United States Space Camp
|United States Space Camp|
|The Space Camp Habitat, at left, houses campers staying multiple days. Campers enter through the red gate.|
|Location||Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.|
|Coordinates||34°42′41″N 86°39′15″W / 34.71139°N 86.65417°WCoordinates: 34°42′41″N 86°39′15″W / 34.71139°N 86.65417°W|
|Management||U.S. Space & Rocket Center|
U.S. Space Camp is a camp and related programs owned and operated by the Alabama Space Science Exhibit Commission's U.S. Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The camp provides residential and day camp educational programs for children and adults. These programs include space oriented camp programs, aircraft themed Aviation Challenge camps, and outdoor oriented X-Camp programs, which are designed to promote science, engineering, aviation and exploration.
Space Camp was founded in 1982 as an educational camp program for children using the United States space program as the basis to promote math and science to children. The idea for the camp came about as a result of a discussion between Wernher von Braun and Edward O. Buckbee. von Braun was touring the U.S. Space & Rocket Center with Buckbee in 1977 when he noticed children studying rockets and making notes. According to Buckbee, von Braun commented, "You know, we have all these camps for youngsters in this country - band camps and cheerleader camps and football camps. Why don't we have a science camp?"
Summer 2007 was the 25th Anniversary of Space Camp and the related programs. The 500,000th camper, Samantha Rice, graduated June 15, 2007. The U.S. Space & Rocket Center added to the museum the Space Camp Hall of Fame, in which the first inductee was Wernher von Braun.
U.S. Space & Rocket Center Foundation
The U.S. Space & Rocket Center and Space Camp (formerly U.S. Space Camp) in Huntsville are operated by the Alabama Space Science Exhibit Commission, which is a state agency whose members are appointed by the Governor of Alabama.
The non-profit U.S. Space & Rocket Center Foundation is a separate entity and members of its board are not appointed by the governor. It is responsible for scholarship fund-raising and the licensing of camps outside the United States. There are a number of internationally licensed Space Camps, including Space Camp Turkey, Space Camp Canada (known as "Camp Spatial" in French), and Space Camp Belgium. In 2011 the U.S. Space & Rocket Center Foundation planned to license additional camps in Singapore, the United Arab Emirates, India, and Malaysia.
Space Camp Florida
Space Camp Florida opened in 1988 and shared facilities with the Astronaut Hall of Fame in Titusville, Florida, both of which were operated by the now defunct U.S. Space Camp Foundation. The Space Camp facility closed in 2002, due to low attendance leading to financial difficulties. About 50,000 children attended the camp during its run, but in its final year as few as 14 participants filled 276 slots. The Astronaut Hall of Fame was sold to Delaware North and currently remains open as added attraction to the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex with several simulators previously used by the camp now available to all visitors.
Space Camp California
Space Camp California, operated by the now defunct U.S. Space Camp Foundation was located at Mountain View, California and opened in 1996. Space Camp California closed its doors January 6, 2002, also due to financial difficulties.
Space Camp Hall of Fame
The Space Camp Hall of Fame began in 2007 during the 25th anniversary celebrations. According to the website, the hall was "designed to honor graduates, former employees and supporters who have distinguished themselves in their respective careers or made considerable in-kind contributions in an effort to help further the goals of the Space Camp program."
|Dr. Wernher von Braun||2007|
|Dr. Georg von Tiesenhausen||2007|
|Dr. James Rice||2007|
|Penny J. Pettigrew||2007|
|Captain Phil Smith, US Air Force||2008|
|Josh Whitfield, US Army Ret.||2008|
|SGM Jerry Gleason, US Army Ret.||2009|
|Major J. David Hnyda, US Army||2010|
|Danny R. Jaques||2010|
|Dr. Andrea M. Hanson||2010|
|Dr. Valerie Meyers||2011|
|Lt. Col. William Burke Hare III, USAF||2011|
|Dr. Liz Warren||2012|
|Ed Van Cise||2012|
|Robert L. "Hoot" Gibson||2012|
|Elizabeth Keller Bierman||2015|
Program names are used to define the age or focus group for which the specific program targets, with Space Camp referring to both a camp program and the parent organization. The camp offers programs for various ages and durations of visit. The majority of attendees visit during the summer, though spring and fall often see many school group visits, parent and child bonding camps, and adult or corporate programs.
Space Camp is offered for children between 9 and 11 years old, and typically runs from three to six days. The curriculum is designed to balance education and entertainment. Children enrolling in Space Camp can choose from one of three "tracks" of activities and study: space, aviation and robotics. Space Camp was the first of the camp programs offered, and is used as the umbrella organization name. More than 500,000 people have attended week-long programs.
