Lucky Luke

For other uses, see Lucky Luke (disambiguation).
Lucky Luke

Sous le Ciel de l'Ouest (1952), cover of an early softcovered issue.
Character information
First appearance Spirou Almanach 47 (December 7, 1946)
In-story information
Full name Luke
Species Human
Place of origin United States
Partnerships Jolly Jumper, Rintincan
Publication information
  • Dupuis (1949–1967)
  • Dargaud (1968–1988)
  • Lucky Productions (1989–1998)
  • Lucky Comics (1999–)
Formats Comics album
Original language French
Genre see below
Creative team
  • Morris (1946–2001)
  • Achdé (2001–)

Lucky Luke is a humorous comics series created by Belgian cartoonist Morris in 1946. Various writers scripted the series starting in 1955, beginning with French writer René Goscinny. French artist Achdé has continued the series as artist since Morris's death in 2001.

The series takes place in the American Old West and features the titular Lucky Luke, a cowboy known as the "man who shoots faster than his shadow", accompanied by his horse Jolly Jumper and in many stories a dog named Rantanplan. Lucky Luke is charged with restoring justice to the Old West by chasing down bandits, the most famous of whom are the Dalton Brothers. The stories are filled with humorous elements parodying the Western genre.

Lucky Luke is one of the best-known and best-selling comics series in Europe and has been translated into numerous languages. 68 albums have appeared in the series as of 2014, at first published by Dupuis, then from 1968 by Dargaud, and from 1999 by Lucky Comics. Each story was first serialized in a magazine: in Spirou from 1946 ro 1967, in Pilote from 1967 to 1973, in Lucky Luke in 1974–75, in the French edition of Tintin in 1975–76, and in various other magazines since. The series has been adapted to various other media, such as animated films and television series, live-action films, video games, toys, and board games. About half of the series' adventures have been translated into English. Lucky Luke comics have been translated into 23 languages, including many European languages, some African and Asian languages.

Publication history

First appearance of Lucky Luke and Jolly Jumper in Arizona 1880 (1946)

Both a tribute to the mythic Old West and an affectionate parody, the comics were created by the Belgian artist Morris who drew Lucky Luke from 1946 until his death in 2001. The first Lucky Luke adventure named Arizona 1880 appeared in the Almanach issue of the Franco-Belgian comics magazine Spirou on December 7, 1946.[3] After several years of solitary work on the strip, Morris began a collaboration with René Goscinny who became the series' writer for a period that is considered the golden age of the series. This started with the story Des rails sur la Prairie published on August 25, 1955 in Spirou.[4] Ending a long run of serial publications in Spirou, the series shifted to Goscinny's Pilote magazine in 1967 with the story La Diligence, subsequently leaving publisher Dupuis for Dargaud.

After the death of Goscinny in 1977, several writers have filled the role of storyteller, including Raymond "Vicq" Antoine, Bob de Groot, Jean Léturgie and Lo Hartog van Banda. At the 1993 Angoulême International Comics Festival, Lucky Luke was given an honorary exhibition.[5]

After Morris' death in 2001, French artist Achdé continued drawing new Lucky Luke stories in collaboration with writers Laurent Gerra, Daniel Pennac and Tonino Benacquista.

Lucky Luke comics have been translated into Afrikaans, Arabic, Bengali, Bosnian, Catalan, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese (both in the Brazilian and Portuguese forms), Serbian, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil, Turkish, Vietnamese and Welsh.

Spin-off series

A spin-off series called Rantanplan starring Luke's dimwitted canine sidekick began in 1987. It has been written over the years by several successive teams of writers and artists. The character also got a 76-episode animated television series in 2006.

A second spin-off series called Kid Lucky was designed in 1995, aimed at attracting a younger readership. This starred Luke as a little boy, a format that had been very popular with Spirou. Two albums starring this version of the character were released as part of the main series: Kid Lucky and Oklahoma Jim. These were credited to veteran writer Jean Léturgie and unknown artist Pearce, who was later revealed to be a joint pen name for Yann Lepennetier and Didier Conrad. The series was scrapped due to poor sales and the two albums removed from the official list of Lucky Luke albums. The series was however re-launched in 2011 as Les aventures de Kid Lucky d'après Morris, with Achdé now solely in charge of it. To date, Achdé has written three Kid Lucky albums, L'apprenti Cow-boy, Lasso périlleux and Statue Squaw, released in 2011, 2013 and 2015, respectively.

