Algoma District

Algoma District
District d'Algoma

Location of Algoma District in Ontario
Coordinates: 48°00′N 84°30′W / 48.000°N 84.500°W / 48.000; -84.500Coordinates: 48°00′N 84°30′W / 48.000°N 84.500°W / 48.000; -84.500
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Region Northeastern Ontario
Created 1858
  Land 48,810.68 km2 (18,845.91 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
  Total 115,870
  Density 2.4/km2 (6/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 705
Seat Sault Ste. Marie
Website Algoma District Services Administration Board

Algoma District is a district and census division in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario.

Algoma was created by proclamation in 1858[2] as a provisional judicial district of the Province of Canada comprising territory north of the French River as far west as Pigeon River (Minnesota-Ontario), including all Canadian islands in Lakes Huron and Superior. The authorizing act of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada was An Act to provide for the Administration of Justice in the unorganized Tracts of Country within the limits of this Province (known by its short title as The Temporary Judicial Districts Act, 1857).

The district seat has been Sault Ste. Marie since 1858.

As the population grew and the northern and northwestern boundaries of Ontario were determined by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Algoma shrank. Other districts were created from it by the provincial government of Ontario:

The rugged scenery of this region has inspired works by Canadian artists, particularly the Group of Seven. They rented a boxcar from the Algoma Central Railway to travel on excursions through this region.


Communities within these subdivisions are added in parentheses.






Unorganized areas


Canada census – Algoma District community profile
2011 2006 2001
Population: 115870 (-1.4% from 2006) 117461 (-0.9% from 2001) 118567 (-5.5% from 1996)
Land area: 48,810.68 km2 (18,845.91 sq mi) 48,734.66 km2 (18,816.56 sq mi) 48,737.22 km2 (18,817.55 sq mi)
Population density: 2.4/km2 (6.2/sq mi) 2.4/km2 (6.2/sq mi) 2.4/km2 (6.2/sq mi)
Median age: 45.0 (M: 44.4, F: 45.5) 41.4 (M: 40.8, F: 41.9)
Total private dwellings: 59,149 58,742 59,400
Median household income:
Notes: Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves. – References: 2011[3] 2006[4] 2001[5]


King's Highways

Secondary highways

Tertiary highways

Protected areas

  • Algoma Headwaters Provincial Park
  • Aubinadong River Provincial Park
  • Aubrey Falls Provincial Park
  • Batchawana Bay Provincial Park
  • Batchawana River Provincial Park
  • Chapleau Crown Game Preserve
  • Chapleau-Nemegosenda River Provincial Park
  • Delta Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Fort Creek Conservation Area
  • Goulais River Provincial Park
  • Hiawatha Highlands Conservation Area
  • La Cloche Provincial Park
  • Lake Superior Provincial Park
  • Little White River Provincial Park
  • Marks Bay Conservation Area
  • Matintenda Provincial Park
  • Michipicoten Post Provincial Park]
  • Missinaibi Provincial Park
  • Mississagi Provincial Park

  • Mississagi River Provincial Park
  • Montreal River Provincial Park
  • Nagagami Lake Provincial Park
  • Nagagamisis Provincial Park
  • Nemegosenda River Wetlands Provincial Park
  • North Channel Islands-La Cloche Provincial Park
  • North Shore Waterwat Provincial Park
  • Obatanga Provincial Park
  • Pancake Bay Provincial Park
  • Pichogen River Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Pokei Lake-White River Wetlands Provivncial Nature Reserve
  • Potholes Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Pukaskwa River National Park
  • River aux Sables Provincial Park
  • Sandy Islands Provincial Nature Reserve
  • Sayme-Aubinadong-Gong Provincial Park
  • St. Joseph's Island National Marine Bird Sanctuary
  • Wenebegon River Provincial Park


In the Algoma section, the characteristic forest mixture consists of yellow birch, white spruce, balsam fir, sugar maple, hop-hornbeam, and eastern white cedar. Eastern white pine and occasional red pine (Pinus resinosa) dominate on the upper, steep south-facing slopes; white spruce, eastern white cedar, and balsam fir occupy the middle and lower slopes. A white spruce–balsam fir association, which usually includes white birch and black spruce, is prominent on the river terraces and adjoining flats in the northern part of the Section (Rowe 1972).[6]


See also


  1. 1 2 "Algoma District census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
  2. Proclamation to take effect 1 May 1858, Canada Gazette (April 17, 1858), p. 676-677. New Proclamation to take effect 1 Oct 1859, Canada Gazette (Sept 10, 1859), p. 2226.
  3. "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
  4. "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
  5. "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
  6. Rowe, J.S 1972. Forest regions of Canada. Can. Dep. Environ., Can. For. Serv., Ottawa ON, Publ. 1300. 172 p.

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