Stanford Cardinal

Stanford Cardinal
University Stanford University
Conference Pac-12 Conference
NCAA Division I / FBS
Athletic director Bernard Muir
Location Stanford, California
Varsity teams 36
Football stadium Stanford Stadium
Basketball arena Maples Pavilion
Baseball stadium Klein Field at Sunken Diamond
Other arenas Taube Tennis Center
Burnham Pavilion
Mascot Stanford Tree (unofficial)
Nickname Cardinal
Fight song "Come Join The Band" (official)
"All Right Now" (de facto)
Colors Cardinal and White[1]

The Stanford Cardinal is the nickname of the 36 varsity athletic teams at Stanford University. Stanford's program has won over 100 national team championships. Stanford has won 21 consecutive NACDA Directors' Cups, awarded annually to the most successful overall college sports program in the nation. Stanford's teams compete in the Pac-12 Conference, along with other schools from the western third of the United States.

Nickname and mascot history

Following its win over Cal in the first-ever Big Game in 1892, the color cardinal was picked as the primary color of Stanford's athletic teams. White was adopted as a secondary color in the 1940s.

1930 football ticket stub depicting the Stanford Indian mascot

On November 25, 1930, following a unanimous vote by the Executive Committee for the Associated Students, the athletic department adopted the mascot "Indian." The Indian symbol and name were later dropped by President Richard Lyman in 1972, after objections from Native American students and a vote by the student senate.[2]

From 1972 to 1981, the official nickname was the Cardinals, a reference to the color, not the bird.[2][3] During the 1970s, a number of suggestions were put forth as possible nicknames: Robber Barons (a sly reference to Leland Stanford's history), Sequoias, Trees, Railroaders, Spikes, Huns and Griffins. The last suggestion gained enough momentum to prompt the university to place two griffin statues near the athletic facilities.[2][3]

On November 17, 1981, school president Donald Kennedy declared that the athletic teams be represented by the color cardinal in its singular form.[2]

Stanford has no official mascot, but the Stanford Tree, a member of the Stanford Band wearing a self-designed tree costume, appears at major Stanford sports events. The Tree is based upon El Palo Alto, a redwood tree in neighboring Palo Alto that appears in the Stanford seal and athletics logo.

Sports teams

Stanford University sponsors varsity teams in 15 men's, 20 women's, and two coed sports. All are NCAA sponsored sports unless indicated:[4]

Men's Intercollegiate Sports

Women's Intercollegiate Sports

Coed Intercollegiate Sports

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 This sport competes in the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation.
  2. 1 2 Men's rowing and women's lightweight rowing are sanctioned by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association, not by the NCAA.
  3. Field hockey competes as a single-sport member of the America East Conference.
  4. 1 2 Sailing is sanctioned by the Intercollegiate Sailing Association; offshore sailing is sanctioned by various organizations; neither is sanctioned by the NCAA.
  5. Squash is sanctioned by the College Squash Association, not by the NCAA.
  6. Synchronized swimming is sanctioned by USA Synchro, not the NCAA.
  7. Fencing in the NCAA is a coed sport with men's and women's squads, but a single team championship.
  8. Fencing competes as an NCAA independent program.


NCAA team championships

Stanford has won 109 NCAA team national championships.[5] Stanford has won these NCAA team championships in 20 different sports.

† The NCAA started sponsoring the intercollegiate golf championship in 1939, but it retained the titles from the 41 championships previously conferred by the National Intercollegiate Golf Association in its records.

Other national team championships

Below are 35 national team titles in NCAA sports that were not bestowed by the NCAA:

‡ Unofficial by virtue of winning both the collegiate individual and doubles crowns of the U.S. Lawn Tennis Association

Below are 41 national team titles won by Stanford varsity and club sports teams at the highest collegiate levels in non-NCAA sports:

Consecutive years winning NCAA team championships

Stanford has won at least one NCAA team championship each year for 40 consecutive years, starting in 1976-77 and continuing through 2015-16.[10]

Stanford's run of 40 consecutive years winning an NCAA team championship is the longest such streak in NCAA history. The next longest NCAA championship streak is 19 years.

Stanford has won 95 NCAA team championships during this 40 year NCAA championship streak. The most NCAA team championships Stanford has won in a single year is six in 1996-97 (men's and women's cross-country, men's and women's tennis, and men's and women's volleyball). Stanford has won five NCAA team championships in a year three times (1991–92, 1994–95, and 1997–98).

NCAA individual championships

Stanford athletes have won 476 NCAA individual championships as of July 1, 2015.[11]

Stanford's 476 individual championships are the most individual championships won by any school in NCAA Division I. No other Division I school has won more than 389 NCAA individual championships.

