Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve
|Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve|
10 October 2014 – present|
(2 years, 1 month, 3 weeks and 4 days)
|Part of||United States Central Command|
|Current Commander||Lieutenant General Stephen J. Townsend|
|Deputy Commander-Strategy and Sustainment||Major General Rupert Jones|
|Deputy Commander-Operations and Intelligence||Major General Scott A. Kindsvater|
|Chief of Staff||Brigadier General J. Scott O'Meara|
Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve (CJTF–OIR) is the Joint Task Force established by the international (US-led) coalition against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), set up by the US Central Command to coordinate military efforts against ISIL, and is composed of US military forces and personnel from over 30 countries. The aim of CJTF–OIR is reportedly to "degrade and destroy" ISIL. Its establishment by US Central Command was announced in December 2014, after it was set up to replace the ad hoc arrangements that had previously been established to co-ordinate operations following the rapid gains made by ISIL in Iraq in June. Formed in October 2014, its first "coalition integration conference" was held the first week of December 2014. Current operations are named Operation Inherent Resolve by the United States Department of Defense. The current coalition commander has expressed his intent to root out ISIL (Da’esh) from the major cities of Syria by the end of his rotation as commander.
As of August 2016 US Lieutenant General Stephen J. Townsend commands CJTF-OIR in an appointment which consolidates three commander's tasks. Lieutenant General Townsend has two deputies, a British Army officer, Major General Rupert Jones, who is currently serving as CJTF-OIR Deputy Commander-Strategy and Sustainment, and a US Air Force officer, Major General Scott A. Kindsvater, who is currently serving as CJTF-OIR Deputy Commander-Operations and Intelligence. CJTF-OIRs headquarters is based at Camp Arifjan in Kuwait and includes approximately 500 personnel from 15 nations who are involved in coordinating operations in Iraq.
As part of CJTF-OIR, countries which have conducted airstrikes in Iraq include the United States, Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Jordan, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Those who have conducted airstrikes in Syria include the United States, Australia, Bahrain, Canada, France, the Netherlands, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom.
A dozen countries are also involved in the Capacity Building Mission Iraq effort in Iraq. Those who have announced their participation in the program that trains Iraqi forces include Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Slovenia, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States. As a result of the BPC program, nearly 6,500 Iraqi forces have completed the training, with approximately 4,500 currently in training.
As of August 2015 coalition aircraft had reportedly flown a total 45,259 sorties in the previous 12 months of operations, with the US Air Force flying the majority, accounting for 67 percent and dropping more than 5,600 bombs in the campaign to date. Meanwhile, The Guardian reported that a team of independent journalists have published details of some 52 airstrikes which have killed more than 450 civilians, including 100 children. The US-led coalition acknowledges only 2 non-combatant deaths.
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Participants commended the efforts of the Lebanese Armed Forces in fighting ISIL/Daesh, and noted that ISIL/Daesh’s finances and recruitment are also increasingly being challenged through international cooperation. Participants affirmed, however, that a successful campaign against ISIL/Daesh will take time, and will require a sustained, united, and coordinated response. Participants reiterated their long-term commitment to this effort.
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- The Republic of China is the official name of Taiwan. See Names of Taiwan.
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Army Lt. Gen. Stephen J. Townsend, commanding general of XVIII Airborne Corps based at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, assumed command of Combined Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent Resolve during a transfer of authority ceremony on Monday August 21.
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- "Targets of Russian airstrikes in question". The Daily Star Newspaper - Lebanon. 5 October 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
- Operational Inherent Resolve - Official Website
- Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve on Facebook
- Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve on Twitter
- Defense.gov Special Report: Operation Inherent Resolve
- The Global Coalition - Official Web Site