Republic of Croatia Armed Forces

"Croatian Armed Forces" redirects here. For other uses, see Croatian Armed Forces (disambiguation).
Republic of Croatia Armed Forces
Oružane snage Republike Hrvatske

Croatian Armed Forces emblem
Service branches Croatian Army
Croatian Navy
Croatian Air Force
Commander-in-Chief Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
Defence Minister Damir Krstičević
Chief of staff of the Armed Forces Mirko Šundov
Military age 18 years of age (voluntary)
Conscription Abolished in 2008
Available for
military service
2,033,589 (2015 est.)[1], age 15–49
Fit for
military service
1,610,442 (2015 est.), age 15–49
Reaching military
age annually
55,349 (2015 est.)
Active personnel 14,506 (2016)[2]
Deployed personnel  Afghanistan - 84[3]
 Kosovo - 27
 Pakistan - 9
 Western Sahara - 6
 Haiti - 3
 Bosnia and Herzegovina - 2
 Cyprus - 2
 Liberia - 2
 Lebanon - 1
Budget c. 4.5 billion HRK [4]
(c. 835 million USD)
(c. 735 million Euro )
Percent of GDP 1.37%[5] (2015)
Domestic suppliers Đuro Đaković (armored vehicles)
HS Produkt (small arms)
Foreign suppliers
 United States
Related articles
History Military history of Croatia
Ban Josip Jelačić
Nikola Šubić Zrinski
Croatian War of Independence
Croatian National Guard
War in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ranks Croatian military ranks

The Republic of Croatia Armed forces (Croatian: Oružane snage Republike Hrvatske - OSRH) is the military service of the Republic of Croatia

The President is the Armed Forces Commander-in-Chief and it administrates it in times of war by giving orders to the Chief of staff, while Armed Forces administration and the defense policy execution in times of peace is done by the Government through the Ministry of Defence. This unified institution consists of land, sea, and air branches referred to as:

Croatian Armed Forces are charged with protecting the Republic as well as supporting international peacekeeping efforts when mandated by the NATO, United Nations and/or European Union.


The total number of active military personnel in the Croatian Armed Forces stands at 14,506 and 6,000 reserves working in various service branches of the armed forces.[6] In May 2016, Armed Forces had 16,019 members, of which 14,506 were active military personnel and 1,513 civil servants. Of the 14,506 active military personnel, 3,183 were officers, 5,389 non-commissioned officers, 5,393 soldiers, 520 military specialists, 337 civil servants and 1,176 other employees.[2]

Total available male manpower aged 16–49 number 1,035,712, of which 771,323 are technically fit for military service. Male citizens are now no longer subject to compulsory military service since January 1, 2008. However, the last generation of 2007 servicemen was also absolved of compulsory service by an act from then Minister of Defence Berislav Rončević.[7]


The Croatian military budget for the past 6–7 years was kept below 2% of GDP, a vast difference from the 1990s when defence expenditure represented a major stake in Croatian Budgetary expenditure due to the Croatian War of Independence. For example, 1995 Croatian defense budget stood at 12.4 billion Croatian Kuna or just over 12% of GDP, which was also the highest defense expenditure ever.

Defence Expenditures in recent years (example years - source Croatian MOD);

YearAmount (in HRK) % of GDP Change in %
2000 4.768 bln[8] 3.13 Steady
2001 4.909 bln[8] 3.01 Decrease 0.12
2002 4.659 bln[8] 2.64 Decrease 0.37
2003 4.814 bln[8] 2.54 Decrease 0.10
2004 4.102 bln[8] 2.00 Decrease 0.54
2005 4.106 bln[8] 1.87 Decrease 0.13
2006 4.200 bln 1.67 Decrease 0.20
2007 4.630 bln 1.69 Increase 0.02
2008 5.350 bln 1.56 Increase 0.10
2009 5.111 bln 1.52 Decrease 0.27
2010 4.811 bln 1.45 Decrease 0.12
2011 5.119 bln[9] 1.47 Increase 0.02
2012 4.828 bln 1.45 Decrease 0.02
2013 4.850 bln[10] 1.41 Decrease 0.04
2014 4.55 bln[11] 1.25 Decrease 0.16
2015 4.75 bln[11] 1.21 Decrease 0.04

Although the budget has been decreased from year to year, the Croatian Armed Forces were able to maintain military readiness and to participate in major NATO exercises in Croatia and overseas.

