Location in Syria
|Coordinates: 35°49′N 36°36′E / 35.817°N 36.600°E|
|Elevation||680 m (2,230 ft)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||+3 (UTC)|
Ariha (Arabic: أريحا, also called Rīḥā, ريحا) is a town in northern Syria, administratively part of the Idlib Governorate, located south of Idlib. Nearby localities include Urum al-Jawz to the southwest, Sarjah to the south, Kafr Latah to the southeast, Maar Bilit to the east, al-Nayrab to the northeast, Nahlaya and al-Mastumah to the north, Kurin to the northwest and Maataram to the west. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, Ariha had a population of 39,501 in the 2004 census. The town is also the administrative centre of the Ariha District and the Ariha nahiyah (subdistrict), which consists of 24 localities, with a combined population of 83,487 in 2004.
The Syrian geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi wrote in 1226 that Ariha was a small town in the district of Aleppo and "one of the pleasantest and best of the places on God's earth." He remarked that it was abundant in orchards, gardens and rivers.
In the mid-19th century, Orientalist Albert Socin passed by Ariha, noting that it had an estimated 3,000 inhabitants and was "beautifully situated" among olive orchards at the northern base of Jabal Zawiya.
Syrian civil war
Ariha was the scene of fighting between government and rebel forces. FSA repelled a number of deliberate military assaults between March and June 2012, despite the Army’s ability to execute combined arms operations involving armored vehicles, artillery and helicopter gunships. The city was retaken by the Army on 11 August 2012.
By late July 2013, rebels controlled parts of Ariha, while government forces manned three checkpoints inside the town. On 24 August, rebels captured Ariha. The M4 passes through Ariha before connecting with the M5 in Saraqib. Controlling the section of the M4 in Ariha allows opposition forces to cut off government ground supply leaving Latakia destined for Idlib or Aleppo cities. However, after 10 days of bombardment, government forces recaptured the town on 3 September.
On May 25, 2014, JN and Suqour al-Sham launched a two-pronged assault on the southern Ariha hills with the objective of seizing two military installations. The Fanar Restaurant Checkpoint and the Shami Military Installation sit atop two peaks in the area south of the town and control access to the southern neighborhoods of Ariha via two access roads. At 6 in the morning, JN with support from Suquor al-Sham detonated four SVBIEDs against government infrastructure targets. All four SVBIEDs exploded in the Jabal al-Arbaeen area on the southern outskirts of Ariha. The first SVBIED, driven by Moner Mohammad Abu Salha, a 22-year-old American man from Florida, approached the Fanar Restaurant Checkpoint from the southwest along a dirt road. The 16 ton armored truck completely destroyed the checkpoint and caused it to crumble on itself, leaving only few survivors to defend it. Over the course of the battle, two more SVBIEDs exploded to the west of Fanar, targeting the Shami Military Complex. The first two SVBIEDs targeted the Commander’s building and Shami Checkpoint. One final VBIED targeted the Aram building, however the driver of the VBIED was able to park his vehicle and escape uninjured. The four explosions were followed by a barrage of artillery and gunfire. By the end of the day JN and Suquor al-Sham had seized both the Fanar and Shami Checkpoints in one of the largest coordinated SVBIED attacks since the beginning of 2014. However, on 13 October 2014, it was reported that rebels destroyed a government troops carrier at al-Fanar checkpoint.
On 8-26-2014, rebels attacked the government-controlled Qiyasat checkpoint next to Ariha, destroying a government tank in their attempt to disrupt the government’s supply line from Idlib to Latakia. “The rebels are trying to capture Ariha so they can move closer to [Idlib],” Ines Qadur, an independent journalist in the south of Idlib, told Syria Direct, “where they will be able to make Idlib city the next battle front.”. On 28 May 2015, Ariha finally fell to rebels of Jaish al-Fatah.
|Climate data for Ariha|
|Average high °C (°F)|| 8.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)|| 5.2
|Average low °C (°F)|| 1.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)|| 104
|Average snowy days||3||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1||5|
- General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Idlib Governorate. (Arabic)
- le Strange, 1890, pp. 520-521.
- Baedeker, p. 563.
- Mariam Karouny, “Soldiers wary as residents rage in Syria’s Idlib,” Reuters, 10 May 2012.
- "Syrian opposition leader calls for no-fly zone". CBS News. 2012-08-12. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
- "Deadly fighting rages across Syria". Dailytelegraph.com.au. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
- Army Retakes Strategic Town in Northwest Syria
- Assad forces capture strategic Syria northern town
- Nate Petrocine (July 2014). "Rebel Operations in Idlib Province during the Spring of 2014". Institute for the Study of War.
- "Daily Report: Monday 13 October 2014". RFS media office. 13 October 2014.
- "Rebels take Ariha from Assad". The Daily Star Newspaper - Lebanon. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- (Vietnamese) Phe nổi dậy chiếm thành phố cuối cùng tại tỉnh Idlib "Rebels take last city in Idlib Province". Baotintuc. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- le Strange, Guy (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Socin, Albert (1906). Palestine and Syria with the chief routes through Mesopotamia and Babylonia: Handbook for Travellers. Karl Baedeker.