Chairman of the NATO Military Committee
|Chairman of the NATO Military Committee|
|Member of||Czech Republic|
|Reports to||Secretary General of NATO|
|First holder||General Omar Bradley|
The Chairman of the NATO Military Committee's (CMC) authority stems from the NATO Military Committee, to which he is responsible in the performance of his duties. The current Chairman of the NATO Military Committee is Petr Pavel, former Chief of the General Staff of the Army of the Czech Republic, who took office on June 26, 2015.
In accordance with Article 9 of the North Atlantic Treaty and the guidance given by the Working Group on the North Atlantic Treaty Organization during the first Council session in Washington in 1949, the Defence Committee rapidly established the Military Committee. During its few sessions held behind closed doors in Washington, the Military Committee gave policy guidance on military matters to the Standing Group, and advice on military questions to the Defence Committee and other bodies, and it recommended military measures for the unified defence of the North Atlantic region to the Defence Committee. The Military Committee was directly subordinate to the Defence Committee, and each member nation was represented by its chief of staff or a deputy. Iceland, which had no military forces, was represented by a civilian. Each member state in turn held the Chair of the Military Committee for one year (C1 D-1/2, DC 1/2).
Two other groups which also sat in Washington came directly under the Military Committee:
- the Standing Group, the executive body, set up at the beginning, responsible for Military Committee everyday business;
- the Military Representatives Committee (MRC), created at the end of 1950, to ensure communication of information and points of view between the Standing Group and Alliance member states not represented on it.
The principal military member of each NATO country's delegation is the Military Representative, a senior officer from each country's armed forces, supported by the International Military Staff. Together the Military Representatives form the Military Committee (MC), a body responsible for assisting and advising the North Atlantic Council, Defence Planning Committee, and Nuclear Planning Group on military matters. Its principal role is to provide direction and advice on military policy and strategy. It provides guidance on military matters to the NATO Strategic Commanders, whose representatives attend its meetings, and is responsible for the overall conduct of the military affairs of the Alliance under the authority of the Council.
Like the Council, from time to time the Military Committee also meets at a higher level, namely at the level of Chiefs of Defence, the most senior military officer in each nation's armed forces. Until 2008 the Military Committee excluded France, due to that country's 1966 decision to remove itself from NATO's integrated military structure, which it rejoined in 1995. Until France rejoined NATO, it was not represented on the Defence Planning Committee, and this led to conflicts between it and NATO members. Such was the case in the lead up to Operation Iraqi Freedom.
The operational work of the Committee is supported by the International Military Staff.
The Chairman of the Military Committee chairs all meetings and acts in an international capacity. In his absence, the Deputy Chairman of the Military Committee takes the chair. The current Chairman is Czech General Petr Pavel.
Since the formation of NATO, its Military Chairmen have been:
|#||Photo||Chairman of the NATO Military Committee||Rank||Nationality||Took office||Left office||Length of term|
|1||Bradley, Omar N.Omar N. Bradley||General of the Army||USA||1949||1951||2 years|
|2||Baele, EtienneEtienne Baele||Lt. General||Belgium||1951||1952||1 year|
|3||Foulkes, CharlesCharles Foulkes||Lt. General||Canada||1952||1953||1 year|
|4||Qvistgaard, Erhard J.C.Erhard J.C. Qvistgaard||Admiral||Denmark||1953||1954||1 year|
|5||Guillaume, AugustinAugustin Guillaume||General||France||1954||1955||1 year|
|6||Pallis, StylianosStylianos Pallis||Lt. General||Greece||1955||1956||1 year|
|7||Mancinelli, GiuseppeGiuseppe Mancinelli||General||Italy||1956||1957||1 year|
|8||Hasselman, B.R.P.F.B.R.P.F. Hasselman||General||Netherlands||1957||1958||1 year|
|9||Øen, BjarneBjarne Øen||Lt. General||Norway||1958||1959||1 year|
|10||Ferras, J.A. BelezaJ.A. Beleza Ferras||General||Portugal||1959||1960||1 year|
|11||Erdelhun, RuştüRuştü Erdelhun||General||Turkey||1960||1960||>1 year|
|12||Mountbatten of Burma, EarlEarl Mountbatten of Burma||Admiral of the Fleet||UK||1960||1961||1 year|
|13||Lemnitzer, Lyman L.Lyman L. Lemnitzer||General||USA||1961||1962||1 year|
|14||de Cumont, C.P.C.P. de Cumont||Lt. General||Belgium||1962||1963||1 year|
|15||Heusinger, AdolfAdolf Heusinger||General||West Germany||1963||1964||1 year|
|16||de Cumont, C.P.C.P. de Cumont||Lt. General||Belgium||1964||1968||4 years|
|17||Henderson, Sir NigelSir Nigel Henderson||Admiral||UK||1968||1971||3 years|
|18||Steinhoff, JohannesJohannes Steinhoff||General||West Germany||1971||1974||3 years|
|19||Hill-Norton, Sir PeterSir Peter Hill-Norton||Admiral of the Fleet||UK||1974||1977||3 years|
|20||Zeiner-Gundersen, Herman FredrikHerman Fredrik Zeiner-Gundersen||General||Norway||1977||1980||3 years|
|21||Falls, Robert H.Robert H. Falls||Admiral||Canada||1980||1983||3 years|
|22||De Jager, CornelisCornelis De Jager||General||Netherlands||1983||1986||3 years|
|23||Altenburg, WolfgangWolfgang Altenburg||General||West Germany||1986||1989||3 years|
|24||Eide, VigleikVigleik Eide||General||Norway||1989||1993||4 years|
|25||Vincent, Sir RichardSir Richard Vincent||Field Marshal||UK||October 1993||1996||3 years|
|26||Naumann, KlausKlaus Naumann||General||Germany||February 14, 1996||May 6, 1999||3 years, 81 days|
|27||Venturoni, GuidoGuido Venturoni||Admiral||Italy||May 6, 1999||July 2002||3 years, 55 days|
|28||Kujat, HaraldHarald Kujat||General||Germany||July 2002||June 17, 2005||2 years, 352 days|
|29||Henault, RaymondRaymond Henault||General||Canada||June 17, 2005||June 27, 2008||3 years, 10 days|
|30||Di Paola, GiampaoloGiampaolo Di Paola||Admiral||Italy||June 27, 2008||November 18, 2011||3 years, 144 days|
|31||Bartels, KnudKnud Bartels||General||Denmark||January 2, 2012||June 26, 2015||3 years, 175 days|
|32||Pavel, PetrPetr Pavel||General of the army||Czech Republic||June 26, 2015||Incumbent||1 year, 164 days|
- Description at NATO Archives site. http://archives.nato.int/military-committee;isad
- NATO Handbook, 50th Anniversary Edition, 1998-99, 234.
- Fuller, Thomas (18 February 2003). "Reaching accord, EU warns Saddam of his 'last chance'". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 15 July 2007.
- official list
- Douglas S. Bland, 'The Military Committee of the North Atlantic Alliance: A Study of Structure and Strategy,' New York, Praeger, 1991.