Space Academy is a program intended for ages 12–14, offered in six-day sessions.
Advanced Space Academy is designed for 15- to 18-year-olds. The program was originally known as Space Academy Level II and was started in Fall of 1987. In 1987 the Space Academy Level II program was college accredited (1 hour) through the University of Alabama Huntsville. It also offered programs for adults as the first class to go through Level II were adults. The Parent/Child Space Camp program allows parents or guardians to attend Space Camp with their child aged 7–12 years. The program is run throughout the year, lasts three to four days, and includes activities in which the adult and child work together. Parent/Child also has an Aviation Challenge option, designed for children and their accompanying adult, offered during the summer months.
In cooperation with teachers of visually impaired students, Space Camp operates a week-long Space Camp for Interested Visually Impaired Students by providing the same experience to visually impaired students as sighted students. Adaptations are made to the computer systems campers use in activities and simulations to provide speech and large print output. Adapted materials, including handbooks translated in Braille, and equipment are used during the camp.
In cooperation with teachers, Space Camp operates a week-long program for Deaf and hard of hearing students by providing the same experience to hearing impaired students as hearing students. Communication is supported by a dedicated team of American Sign Language interpreters as well as through visual and written media. To allow equal access to the audio of films, most museum & camp movies have open or closed captions; the theater provides a rear-window captioning system. To augment or replace microphone/headset technology, students use live stream video between mission control and the shuttle simulator.
In addition to participating in typical camp activities and simulations, students often have the opportunity to meet and interact with deaf adults who work in science-related fields and learn about the many contributions deaf individuals such as Annie Jump Cannon (astronomer), Tsiolkovsky (considered of a "father of Rocketry"), and Dr. Thomas Wheeler (deaf NASA aerospace engineer) have made to astronomy, space exploration and science education.
Other programs include corporate programs, programs for adults and educators and educational field-trip programs for school groups, and the X-Camp outdoor leadership camp. There were also special alumni sessions during the summer of the 25th Anniversary.
Occasionally themed camps have been offered, usually in conjunction with museum exhibits. During the summer of 2010 a Jedi Experience camp was offered in connection with the museum traveling exhibit Star Wars: Where Science Meets Imagination.
Aviation Challenge, or AC, is an umbrella branding for a set of aviation oriented camps at Space Camp, consisting of three main programs for children from ages 9–18. As an aviation oriented camp the fundamental teaching aids are computer based flight simulators, which are intended to train attendees to fly, act, and think like United States Air Force, Navy or Marine fighter pilots.
There are simulators at Space Camp, such as:
- The MAT (Multi-axis trainer) – Simulates disorientation, similar to the Multiple Axis Space Test Inertia Facility (MASTIF) developed for Project Mercury
- The 1/6 Chair – Simulates walking on the Moon
- The 5DF Chair – Simulates the frictionless environment of space in five degrees of freedom
- The MMU (Manned Maneuvering Unit) – Simulates working untethered in a frictionless environment, such as during Extravehicular Activity (also known as an EVA or Spacewalk).
Space Camp additionally uses rides or attractions that are on site at the U.S. Space and Rocket Center as instructional tools. While these are not true simulators, the use of these rides is designed to allow the rider to better understand some aspect of space travel. The Space Shot simulates liftoff, and the G-Force Accelerator simulates the G-forces put on astronauts while re-entering the Earth's atmosphere or during launch.
The Spacedome IMAX Theater provides a venue for presenting some of the space and science oriented films produced through the IMAX camera/projection system. The theater is part of the U.S. Space and Rocket Center museum complex. As Space Camp is operated by the U.S. Space and Rocket Center, it makes regular use of the theater.
If a Space Camp program takes more than one day, "campers" stay at the space camp's Habitat 1 or Habitat 2. Habitat 1 is a large building designed to house young people. It is manned by staff and has full CCTV. Male and female campers are usually assigned to separate floors.
Aviation Challenge trainees stay in Habitat 3 where they are required to maintain military standards to their bays and racks. There are two floors to Hab 3. Males live on half of the ground floor and all of the second floor. Female trainees stay on one hall of the Hab. The bays are named after famous fliers and military pilots. The camp has a cafeteria where campers receive meals.
Media and popular culture
Movies and TV
- The film SpaceCamp, portraying youngsters on a fictional adventure at the camp, was released in 1986.
- A Smile as Big as the Moon, a TV movie, released in 2012.
