Thunder Bay District

Thunder Bay District

Location of Thunder Bay District in Ontario
Coordinates: 50°N 88°W / 50°N 88°W / 50; -88Coordinates: 50°N 88°W / 50°N 88°W / 50; -88
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Region Northwestern Ontario
Created 1871
  MPs Carol Hughes (NDP)
Patty Hajdu (Liberal)
Don Rusnak (Liberal)
  MPPs Michael Gravelle (OLP)
Bill Mauro (OLP)
Michael Mantha (NDP)
  Land 103,719.51 km2 (40,046.33 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 220 m (720 ft)
Highest elevation 640 m (2,100 ft)
Lowest elevation 183 m (600 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
  Total 146,057
  Density 1.4/km2 (4/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code span P0S, P0T, P7A to P7G, P7J to P7L
Area code(s) 807
Largest communities [3] Thunder Bay (109,140)
Oliver Paipoonge (5,757)
Greenstone (4,906)
The eponymous Thunder Bay

Thunder Bay District is a district and census division in Northwestern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. The district seat is Thunder Bay.

In 2011, the population was 146,057. The land area is 103,719.51 square kilometres (40,046.33 sq mi); the population density was 1.4 per square kilometre (3.6/sq mi).[1] Most of the district (93.5%) is unincorporated and part of the Unorganized Thunder Bay District.


Thunder Bay District was created in 1871 by provincial statute from the western half of Algoma District, named after a large bay on the north shore of Lake Superior. Its northern and western boundaries were uncertain until Ontario's right to Northwestern Ontario was determined by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.[4] Until about 1902 it was often called Algoma West from the name of the provincial constituency established in 1885.

The following districts include areas that were formerly part of Thunder Bay District:



First Nations and their Indian Reserves

Unorganized areas


Canada census – Thunder Bay District community profile
2011 2006 2001
Population: 146,057 (-2.0% from 2006) 149,063 (-1.2% from 2001) 150,860 * (-4.3% from 1996)
Land area: 103,719.51 km2 (40,046.33 sq mi) 103,706.27 km2 (40,041.21 sq mi) 103,714.37 km2 (40,044.34 sq mi)
Population density: 1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi) 1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi) 1.5/km2 (3.9/sq mi)
Median age: 41.7 (M: 41.1, F: 42.3) 38.7 (M: 38.2, F: 39.2)
Total private dwellings: 71,235 71,635 69,857
Median household income:
Notes: *) Excludes census data for incompletely enumerated Indian reserves. – References: 2011[1] 2006[5] 2001[6]

Almost 80 per cent of the district's population lives in the city of Thunder Bay Census Metropolitan Area; no other community in the district exceeds 7,000 in population.

Historic populations:[7]

Further Reading

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thunder Bay District, Ontario.


  1. 1 2 3 4 "Thunder Bay District census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
  2. Highest point is 640m, located in Pukaskwa National Park. Thunder Bay is at 183m. 220 is an estimate
  3. Compilation of Northwestern Ontario's 2006 census data
  5. "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
  6. "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
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