Directors' Cups

Stanford has won the NACDA Directors' Cup every year for the last 21 years. The Directors' Cup recognizes the most successful overall sports program in NCAA Division I.[12]

The Directors' Cup is awarded annually by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics (NACDA). The Directors' Cup rewards broad-based success in both men's and women's college sports. Points are awarded based on post-season success in NCAA-sponsored sports.[13]

Stanford finished second in the first Directors' Cup competition in 1993-94, behind North Carolina. Stanford won its first Directors' Cup the following year, 1994-95. Stanford has won the Directors' Cup every year since then, winning 21 Directors' Cups in a row from 1994-95 through 2014-15.[14]




The Cardinal have appeared in the NCAA Division I Baseball Tournament 31 times, and appearing in the College World Series 16 times. They have won two National Championships, in 1987 and 1988.

Men's golf

The men's golf team has won eight NCAA Championships: 1938,[15] 1939, 1941, 1942 (co-champions), 1946, 1953, 1994, 2007. They have crowned three individual national champions: Sandy Tatum in 1942, Tiger Woods in 1996, and Cameron Wilson in 2014. They have won 10 Pac-12 Conference championships: 1960, 1968, 1970, 1974, 1977 (south), 1992, 1994, 2014–16.[16]

Men's soccer

The Cardinal have appeared in the NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Tournament 13 times since their inaugural season in 1973, including 10 times in the 19 seasons from 1997–2015. They have four appearances in the College Cup, including winning the 2015 national championship.

Women's tennis

The Cardinal have won 18 NCAA tennis championships: 1982, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2010, 2013, and 2016.[17][18]

Women's volleyball

Stanford is one of only two teams, along with Penn State, that has appeared in every NCAA tournament since its inception in 1981. Stanford has won 6 NCAA championships, second only to Penn State, and has appeared in 14 championship games, more than any other team.[19][20][21]


The Stanford Wrestling team is coached by Jason Borrelli. Borrelli wrestled at Central Michigan University. Currently in his sixth season, Borrelli has compiled a 42-53-3 career record. The Cardinal wrestlers practice in the Weintz Family Wrestling Room, and compete on campus at Burnham Pavilion, with a capacity of about 1,400.[22] The Cardinal Wrestling team have placed in the top 20 at the NCAA Division I Wrestling Championships in 1967 (13th), 2004 (19th), 2008 (19th), 2011 (11th), and 2012 (16th). The team finished third in the Pacific Coast Conference placings in 1933 and 1935, second in the AAWU in 1965, third in the Pacific-10 Conference in 1985 and 1986 second in the Pac-10 in 2008, and third in the Pac-12 in 2012.[23]

Stanford has one national champion in its history: Matt Gentry at 157 pounds in 2004. Through 2015, the Cardinal can claim 21 conference champions and 17 All-Americans, but no team Pac-12 titles.

Notable non-varsity sports


Stanford has fielded a college rugby team since 1906, and replaced football entirely until 1917. Stanford achieved one of the most surprising victories of American rugby's early history by beating a touring Australian club team in 1912.[24] Rugby remained a varsity sport at Stanford until 1977.[25] Despite the loss of varsity status, the Stanford Rugby Foundation covers many of the team's expenses from an endowment fund. Rugby is one of the largest sports programs on campus with over 100 players.[25] Stanford Rugby is led by Director of Rugby Matt Sherman, who has served as an assistant coach for the U.S. men's national team.[26]

From 1996 to 1998 Stanford reached the national semifinals in three consecutive years, finishing second in 1998.[27] During the 2010–11 season, Stanford was champion of the Northern California conference, reached the national quarterfinals, and finished the season ranked 4th in D1-AA rugby.[28] Following the 2011–12 season, Stanford were promoted to Division 1-A and played in the California conference, but have since returned to Division 1-AA and now play in the Pacific Western conference. Stanford won the Pacific Western conference in 2014, earning a berth in the D1-AA national playoffs, where they defeated Oregon 24–12 at home in front of a strong crowd,[29] before losing to Arizona 27–24 in the quarterfinals.

Cal rivalry

Stanford has a traditional sports rivalry in the San Francisco Bay Area with the University of California, Berkeley.

Olympics representation

Stanford athletes have traditionally been very well represented at the Olympics.[30] In the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Stanford sent 47 current or former student athletes, 32 of whom competed for the United States, 14 for other countries, and one as a coach for the United States softball team.[31] In all, Stanford athletes won 25 medals:[32] For the 2012 London Olympics, 39 athletes were from Stanford and 26 represented Team USA.[33]

Stanford Athletic Hall of Fame

The Stanford Athletic Hall of Fame was established on December 21, 1954. The brainchild of Walt Gamage, sports editor of the now-defunct Palo Alto Times, the first class of inductees consisted of 34 Stanford sports greats. New members are inducted annually and are recognized during halftime of a home Stanford football game. The Stanford Athletic Hall of Fame Room is located on the first floor of the Arrillaga Family Sports Center on the Stanford campus.[34]