The stories

Although always described as a cowboy, Luke generally acts as a righter of wrongs or bodyguard of some sort, where he excels thanks to his resourcefulness and incredible gun prowess. A recurring task is that of capturing bumbling gangsters the Dalton brothers, Joe, William, Jack and Averell. He rides Jolly Jumper, "the smartest horse in the world" and is often accompanied by Rantanplan, "the stupidest dog in the universe", a spoof of Rin Tin Tin.

Luke meets many historical Western figures like Calamity Jane, Billy the Kid, Judge Roy Bean and Jesse James's gang, and takes part in events such as the guarding of Wells Fargo stagecoaches, the Pony Express, the building of the First Transcontinental Telegraph, the Rush into the Unassigned Lands of Oklahoma, and a tour by French actress Sarah Bernhardt. Some of the books feature a one-page article on the background to the events featured. Goscinny once said that he and Morris tried to base the Lucky Luke adventures on real events whenever possible, but that they would not let the facts get in the way of a funny story.

The chronology of the albums is deliberately murky, and in most albums no particular year is given. The villains and incidental characters based on real persons lived over most of the mid-to-late-19th century. For example, in the album Daily Star, Lucky Luke meets a young Horace Greeley, prior to his moving to New York in 1831. Judge Roy Bean, who was appointed judge in 1882, appears in another album, and in another album yet, Lucky Luke takes part in the 1892 Coffeyville shootout against the Dalton gang. Lucky Luke himself appears unchanged in all stories.

Except at the very early comics where he shoots and kills Mad Jim, Phil Defer and the old Dalton brothers gang in Coffeeville, Luke is never seen to kill anyone, preferring to disarm people by shooting weapons out of their hands.

At the end of each story, except the earliest, Lucky Luke rides off alone into the sunset on Jolly Jumper, singing (in English) "I'm a poor lonesome cowboy, and a long way from home...".


Morris, who had been criticized over Lucky Luke's cigarette for a long time, answered his critics: "the cigarette is part of the character's profile, just like the pipe of Popeye or Maigret".[6] It is claimed that Morris was forced to remove cigarettes Lucky Luke smokes from his strip and Lucky Luke who "used to be a heavy smoker", had to give up smoking for "commercial reasons", apparently to "gain access to the American market".[7][8][9] On World No Tobacco Day in 1989, the magazine Spirou published a militantly anti-tobacco issue, #2668.[7][10]

Morris won an award from the World Health Organization in 1988 when he replaced Luke's omnipresent cigarette with a wisp of straw in the story Fingers (1983).[7][11][12] In the 2007 animated film Tous à l'Ouest: Une aventure de Lucky Luke, Lucky Luke is seen using what appears to be a nicotine patch and mentions that before that he had to "chew on a piece of straw for a while" right after he quit smoking. In the 1994 story Le Pont sur le Mississippi (The Bridge Over the Mississippi), he is seen rolling a cigarette again, although he claims it was just to hide his boredom. While in Sarah Bernhardt (1982) after despite Luke's strict orders to not light a fire, Bernhardt's cook has lit one to make a cake, Luke is seen rolling a cigarette in an irate mood, strikes a match only for it being blown out by Jolly Jumper who reminds him of his own "no fire" orders.


Some of the humour in Lucky Luke is based on clichés and stereotypes, including many ethnic stereotypes of "sneaky" Chinese or "lazy" Mexicans,[13] Native Americans, Irish and Italians[9] as well as "darky" depictions of Afro-Americans. According to the Forbidden Planet correspondent: "They played on the clichés of the genre, with humour that nowadays probably would be considered quite racist (lazy Mexicans, sneaky Chinese), but also with a special sort of satire, mirroring contemporary social platitudes." [13] Luke himself however, treats everyone with respect and protects any vulnerable person (stereotype-or-not) against injustice.

