William Steig

William Steig

Steig in New York City on April 12, 1944. Photograph taken by Arnold Newman.
Born (1907-11-14)November 14, 1907
Brooklyn, New York, USA
Died October 3, 2003(2003-10-03) (aged 95)
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Occupation Illustrator, writer
Nationality American
Period 1930–2003
Genre Cartoons, Children's picture books
Notable works
Notable awards Caldecott Medal
National Book Award
CINE Golden Eagle
Spouse Elizabeth Mead Steig (m. 1936–49)
Kari Homestead (m. 1950–63)
Stephanie Healey (m. 1964–66)
Jeanne Doron (m. 1968)

William Steig (November 14, 1907 – October 3, 2003) was an American cartoonist, sculptor, and, late in life, an illustrator and writer of children's books. Best known for the picture books Sylvester and the Magic Pebble, Abel's Island, and Doctor De Soto, he was also the creator of Shrek!, which inspired the film series of the same name. He was the U.S. nominee for both of the biennial, international Hans Christian Andersen Awards, as a children's book illustrator in 1982 and a writer in 1988.[2]

Early life

Steig was born in Brooklyn, New York in 1907, to Polish-Jewish immigrants from Austria, both socialists. His father, Joseph Steig,[3] was a house painter, and his mother, Laura Ebel Steig, was a seamstress who encouraged his artistic leanings. As a child, he dabbled in painting and was an avid reader of literature. Among other works, he was said to have been especially fascinated by Pinocchio. In addition to his artistic endeavors, he also did well at athletics, being a member of the collegiate All-American water polo team. He graduated from Townsend Harris High School at 15 but never completed college, though he attended three, spending two years at City College of New York, three years at the National Academy of Design and a mere five days at the Yale School of Fine Arts before dropping out of each.[4]


Hailed as the "King of Cartoons,"[5] Steig began drawing illustrations and cartoons for The New Yorker in 1930, producing more than 2,600 drawings and 117 covers for the magazine. Steig, later, when he was 61, began writing children's books.[6] In 1968, he wrote his first children's book. He excelled here as well, and his third book, Sylvester and the Magic Pebble (1969), won the Caldecott Medal.[7] He went on to write more than 30 children's books, including the Doctor DeSoto series, and he continued to write into his nineties. Among his other well-known works, the picture book Shrek! (1990) formed the basis for the DreamWorks Animation film Shrek.

In 1984, Steig's film adaptation of Doctor DeSoto directed by Michael Sporn was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film.

Also in 1984, Steig received the CINE Golden Eagle Award in Education.[8] for the film adaptation of this book.

Personal life

Steig married four times and had three children. From 1936 to 1949, Steig was married to educator and artist Elizabeth Mead Steig (1909–1983), sister of anthropologist Margaret Mead,[9] from whom he was later divorced. For a time, Stieg lived at 75½ Bedford St, purported to be the narrowest house in Manhattan.[10] Steig's first marriage also made him a brother-in-law of Leo Rosten[9] and an uncle of Mary Catherine Bateson.[11] Steig and Mead were the parents of jazz flutist Jeremy Steig and a daughter, Lucinda. He married second wife Kari Homestead in 1950, and they had a daughter, Margit Laura (now professionally known as Maggie Steig).[12] After their divorce, he was married to Stephanie Healey from 1964 to 1966. His final marriage, to Jeanne Doron, endured for the rest of his life. His brother Irwin was a journalist and painter, and his brother Henry was a writer who played the saxophone and painted. His brother Arthur was a writer and poet, who, according to Steig, read The Nation in the cradle, was telepathic and "drew as well as Picasso or Matisse." Steig died of natural causes in Boston on October 3, 2003, aged 95.[13] Shrek 2, which was released seven months after his death, was dedicated to his memory.[3]


From this time, Steig primarily created children's picture books.

  • 1985, Solomon, The Rusty Nail
  • 1986, Brave Irene
  • 1987, The Zabajaba Jungle
  • 1988, Spinky Sulks
  • 1990, Shrek! — the basis for the movie series
  • 1992, Alpha Beta Chowder, written by Jeanne Steig, illustrated by William Steig
  • 1992, Doctor De Soto Goes to Africa
  • 1994, Zeke Pippin
  • 1996, The Toy Brother
  • 1998, A Handful of Beans: Six Fairy Tales, retold by Jeanne Steig, illustrated by William Steig
  • 1998, Pete's a Pizza
  • 2000, Made for Each Other
  • 2000, Wizzil
  • 2001, A Gift from Zeus
  • 2002, Potch & Polly
  • 2003, When Everybody Wore a Hat


  1. Wolff, Carlo (7 February 2014). "Jeremy Steig: Flute Fever (2013)". All About Jazz.
  2. "Candidates for the Hans Christian Andersen Awards 1956–2002". The Hans Christian Andersen Awards, 1956–2002. IBBY. Gyldendal. 2002. Pages 110–18. Hosted by Austrian Literature Online (literature.at). Retrieved 2013-07-14.
  3. 1 2 Boxer, Sarah (October 5, 2003). "William Steig, 95, Dies; Tough Youths and Jealous Satyrs Scowled in His Cartoons". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-11-15. Corrected October 7 and October 27.
  4. Boxer, Sarah (November 29, 1997). "Wry Child of the Unconscious; William Steig, 90, on Art, Life and the Mysterious Orgone". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
  5. Nahson, Claudia J.; Sendak, Maurice; Cottingham, Robert; Sorel, Edward; Steig, Jeanne; Steig, Maggie (1 November 2007). The Art of William Steig. New York: Yale University Press, in associate with the Jewish Museum. ISBN 978-0-300-12478-1.
  6. Puig, Claudia (May 30, 2001). "'Shrek!' author exclaims his approval of film". USA Today. Retrieved 2012-02-03.
  7. "Caldecott Medal & Honor Books, 1938–Present". Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC). American Library Association (ALA).
      "The Randolph Caldecott Medal". ALSC. ALA. Retrieved 2013-07-15.
  8. "cine.org" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-10-20.
  9. 1 2 Banner, Lois W. (2010). Intertwined Lives: Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, and Their Circle. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 9780307773401.
  10. Gray, Christopher (November 10, 1996). "For Rent: 3-Floor House, 9 1/2 Ft. Wide, $6,000 a Month". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  11. Brinthaupt, Thomas M.; Lipka, Richard P. (2002). Understanding Early Adolescent Self and Identity: Applications and Interventions. SUNY Press. ISBN 9780791453346.
  12. Lodge, Sally (22 August 2013). "FSG Issues William Steig E-books". Publishers Weekly.
  13. "Cartoonist Steig Dead at 95". Studio Briefing. October 7, 2003.
  14. 1 2 3 Sylvester and the Magic Pebble, Dominic, and Caleb + Kate were finalists for the National Book Award, Children's Literature.
    "National Book Awards – 1970". National Book Foundation (NBF). Retrieved 2012-02-08. (Select 1970, 1973, and 1978 from the top left menu.)
  15. "Rotten Island". Library of Congress Catalog Record. Retrieved 2014-04-19.
  16. Doctor Dr. Soto shared a National Book Award in category Picture Books during the brief time (1980–83) there were multiple children's awards, including Picture Books in 1982 and 1983.
    "National Book Awards – 1983". NBF. Retrieved 2012-02-22.

External links

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