Cape Canaveral, Florida

This article is about the city of Cape Canaveral, Florida. For the geographical feature, see Cape Canaveral. For the site neighboring the Kennedy Space Center, see Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. For the neighboring port, see Port Canaveral.
Cape Canaveral, Florida
City of Cape Canaveral

Cape Canaveral City Hall


Location in Brevard County and the state of Florida
Cape Canaveral, Florida

Location in the United States

Coordinates: 28°23′18″N 80°36′13″W / 28.38833°N 80.60361°W / 28.38833; -80.60361Coordinates: 28°23′18″N 80°36′13″W / 28.38833°N 80.60361°W / 28.38833; -80.60361
Country  United States of America
State  Florida
County Brevard
Incorporated 1963
  Type Council-Manager
  Mayor Bob Hoog[1]
  City Manager David L. Greene[2]
  Mayor Pro Tem Betty Walsh[1]
  City 2.3 sq mi (6 km2)
  Land 2.3 sq mi (6 km2)
  Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Population (2010)[3]
  City 9,912
  Density 4,300/sq mi (1,700/km2)
  Metro 543,376
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 32920
Area code(s) 321
FIPS code 12-10250[4]
GNIS feature ID 0279995[5]

Cape Canaveral is a city in Brevard County, Florida. The population was 9,912 at the 2010 United States Census.[3] It is part of the Palm BayMelbourneTitusville Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Further information: Brevard County § History

After the establishment of a lighthouse in 1848,[6] a few families moved into the area and a small but stable settlement was born. As the threat of Seminole Indian attacks became increasingly unlikely, other settlers began to move into the area around the Indian River. Post offices and small community stores with postal facilities were established at Canaveral, Canaveral Harbor and Artesia. It is thought the Artesia post office was so named for the ground water of artesian springs that are prevalent in the area.

In 1890 a group of Harvard Alumni students established a hunters gun club called the Canaveral Harvard Club with a holding of over 18,000 acres (7,300 ha). Their game hunts helped clear the wilderness for other settlers to move in.[7]

In the early 1920s, a group of Orlando journalists invested more than $150,000 in the beach acreage that now encompasses the area of presidentially-named streets in Cape Canaveral. They called their development Journalista (now Avon-by-the-Sea) in honor of their trade.[7] A wooden bridge linking Merritt Island with the area had just been constructed. The developers anticipated a growing number of seasonal visitors.

At that time, fishermen, retirees, and descendants of Captain Mills Burnham —the original official keeper of the Cape Canaveral Light—resided in the northern part of the present city.

Due to the hardships caused by the Great Depression, many investors defaulted on their holdings. Much of this land was recovered by newspaper owner R.B. Brossier and his son, Dickson, after they sold their Orlando home and used the remaining $4,500 to purchase much of the Avon area. It was their dream that a port would be developed and a direct route to Orlando would be constructed.

In the 1930s, archaeologists from Yale University surveyed various Native American sites in the area.

In 1951, anthropologist Irvine Rouse of Yale University visited the area and performed research.[8]

By 1958 the workforce and the economy had grown with the space program. At that time, state statute allowed an adjacent city to annex an unincorporated area without a vote of the residents. Local property owners were concerned that Cocoa Beach might annex them. Landowners felt that Cocoa Beach had more city debt and higher land taxes than they wished to support.[9]

The City of Cape Canaveral started in 1961 when a committee was formed to incorporate.[7] Due to paperwork delays the city charter was made into bill 167 and approved by the Florida State Legislature in Tallahassee on May 16, 1963.[10]

In 1967, the annual Sun and Space Festival was started. It had flyovers and a parade that included a stop at the newly opened Museum of Sunken Treasure.[7] This contained artifacts from the 1715 Treasure Fleet.[11]

An annual celebration was started on October 9, 1990, The Patriot's Day Parade in honor of the last naval battle of the American Revolution that was fought off the Cape Canaveral coast in 1783.[7]

In 2012, the city started celebrating its 50th year since incorporation. At a Heritage Day even in March 2013 part of the festivities included author Jay Barbreewho delivered an oral history of the early days. On the official 50th anniversary date of May 16, 2013 a 50-year time capsule was sealed and a pictorial postmark of the city's anniversary was stamped.


The city of Cape Canaveral is located on a barrier island on the Atlantic coast of Florida. It is due south of the geographical feature Cape Canaveral. It is separated from the mainland by the Banana River, Merritt Island and the Indian River from east to west.[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2). 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.85%) is water.


Cape Canaveral has a humid subtropical climate, with hot and wet summers, and mild and dry winters. In winter drought can become severe while in late summer and fall tropical cyclones can brush the area. On August 20, 2008, Tropical Storm Fay dropped 20.03 inches (50.9 cm) of rain.[13]

Climate data for Cape Canaveral, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 89
Average high °F (°C) 71
Average low °F (°C) 49
Record low °F (°C) 17
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.27
Source: TWC[14]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201510,206[15]3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 8,829 people, 5,066 households, and 2,097 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,788.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,463.0/km²). There were 6,641 housing units at an average density of 2,849.3 per square mile (1,100.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.68% White, 1.43% African American, 0.32% Native American, 1.70% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. Out of all of which Hispanics or Latinos of constituted 3.48% of the population, regardless of race.