Real-life persons who have appeared in Lucky Luke

Collected editions

By Morris (1949–1958)

Dupuis Publishing

By Morris & Goscinny (1957–1986)

Dupuis Publishing

Dargaud Publishing

By Morris and various writers (1980–2002)

Dargaud Publishing

  • 47. Le Magot des Dalton, 1980, by Vicq (The Daltons' Stash or The Daltons' Loot)
  • 48. Le Bandit manchot, 1981, by Bob de Groot (The One-Armed Bandit)
  • 49. Sarah Bernhardt, 1982, by Jean Léturgie and Xavier Fauche
  • 52. Fingers, 1983, by Lo Hartog Van Banda
  • 53. Le Daily Star, 1983, by Jean Léturgie and Xavier Fauche (The Daily Star)
  • 54. La Fiancée de Lucky Luke, 1985, by Guy Vidal (Bride of Lucky Luke or Lucky Luke's Fiancee)
  • 56. Le Ranch maudit, 1986, by Jean Léturgie, Xavier Fauche and Claude Guylouis (The Cursed Ranch)
  • 57. Nitroglycérine, 1987, by Lo Hartog Van Banda (Nitroglycerine)
  • 58. L'Alibi, 1987, by Claude Guylouis (The Alibi)
  • 59. Le Pony Express, 1988, by Jean Léturgie and Xavier Fauche (The Pony Express)

Lucky Productions

  • 60. L'Amnésie des Dalton, 1991, by Jean Léturgie and Xavier Fauche (The Daltons' Amnesia)
  • 61. Chasse aux fantômes, 1992, by Lo Hartog Van Banda (Ghosthunt)
  • 62. Les Dalton à la noce, 1993, by Jean Léturgie and Xavier Fauche (The Daltons at a Wedding)
  • 63. Le Pont sur le Mississippi, 1994, by Jean Léturgie and Xavier Fauche (The Bridge on the Mississippi or Bridge Over the Mississippi)
  • 64. Kid Lucky, 1995, by Pearce and Jean Léturgie
  • 65. Belle Star, 1995, by Xavier Fauche
  • 66. Le Klondike, 1996, by Yann and Jean Léturgie (The Klondike)
  • 67. O.K. Corral, 1997, by Eric Adam and Xavier Fauche
  • 68. Oklahoma Jim, 1997, by Pearce and Jean Léturgie
  • 69. Marcel Dalton, 1998, by Bob de Groot

Lucky Comics

  • 70. Le Prophète, 2000, by Patrick Nordmann (The Prophet)
  • 71. L'Artiste peintre, 2001, by Bob de Groot (The Painter or The Artist)
  • 72. La Légende de l'Ouest, 2002, by Patrick Nordmann (The Legend of the West)

By Achdé and various writers (since 2003)

Lucky Comics

  • 73. Le Cuisinier français, 2003, by Morris and Claude Guylouis (The French Cook)
  • 74. La Belle Province, 2004, by Laurent Gerra (The Beautiful Province)
  • 75. La Corde au cou, 2006, by Laurent Gerra (Tying the Knot or From the Gallows to the Altar)
  • 76. L'Homme de Washington, 2008, by Laurent Gerra (The Man from Washington)
  • 77. Lucky Luke contre Pinkerton, 2010, by Daniel Pennac and Tonino Benacquista (Lucky Luke versus The Pinkertons)
  • 78. L'apprenti Cow-boy, 2011 (The Cowboy Apprentice)
  • 79. Cavalier seul, 2012, by Daniel Pennac and Tonino Benacquista (Lone Riders)
  • 80. Lasso périlleux, 2013 (The Dangerous Lasso)
  • 81. Les tontons Dalton, 2014, by Laurent Gerra and Jacques Pessis (The Uncle Daltons)
  • 82. Statue Squaw, 2015 (Statue Squaw)
  • 83. La Terre promise, 2016, by Jul (The Promised Land)

70th anniversary issue

  • L' homme qui tua Lucky Luke, 2016, by Matthieu Bonhomme (The Man Who Killed Lucky Luke)[14]

English translations

Apart from the collections mentioned below, Lucky Luke comics were published in British comic book magazines such as Film Fun Comic or Giggle (in 1967). The Giggle version had Luke's name changed to "Buck Bingo".[15]

Brockhampton Press Ltd, Leicester, began publishing the books in hardcover and softcover, with six titles from 1972 to 1974, translated by Frederick W Nolan. Brockhampton became part of Hodder & Stoughton Ltd in 1976, and under their children's imprint, Knight Books, Hodder published mini-sized paperback editions of the first six books, in 1976 to 1977. In 1980 and 1982, Hodder & Stoughton published three new titles as Hodder Dargaud, as well as reprints of the previous six.