This downsizing of the armed forces has allowed for more funds to be allocated to modernization over the past few years with an average of 1.6 billion kuna spent on modernization, infrastructure and construction of new facilities.[12][13]

A long term modernization plan, 2015-2024 has been published outlining overall goals and is available for download (102 pages) at the Ministry of Defence of Croatia website. According to earlier reports from the government, the Croatian Armed Forces are set to receive vitally needed new equipment, including a battalion of self-propelled howitzers, new infantry fighting vehicles, at least eight brand new helicopters and a squadron of fighter aircraft.

At the moment the Croatian Air Force will keep 12 MiG-21bis fighter aircraft, which received a general overhaul in Ukraine in order to keep them operational for another 4 to 5 years.[12][13]

Dr. Franjo Tuđman Military Academy

The Dr. Franjo Tuđman Military Academy acts as a school of higher learning responsible for training and educating future generations of military personnel. The academy consists of several schools including "Ban Josip Jelačić", "Blago Zadro", "Katarina Zrinska", the Officers Academy, and a school for non commissioned officers. The academy has 300 full-time staff and is the only military academy in Croatia. Each year also 100-120 foreign nationals attend the academy.

Structure of the Croatian Armed Forces 2016 (click to enlarge)
Croatian AF MiG-21bisD
One of 74 Croatian-built M-84A4 Sniper main battle tanks in service with the Croatian Army.
M-95 Degman, a prototype Croatian main battle tank (2 currently built). The Degman is a modernization of the M-84 tank.
Helsinki class missile boats


The Commander-in-Chief of all Croatian armed forces in peace and war is the President of the Republic. The Commander-in-Chief prescribes the organization of the Croatian Armed Forces at the proposal of the Chief of General Staff, with consent of the Minister of Defence.

The Armed Forces consist of peacetime and wartime components. The peacetime component is composed of the active military officers, civil servants and employees in the Croatian Armed Forces, cadets, and conscripts serving a 6-month national service and reservists when on military exercise. The wartime component of the Armed Forces includes all other reservists.

The General Staff is part of the Ministry of Defense in charge of commanding, training and use of the Armed Forces. It also has a number of units under its direct command, including the Special Operations Battalion, Honor Guard Battalion and several others.

In peace, the Commander-in-Chief exercises his command through the Minister of Defence. In war and in cases where the Minister of Defence is not fulfilling his orders, the Commander-in-Chief exercises his command directly through the General Staff Commander.

The Croatian Parliament exercises democratic control over the Armed Forces by adopting defence strategy, defence budget and defence laws.

Special Forces Command

The Special Forces Command was established in February 2015, succeding the Special Operations Battalion (Croatia), in accordance with the Long-term Development Plan of the Croatian Armed Forces in the period 2015- 2024. The command staff is composed of the members who served in the special units, guards brigades and reconnaissance units of the Croatian Armed Forces. The main mission of the Special Forces Command is to ensure combat readiness of the special forces in the protection of the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of the Republic of Croatia, as well as for the participation in NATO-led operations. [14][15] Colonel Perica Turalija is the current commanding officer of the command.

The Croatian General Staff exercises direct command over the battalion which thus elevates the unit to strategic level deployment for quicker reaction and overall better and faster response to tactical and strategic situations. Also, this means that members of all three branches of the Croatian armed forces can apply for selection.

Other special operations units are the Military Intelligence Battalion (Vojno-obavještajna bojna or VOB) and Special Military Police Company (Satnija specijalne vojne policije or SSVP).

The duties of an Honour Guard are performed by the Počasno zaštitna bojna (300 men), located at Zagreb in the Tuškanac military base.[16]


A $3-Billion modernization plan was proposed by the then Prime Minister Ivica Racan of the SDP led Government in 2003, with planned modernization starting in 2006 and ending in 2015. However it has been delayed in part due to the subsequent economic recession, but also due to serious corruption that has cost the Croatian MOD several billion kuna since 2006. A New Plan under the current Prime Minister Zoran Milanović should define exactly how and what the Croatian armed forces should look like by 2023. A Defense White paper was published in 2015 with emphasis placed on modernization of the Army.

Proposed Defence Programs and updates/upgrades:


Air Force

Navy plans are still being worked on but present plans call for a moderate expansion of the naval force.

Programs under revision

Arms Exports

Croatia as a small country has a relatively well developed arms industry that is highly competitive internationally with significant annual arms exports. In 2012, Croatia managed to export nearly €120 million.[17] However it has been reported in The New York Times that Croatia has been arming Syrian rebels with Croatian manufactured arms used during the homeland war, arms Croatia no longer uses due to their obsolescence. Nevertheless, these arms played a crucial role in some significant rebel gains during 2012.[18][19] As a result of these arms sales into this volatile region the Croatian government ordered the immediate withdrawal of the Croatian UN Golan Heights contingent to avoid their being targeted in retaliation.

