Two shells of Turbonilla tenuicula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Heterobranchia
Clade: Euthyneura
Clade: Panpulmonata
Superfamily: Pyramidelloidea
Family: Pyramidellidae
Genus: Turbonilla
Risso, 1826
  • Amamimormula Kuroda, 1928
  • Chemnitzia d'Orbigny, 1839
  • Cyrtoturbonilla F. Nordsieck, 1972
  • Dunkeria Carpenter, 1857
  • Lancea Pease, 1868
  • Lancella Dall & Bartsch, 1904 (unnecessary replacement name for Lancea Pease, 1868, by Dall & Bartsch erroneously believed to be a junior homonym )
  • Odostomia (Turbonilla) Risso, 1826
  • Paramormula Nomura, 1939
  • Pyrgolampros Sacco, 1892
  • Turbonilla (Chemnitzia) d'Orbigny, 1839
  • Turbonilla (Cylindriturbonilla) Nordsieck, 1972 · accepted, alternate representation
  • Turbonilla (Cyrtoturbonilla) Nordsieck, 1972· accepted, alternate representation
  • Turbonilla (Graciliturbonilla) Nordsieck, 1972· accepted, alternate representation
  • Turbonilla (Turbonilla) Risso, 1826
  • Variturbonilla F. Nordsieck, 1972

Turbonilla is a large genus of ectoparasitic sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Pyramidellidae, the pyrams and their allies.[1][2][3]

General description

The generally slender, bluish-white to milk-white, semitranslucent shell is more or less elongated and has a cylindro-conic shape.

The apex is sinistral. The reversed, flattened or projecting protoconch consists of 1½ to 3 whorls that are oblique or tilted from transverse to the axis.

The teleoconch contains many planulate or more or less convex whorls. These are sometimes shouldered and are generally ornamented with less prominent longitudinal ribs ( = costulate).

The intercostal spaces are smooth or crossed bv more or less distinct, incised, sometimes raised, spiral lines. The spiral ines often also appear on the base of the shell, which varies from short, little rounded (the body whorl is subangulated at the periphery), to elongate and well-rounded.

The shape of the aperture varies from subquadrate with a straight columellar lip, to an elongate-ovate shape, well-rounded and produced below, with a curved columellar lip. The peritreme is generally discontinuous, rarely continuous.

The outer lip is always thin and entire. The inner lip is more or less thickened and reflected, often with a plication or fold that is not always visible externally.

The columella is vertical, not plicate. The columellar fold is single, varying in strength. The horny operculum is subspiral. The shell is usually smaller than in Pyramidella and larger than in Odostomia.

The animal has wide tentacles, an elongated, flattened mentum, usually bilobed in front. The foot is large and anteriorly auriculated.[4][5][6]


Species within the genus Turbonilla include:[1]


The following species were brought into synonymy:[1]


  1. 1 2 3 4 Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2011). Turbonilla Risso, 1826. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138421 on 2011-11-10
  2. Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213
  3. Spencer, H.; Marshall. B. (2009). All Mollusca except Opisthobranchia. In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp
  4. Dall & Bartsch, A Monograph of West American Pyramidellid Mollusks, United States National Museum Bulletin 68, p. 19: 1909
  5. G.W. Tryon, Manual of Conchology vol. VIII p. 317
  6. K.J. Bush (1899), Descriptions of New Species of Turbonilla of the Western Atlantic Fauna, with Notes on Those Previously Known; Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Vol. 51, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 1899), pp. 145-177
  7. P. Bartsch (1915), Report on the Turton collection of South African marine mollusks, with additional notes on other South African shells contained in the United States National Museum; Bulletin of the United States National Museum v. 91 (1915)
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