Black-fronted duiker

Black-fronted duiker
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Cephalophinae
Genus: Cephalophus
Species: C. nigrifons
Binomial name
Cephalophus nigrifons
Gray, 1871

The black-fronted duiker (Cephalophus nigrifrons) is a small antelope found in central and west-central Africa.


The black-fronted duiker is a compact, short-necked and active antelope which gets its name from the broad black streak that runs from the nose to its forehead, a feature distinguishing it from its congeners. It has a glossy coat which is deep reddish-mahogany to a lighter orange-chestnut in colour, the hair becoming sparser and darker on the long legs. It has a short tail which is black with a white tip. They have short, pointed horns, measuring 4–12 cm which are carried by both sexes and are used for defence against against other duikers and predators. Their elongated hooves appear to be an adaptation to the wet habitats they seem to prefer. It weighs 14–18 kg (31–40 lb) and a shoulder height of 43 cm (17 in).[2]


The black-fronted duiker is found in central and west-central Africa, with an isolated population in the Niger Delta in eastern Nigeria and then from southern Cameroon west to western Kenya and northern Angola.[1]


The black-fronted duiker occurs in montane, lowland, and swamp forests, from near sea level up to an altitude of 3,500 metres, it is frequently recorded in wetter areas such as marshes or on the margins of rivers or streams.[2]


The black-fronted duiker is territorial and monogamous, each pair oding a territory which it defends against their neighbours and is marked using the secretions of the facial glands. The pair have habitual paths within their which connect sleeping sites with feeding areas, and allow them to be active during both day and night. They are mainly browsers but will also feed on fruit.[2]


The currently recognised subspecies are:[3]


  1. 1 2 IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). "Cephalophus nigrifons". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 29 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern.
  2. 1 2 3 "Black-fronted duiker". WIldscreen Arkive. Wildscreen. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  3. "Cephalophus nigrifrons nigrifrons Gray, 1871". Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) ( Retrieved 2016-11-18.

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/19/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.