Sport Hall of Fame members
Baseball Mike Aldrete, Jeff Ballard, Bob Boone, Bobby Brown, Paul Carey, Joe Chez, Steve Davis, Bert Delmas, Mike Dotterer, Frank Duffy, Steve Dunning, Chuck Essegian, Dutch Fehring (coach), Warren Goodrich, Jeffrey Hammonds, Eric Hardgrave, Jim Hibbs, A. J. Hinch, Ralph Holding, Ken Lilly, Jim Lonborg, Rick Lundblade, Mark Marquess (player and coach), David McCarty, Jack McDowell, Dave Melton, Lloyd Merriman, Pete Middlekauff, Bob Murphy, Mike Mussina, Kyle Peterson, Larry Reynolds, Randy Rintala, Jack Shepard, Stan Spencer, Ed Sprague, Cook Sypher, Zeb Terry, Sandy Vance, Ray Young
Men's basketball Forddy Anderson, John Arrillaga, Kimberly Belton, Mike Bratz, John Bunn (coach), Don Burness, Bill Cowden, Howie Dallmar (player and coach), Ken Davidson, Tom Dose, Everett Dean (coach), Don Griffin, Art Harris, Keith Jones, Adam Keefe, Rich Kelley, Brevin Knight, Todd Lichti, Hank Luisetti, Nip McHose, Mike Montgomery (coach), Bryan "Dinty" Moore, Paul Neumann, Jim Pollard, John Revelli, Swede Righter, Harlow Rothert, George Selleck, Art Stoefen, Claude Terry, Ron Tomsic, Sebron "Ed" Tucker, Ed Voss, Jim Walsh, Don Williams, Howard Wright, George Yardley
Women's basketball Jennifer Azzi, Kristin Folkl, Sonja Henning, Jeanne Ruark Hoff, Nicole Powell, Olympia Scott, Kate Starbird, Katy Steding, Trisha Stevens, Val Whiting
Men's crew Dan Ayrault, James Fifer, Conn Findlay (coach), Duvall Hecht, Kent Mitchell, Edward P. Ferry, Kurt Seiffert
Women's crew Cathy Thaxton Tippett
Men's fencing Nick Bravin, Al Snyder
Field hockey Nancy White-Lippe
Football Frankie Albert, Frank Alustiza, Bruno Banducci, Benny Barnes, Guy Benjamin, John Brodie, Jackie Brown, George Buehler, Don Bunce, Chris Burford, Ernie Caddel, Gordy Ceresino, Jack Chapple, Toi Cook, Bill Corbus, Murray Cuddeback, Ed Cummings, Dud DeGroot, Steve Dils, Pat Donovan, Mike Dotterer, John Elway, Chuck Evans, Skip Face, Hugh Gallarneau, Bobby Garrett, Ron George, Bobby Grayson, Bob "Bones" Hamilton, Ray Handley, Walt Heinecke, Tony Hill, Biff Hoffman, Brian Holloway, Dick Horn, Dick Hyland, Alex Karakozoff, Gary Kerkorian, Gordon King, Pete Kmetovic, Jim Lawson, Pete Lazetich, Vic Lindskog, James Lofton, John Lynch, Norm Manoogian, Ken Margerum, Ed McCaffrey, Bill McColl, Duncan McColl, Hal McCreery, Glyn Milburn, Phil Moffatt, Bob Moore, Sam Morley, Monk Moscrip, Wes Muller, Brad Muster, Darrin Nelson, Ernie Nevers, Blaine Nye, Don Parish, John Paye, Jim Plunkett, Seraphim Post, John Ralston (coach), Bob Reynolds, Don Robesky, Ken Rose, Harlow Rothert, John Sande III, Clark Shaughnessy (coach), Harry Shipkey, Ted Shipkey, Jeff Siemon, Bob Sims, Malcolm Snider, Norm Standlee, Roger Stillwell, Chuck Taylor (player, coach and athletic director), Dink Templeton, Keith Topping, Tommy Vardell, Randy Vataha, Garin Veris, Bill Walsh (coach), Glenn "Pop" Warner (coach), Gene Washington, Bob Whitfield, Paul Wiggin (player and coach), Dave Wyman
Men's golf Notah Begay, Warren Berl, Bud Brownell, Bob Cardinal, Art Doering, Don Edwards, Bud Finger (coach), Lawson Little, Dick McElyea, Malcolm MacNaughton, Bob Rosburg, Charles Seaver, Steve Smith, Frank "Sandy" Tatum, Eddie Twiggs (coach), Tom Watson, Tiger Woods
Women's golf Larissa Fontaine, Shelley Hamlin, Kathleen McCarthy-Scrivner, Mhairi McKay, Anne Quast-Sander, Mickey Wright
Men's gymnastics Steve Hug, Jon Louis, Jair Lynch, Ted Marcy
Women's gymnastics Larissa Fontaine
