Syrian parliamentary election, 2016

Syrian parliamentary election, 2016
13 April 2016

All 250 seats to the Parliament of Syria
126 seats are needed for a majority
  First party
Leader Bashar Al-Assad
Party Ba'ath Party
Alliance National Progressive Front
Last election 168
Seats won 200
Seat change Increase 32

Speaker before election

Mohammad Jihad al-Laham
Ba'ath Party

Elected Speaker

Hadiya Khalaf Abbas[1]
Ba'ath Party

2012 Election results:
     National Progressive Front
     Popular Front for Change and Liberation

Parliamentary elections were held in Syria to elect the People's Council on 13 April 2016.[2] Syria's parliamentary elections occur every four years, with the last in 2012, while presidential elections are done every seven years, wither the last in 2014. The current parliamentary term ends in 2020, which is consequently the planned date for the next parliamentary election.


Further information: Syrian Civil War

Amidst nearly five years of civil war and ensuing negotiations for a ceasefire, following the Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War and Syrian Arab Army gains, President Bashar al-Assad called the election.

Al-Raqqah Governorate is mostly occupied by ISIL as their de facto capital, while Deir ez-Zor Governorate is partly occupied but the Syrian government has made recent gains there. Other places such as Aleppo, Homs and Latakia, amongst others, are also partly occupied but Syrian forces have started successfully pushing back. Rojava has also been semi-autonomous since the civil war began with Kurdish forces currently in fighting ISIL with the support of Russia, by air, and Syrian forces, on the ground.

Electoral system

All 250 members of the People's Council were elected from 15 multi-member constituencies.[3]

Constituency Seats Population
(est. 2011)[4][5]
Damascus Governorate 29 1,754,000
Rif Dimashq Governorate 19 2,836,000
Aleppo (city) 20 2,132,100
Aleppo Governorate 32 2,735,900
Homs Governorate 23 1,803,000
Hama Governorate 22 1,628,000
Latakia Governorate 17 1,008,000
Idlib Governorate 18 1,501,000
Tartus Governorate 13 797,000
Al-Raqqah Governorate 8 944,000
Deir ez-Zor Governorate 14 1,239,000
Al-Hasakah Governorate 14 1,512,000
Daraa Governorate 10 1,027,000
As-Suwayda Governorate 6 370,000
Quneitra Governorate 5 90,000
Total 250 21,377,000


The Ba'ath Party-led National Progressive Front won 200 of the 250 seats, while the opposition inside and outside the country boycotted the elections; voter turnout was 57.56%. Two Armenians were elected to the People's Council, with a female Armenian candidate elected for the first time.[6]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
National Progressive Front 200+32
Others 50
Invalid/blank votes
Total5,085,444 2500
Registered voters/turnout8,834,99457.56
Source: IPU



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