- In the movie Stranger Than Fiction, the main character's friend, Dave, mentions that Space Camp would be on his bucket list, and states "You're never too old for Space Camp, dude." He also refers to the camp's location in Alabama. At the end of the film, he can be seen looking at Space Camp brochure about Adult Programs from the 2006 season.
- The Hallmark Channel movie Space Warriors was filmed and set at Space Camp. A group of genius Space Camp trainees are recruited to help rescue three astronauts whose ship is stranded in orbit.
- Many Nickelodeon game shows offered trips to Space Camp as grand prizes including Double Dare, Finders Keepers, Think Fast, Get the Picture, Nick Arcade, and Legends of the Hidden Temple.
Notable attendees and guests
- Dottie Metcalf-Lindenburger is the first Space Camp alumna to become a NASA astronaut. Metcalf-Lindenburger, a former classroom teacher, was selected as an Educator Astronaut in the 2004 astronaut class. Dottie attended Space Camp as a high school freshman in the spring of 1989.
- Chelsea Clinton attended U.S. Space Camp during Bill Clinton's first term the week of 1993's International Space Camp.
- Karenna Gore, Al Gore's daughter, attended Space Camp in 1985.
- Amy Carter, former President Jimmy Carter's daughter.
- George H. W. Bush visited during his term as president, and his image was subsequently used on the U.S. Space and Rocket Center brochure for a period thereafter.
- Dan Quayle visited during his term as Vice President.
- Al Gore visited during his term as Vice President.
- Kris Kristofferson attended along with his son Jesse at Parent/Child Space Camp in the summer of 1991.
- The cast and crew of Apollo 13 visited Space Camp during pre-production. Tom Hanks, who portrayed James Lovell in the film, would return in 2006, as his son was attending at the time. Hanks also ate breakfast with some of the members of the German rocket team.
- Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen attended U.S. Space Camp during production of The Adventures of Mary-Kate & Ashley.
- Elizabeth Cooper, the daughter of Mercury Seven astronaut Gordon Cooper, attended Space Camp Florida in 1990.
- The adult children and grandchildren of Gemini and Apollo Astronaut Jim Lovell attended the Space Camp in Huntsville.
- Actress Charlize Theron attended, Space Camp in Huntsville, Alabama.
- Australian actor Lincoln Lewis attended Aviation Challenge in Huntsville, Alabama in 2003.
- Jacob Roloff, son of Matt and Amy Roloff, stars of Little People, Big World on The Learning Channel attended camp in 2009
- Bruce Springsteen's children have attended multiple camp programs.
- Austin O'Brien attended Space Camp in 1997.
- "Space Camp". www.spacecamp.com. Retrieved 2015-11-16.
- Bob Ward and John Glenn (2009). Dr. Space: The Life of Wernher von Braun. p. 151. ISBN 978-1591149279.
- SPACE CAMP Newsletter official site
- Alabama Space Science Exhibit Commission Finance Committee Handout detailing current contracts including international licensees
- Sellers, Laurin (14 September 2002). "Titusville, Fla., Space Camp's Mission Is to Remain Open.". Orlando Sentinel. (subscription required (. ))
- "SPACE CAMP WILL KEEP SIMULATORS, NEW OWNER SAYS". The Miami Herald. November 10, 2002.
- Kwan, Joshua L. (8 January 2002). "Space Camp California Closes for Lack of Funds". San Jose Mercury News. (subscription required (. ))
- SPACE CAMP Hall of Fame official site
- "Hall of Fame Inductees". al.com. July 20, 2008. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
- Clines, Keith (12 July 2009). "Space Camp adds 3 to its hall of fame". Huntsville Times. Retrieved 6 September 2010.
- "Scholarships". www.spacecamp.com. Retrieved 2015-11-16.
- Lang, H. (1994). Silence of the Spheres: The Deaf Experience in the History of Science. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey.
- "STAR WARS: Where Science Meets Imagination (Press Materials)". 28 May 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
- Who's Who of Space Camp
- Kesner, Kenneth (2006-06-24). "Meeting 'Apollo 13'star 'like visiting old friend'". Huntsville Times.
- Welch, Chris (2009-04-13). "Space Camp has big role in 'Little' show tonight". Huntsville Times.
- Official website
- Space Camp Hall of Fame
- Space Camp for Interested Visually Impaired Students (SCI-VIS)
- Youth U.S. Space Camp for Hong Kong students to U.S. Space and Rocket Center in August each year
- Hab1.com - An unofficial community site for Space Camp and Aviation Challenge