An adult male greater kudu by the Chobe River, Botswana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Synapsida
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Bovinae
Genus: Tragelaphus
(de Blainville, 1816)

T. angasii
T. buxtoni
T. eurycerus
T. imberbis
T. scriptus
T. spekeii
T. strepsiceros
T. sylvaticus

Tragelaphus is a genus of medium- to large-sized spiral-horned antelopes. It contains several species of bovine, all of which are relatively antelope-like. Species in this genus tend to be large sized, lightly built, have long necks and considerable sexual dimorphism. The common eland (Taurotragus oryx) was once classified in this genus as T. oryx. The name "Tragelaphus" comes from the mythical tragelaph. A common synonym is genus Strepsiceros, which refers to the same set of African antelopes.[1]

Taxonomy and phylogeny

Giant eland

Common eland

Greater kudu

Mountain nyala





Lesser kudu

Phylogenetic relationships in Tragelaphus from combined analysis of all molecular data (Willows-Munro 2005)

Tragelaphus is a genus in the subfamily Tragelaphinae and the family Bovidae. The genus authority is the French zoologist Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, who first mentioned it in the journal Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomatique in 1816.[2] The name is composed of two Greek words: tragos, meaning a male goat; and elaphos, meaning deer.[3] It consists of eight species, namely:

According to a 2006 study, Tragelaphus diverged from its sister genus Taurotragus (elands) towards the end of the Late Miocene.[4]


Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  1. Integrated Taxonomic Information System
  2. Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 697. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  3. "Tragelaphus". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  4. Ropiquet, A. (2006). "Etude des radiations adaptatives au sein des Antilopinae (Mammalia, Bovidae)". Ph.D. Thesis, Université Paris. 6 (1-247).

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