Cinebook Ltd have been publishing English language translations of Lucky Luke since 2006. One new volume is released every two months. In India only, Euro Books, a division of Euro Kids International Ltd. published English versions of 24 Lucky Luke titles in 2009.

Brockhampton Press (UK)

Knight Books (UK)

Hodder Dargaud (UK)

Dargaud USA and Canada

Fantasy Flight (US)

Ravette Books (UK)

  • The Dalton Brothers Memory Game, 1991

Glo'worm (UK)

Cinebook Ltd

  1. Billy The Kid, 2006, ISBN 1-905460-11-2
  2. Ghost Town, 2006, ISBN 1-905460-12-0
  3. Dalton City, 2006, ISBN 1-905460-13-9
  4. Jesse James, 2006, ISBN 1-905460-14-7
  5. In the Shadow of the Derricks, 2007, ISBN 1-905460-17-1
  6. Ma Dalton, 2007, ISBN 978-1-905460-18-2
  7. Barbed Wire on the Prairie, 2007, ISBN 978-1-905460-24-3
  8. Calamity Jane, 2007, ISBN 978-1-905460-25-0
  9. The Wagon Train, 2008, ISBN 978-1-905460-40-3
  10. Tortillas for the Daltons, 2008, ISBN 978-1-905460-49-6
  11. Western Circus, 2008, ISBN 978-1-905460-55-7
  12. The Rivals of Painful Gulch, 2008, ISBN 978-1-905460-60-1
  13. The Tenderfoot, 2008, ISBN 978-1-905460-65-6
  14. The Dashing White Cowboy, 2008, ISBN 978-1-905460-66-3
  15. The Daltons in the Blizzard, 2009, ISBN 978-1-905460-76-2
  16. The Black Hills, 2009, ISBN 978-1-905460-83-0
  17. Apache Canyon, 2009, ISBN 978-1-905460-92-2
  18. The Escort, 2009, ISBN 978-1-905460-98-4
  19. On the Daltons' Trail, 2009, ISBN 978-1-84918-007-8
  20. The Oklahoma Land Rush, 2009, ISBN 978-1-84918-008-5
  21. The 20th Cavalry, 2010, ISBN 978-1-84918-016-0
  22. Emperor Smith, 2010, ISBN 978-1-84918-026-9
  23. A Cure for the Daltons, 2010, ISBN 978-1-84918-034-4
  24. The Judge, 2010, ISBN 978-1-84918-045-0
  25. The Stagecoach, 2010, ISBN 978-1-84918-052-8
  26. The Bounty Hunter, 2010, ISBN 978-1-84918-059-7
  27. Lucky Luke versus Joss Jamon, 2011, ISBN 978-1-84918-071-9
  28. The Dalton Cousins, 2011, ISBN 978-1-84918-076-4
  29. The Grand Duke, 2011, ISBN 978-1-84918-083-2
  30. The Daltons' Escape, 2011, ISBN 978-1-84918-091-7
  31. Lucky Luke versus the Pinkertons, 2011, ISBN 978-1-84918-098-6
  32. Rails on the Prairie, 2011, ISBN 978-1-84918-104-4
  33. The One-Armed Bandit, 2012, ISBN 978-1-84918-111-2
  34. The Daltons Always On The Run, 2012, ISBN 978-1-84918-119-8
  35. The Singing Wire, 2012, ISBN 978-1-84918-123-5
  36. The Daltons Redeem Themselves, 2012, ISBN 978-1-84918-132-7
  37. Fingers, 2012, ISBN 978-1-849181389
  38. Doc Doxey's Elixir, 2012, ISBN 978-1-849181419
  39. The Man from Washington, 2013, ISBN 978-1-849181495
  40. Phil Wire, 2013, ISBN 978-1-849181556
  41. The Daily Star, 2013, ISBN 978-1-849181600
  42. Lone Riders, 2013, ISBN 978-1-849181686
  43. The Bluefeet are coming, 2013, ISBN 978-1-849181730
  44. Lucky Luke versus Pat Poker, 2013, ISBN 978-1-849181792
  45. Tying the Knot, 2014, ISBN 978-1-849181884
  46. The Pony Express, 2014, ISBN 978-1-849181945
  47. Outlaws, 2014, ISBN 978-1-849182010
  48. Dick Digger's Gold Mine, 2014, ISBN 9781849182089
  49. The Daltons' Amnesia, 2014, ISBN 9781849182195
  50. Seven Stories, 2014, ISBN 9781849182263
  51. The Painter, 2015, ISBN 9781849182416
  52. The Beautiful Province, 2015, ISBN 9781849182492
  53. Nitroglycerin, 2015, ISBN 9781849182546
  54. Rodeo, 2015, ISBN 9781849182591
  55. Arizona, 2015, ISBN 9781849182683
  56. Under a Western Sky, 2015, ISBN 9781849182737
  57. Legends of the West, 2016, ISBN 9781849182911
  58. The Daltons' Stash, 2016, ISBN 9781849182980
  59. Bride of Lucky Luke, 2016, ISBN 9781849183055
  60. The Ballad of the Daltons, 2016, ISBN 9781849183093

