Tose (company)

Tose Co., Ltd.
Public K.K.
Traded as TYO: 4728
Industry Interactive entertainment
Founded November 1979 (1979-11)
Headquarters Kyoto, Japan
Products Video games
Game & Watch Gallery series
Number of employees
1,000 (2015)[1]
Website Official website

Tose Co., Ltd. (株式会社トーセ Kabushiki-gaisha Tōse) (TYO: 4728) (also called Tose Software) is a video game development company based in Kyoto, Japan. It is mostly known for developing Nintendo's Game & Watch Gallery series, various Dragon Ball games, as well as other Nintendo products. Tose has developed or co-developed over 1,000 games since the company's inception in 1979, but is virtually never credited in the games themselves (an exception to this is Game & Watch Gallery 4 and The Legendary Starfy series, as Tose shares the copyright with Nintendo).[2] "We're always behind the scenes," said Masa Agarida, Vice President of Tose's U.S. division. "Our policy is not to have a vision. Instead, we follow our customers' visions. Most of the time we refuse to put our name on the games, not even staff names." As such, Tose has gained a reputation for being a "ghost developer".[3]


In November 1979, Tose was established at Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto as independent entity from Toa Seiko Co., Ltd. In April 1984 they began to develop video games, a year later educational software. Tose's head office was moved Otokuni-gun, Kyoto Prefecture in May 1986. Event software development began in April 1987. In July 1988, new head office in Yamazaki, Kyoto was completed. Starting in May 1990, Tose began developing software for Game Boy and Super Famicon (Super NES).

In August 1999, Tose was listed on the Osaka Securities Exchange 2nd Section and Kyoto Stock Exchange. In October of that year, the Kyoto Head office was opened at Shijo-Karasuma, which integrate the business of head office functions and the Karasuma CG Center. On 27 September 2000, Tose was listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange 2nd Section.[4] In August 2001, they were listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange 1st Section and Osaka Securities Exchange 1st Section.

On December 18, 2007 Tose announced the leakage of its business information onto the Internet, discovered a day before. The information included 10 pieces of information relating to customer names, development cases, development contents, development fees and reception time.[5]

On September 1, 2011 Tose announced separating the amusement machine development business from the 2nd game development department (ゲーム事業部開発2部) into a separate amusement machine developer (AM開発部).[6]


Former subsidiaries

List of games developed by Tose

NOTE: Some of these titles are merely believed or assumed to be developed by Tose, due to information compiled by various amateur and professional journalists. Most have not been officially confirmed as Tose-developed products by any of the games' publishers, co-developers, or Tose themselves. Many of the games released by Bandai, Tomy Corporation, Jaleco, Taito, Namco, Tonkin House were developed by Tose.

See also Category:Tose (company) games
This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.


Family Computer/Nintendo Entertainment System

Super Famicom/Super NES

Game Boy

Game Boy Color

Game Boy Advance


PlayStation 2

Playstation 3

Playstation 4

PlayStation Portable

PlayStation Vita

Nintendo DS

Nintendo 3DS

List of games published by Nintendo

These are games published by Nintendo that were developed by Tose.

Family Computer/Nintendo Entertainment System

Game Boy

Game Boy Color

Virtual Boy

Game Boy Advance

Nintendo DS

Games ported by Tose

Tose has ported a few games, including Square and Enix games for the Nintendo Entertainment System and Super NES.

See also


  1. Leone, Matt (30 September 2015). "The secret developers of the video game industry". Polygon. Vox Media. Archived from the original on 1 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
  2. Sheffield, Brandon (2006-05-18). "Tose: Game Development Ninjas". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  3. Cifaldi, Frank (2006-04-20). "The Connection is Made: Developer Highlights from Game Connection 2006 (Part Two)". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  4. 東京証券取引所市場第二部への上場のお知らせ
  5. 業務情報の漏洩に関するお知らせ
  6. 機構改革および人事異動についてのお知らせ
  7. TOSE Software : Japan > History
  8. 子会社設立に関するお知らせ
  9. 1 2
  10. 株式会社リブリカの設立とデジタルコミック配信事業について
  11. フィリピンにおける子会社設立に関するお知らせ
  12. トーセ、フィリピン子会社を設立…東南アジア向けのゲームソフトを開発
  13. (訂正)フィリピンにおける子会社設立に関するお知らせ
  14. 連結子会社の吸収合併(簡易合併・略式合併)に関するお知らせ
  15. 第33期(自平成23年9月1日 至平成24年8月31日)有価証券報告書
  16. (株)ティーネット(T-net)の設立のお知らせ
  17. グループ会社の事業統合に伴う事業譲渡および解散のお知らせ
  18. 特定子会社の解散及び繰延税金資産の計上に関するお知らせ
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Kennedy, Sam (2007-01-24). "Tose: Gaming's Dirty Little Secret". Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  20. Hill, Doug (October 14, 1999). "Tose to develop for Playstation 2". Retrieved 2009-08-16.
  21. Caoili, Eric (December 29, 2010). "Devil Summoner: Soul Hackers' Fan-Translation Trailer". GameSetWatch. Retrieved 2015-05-13.
  22. 任天堂より発売のゲームボーイ アドバンス用ソフト「伝説のスタフィー」は、任天堂とトーセが共同開発いたしました。
  23. "Nintendo Power Holiday 2008". Nintendo Power. 236. 2008. p. 82.
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