Creator in Buddhism
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Mahabrahma as a false Creator
After the planes below the Ābhāsvara plane come to an end, a deity from the Ābhāsvara plane dies, and is reborn in the next lower level as a Mahabrahma. More Ābhāsvara deities die and are reborn as Mahabrahma's ministers. The retinue erroneously believes Mahabrahma created them. When one of these ministers die, he is reborn as a human, remembers his previous life and mistakenly teaches a creator deity.
Medieval Indian philosophers
The 5th-century Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu argued that a creator's singular identity is incompatible with creating the world.
The 7th-century Buddhist scholar Dharmakīrti advances a number of arguments against the existence of a creator god in his Pramāṇavārtika, following in the footsteps of Vasubandhu. Later Mahayana scholars such as Śāntarakṣita and Kamalaśīla continued this tradition.
The 11th-century Buddhist philosopher Ratnakīrti challenged the arguments for the existence of God, developed by the Navya-Nyaya school of Hinduism, in his “Refutation of Arguments Establishing Īśvara” (Īśvara-sādhana-dūṣaṇa).
- Taliaferro 2013, p. 35.
- Blackburn, Anne M.; Samuels, Jeffrey (2003). "II. Denial of God in Buddhism and the Reasons Behind It". Approaching the Dhamma: Buddhist Texts and Practices in South and Southeast Asia. Pariyatti. pp. 128–146. ISBN 978-1-928706-19-9.
- Harvey 2013, p. 36-8.
- Hayes, Richard P., "Principled Atheism in the Buddhist Scholastic Tradition", Journal of Indian Philosophy, 16:1 (1988:Mar.) pg 11-15.
- Hayes, Richard P., "Principled Atheism in the Buddhist Scholastic Tradition," Journal of Indian Philosophy, 16:1 (1988:Mar.) pg 12
- Hayes, Richard P., "Principled Atheism in the Buddhist Scholastic Tradition," Journal of Indian Philosophy, 16:1 (1988:Mar.) pg 14
- Parimal G. Patil. Against a Hindu God: Buddhist Philosophy of Religion in India. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009. xi + 406 pp. $50.00 (cloth), ISBN 978-0-231-14222-9.
- Harvey, Peter (2013), An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices (2nd ed.), Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521676748
- Taliaferro, edited by Charles (2013), The Routledge Companion to Theism, New York: Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-88164-7