Downtown Zvornik and Drina River

Coat of arms

Location of Zvornik within Bosnia and Hercegovina
Coordinates: 44°39′N 19°10′E / 44.650°N 19.167°E / 44.650; 19.167
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Republika Srpska
  Mayor Zoran Stevanović (SPRS) (Alliance of Independent Social Democrats)
  Urban 376,14 km2 (14,523 sq mi)
Elevation 146 m (479 ft)
Population (2013 census)
  City 12,674
  Density 169,3/km2 (4,380/sq mi)
  Urban 63,686
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 56
Website www.opstina-zvornik.org

Zvornik (Cyrillic: Зворник, pronounced [zʋɔ̌rniːk]) is a city on the Drina river in north-eastern, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Zvornik is located south of Bijeljina. The town Mali Zvornik ("little Zvornik") lies directly across the river in Serbia.


Zvornik is first mentioned in 1410, although it was known as Zvonik ("bell tower") at that time. The town's geographic location has made it an important trade link between Bosnia and the east. For instance, the main road connecting Sarajevo and Belgrade runs through the city. The medieval fort known as Kula grad was built in the early 7th century and still stands on the Mlađevac mountainous range overlooking the Drina Valley.

Ottoman rule

During the Ottoman period, Zvornik was the capital of the Sanjak of Zvornik (an administrative region) within the Eyalet of Bosnia. This was primarily the case because of the city's crucial role in the economy and the strategic importance of the city's location. The Sanjak of Zvornik was one of six Ottoman sanjaks with most developed shipbuilding (besides the sanjaks of Vidin, Nicopolis, Požega, Smederevo and Mohač).[1] In 1806, Zvornik was home to Mehmed-beg Kulenović.

World War II

Ustasha troops of the fascist Independent State of Croatia occupied Zvornik, along with most of Bosnia, in April 1941. The town was liberated in July 1943 by the 1st Proletarian Brigade during the Battle of Zvornik.

Bosnian war

Main article: Zvornik massacre

During the Bosnian War (1992-1995) Zvornik's Bosniak population was expelled. The military attack of paramilitary groups that came from Serbia on Zvornik Bosniaks commenced on 8 April 1992.[2] During April 1992, many European news stations daily reported Serb armed attacks and mass killings of the Bosniak population of Zvornik and the surrounding villages.[3]

On 19 May 1992, combined JNA, Serb paramilitary and Arkan's Tigers occupied Zvornik and Mali Zvornik.[2] The suburbs of Karakaj and Čelopek were places of prisons where hundreds of local Bosniaks were killed. The remaining Bosniaks and non-Serbs were relegated to concentration camps and detention facilities throughout the area.[2] During the war Serb forces destroyed mosques in and around the city.

Vojin Vučković, commander of the Yellow Wasps, and his brother Duško were convicted in 1996 for killing 17 civilians in Čelopek, a suburb of the town of Zvornik, during the ethnic cleansing of the Bosniak population of the Drina valley in 1992.[4][5][6]


According to the 1991 census, the town of Zvornik had a total of 14,584 inhabitants, of which:

According to the 2013 census, the municipality of Zvornik was home to a total of 58,856 inhabitants, including:

The city's demographic situation has changed drastically during the Bosnian War.[7]

Main attractions

Cultural Summer of Zvornik 2007
River Drina

Kula Grad, a village that is part of Zvornik municipality, is home to a Middle Age fort, Zvornik fortress, built in the 12th century. Zvornik also has a museum.


The Cultural Summer of Zvornik usually takes place in August; its main objective is to become a traditional cultural event which will open the doors of Zvornik for the recognized cultural values.


The local football club, FK Drina Zvornik, plays in the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina.There is also a basketball club called KK Drina Zvornik.

Notable residents


• Androvići • Baljkovica • Baljkovica Donja • Boškovići • Buložani • ČelopekDivič • Donja Pilica • Donji Lokanj • Drinjača • Dugi Dio • Đevanje • Đulići • Glodi • Glumina • Goduš • Gornja Pilica • Gornji Lokanj • Grbavci Donji • Grbavci Gornji • Gušteri • Jardan • Jasenica • Jusići • Kamenica Donja • Kamenica Gornja • Kiseljak • Kitovnice • Klisa • Kostijerevo • Kozluk • Kraljevići • Križevići • Kučić Kula • Kula Grad • Liješanj • Liplje • Malešići • Marčići • Međeđa • Mehmedići • Nezuk • Novo Selo • Pađine • Paljevići • Petkovci • Potočani • Rastošnica • Roćević • Rožanj • Sapna • Skočić • Snagovo • Snagovo Donje • Snagovo Gornje • Sopotnik • Šepak Donji • Šepak Gornji • Šetići • Tabanci • Trnovica • Tršić • Ugljari • Vitinica • Vrela • Zaseok • Zelinje

See also


  1. Godis̆njak grada Beograda. Beogradske novine. 1979. p. 35. Retrieved 7 September 2013. Ипак градња бродова се посебно везивала за шест санџака: никопољски, видински, смедеревски, зворнички, пожешки и мохачки.
  2. 1 2 3 UN report on Zvornik Archived 10 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ""One of the biggest" mass graves found in Bosnia". BBC News. 8 October 1998. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 August 2000. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  5. "NIN, Belgrade, article, "St. Vitus Day Massacre"". 12 July 2001. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
  6. ICTY Krajsinik Trial Chamber Judgment, Note 1750, icty.org; accessed 11 September 2016.
  7. "'Ethnic Cleansing Operations' in the northeast-Bosnian City of Zvornik from April through June 1992". Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights.
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Coordinates: 44°23′N 19°06′E / 44.383°N 19.100°E / 44.383; 19.100

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