Rugby Marty Feldman, Joe Neal, Dick Ragsdale
Sailing Anika Leerssen
Skiing Bob Blatt
Men's soccer Klas Bergman, Harry Maloney (coach)
Women's soccer Nicole Barnhart, Jessica Fischer, Julie Foudy, Sarah Rafanelli, Kelley O'Hara, Christen Press
Softball Jessica Mendoza, Dana Sorensen
Men's swimming and diving Bob Anderson, Ernie Brandsten (coach), Mike Bruner, Greg Buckingham, Emmet Cashin, Austin Clapp, Pete Desjardins, Dave Fall, John Ferris, Wade Flemons, James Gaughran, Paul Hait, George Harrison, Tom Haynie (coach), John Hencken, Marty Hull, Brian Job, Skip Kenney (coach), Jeff Kostoff, John Moffett, Robin Moore, Pablo Morales, Jay Mortenson, Anthony Mosse, Sean Murphy, Wally O'Connor, Clarence Pinkston, Brian Retterer, Jeff Rouse, Dick Roth, Ralph Sala, Rick Schavone (coach), Al White, Ted Wiget
Women's swimming and diving Marjorie Gestring Bowman, Sharon Stouder Clark, Marybeth Linzmeier Dorst, Catherine Fox, Sharon Geary Gee, George Haines (coach), Brenda Helser De Morelos, Misty Hyman, Jenna Johnson-Younker, Janel Jorgensen, Tara Kirk, Lea Loveless Maurer, Eileen Richetelli, Chris von Saltza Olmstead, Summer Sanders, Jenny Thompson, Susan Rapp von der Lippe
Synchronized swimming Heather Olson
Men's tennis Joe Coughlin, Jim Davies, Laurence Dee, Jim Delaney, Bennett Dey, John Doeg, Jack Douglas, Jack Frost, Keith Gledhill, Dan Goldie, Dick Gould (coach), Alan Herrington, Cranston Holman, Alex Kim, Sam Lee, Alex Mayer, Tim Mayotte, Ralph McElvenny, John McEnroe, Patrick McEnroe, Matt Mitchell, R. Lindley Murray, Philip Neer, Alex O'Brien, Jared Palmer, Ted Schroeder, William Seward, Roscoe Tanner, James Wade, John Whitlinger
Women's tennis Jane Albert Willens, Julia Anthony, Sandra Birch, Frank Brennan (coach), Patty Fendick-McCain, Linda Gates, Laura Granville, Debbie Graham, Carol Hanks, Julie Heldman, Barbara Jordan, Kathy Jordan, Meredith McGrath, Alycia Moulton, Lilia Osterloh
Track and field Terry Albritton, Gaylord Bryan, Carol Cady, Otis Chandler, Monal Chokshi, Ernie Cunliffe, Pam Dukes, Gordon Dunn, Hec Dyer, Ben Eastman, Ward Edmonds, Jackie Edwards, Lauren Fleshman, Tiny Hartranft, Brad Hauser, Bud Held, Ceci Hopp, Clyde Jeffrey, Payton Jordan (coach), Don Kardong, Bob King, Morris Kirksey, Sam Klopstock, Eric Krenz, Henri Laborde, Tracye Lawyer, Hugo "Swede" Leistner, James Lofton, Leo Long, John Lyman, Harry McCalla, Duncan Macdonald, Ray Malott, Bob Mathias, August Meier, Bill Miller, Ted Miller, PattiSue Plumer, Larry Questad, Jim Reynolds, Bill Richardson, Harlow Rothert, Kim Schnurpfeil-Griffin, Bud Spencer, Bob Stoecker, Dink Templeton (coach), Jack Weiershauser, Dave Weill, Alison Wiley Rochon, Pete Zagar
Men's volleyball Canyon Ceman, Scott Fortune, Dan Hanan, Michael Lambert, Jon Root
Women's volleyball Kristin Klein Keefe, Ogonna Nnamani, Beverly Oden, Kim Oden, Wendi Rush, Lisa Sharpley-Vanacht, Don Shaw (coach), Teresa Smith-Richardson, Logan Tom, Kerri Walsh, Cary Wendell Wallin
Men's water polo James Bergeson, Doug Burke, Jody Campbell, Austin Clapp, Dante Dettamanti (coach), Chris Dorst, Charles K. Fletcher, John Gansel, James Gaughran, Marty Hull, Craig Klass, Drew McDonald, Alan Mouchawar, Wally O'Connor, John Parker, Gary Sheerer, Ted Wiget
Women's water polo Ellen Estes, Brenda Villa
Wrestling Matt Gentry, Vern Jones
Service Ted Leland (athletic director), Al Masters (athletic director)


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