Phantom of the Paradise

Phantom of the Paradise

Theatrical release poster
by John Alvin.
Directed by Brian De Palma
Produced by Edward R. Pressman
Written by Brian De Palma
Narrated by Rod Serling
Music by Paul Williams
Cinematography Larry Pizer
Edited by Paul Hirsch
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Release dates
  • October 31, 1974 (1974-10-31)
Running time
91 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $1.3 million

Phantom of the Paradise is a 1974 American musical horror film written and directed by Brian De Palma, and starring Paul Williams, William Finley and Jessica Harper. In the film, a disfigured composer writes his music for a woman he loves so that she will perform his music. However, a record producer betrays him and steals his music to open his rock palace, The Paradise. Betrayed, the composer dons a new appearance and exacts revenge on the producer.

The story is a loosely adapted mixture of several classic European works: Gaston Leroux's novel The Phantom of the Opera,[2] Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray,[3] and Faust by Goethe/Christopher Marlowe.[4]

Initially, the film was a box office failure and received negative reviews, however it earned praise for its music, receiving Academy Award and Golden Globe nominations. Over the years, the film has received much more positive reviews.


The story follows music composer/singer Winslow Leach, heard by satanic record producer Swan as he played an original composition following a set run through by the 1950s-style nostalgia band The Juicy Fruits, which Swan produces. Swan believes Winslow's music perfect to open "The Paradise" – Swan's highly anticipated new concert hall – and has his right-hand man Arnold Philbin steal it under the guise of producing him. One month later, Winslow goes to Swan's Death Records to follow up about his music but is thrown out. He sneaks into Swan's private mansion and observes several women rehearsing his music for an audition. One is Phoenix, an aspiring singer, who Winslow deems "perfect" for his music. Winslow realizes Swan's plan to open the Paradise with his music after he is thrown out again. In response, Winslow disguises himself as a woman to sneak in and try to speak to Swan. Swan has Winslow beaten up and framed for drug dealing. Winslow is given a life sentence in Sing Sing Prison and his teeth are extracted and replaced with metal ones (part of an experimental prisoner program to decrease infection amongst inmates, funded by the Swan Foundation.)

Six months later, Winslow hears that The Juicy Fruits have made an anticipated hit record of his music with Swan's backing. After a breakdown Winslow escapes prison in a delivery box and breaks into the Death Records building. A guard startles Winslow as he is destroying the records and presses, causing him to slip and fall face first into a record press, which crushes and burns his face and destroys his vocal cords. A disoriented, and now deformed, Winslow sneaks into the Paradise costume department and dons a long, black cape and a silver, owl-like mask, becoming the Phantom of the Paradise. He terrorizes Swan and his musicians and nearly kills The Beach Bums (the former The Juicy Fruits, who have traded doo-wop for surf music). The Phantom confronts Swan who recognizes him as Winslow and offers the composer a chance to have his music produced "his" way. In a specially built recording studio, Swan provides the Phantom with an electronic voice-box, enabling him to speak and sing. Swan asks Winslow to rewrite his cantata with Phoenix in mind for the lead. Although Winslow agrees and signs a contract in blood, Swan breaks the deal by telling Philbin that he resents Phoenix's "perfection" for the role. The Phantom completes Faust, but Swan replaces Phoenix with a pill-popping male glam rock Prima donna named "Beef" in the lead of Winslow's Faust and moves Phoenix to the role of backup singer.