In 2013 Croatia exported €143 million worth of arms,[20][21] however it is not clear if this also includes $36.5 million worth of arms Croatia exported to Jordan for Syrian rebels. Croatia was the top supplier of arms to Syrian Rebels in 2013, but much of it through illicit channels and without Croatian Government approval or knowledge, most of these arms were exported via Jordan.[22]

In 2014 Croatia arms exports have reached 1.5 bn HRK (Croatian kuna) or €200 million or $257 million, the majority of exports being to NATO allies and Australia. In late 2014 the Croatian Defence Minister announced a major export deal to Iraq including the State of Kurdistan. This agreement includes the sale of 20,000 VHS Rifles, 150,000 complete sets of uniforms, helmets and associated equipment valued at €100 million.[23] Croatian arms exports are growing steadily at 10-15% yoy and they're expected to reach 1.75 billion HRK in 2015 or around €230 million, although much of the equipment exported is non lethal. Croatian firms are well positioned on some major arms tenders in middle east, supplying complex military hardware such as Patria AMV including a newly developed 30mm overhead weapon station (valued at €1.25 million each) and said vehicles valued at €1.75 million. Kuwait, UAE and Saudi Arabia have been mentioned as potential customers although so far no concrete contracts have been signed. Croatian firms are participating in Kuwaiti and UAE tenders for "next" APC programs, each valued at billions of euros.

International cooperation

On April 1, 2009 Croatia joined NATO and on July 1, 2013 it became the 28th member of the European Union. The Croatian Armed Forces participate in many of the (military) aspects of both organizations as well as actively participating in many United Nations peacekeeping operations worldwide.

Current Mission Organization Country Number of personnel
United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan - UNMOGIP United Nations India and Pakistan 7
European Union mission in Chad - EUFOR Tchad/RCA European Union Chad 15
International Security Assistance Force - ISAF NATO Afghanistan 321
United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara - MINURSO United Nations Western Sahara 3
United Nations Mission in Liberia - UNMIL United Nations Liberia 3
United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire - UNOCI United Nations Ivory Coast 3
United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti - MINUSTAH United Nations Haiti 3
United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus - UNFICYP United Nations Cyprus 3


Former Mission Operation Country Number of personnel
United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia - UNOMIG United Nations Georgia 3
United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor - UNMISET United Nations East Timor 3
United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone - UNAMSIL United Nations Sierra Leone 10
United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea - UNMEE United Nations Ethiopia and Eritrea 7
United Nations Disengagement Observer Force - UNDOF United Nations Golan Heights - Syria and Israel 95

See also


  1. "Croatia Military Strength". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  2. 1 2 "Povjesnica - Ministarstvo obrane RH". 2016-04-28. Retrieved 2016-06-30.
  3. Piše: Hina utorak, 1.12.2015. 20:04. "Pusić: Od sljedeće godine manje hrvatskih vojnika u Afganistanu - Vijesti". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  4. "Da bi vojni proračun bio 2% BDP-a, treba ga uvećati za 2 mlrd. - Več". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  5. "Military Balance in Europe 2011"., March 07, 2011.
  6. Martina Čizmić (19 October 2007). "Nema više obveznog vojnog roka" [Compulsory military service abolished] (in Croatian). Nacional (weekly). Archived from the original on 1 July 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Alvir, Marija (March 2005). "Proračun MORH-a neće više padati". Hrvatski vojnik (in Croatian). Croatian Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-16. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  9. blnref name="">"NACRT PRORAČUNA - kupuje se Air Tractor za obuku i jedan ophodni brod do 2015.". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  10. 1 2 "NACRT PRORAČUNA - kupuje se Air Tractor za obuku i jedan ophodni brod do 2015.". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  11. 1 2
  12. 1 2 "HRT: MORH predstavio ostvarenje plana nabave za 2013. i plan za 2014.". Hrvatska radiotelevizija. 6 November 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  15. "Request Rejected" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  16. "Hrvatska među 25 najvećih izvoznika vojne opreme na svijetu: lanjski izvoz 880 milijuna kuna / Novi list". Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  17. C. J. CHIVERS;ERIC SCHMITT (25 February 2013). "In Shift, Saudis Are Said to Arm Rebels in Syria". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  20. "Croatian military output approaches USD1 billion". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  21. "Hrvatska trgovala preko Jordana: Siriji prodano oružje vrijedno 200 milijuna kuna". Novi list online portal. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  22. "Kotromanović: Lani izvezeno 25 posto više vojne opreme i oružja > Slobodna Dalmacija". 2015-01-30. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
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