Location in Syria
|Coordinates: 33°58′N 36°40′E / 33.967°N 36.667°E|
|Governorate||Rif Dimashq Governorate|
|Elevation||1,550 m (5,090 ft)|
|Population (2004 census)|
Yabroud or Yabrud (Arabic: يبرود) is a city in Syria, located in the Rif Dimashq (i.e. Damascus' countryside) governorate about 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of the capital Damascus. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Yabroud had a population of 25,891 in the 2004 census. The city is known for its ancient caves, most notably the Iskafta cave (where, in 1930, a thirty-year-old German traveller and self-taught archeologist Alfred Rust made many important pre-historical findings), and the Yabroud temple, which was once Jupiter Yabroudis 's temple but later became "Konstantin and Helena Cathedral". Yabroud is home of the oldest church in Syria. The name Yabroud is said to have originated from an Aramaic word meaning "cold"; the city rests upon the Qalamun Mountains slopes (Anti-Lebanon) at a height of 1,550 m.
The Natufian archeological site Yabroud III is named for the town of Yabroud.
- The parents of former President of Argentina Carlos Menem were both born in Yabroud; they emigrated to Argentina before the end of World War I.
- Antun Maqdisi (1914 – 2005), a Syrian philosopher, politician and human rights activist, died in Yabroud.
- Gregory Atta lived for a time in Yabroud
- General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Governorate. (Arabic)
- Alfred Rust ,Ancient Yabroud (Yabrud)(1950).
- "Syria: An attempt to live a normal life - BBC News". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-03-28.