Swan steals the completed cantata and seals the Phantom inside the recording studio with a brick wall. Winslow escapes and confronts Beef (a comic allusion to the shower scene in Psycho) and threatens to kill him if he performs. Beef tries to flee, but is convinced by Philbin to stay and play with the band The Undeads (the former Juicy Fruits and Beach Bums) a glam/Goth act who all resemble Cesare the Somnambulist from The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari. As Beef performs, the Phantom, hidden in the rafters, strikes and electrocutes Beef with a stage prop. Horrified, Philbin orders Phoenix onstage and Phoenix is an immediate sensation. Swan seduces Phoenix in her dressing room after the show with promises of stardom. As she leaves, she is spirited away by the Phantom to the roof. The Phantom tells Phoenix his true identity and implores her to leave the Paradise so Swan won't destroy her. But Phoenix doesn't recognize or believe him and flees. At the Swan's mansion, the Phantom observes Swan and Phoenix in a tight embrace. Heartbroken, he stabs himself through the heart with a bowie knife. However, Swan tells the Phantom that he cannot die until Swan himself has died. The Phantom attempts to stab Swan, but Swan is unharmed. Looking down at Winslow, Swan hisses in an almost reptilian voice, "I'm under contract, too."

Rolling Stone announces the wedding between Swan and Phoenix during Faust's finale. The Phantom learns that Swan made a pact with the devil over 20 years ago: Swan will remain youthful forever unless the videotaped recording of his contract is destroyed, and photos age and fester in his place. The tape reveals footage of Winslow signing his contract with Swan and a new one Swan made with Phoenix. On a live TV camera, the Phantom realizes Swan is planning to have Phoenix assassinated during the ceremony. The Phantom destroys all the recordings and heads off to the wedding. During the wedding, the Phantom stops the assassin from hitting Phoenix, who instead shoots and kills Philbin. The Phantom swings onto the stage and rips off Swan's mask, exposing him as a monster on live television. A crazed Swan gropes for Phoenix but the Phantom intervenes and stabs Swan repeatedly. In doing so, the Phantom's own stab wound reopens and he starts bleeding. As he is dying, Swan is carried around by the audience, who join in stabbing him. The dying Winslow removes his mask to reveal his own face and holds out a hand to Phoenix. Swan dies, allowing Winslow to die of his own wound. As Winslow collapses, Phoenix finally recognizes him as the kind man she met at Swan's Mansion and embraces him in death.


Musical numbers

The film's soundtrack album features all songs excluding "Never Thought I'd Get to Meet the Devil" and "Faust" (1st Reprise). All words and music by Paul Williams.

  1. "Goodbye, Eddie, Goodbye" – The Juicy Fruits
  2. "Faust" – Winslow
  3. "Never Thought I'd Get to Meet the Devil" – Winslow
  4. "Faust" (1st Reprise) – Winslow, Phoenix
  5. "Upholstery" – The Beach Bums
  6. "Special to Me" – Phoenix
  7. "Faust" (2nd Reprise) – The Phantom
  8. "The Phantom's Theme (Beauty and the Beast)" – The Phantom
  9. "Somebody Super Like You" (Beef construction song) – The Undead
  10. "Life at Last" – Beef
  11. "Old Souls" – Phoenix
  12. "The Hell of It" (plays over end credits) – Swan


The record press in which William Finley's character was disfigured was a real pressing plant (an injection-molding press at Pressman Toys). He was worried about whether the machine would be safe, and the crew assured that it was. The press was fitted with foam pads (which resemble the casting molds in the press), and there were chocks put in the center to stop it from closing completely. Unfortunately, the machine was powerful enough to crush the chocks and it gradually kept closing. Finley was pulled out in time to avoid injury.

The "electronic room" in which Winslow composes his cantata (and where Swan restores his voice) is in fact the real-life recording studio The Record Plant. The walls covered with knobs are in reality an oversize custom-built electronic synthesizer dubbed TONTO, which still exists to this day.

The "Paradise" concert scenes were filmed at the Majestic Theater in Dallas, Texas. The "extras" in the audience had responded to an open cattle call for locals interested in being in the film.

Sissy Spacek was the film's set dresser, assisting her then-boyfriend-now-husband Jack Fisk, the film's production designer. She would later star in De Palma's Carrie in 1976.

A novelization of the film was written by Bjarne Rostaing. Apparently based on an early draft of the screenplay, the novel excludes the supernatural angle of the film.

