Nazism in the United States

Nazism in the United States came right from the rise of Nazism around the Twenties[1] and has continued to exist intermittently, on a smaller scale, through the first two decades of the twenty-first century.[2]


The International Jew, Nov. 1920 - 1st Edition by Henry Ford

Since the beginning of the Twentieth Century, United States society had been underpinned to support Nazism, decades before Hitler came to power. In some parts of the United States, many people who were considered non-white were disenfranchised, barred from government office, and prevented from holding most government jobs well into the second half of the 20th century.[3] The idea of racial superiority was widely accepted. For example, the author L. Frank Baum wrote:"The Whites, by law of conquest, by justice of civilization, are masters of the American continent, and the best safety of the frontier settlements will be secured by the total annihilation of the few remaining Indians. "Saturday Pioneer, December 20, 1890".[4] Whites had used their political and economic power to segregate public spaces and facilities in law and establish social dominance over blacks in the South.[5] The rise of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s,[6][7] the antisemitic works of Henry Ford,[8] and the identification of Jews with Bolshevism,[9] (a concept used pejoratively in the country) further prepared the American society to naturally accept the nazi phylosophy. Immigration legislation enacted in the United States in 1921 and 1924 was interpreted widely as being at least partly anti-Jewish in intent because it strictly limited the immigration quotas of eastern European nations with large Jewish populations, nations from which approximately 3 million Jews had immigrated to the United States by 1920.[10][11]

The pre-nazist idea breaks the religion, place of origem and the skin color barrier in California.[12] The 1909 California eugenics law, gave first step towards embracing Nazism by allowing for state institutions to sterilize the white Americans deemed “unfit” or “feeble-minded”.[13] The eugenics law in California, by 1921, had accounted for 80% of the sterilizations nationwide. The number of sterilizations began to decrease, largely due to the fallout of Hitler's eugenics movement by the end of the World War II.[14] There were about 20,000 forced sterilizations in California between 1909 and 1963.[15]


Under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, the National Socialist German Workers’ Party,[16] or Nazi Party, grew into a mass movement promoting German pride and anti-Semitism, and expressed dissatisfaction with the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.[17] The party early financing is considered to be partially worked by Eckart and with raised money through Beer Hall Parties by Feder,[18] but later Henry Ford provided early financial support to Hitler and the Nazi movement.[19]

In the end of 1922, the New York Times reported that Ford was financing Hitler's nationalist and anti-Semitic movements in Munich.[20] Ford Sr. sent to Hitler a personal monetary "birthday gift" every April 20 until 1944 through Swiss or Swedish banks every year,[21] and, in 1938, he was awarded the Grand Cross of the German Eagle medal by Hitler. Ford's anti-Semitic views echoed the fears and assumptions of many Americans during the mid-1920s: a time when Ku Klux Klan membership had reached four million[22] and discriminatory immigration policies were enacted favoring immigrants from northern and western Europe over other parts of the world. Not only Ford, but many others American companies and personalities offered their support to the ideology and practices associated with the Nazism.[23]

External links

See also


  1. Nagorski, Andrew (March 2013). Americans for Hitler – The Bund. American History. pp. 15–16. ISBN 9781439191019. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
  2. Van Ells, Mark D. (August 2007). Hitlerland American Eyewitnesses to the Nazi Rise to Power. America in WWII. 3. pp. 44–49. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
  3. J. Morgan Kousser, The Shaping of Southern Politics: Suffrage Restriction and the Establishment of the One-Party South, 1880-1910 (Yale UP, 1974) and Samuel Issacharoff, Pamela Karlan and Richard Pildes, The Law of Democracy(Foundation press, 1998).
  4. "L. Frank Baum's Editorials on the Sioux Nation" at the Wayback Machine (archived December 9, 2007) Full text of both, with commentary by professor A. Waller Hastings
  5. Murphy, Edgar Gardner. The Problems of the Present South. 1910, p. 37
  6. Brooks, Michael E. (2014). The Ku Klux Klan in Wood County, Ohio. The History Press.
  7. Wyn Craig Wade, The Fiery Cross: The Ku Klux Klan in America (Oxford University Press, 1998)
  8. The International Jew. The World's Foremost Problem. Being a Reprint of a Series of Articles Appearing in The Dearborn Independent from May 22 ... 1920 [to January 14, 1922] Dearborn, Mich. Dearborn Publishing Co., 1920-1922
  9. Krzysztof Szwagrzyk, "Żydzi w kierownictwie UB. Stereotyp czy rzeczywistość?", Biuletyn IPN (11/2005), pp. 37-42
  10. Glen Jeansonne (9 June 1997). Women of the Far Right: The Mothers' Movement and World War II. University of Chicago Press. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-226-39589-0.
  11. Laqueur, Walter Ze'ev (1965-01-01). Russia and Germany. Transaction Publishers. p. 105. ISBN 9781412833547.
  12. The Horrifying American Roots of Nazi Eugenics by Edwin Black (2003)
  13. Miroslava, C. (2007). "Ja2". Pacific Historical Review.(registration required)
  14. "Eugenics in California".
  15. Cohen, Elizabeth; Bonifield, John (March 2012). "California's dark legacy of forced sterilizations". CNN.
  16. following as the antecedent of the German Workers' Party
  17. HISTORY, Education. "NAZI PARTY". A&E Television Networks.
  18. Raise, Of Hitler. "Nazi Party is Formed". The History Place.
  19. Diner, Hasia. "Ford's Anti-Semitism". WGBH Educational Foundation.
  20. Page 2, Column 8. "New York Times, Dec. 20, 1922: "BERLIN HEARS FORD IS BACKING HITLER"". The New York Times.
  21. Ford and the Führer Research assistance provided by the Investigative Fund of The Nation Institute. by Ken Silverstein, published by "The Nation" (2000)
  22. KU KLUX KLAN by Southern Poverty Law Center
  23. Top 10 American Companies that Aided the Nazis by Dustin Koski, published by "History In Culture" (2015)
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