Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve

Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve

The insignia of the task force.[1]
Active 10 October 2014 – present
(2 years, 1 month, 3 weeks and 4 days)[2][3][4]


Size 6,350[10][11]
Part of United States Central Command
Headquarters Kuwait[12][13]

International campaign against ISIL

Current Commander United States Lieutenant General Stephen J. Townsend[14]
Deputy Commander-Strategy and Sustainment United Kingdom Major General Rupert Jones
Deputy Commander-Operations and Intelligence United States Major General Scott A. Kindsvater
Chief of Staff United States Brigadier General J. Scott O'Meara

Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve (CJTF–OIR) is the Joint Task Force established by the international (US-led) coalition against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), set up by the US Central Command to coordinate military efforts against ISIL, and is composed of US military forces and personnel from over 30 countries.[1][15] The aim of CJTF–OIR is reportedly to "degrade and destroy" ISIL.[16] Its establishment by US Central Command was announced in December 2014, after it was set up to replace the ad hoc arrangements that had previously been established to co-ordinate operations following the rapid gains made by ISIL in Iraq in June.[17] Formed in October 2014,[3] its first "coalition integration conference" was held the first week of December 2014.[1] Current operations are named Operation Inherent Resolve by the United States Department of Defense. The current coalition commander has expressed his intent to root out ISIL (Da’esh) from the major cities of Syria by the end of his rotation as commander.[18]


Countries involved in CJTF–OIR

As of August 2016 US Lieutenant General Stephen J. Townsend commands CJTF-OIR[19] in an appointment which consolidates three commander's tasks. Lieutenant General Townsend has two deputies, a British Army officer, Major General Rupert Jones, who is currently serving as CJTF-OIR Deputy Commander-Strategy and Sustainment, and a US Air Force officer, Major General Scott A. Kindsvater, who is currently serving as CJTF-OIR Deputy Commander-Operations and Intelligence.[20] CJTF-OIRs headquarters is based at Camp Arifjan in Kuwait and includes approximately 500 personnel from 15 nations who are involved in coordinating operations in Iraq.[21]

As part of CJTF-OIR, countries which have conducted airstrikes in Iraq include the United States, Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Jordan, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Those who have conducted airstrikes in Syria include the United States, Australia, Bahrain, Canada, France, the Netherlands, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom.[22]

A dozen countries are also involved in the Capacity Building Mission Iraq effort in Iraq. Those who have announced their participation in the program that trains Iraqi forces include Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Slovenia,[23] Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States. As a result of the BPC program, nearly 6,500 Iraqi forces have completed the training, with approximately 4,500 currently in training.[24]

As of August 2015 coalition aircraft had reportedly flown a total 45,259 sorties in the previous 12 months of operations, with the US Air Force flying the majority, accounting for 67 percent and dropping more than 5,600 bombs in the campaign to date.[25] Meanwhile, The Guardian reported that a team of independent journalists have published details of some 52 airstrikes which have killed more than 450 civilians, including 100 children. The US-led coalition acknowledges only 2 non-combatant deaths.[26]

In October 2015, Tunisia announced it would join the CJTF–OIR.[27]

See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 Rosen, Armin (9 December 2014). "The US-Led War On ISIS Now Has A Logo". Business Insider Australia. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  2. " News Article: DoD Authorizes War on Terror Award for Inherent Resolve Ops". Retrieved 1 December 2014.
  3. 1 2 "Inside the Coalition to defeat ISIL" (PDF). Combined Joint Task Force — U.S. Department of Defense. 21 April 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  4. Kohn, Sally (14 October 2014). "Warren and Christie Are the Anti-Hillarys". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  5. "US forms joint anti-ISIL command". The Journal of the Turkish Weekly. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  6. "Special Presidential Envoy for the Global Coalition to Counter ISIL". 1 October 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  7. Spokesperson, Office of the (3 December 2014). "Joint Statement Issued by Partners at the Counter-ISIL Coalition Ministerial Meeting". U.S. Department of State. Participants commended the efforts of the Lebanese Armed Forces in fighting ISIL/Daesh, and noted that ISIL/Daesh’s finances and recruitment are also increasingly being challenged through international cooperation. Participants affirmed, however, that a successful campaign against ISIL/Daesh will take time, and will require a sustained, united, and coordinated response. Participants reiterated their long-term commitment to this effort.
  8. CJTF-OIR News Release. "Dec. 8: Military Airstrikes Continue Against ISIL in Syria and Iraq". US Central Command. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
  9. The Republic of China is the official name of Taiwan. See Names of Taiwan.
  10. "4,600 International Troops Pledged to Train Iraqi Forces". Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  11. Harper, Jon (19 December 2014). "1,000 soldiers from the 82nd Airborne headed to Iraq". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  12. "4,600 international troops pledged to train Iraqi forces". Military Times. 8 December 2014. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  13. Georgy, Michael (13 June 2015). "Militants attack government forces near Iraq's Baiji refinery". Reuters. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  14. "New Operation Inherent Resolve commander continues fight against ISIL". Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  15. Katz, Whitney (13 January 2015). "JECC assists in the establishment of Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve" (Press release). JECC Public Affairs. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  16. Pomerleau, Mark (14 August 2015). "Can the US really destroy terrorist groups like ISIS?". The Hill. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  17. Ripley, Tim (9 December 2014). "US sets up new headquarters for Operation 'Inherent Resolve'". IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. Archived from the original on June 1, 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  18. Andrew Tilghman,Military Times "The ISIS war has a new commander — and ISIS may be the least of his worries" August 21, 2016
  19. "New Operation Inherent Resolve commander continues fight against ISIL". U.S. Army. 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2016-10-20. Army Lt. Gen. Stephen J. Townsend, commanding general of XVIII Airborne Corps based at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, assumed command of Combined Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent Resolve during a transfer of authority ceremony on Monday August 21.
  20. "CJTF-OIR Leaders". Operational Inherent Resolve Official Website. 9 May 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  21. Lekic, Slobodan; Simoes, Hendrick (19 May 2015). "Islamic State tactics and lack of intel strain US strategy". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  22. "Airstrikes Hit ISIL Terrorists in Syria, Iraq". U.S. Department of Defense. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  23. "Prvi slovenski vojaki so prispeli v iraški Kurdistan". Retrieved 2016-09-06.
  24. "Counter-ISIL military coalition concludes operational planning conference" (Press release). U.S. Central Command. 1 May 2015. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  25. Everstine, Brian (7 August 2015). "Operation Inherent Resolve: One year after the first bombs fell". AirForce Times. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  26. Ross, Alice (3 August 2015). "Hundreds of civilians killed in US-led air strikes on Isis targets – report". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  27. "Targets of Russian airstrikes in question". The Daily Star Newspaper - Lebanon. 5 October 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015.

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 12/3/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.