Vis-à-vis (carriage)

Historical Vis-à-vis carriage
Test & Moret Vis-à-vis automobile from 1902

A vis-à-vis is a carriage in which the passengers sit face to face with the front passengers facing rearward and the rear passengers facing forward.[1] The term comes from the French vis-à-vis, meaning face to face.[1][2] These carriages are still commonly made by Amish carriage makers in the midwestern United States. Also in the Western world, the vis-a-vis is the most common type of carriage style used to cart tourists and leisure seekers in downtown urban settings.


The following types of carriage had vis-à-vis seating:


Vis-à-vis automobiles were popular in the early history of motoring.[2] These were driven from the forward-facing rear seat, with front passengers sitting ahead of the steering controls and facing the driver.[1][2][3] Passengers in the front seat would obstruct the vision of the driver in the rear seat,[2] and the style fell out of favour before 1905.[1][4]

See also



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