Swan Song controversy

As originally filmed, the name of Swan's media conglomerate "Swan Song Enterprises" had to be deleted from the film prior to release due to the existence of Led Zeppelin's label of the same name in real life. Although most references were removed, the name "Swan Song" remains visible in several scenes. [5]


Phantom of the Paradise opened in the U.S. on October 31, 1974 and soon flopped.[6] The film's only successful major market during its theatrical release was Winnipeg, Manitoba[7] where it opened on Boxing Day 1974 and played in local cinemas over four months continuously and over one year non-continuously until 1976.[8] The soundtrack album sold 20,000 copies in Winnipeg alone and was certified Gold in Canada.[7] It played occasionally in Winnipeg theatres in the 1990s and at the Winnipeg IMAX theatre in 2000 and always "drew a dedicated audience".[8]

The song "The Hell Of It" was performed by Williams in 1977 on the Brady Bunch Variety Hour Season 1, episode 9.


The film was nominated for an Academy Award for Original Song Score and Adaptation[9] and a Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score – Motion Picture.[10]


A fan-organized festival, dubbed "Phantompalooza", was held in 2005 in Winnipeg, where the fanbase took particularly strong root.[11] That event featured appearances by Gerrit Graham and William Finley, in the same Winnipeg theatre where the film had its original run in 1975. A second "Phantompalooza" was staged April 28, 2006, reuniting many of the surviving cast members and featuring a concert by Paul Williams.

Musician Sébastien Tellier wrote about his song "Divine" on his album Sexuality: "This is my tribute to the Beach Boys and the Juicy Fruits (from the 1974 musical Phantom of the Paradise). It's about a time of innocence – when having fun was more important than picking up girls. I visualise a bunch of kids having fun on the beach and I'd really love to play with them."[12]

Upon Finley's death in April 2012, Bret Easton Ellis wrote on Twitter: "RIP: Winslow Leach a.k.a. William Finley one of my favorite characters in one of my favorite movies: De Palma's The Phantom of the Paradise."[13]

According to a Guardian interview with Daft Punk, "Hundreds of bands may tout cinematic references, yet few have them as hard-wired as Daft Punk. Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo and Thomas Bangalter met two decades ago this year, at the perfect cinema-going ages of 13 and 12... the one movie which they saw together more than 20 times was Phantom of the Paradise, Brian De Palma's 1974 rock musical, based loosely around Phantom of the Opera (both this and Electroma feature 'a hero with a black leather outfit and a helmet')."[14]

See also


  1. "PHANTOM OF THE PARADISE (AA)". British Board of Film Classification. August 9, 1978. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  2. Both the novel and film feature a Phantom with a mutilated face who are inspired a beautiful woman who performs in a popular music venue
  3. In the film, the character Swan seems to receive eternal youth like Dorian Gray, but both age rapidly at the climax of the story
  4. Faust is the fundamental "deal with the Devil" story, and the film's tagline is "He sold his soul for rock 'n' roll; and the film's character Swan attempts to stage a rock version of Faust.
  6. Carlson, Doug. "Why Winnipeg?". p. 2. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  7. 1 2 Carlson, Doug. "Why Winnipeg? The 1975 Phantom Phenomenon" p. 1. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  8. 1 2 Carlson, Doug. "Why Winnipeg?". p. 4. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  9. "The 47th Academy Awards (1975) Nominees and Winners" "'Phantom of the Paradise' Song Score by Paul Williams; Adaptation Score by Paul Williams and George Aliceson Tipton". Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  10. "The 32nd Annual Golden Globe Awards (1974)". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
  11. Carlson, Doug. "Why Winnipeg?". Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  12. "Sebastien Tellier--Sexuality". Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  13. "Bret Easton Ellis --April 19, 2012". Twitter. April 19, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  14. "Punk Fiction". The Guardian. 13 July 2007. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
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