Elgin County

Elgin County
County (upper-tier)
County of Elgin
Motto: Progressive by Nature

Location of Elgin County
Coordinates: 42°45′N 81°10′W / 42.750°N 81.167°W / 42.750; -81.167Coordinates: 42°45′N 81°10′W / 42.750°N 81.167°W / 42.750; -81.167
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Organized 1851 from Suffolk County
County seat St. Thomas
  Land 1,845.4 km2 (712.5 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
  Total 49,556
  Density 26.9/km2 (70/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 519
Website www.elgincounty.ca

Elgin County is a county of the Canadian province of Ontario with a 2011 population of 49,556. The county seat is St. Thomas, which is separated from the county but within its geographic boundary.


Elgin County consists of:

The City of St. Thomas is geographically within the boundaries of Elgin County and part of the Elgin census division, but is separated from county administration.

Historical townships

Originally Elgin County was once part of Suffolk County. Elgin County was organized as a separate county in 1851 and named after Lord Elgin, governor-general of Canada. Elgin County has an area of 440,320 acres (688 sq mi; 1,782 km2)

Aldborough Township 75,197 acres (117 sq mi; 304 km2). In the early days it had a forest of oak, chestnut and black walnut. It was first settled in 1804.

Bayham Township 56,350 acres (88 sq mi; 228 km2). Organized in 1810 and became part of Elgin County in 1851. It was named from Bayham Abbey in Kent, England.

Dunwich Township 69,592 acres (109 sq mi; 282 km2) First settled in 1803. During the War of 1812 only twelve families lived in the township. In 1817 a company of Selkirk's Highlander settled in the Township The Township is named after a town in Suffolk, England.

Malahide Township 69,181 acres (108 sq mi; 280 km2) Organized in 1810, named for Malahide Castle in Ireland, the former home of Thomas Talbot, patriot of the region. The Township was first settled in 1810.

South Dorchester Township. 30,560 acres (48 sq mi; 124 km2) Although surveyed in 1798, it was not settled until 1826. This township was part of Middlesex County until 1851.

Southwold Township 72,898 acres (114 sq mi; 295 km2) Opened for settlement in 1797, however the first colonist arrived in 1809. Named for an English town in Suffolk.

Yarmouth Township 69,181 acres (108 sq mi; 280 km2). Surveyed in 1792 and settled in 1810.

Source: Province of Ontario -- A History 1615 to 1927 by Jesse Edgar Middleton & Fred Landon, copyright 1927, Dominion Publishing Company, Toronto


Historic population:

Figures below are for the Elgin census division, which combines Elgin County and the City of St. Thomas.

Canada census – Elgin County community profile
2011 2006 2001
Population: 87,461 (2.5% from 2006) 85,351 (4.7% from 2001) 81,553 (3.0% from 1996)
Land area: 1,880.90 km2 (726.22 sq mi) 1,880.84 km2 (726.20 sq mi) 1,880.83 km2 (726.19 sq mi)
Population density: 46.5/km2 (120/sq mi) 45.4/km2 (118/sq mi) 43.4/km2 (112/sq mi)
Median age: 39.1 (M: 38.1, F: 40.0) 37.2 (M: 36.3, F: 38.0)
Total private dwellings: 35,348 33,634 31,800
Median household income:
References: 2011[1] 2006[2] 2001[3]

Notable persons from Elgin County

See also


  1. 1 2 3 "Elgin County census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
  2. "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
  3. "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
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