Mountain gazelle

Mountain gazelle[1]
Mountain gazelle (male)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Synapsida
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Antilopinae
Tribe: Antilopini
Genus: Gazella
Species: G. gazella
Binomial name
Gazella gazella
(Pallas, 1766)

The mountain gazelle (Gazella gazella) is a species of gazelle widely but unevenly distributed in Israel, the Golan Heights, and Turkey. It inhabits mountains, foothills, and coastal plains. Its range coincides closely with that of the acacia trees that grow in these areas. It is mainly a grazing species, though this varies with food availability. It is less well adapted to hot, dry conditions than the Dorcas gazelle, which appears to have replaced the mountain gazelle through some of its range during the late Holocene in a period of climatic warming.


In 1985, a large population of mountain gazelles built up through game conservation in two Israeli reserves, in the southern Golan Heights and Ramat Yissachar, was decimated by foot and mouth disease. To prevent such occurrences, a plan was drawn up to stabilize the female population at 1,000 in the Golan and 700 in Ramat Yissachar.[3]

Byzantine-era mosaic of gazelle in Caesarea, Israel


Less than 3,000 mountain gazelles are left within their natural range. Mountain gazelles can reach running speeds up to 80 km/h (50 mph).[4]


The Levantine mountain gazelleG. gazella[5] – resides largely in three areas: the Golan Heights, West Bank, Ramot Naftali and the Galilee. In the coastal plain, there is a small population of gazelles but the numbers are decreasing in the wake of accelerated urbanization. The population decreased greatly throughout its natural range in the first part of the 20th century due to poaching.[6] but increased thereafter thanks to conservation efforts.[6] Gazelle Valley in Jerusalem preserves a small herd.[7]

The Hatay mountain gazelle is the subspecies which lives the northeast. They live in Syrian border of Turkey in Hatay Province.[8]

Historically, some others such as the Cuvier's gazelle (G. cuvieri) were included as a subspecies,[9] but recent authorities consistently treat them as separate species.[10]

See also


  1. Grubb, P. (2005). "Gazella gazella". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 637–722. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). "Gazella gazella". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  3. Mountain gazelle management in northern Israel in relation to wildlife disease control. (PDF) .
  4. Lee, K. "Gazella gazella". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
  5. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. (2008). Gazella gazella. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T8970A12942665.en
  6. 1 2 Kaplan, D. (December 2002). "Langfristige Bestandsschwankungen der Edmigazelle (Gazella gazella gazella) in Nordisrael". Zeitschrift für Jagdwissenschaft. Springer Berlin / Heidelberg. 48 (Supplement 1): 167–171. doi:10.1007/BF02192405.
  7. Jaffee-Hoffman, Maayan (3 November 2016). "Galloping Forward". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  8. Wildlife Extra News – 250 endangered Mountain gazelles found in Turkey – First record in Turkey. Retrieved on 2015-09-25.
  9. ADW: Gazella gazella: INFORMATION. Retrieved on 2015-09-25.
  10. Mallon, D.P. & Cuzin, F. (2008). "Gazella cuvieri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 18 August 2015.
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