Transport in Syria

This article deals with the system of transport in Syria, both public and private.


Main article: Syrian Railways

total: 2,052 km
standard gauge: 1,801 km of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) gauge
narrow gauge: 251 km of 1,050 mm (3 ft 5 1132 in) gauge (2006)

See also Hejaz railway.


Road Transport

An overland trans-desert bus service between Beirut, Haifa, Damascus and Baghdad was established by the Nairn Transport Company of Damascus in 1923.


Map of Syrian Motorways

total: 68,157 km
paved: 61,514 km (including 1,103 km of expressways)
unpaved: 6,643 km (2006)


Syria has a well-developed system of motorways in the western half of the country. The eastern part nevertheless has only connection through two lanes roads due to the sparsity of the population. The main motorways in Syria are the following:


900 km; minimal economic importance


crude oil 1,997 km; petroleum products 3,161 km (2010)

Ports and Harbors

Main international seaport at Latakia with additional ports at Baniyas, Jablah, and Tartus.

Merchant marine

total: 19 ships (1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 429,005 GRT/626,069 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: bulk carrier 4, cargo ship 14, carrier 1 (2010)


As of 2012, Syria had a total of 99 airports. The major airports are: Aleppo International Airport, Bassel Al-Assad International Airport, Damascus International Airport, Deir ez-Zor Airport, Kamishly Airport, and Palmyra Airport.

Airports (with paved runways)

total: 29
over 3,047 meters in length: 5
2,438 to 3,047 meters: 16
914 to 1,523 meters: 3
under 914 meters: 5

Airports (with unpaved runways)

total: 70
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 14
under 914 m: 55 (2012)

See also


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