Teodor Oizerman

Teodor Oizerman
Born 14 May [O.S. 1 May] 1914 (1914-05-14) (age 102)
Russian Empire
Era Contemporary philosophy
Region Soviet philosophy,
Russian philosophy
Main interests
History of Western and Marxist philosophy

Teodor Ilyich Oizerman (Russian: Теодо́р Ильи́ч Ойзерма́н; born 14 May [O.S. 1 May] 1914) is a Soviet and Russian philosopher and academician.[1]

Oizerman was born in Petroverovka village, Tiraspol uyezd, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire, in a Jewish family. His parents were teachers. During World War II, he served in the Red Army.

Oizerman has been a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1981. He received a doctorate, honoris causa, from the University of Jena in 1979 and the USSR State Prize in 1983. In 1979 Teodor Oizerman was awarded the Plekhanov prize for the monograph The main Trends in Philosophy.[2] He also served in the Anti-Zionist Committee of the Soviet Public.[3]

Politically, Oizerman has moved towards social democratic, anti-Leninist positions since the 1991 break-up of the Soviet Union, regarding Lenin's interpretation and application of the ideas of Marx and Engels in the Russian Revolution as incorrect, and leading Russian history towards oligarchy rather than the victorious establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat.[4]


Oizerman is a prolific author. Below is a partial list of his monographs.


  1. http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enc_biography/94770/Ойзерман, passim
  2. The Plekhanov prize (Russian)
    The first edition of this book was out in 1971. The second edition published in 1984 was translated into English in 1988.
  3. ISBN 3-7186-5740-6 Russian Antisemitism, Pamyat and the Demonology of Zionism (Studies in Antisemitism) by William Korey
  4. Luther, Sara Fletcher, John J. Neumaier, Howard Lee Parsons, eds. Diverse Perspectives on Marxist Philosophy: East and West. Issue 53 of Contributions in Philosophy. Westport, Ct.: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995. ISBN 0-313-29396-1, ISBN 978-0-313-29396-2. P. 7.
Works available online (in English)
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