Quarter glass or quarter light on automobiles and closed carriages may be a side window in the front door or located on each side of the car just forward of the rear window of the vehicle. Only some cars have them. In some cases the fixed quarter glass may set in the corner or "C-pillar" of the vehicle. Quarter glass is also sometimes called a valence window.
This window may be set on hinges and is then also known as a vent window. Most often found on older vehicles on the front door, it is a small roughly triangular glass in front of and separate from the main window that rotates inward (see top right image) for ventilation.
Many early closed cars, such as the 1940 Pontiac Torpedo had front and rear vent windows called "ventiplanes". It has hinges and a latch, thus it can be opened for additional ventilation. Most vehicles since the 1960s have removed this feature for cleaner styling, known as "ventless" windows. Some automakers continued to offer vent windows with American Motors made optional front vent windows on the AMC Pacer for increased flow-through ventilation. Although the front venting windows "provide unmatched ventilation, air turbulence and leakage outweigh the benefits". As automobile air conditioning became more popular, front window vents disappeared by the 1980s.
Some vehicles also have glass that rolls down like a regular window or have hinged opening vent quarter windows for rear seat passengers. This may be a side window between the B-pillar and the C-pillar, and in the case of US minivans between the C and D-pillars (examples include the Chrysler Town and Country power-operated venting glass).
They can also be non-movable and mounted in the door itself because that section of the rear side glass would not be able to slide down because of the cut-out in the rear doors required to clear the rear wheel housings. The fixed portion of the glass is separated from the main window that rolls down by a slim opaque vertical bar (see top left image of a close-up of rear door).
A quarter glass can be found set in the body or A-pillar ahead of the front door opening (examples include the Chevrolet Lumina APV, Toyota Prius, Opel Astra J, Mitsubishi Endeavor, Fiat Grande Punto, Suzuki SX4 sedan, and the 8th-generation Honda Civic sedan).
In some automobiles the fixed quarter glass may set in the corner or "C-pillar" of the vehicle. There are also designs that incorporate two quarter windows (see bottom left image) one that is part of the door and the second mounted in the roof pillar. This arrangement may help to increase driver visibility. In this case, the quarter glass in the C-pillar would not be called an "opera window". Non-opening, fixed quarter windows are installed like windshields in that they are bonded to the body with urethane.
- Two non-movable quarter windows, one as part of door and a second mounted in the C-pillar
- The Toyota Prius has both front and back quarter glass (non-venting)
- ↑ Severson, Aaron (15 August 2009). "From Pillar to Post: More Automotive Definitions". Ate up with motor. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- ↑ "Auto Parts Guide — 'Q'". getusedparts.com. 2005. Archived from the original on 14 March 2006. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- ↑ "The Pacer and the Rabbit: A Tale of Two Subcompacts". Michigan Living - Motor News. 57–58: 10. 1974. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- ↑ Dunne, Jim; Hill, Ray (February 1976). "Intermediate sedans - big cars of the future". Popular Science. 208 (2): 44. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- ↑ Winte, Matt (23 December 2014). "10 Old Car Features We Desperately Miss". automoblog.net. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- ↑ "Glass Removal and Installation, Page 1 (Automotive Tutorials)". Auto body tool mart. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- ↑ AAA Autotest: New Vehicle Evaluations for 1994. American Automobile Association. December 1993. pp. 219 & 229. ISBN 9781562510916. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- ↑ Mills, Walter Ray (2011). Auto Glass Technical Training Manual. Newnan, Ga.: Lulu.com. p. 121. ISBN 9781300751281. Retrieved 18 April 2015.