Manitoulin District

Manitoulin District

Location of Manitoulin District within Ontario
Coordinates: 45°46′N 82°12′W / 45.767°N 82.200°W / 45.767; -82.200Coordinates: 45°46′N 82°12′W / 45.767°N 82.200°W / 45.767; -82.200
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Region Northeastern Ontario
Created 1888
  MP Carol Hughes
  MPP Michael Mantha
  Land 3,107.11 km2 (1,199.66 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
  Total 13,048±0
  Density 4.2/km2 (11/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code span P0P
Area code(s) 705
Seat Gore Bay

Manitoulin District is a district in Northeastern Ontario within the Canadian province of Ontario. It was created in 1888 from part of Algoma District. The district seat is Gore Bay.

It comprises Manitoulin Island primarily, as well as a number of smaller islands surrounding it, such as Barrie, Cockburn, and Great La Cloche islands. Previously it included the municipality of Killarney on the mainland, until this was transferred to Sudbury District in the late 1990s. Subsequently, more mainland portions were added to Killarney and these, together with Unorganized Mainland Manitoulin District, were also transferred to Sudbury District in 2006, about 1,600 square kilometres (600 sq mi) in all.[2]


The district has an area of 3,107.11 square kilometres (1,199.66 sq mi),[1] making it the smallest district in Ontario. It is located in the northern part of Lake Huron, separated from the mainland by the North Channel to the north and by the Georgian Bay to the east.

Islands included within the district are:[3]

  • Barrie Island
  • Bedford Island
  • Burnt Islands (Big and Northwest)
  • Clapperton Island
  • Club Island
  • Cockburn Island
  • Duck Islands (Great, Middle, Outer, and Western)
  • East Rous Island
  • Fitzwilliam Island
  • Goat Island
  • Great La Cloche Island
  • Greene Island
  • Henry Island
  • Heywood Island
  • Manitoulin Island
  • Rabbit Island
  • Strawberry Island
  • Thibault Island
  • Vidal Island
  • Wall Island
  • Yeo Island


Gore Bay



Unorganized areas:

Native reserves:



Canada census – Manitoulin District community profile
2011 2006 2001
Population: 13,048 (3.3% from 2006) 13,090 (3.2% from 2001) 12,679 (7.9% from 1996)
Land area: 3,107.11 km2 (1,199.66 sq mi) 4,759.74 km2 (1,837.75 sq mi) 4,759.63 km2 (1,837.70 sq mi)
Population density: 4.2/km2 (11/sq mi) 2.8/km2 (7.3/sq mi) 2.7/km2 (7.0/sq mi)
Median age: 46.6 (M: 46.2, F: 47.1) 44.1 (M: 43.8, F: 44.4) 40.3 (M: 40.0, F: 40.7)
Total private dwellings: 9281 9455 9213
Median household income:
Notes: 2006 population adjusted for 2011 boundaries is 12,631. – References: 2011[1] 2006[4] 2001[5]

Ethnic groups

  • 62.4% White
  • 38.0% Aboriginal
  • According to Statcan there are no visible minorities in the district, rare for a community in Ontario (but not that rare for Northern Ontario)

Religious groups


Like the other districts of Northern Ontario, the Manitoulin District does not have a county or regional municipality tier of government. All services in the district are provided either by the individual municipalities or directly by the provincial government. Services are provided jointly with the Sudbury District from its district seat in Espanola.


Provincial highways

Manitoulin District is served by only one primary provincial highway, Highway 6. This highway enters the district at the ferry docks in South Baymouth, in the township of Tehkummah, where the Chi-Cheemaun ferry travels to and from Tobermory in the municipality of Northern Bruce Peninsula. It exits the district in the Whitefish River First Nation, just south of Whitefish Falls, when it crosses into the Sudbury District.

A number of secondary provincial highways, the equivalent in a district to a county or municipal road in Southern Ontario, serve the communities of Manitoulin Island. These are:

Highway Extension
6 connects with 540 and 542
540 from the community of Little Current (Northeastern Manitoulin and the Islands) to Meldrum Bay, the westernmost settlement on the island
540A connects Barrie Island to Highway 540
540B connects Gore Bay to Highway 540
542 extends from Highway 540 south of Gore Bay to Highway 6 near Tehkummah
542A connects the community of Tehkummah to Highway 542
551 from M'Chigeeng (West Bay) to Providence Bay (Central Manitoulin)

See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 "Manitoulin District census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
  2. "Annual changes to census subdivision codes, names and types, between 2006 and 2011, by province and territory, and by year". Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) 2011. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-22.
  3. Geomatics Office, Ministry of Transportation (2008). Ontario, Canada, 2008/2009 official road map (2008-2009 ed.). St. Catherines, Ont.: Geomatics Office. ISBN 9781424955435.
  4. "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
  5. "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
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