nick, but successful for its competitor.|
|Mall Spies||Al Madrigal||2008|
|Space Animals||Fabrice Sénia||2008||Planktoon Studios|
|The Bravest Warriors||Pendleton Ward||2009||Frederator Incorporated||Aired as part of Random! Cartoons. Failed pilot for Nick, but successful for Cartoon Hangover.|
|Leroy Dorsalfin||Mike Geiger||2009||Mike Geiger Animation|
|Terrytoons||Atul Rao, Kim Saltarski, and Greg van Riel||TBA|
Produced for other Viacom-owned networks
|Sugarless||Erin Ehrlich||2005||Klasky Csupo||The N||Failed|
|Twinkle||Dora Nagy||Nick Jr.||Failed|
|The Rugrats Movie||November 20, 1998||Klasky Csupo||$24,000,000||$140,894,675||59%|
|Rugrats in Paris: The Movie||November 17, 2000||$30,000,000||$103,291,131||75%||62|
|Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius||December 21, 2001|| O Entertainment|
|Hey Arnold!: The Movie||June 28, 2002||Snee-Oosh, Inc.||$3–4,000,000||$15,249,308||30%||47|
|The Wild Thornberrys Movie||December 20, 2002||Klasky Csupo||$35,000,000||$60,694,737||80%||69|
|Rugrats Go Wild||June 13, 2003||$25,000,000||$55,405,066||41%||38|
|The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie||November 19, 2004||United Plankton Pictures||$30,000,000||$140,161,792||68%||66|
|Barnyard||August 4, 2006||Omation Animation Studio||$51,000,000||$116,476,887||22%||42|
|The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water||February 6, 2015|| Paramount Animation|
United Plankton Pictures
- Cartoon Network Studios, the animation division of Cartoon Network
- Disney Television Animation, the animation division of Disney Channel
- Warner Bros. Animation
- 1 2 "Nickelodeon into animated work". The Prescott Courier. August 9, 1991. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- ↑ Daniel Cerone (August 9, 1991). "Kids network finally adds kids' staple: cartoons". Eugene Register-Guard. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- 1 2 3 Andy Meisler (November 21, 1993). "While Team 2 Works to Reform Ren and Stimpy". The New York Times. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- 1 2 3 Andy Meisler (October 17, 1993). "New Kings of TV's Toon Town". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- ↑ "Animators Feel Free With `Rocko'." The Palm Beach Post
- ↑ "October 24, 2008." Joe Murray Studio. Retrieved October 24, 2008.
- ↑ "Where Rocko the series was produced," Joe Murray Studio
- 1 2 3 4 Wendy Jackson (April 1998). "Studio Tour: Nicktoons". Animation World Magazine. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- ↑ "Nickelodeon Animation Studio to Open". The New York Times. September 20, 1999. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- ↑ Amid Amidi (September 16, 2005). "For Sale: One Tacky Animation Studio". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- ↑ "Inside the Studio: Under Construction". YouTube. Nickelodeon Animation Studios' Official YouTube Page. August 18, 2015. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
- ↑ Geoff Berkshire (March 10, 2015). "Nickelodeon Animation Builds New Facility Just in Time for 25th Anniversary". Variety. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
- ↑ Roseboom, Matt (February 26, 2016). "Nickelodeon Time Capsule to be moved to new Nick studios in California". Orlando Attractions Magazine. Retrieved February 28, 2016.
- ↑ http://www.cartoonbrew.com/tv/nick-greenlights-welcome-to-the-wayne-first-tv-series-based-on-digital-series-exclusive-112240.html
- ↑ http://www.animationmagazine.net/events/craig-bartlett-offers-inspiring-keynote-ottawa/
- ↑ https://twitter.com/Chevistian1/status/721467442875109376
- ↑ "Terrytoons" Pilot - YouTube
- Nickelodeon Animation Studio official site
- Nickelodeon Animation Studio at the Internet Movie Database