Eurokids (India)

  1. The Alibi, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2033-1
  2. Ghost Hunt, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2035-5
  3. Kid Lucky, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2037-9
  4. Oklahoma Jim, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2040-9
  5. The Prophet, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2041-6
  6. Belle Star, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2038-6
  7. The Klondike, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2039-3
  8. The Pony Express, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2034-8
  9. Sarah Bernardt, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2042-3
  10. The bridge on the Mississippi, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2036-2
  11. The Hanged Man’s Rope and other stories, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2043-0
  12. The Ballad of the Daltons and other stories, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2056-0
  13. Daisy Town, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2044-7
  14. Fingers, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2045-4
  15. Marcel Dalton, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2046-1
  16. The Artist, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2047-8
  17. The legend of the west, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2048-5
  18. The Daily Star, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2049-2
  19. Lucky Luke’s fiancé, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2050-8
  20. Nitroglycerine, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2051-5
  21. The Cursed Ranch, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2052-2
  22. The Beautiful Province, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2053-9
  23. From the Gallows to the Altar, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2054-6
  24. The Dalton’s Loot, 2009, ISBN 978-81-286-2055-3

Lucky Luke in other media

Italian DVD cover for the Terence Hill film


Goscinny directed and co-produced three animated Lucky Luke films: Daisy Town (1971), La Ballade des Dalton (1978) and Les Dalton en cavale ("The Daltons on the Loose") (1983).

In 1991, two Italian live-action films, Lucky Luke and Lucky Luke 2, were released, both starring Terence Hill.

The 2004 live-action film Les Dalton featured Til Schweiger as Lucky Luke.

Xilam produced a theatrical animated film, Tous à l'Ouest (Go West: A Lucky Luke Adventure), which was released in France on December 5, 2007.[16]

In 2009, Yves Marmion and UGC (the producers of Les Dalton) produced the film Lucky Luke starring French actor Jean Dujardin as the gunslinger.


In 1983, Hanna-Barbera Productions, France 3, Gaumont Film Company, and Morris collaborated to release the animated TV series Lucky Luke which contained 26 episodes. The series' main voice actors were William Callaway as Lucky Luke, Robert Ridgely as Jolly Jumper, Paul Reubens as Bushwack, Frank Welker as Joe Dalton, Rick Dees as Jack Dalton, Fred Travalena as William Dalton, Bob Holt as Averell Dalton, and Mitzi McCall as Ma Dalton. Additional voices were provided by Peter Cullen, Pat Fraley, Barbara Goodson, and Mona Marshall.

In 1991, a new series of 26 épisodes is produced by IDDH, with the collaboration of Morris.

