|Barry Alexander Brown
|Cinecom Pictures (USA)
Salaam Bombay! is a 1988 Hindi film directed by Mira Nair, and screenwritten by her longtime creative collaborator, Sooni Taraporevala. The film chronicles the day-to-day life of children living on the streets of Bombay, India's biggest city. It won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi, the National Board of Review Award for Top Foreign Film, the Golden Camera and Audience Awards at the Cannes Film Festival, and three awards at the Montréal World Film Festival. The film was India's second film submission to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. The film was among the list of "The Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made" by the New York Times.
Before the start of the film, Krishna has set fire to his bullying elder brother's motor-bike. This has landed him in big trouble with his mother. She has taken him to the nearby Apollo Circus and told him that he can only come home when he earns 500 rupees to pay for the damaged bike. Krishna agrees and works for the circus.
The film begins as the circus is packing up to move on. His boss asks him to run an errand, but when Krishna returns, he finds that the circus has left. Alone, with nowhere to turn, and without the money to repay his mother, he travels to the nearest big city, Bombay. As soon as he arrives, he is robbed of his few possessions. He follows the thieves, befriends them, and ends up in the city's notorious red-light area of Falkland Road, near the Grant Road Railway Station.
One of the thieves, Chillum, a drug pusher and addict, helps Krishna to get a job at the Grant Road Tea Stall. Baba, a local drug dealer, employs people like Chillum who are addicted to his drugs. His wife is also a prostitute and they have a little daughter. Baba's wife is annoyed that she has to raise her daughter in such an environment. Baba earlier promised to start a new life elsewhere, but it is a promise which Baba cannot, or has no intention of fulfilling.
Krishna gets a new name, "Chaipau", and learns to live with it. His goal is still to get the money he needs to return home to his mother, but he soon finds out that saving money in his new surroundings is next to impossible. To make matters worse, he has a crush on a young girl named Sola Saal, who has been recently sold to the brothel. He sets fire to her room and attempts to escape with her, but the two are caught. Sola Saal, who is considered valuable property since she is still a virgin, denies starting the fire and tearfully tries to resist her enslavement. The madame of the house asks Baba to 'break her into' the business, which Baba agrees to do.
The fire causes Krishna to get a severe beating, and he loses his job. He works odd jobs to feed himself and look after Chillum, who can't live without drugs. To get more money, Krishna and his pals rob an elderly Parsi man by breaking into his house in broad daylight. Krishna eventually checks on the 300 rupees he has saved, and finds out that they had been stolen by Chillum who had used them to buy drugs, which he then overdosed on and died.
One night while returning home from work, the boys and Baba's daughter are apprehended by the police and taken to a juvenile home. Eventually, Krishna escapes and goes back to his world. He finds a new recruit in Baba's drug business has taken Chillum's place and name. Baba's wife is told that the authorities will not release their daughter, because the mother is a prostitute. Krishna meets Sola Saal and tries to convince her to run away with him. She reveals that she is charmed by Baba and not interested in Krishna; she is driven away to service her first 'client'. In a fit of rage, Krishna kills Baba, and attempts to run away with Baba's wife, but they become separated in a parade honoring Ganesh.
- Shafiq Syed – Krishna alias Chaipau
- Hansa Vithal – Manju
- Chanda Sharma – Sola Saal
- Raghuvir Yadav – Chillum
- Anita Kanwar – Rekha
- Nana Patekar – Baba
- Irrfan Khan – Letter Writer
- Raju Bernad – Keera
- Chandrashekhar Naidu – Chungal
- Sarfuddin Quarrassi – Koyla
- Mohanraj Babu – Salim
- Sanjana Kapoor – Foreigner reporter
Most of the young actors who appeared in Salaam Bombay! were actual street children. They received dramatic training at a special workshop in Bombay before they appeared in the film. In 1989, director Mira Nair established an organization called the Salaam Baalak Trust, to rehabilitate the children who appeared in the film. Most of them were eventually helped. The Trust is still in existence, and now lends support to street children in Bombay, Delhi and Bhubaneshwar. Shafiq Syed, who played the role of Krishna in the movie now earns his living as an autorickshaw driver in Bangalore.
- 1988: Audience Award, Cannes Film Festival
- 1988: Golden Camera, Cannes Film Festival
- 1988: National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi
- 1988: National Film Award for Best Child Artist: Shafiq Syed
- 1988: National Board of Review Awards: Top Foreign Film
- 1988 : Lilian Gish Award Excellence in Feature Film, Los Angeles Women in Film Festival (tied with Elysium)
- 1988: Jury Prize, Montréal World Film Festival (tied with The Dawning)
- 1988: Most Popular Film, Montréal World Film Festival
- 1988: Prize of the Ecumenical Jury, Montréal World Film Festival
- 1989: Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
- 1990: BAFTA Award for Best Film not in the English Language
- 1989: César Award for Best Foreign Film (Meilleur film étranger)
- 1990: Filmfare Best Director Award
- 1989: Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film
- List of submissions to the 61st Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- List of Indian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
- "The Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made". New York Times. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
- More information on the Salaam Baalak Trust at GiveWorld.
- News Report in The Times of India
- Awards Internet Movie Database.
- "The 61st Academy Awards (1989) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 20 August 2015.