Hainan yellow lantern chili

Species Capsicum chinense
Cultivar Hainan yellow lantern chili

The Hainan yellow lantern chili (Chinese: 海南黄灯笼椒 Pinyin: hǎi nán huáng dēng lóng jiāo), also known as the yellow emperor chili (Chinese: 黄帝椒 Pinyin: huáng dì jiāo) is a member of the Capsicum chinense species of chili peppers that grows mainly in the southwest and southeast of Hainan Island off the coast of Southern China.[1]

Description and use

This hot chili matures to a bright yellow colour and is about 5 cm (2.0 in) long and 3.12 cm (1.23 in) wide.[2] Most Hainan yellow lantern chili is processed into hot sauce.


In 2009, the Tropical Vegetable Research Centre of the Chinese Tropical Agriculture Institute announced the breeding of a new cultivar which produces 10 times more fruit than the original variety.[3] This has increased output from 500 kg (1,100 lb) to 5,000 kg (11,000 lb) per Chinese acre (mu).


  1. "Hainan's King of Chilis - The Yellow Lantern Chilli (海南辣王:黄灯笼椒)" (in Chinese). Xinhua. September 3, 2007. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
  2. "Yankee Bell to Yuquitania - List of Chili varieties". Retrieved February 20, 2011.
  3. "Tropical Agriculture Research Institute breeds new variety of Yellow Lantern Chilli (热科院培育出黄灯笼椒新品种)" (in Chinese). Hainan Provincial Government. Jun 22, 2009. Retrieved February 20, 2011. (in Chinese)

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