The 1992 live-action Italian television series, Lucky Luke, also known as The Adventures of Lucky Luke, was based on the films of the previous year, and again starred Terence Hill.

In 2001, Xilam produced the 52-episode animated series Les Nouvelles aventures de Lucky Luke (The New Adventures of Lucky Luke). It is available on 8 DVDs with French and English audio tracks. This series also featured Colonel Custer who in this incarnation is an Indian-hater and a dwarf.

Xilam produced two further animated series involving Lucky Luke: Rintindumb (2006) and Les Dalton (2010).

Video games

Over the years, several Lucky Luke video games have been released for many platforms, most of them by Infogrames,[17] and only released in Europe (the only ones released for the North American market were the Game Boy Color and PlayStation versions).

A Lucky Luke game was also developed for mobile phones by The Mighty Troglodytes. Lucky Luke: Go West was released in Europe for the PC, Nintendo Wii and Nintendo DS in the end of 2007.

In 2013, French publishers Dupuis and Anuman Interactive announced the development of a new Time Management game: Lucky Luke: Transcontinental Railroad, (set in the 1860s) on PC, Mac, iOS and Android.[18]


In popular culture

In the Belgian Comic Strip Center in Brussels the permanent exhibition brings homage to the pioneers of Belgian comics, among them Morris. In the room dedicated to his work the entry has saloon doors and Luke's shadow can be seen on the floor and on the wall.[20]

In 1992, as part of the Brussels' Comic Book Route, a wall in the Rue de la Buandrie/ Washuisstraat in Brussels was dedicated to "Lucky Luke".[21] It was designed by D. Vandegeerde and G. Oreopoulos.

Lucky Luke is among the many Belgian comics characters to jokingly have a Brussels street named after them. Since 2007 the Rue des Pierres/ Steenstraat has a commemorative plaque with the name Rue Lucky Luke/ Lucky Luke straat placed under the actual street sign.[22]

In the Rue Willy Ernst, in the Astrid Park in Charleroi, Belgium, a statue of Lucky Luke can be seen. In the underground railroad Métro Parc the walls are decorated with scènes from "Lucky Luke" albums.[23]

In 2000 statues of Lucky Luke, Ratanplan and Joe Dalton were erected in the Jules Van den Heuvelstraat, Middelkerke, Belgium. They were designed by Luc Madou.[24]

In 1993, French rapper MC Solaar released his song "Nouveau Western" with references to Lucky Luke and the Daltons.

In 2015, Danish reggaeton band Kamilo & Grande released a single called Lucky Luke, in which they liken their lives to that of Lucky Luke.[25]

See also


  1. BDGest. "Leonardo, Vittorio – La Bibliographie" (in French).
  2. BDGest. "Ducasse, Anne-Marie – La Bibliographie" (in French).
  3. BDoubliées. "Spirou année 1946" (in French).
  4. BDoubliées. "Spirou année 1955" (in French).
  5. Lambiek Comiclopedia. "Morris".
  6. "World Health Forum Vol 11 1990 footnote Les cahiers de la bande dessinée. No. 43, 1980, p. 11." (PDF). Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  7. 1 2 3 "World Health Forum Vol 11 1990" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  8. "". 2006-08-23. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  9. 1 2 Harrie Verstappen. "". Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  10. BDOublié - 1989 Spirou index
  11. "". 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  12. Surette, Tim (2006-08-21). "". Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  13. 1 2 "". 2009-06-30. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  14. "Matthieu Bonhomme : " Je voulais que mon Lucky Luke soit un vrai cowboy "". France Inter (in French). Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  15. "Lucky Luke as "Buck Bingo" on the Forbidden Planet International Blog Log". 2008-07-15. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  16. "Tous a l'ouest". Official movie website. Xilam Films. October 22, 2007. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-22.
  17. IGN Staff (November 3, 1998). "Lucky Luke: Infogrames brings a huge European cowboy to the US market and puts him on the discount rack.". IGN. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
  25. Agergaard, Rose. "The whole world rides with Camilo & Grande in their new musicvideo". (in Danish). Gaffa. Retrieved 8 January 2016.


Further reading

External links

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