There were 5,066 households out of which 11.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.7% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 58.6% were non-families. 47.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.74 and the average family size was 2.41.

In the city the population was spread out with 11.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, and 23.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 109.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,858, and the median income for a family was $43,109. Males had a median income of $33,571 versus $22,423 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,537. About 9.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.


Cape Canaveral has a cross section of both single family and multifamily residences. A number of hotels and time shares in the area. Many residents work in the service industry, space contracting firms and at the Kennedy Space Center to the north.


In 2007, the average size of Cape Canaveral's labor force was 5,824. Of that group, 5,533 were employed and 291 were unemployed, for an unemployment rate of 5%.[17]


In 2008, no building permits were issued. This was down from 5 permits for 6 units in 2007, which was down from 19 permits for 42 units in 2006.[18]

The median home price in 2007 was $215,000.[17]


Tourism plays a major role in the economy as in any Florida beachside community. The largest hotel in Brevard County is located in the city. It has 284 rooms and 30,000 square feet (2,800 m2) of meeting space.[19]


Cape Canaveral is run by a council–manager government. The City Council consists of five members, including the mayor. All seats on the City Council are filled by nonpartisan election as outlined in the City Charter.[20] The City Manager is an appointed position that acts as the city's administrative leader and carries out the council's acts and directives.[21]

In 2007, the city had a taxable real estate base of $1.46 billion.[23]

In 2009-10, the city paid $833,100 for solid waste disposal. This was furnished at a cost from $4.95 to $7.38 monthly per residence.[24]

Federally, Cape Canaveral is part of Florida's 15th congressional district, represented by Republican Bill Posey, elected in 2008.


  1. Raymond Jamieson, 1962 - June 1963
  2. Richard Thurm, June 1963
  3. J.L. Murphy, 1979 - 1982
  4. Pat Lee, 1987
  5. Joy Salamone, 1990
  6. John Porter, 1999
  7. Rocky Randels, 2015 (end date)[25]
  8. Bob Hoog, 2015 (start date)[25]



The primary transportation is by road.

SR A1A is the major road, running north-south within the city.

To the north of Cape Canaveral, SR 528 heads west, connecting the city to Merritt Island, the mainland, and Orlando.

To the south of Cape Canaveral, SR 520 provides a similar westward route, but while 528 is a freeway, 520 has many stoplights and intersections.

A group of east-west roads is named for U.S. presidents in order of their administrations, starting with Washington in the north of town to Harding in the south, and skipping identical last-named presidencies of the second Adams and the second Harrison. For reasons unknown Martin Van Buren was skipped.[26]

Public transportation is provided by Space Coast Area Transit (SCAT). The #9 Beach Trolley bus line circles through Cape Canaveral and runs down to Cocoa Beach and connects with other SCAT bus lines serving Brevard County.[27]

Notable people

Sister cities

Cape Canaveral has five sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Beach in Cape Canaveral, Florida
Beach in Cape Canaveral, Florida


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "City Council of Cape Canaveral" (PDF). City of Cape Canaveral, Florida. December 1, 2015.
  2. 1 2 "The City Manager's Office". City of Cape Canaveral, Florida. Retrieved December 2015. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. 1 2 "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Cape Canaveral city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
  4. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 Osborne, Ray (2008). Cape Canaveral. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 18–19. ISBN 978-0-7385-5327-6.
  7. Rouse, Irving. Survey of Indian River Archaeology. Yale University Publications in Anthropology 45. ISBN 978-0-404-15668-8.
  8. City History City of Cape Canaveral - Official Site. Retrieved on 2009-06-25.
  9. Thurm, Ann. The History of the City of Cape Canaveral and The Cape Canaveral Area. City of Cape Canaveral. ISBN 0-9650719-0-1.
  10. The Treasure of Cape Canaveral published in Indian River Journal by Brevard Historical Commission
  11. "Spaceline: History of Cape Canaveral B.C.-1948". Retrieved 2008-08-31.
  12. "Tropical Storm Fay continues to drift west". Florida Today. Florida Today. 2008-08-21.
  13. "Monthly Averages for Cape Canaveral, FL". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
  14. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  15. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. 1 2 Cape Canaveral Community Data Sheet Economic Development Council of Florida's Space Coast. Retrieved on 2009-06-25.
  17. Building Permits United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2009-06-25.
  18. Price, Wayne T. (28 February 2010). "As Orlando slumps, so does Brevard". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 3E.
  19. Elected Officials City of Cape Canaveral official website. Retrieved on 2009-06-25.
  20. City Manager City of Cape Canaveral - Official Site. Retrieved on 2009-06-25.
  21. "City Clerk's Office". City of Cape Canaveral, Florida. Retrieved December 2015. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  22. Dean, James (April 26, 2008). More taxes or fewer services. Florida Today.
  23. "Notice of Public Disclosure of the full cost of solid waste management services within the service area of the city of Cape Canaveral, Florida for the 2009-10 Fiscal Year". Florida Today. Melbourne, Florida. March 31, 2011. pp. 2B.
  24. 1 2 Hume, Jerry (November 17, 2015). "Longtime Cape Canaveral Mayor Retires". News 13.
  25. Mapquest accessed March 12, 2008
  26. Report of the Superintendent of the Coast Survey Showing the Progress of the Survery During the Year 1859. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1860. p. 320.
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