Mongolian gazelle
Procapra gutturosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Synapsida
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Antilopinae
Tribe: Antilopini
Genus: Procapra
Hodgson, 1846[1]

P. gutturosa
P. picticaudata
P. przewalskii

Procapra is a genus of Asian gazelles,[2] including three living species:

The oldest fossils belonging to the genus Procapra date from the late Pliocene or early Pleistocene of central Asia, which was wetter and warmer than now. The genus apparently evolved from animals similar to the Pliocene gazelle Gazella sinensis,[3] and is known to have been hunted by early Neolithic humans at Lake Qinghai in China.[4]


  1. Groves, C. P. (1967) On the gazelles of the genus Procapra Hodgson, 1846. Z. Saugetierk. Accessed on 2008-05-31 PDF
  2. Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2008. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed May 31, 2008 at
  3. Leslie, D.M. Jr. (2010). "Procapra picticaudata (Artiodactyla: Bovidae)". Mammalian Species. 42 (1): 138–148. doi:10.1644/861.1.
  4. Rhode, D.; et al. (2006). "Epipaleolithic/early Neolithic settlements at Qinghai Lake, western China". Journal of Archaeological Science. 34 (4): 600–612. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2006.06.016.
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