Survivor (franchise)

Not to be confused with Survivors, a British post-apocalyptic series.

A recreation of the logo for the first U.S. Survivor season, Survivor: Borneo.
Also known as Expedition Robinson
Genre Entertainment
Reality Competition
Created by Charlie Parsons
Developed by Planet 24
Country of origin United Kingdom
Distributor Castaway Television Productions Ltd
Original network Sveriges Television (SVT)
First shown in Sweden
Original release 13 September 1997 (1997-09-13) – present
External links
Production website

Survivor is a reality competition television franchise produced in many countries throughout the world. The show features a group of contestants who are marooned in an isolated location, where they must provide food, water, fire, and shelter for themselves. The contestants compete in challenges for rewards and immunity from elimination. The contestants are progressively eliminated from the game as they are voted out by their fellow contestants until only one remains and is declared the winner and awarded the grand prize and is named the "Sole Survivor."

The format for Survivor was created in 1992 by the British television producer Charlie Parsons for a United Kingdom TV production company called Planet 24, but the Swedish version, which debuted in 1997, was the first Survivor series to actually make it to television.


Survivor, through its seasons and various international versions, has maintained the basic premise of the game despite several new rules and gameplay twists introduced in later seasons. In the game, sixteen to twenty contestants, the castaways, are split into tribes and assigned separate camps at the filming's location, typically a tropical setting. As a tribe, the castaways must survive the elements, construct shelter, build fire, look for water, and scrounge for food and other necessities for the entire length of the game, which is generally 39 days in the American version, but has ranged from 20 days (as in the French special seasons) to 134 days (as in some seasons of the Turkish edition). In the first half of the game, the tribes face off in challenges, some for rewards of food, shelter, or luxury items, while others are for immunity, preventing the winning tribe from having to go to the next Tribal Council. At Tribal Council, the tribes discuss the events of the last few days with the host asking questions, and then vote out one of their own players, eliminating them from the game.

In the second half of the game, the tribes are merged into a single tribe, and challenges are played at an individual level for individual rewards and immunity. At subsequent Tribal Councils, those eliminated start to form the jury, who sit in on all subsequent Tribal Councils but otherwise do not participate. When only two or three castaways remain, those castaways attend a final Tribal Council, where the jury is given the opportunity to ask them questions. After this, the jury members then vote to decide which of the remaining castaways should be declared the Sole Survivor.

Episodes typically cover the events that occurred over two to three days since the start of the game or previous Tribal Council, including Challenges and events that occur at the tribes' camps. Each episode typically ends with the Tribal Council and subsequent elimination of the voted-out player.

The following description of the show is based primarily on the U.S. version of Survivor, though the general format applies to all international versions.

Castaways and tribes

The tribe camp near the end of Survivor: Borneo. Tribes must build themselves basic shelters from natural resources and through reward items earned during the competition.

Players for each season are selected through applicants and casting calls, down-selecting to between sixteen and twenty players and additional alternates. U.S. version host Jeff Probst noted that while sixteen castaways assists in spliting the tribes with respect to age and sex, they have used eighteen and twenty to provide them "wiggle room" in case of player injury or if one should want to quit the game.[1] These players undergo physical and psychological evaluation to make sure they are physically and mentally fit for the survival endurance and will not likely quit during the filming period, replacing those that are questionable with the alternates. In one case, Fiji, on the day before filming was to start after they had dismissed their alternates, one of the castaways opted out of the competition, forcing production to start with nineteen players and adapting the activities of the first few days to accommodate the odd number of players.[2]

Tribes may be predetermined by production before filming starts. Often this is done to equalize the sexes and age ranges within both tribes. Other seasons have had the tribes separated by age, gender, or race. In other cases, the tribes may be created by the castaways through schoolyard picks. Most often, only two tribes are featured, but some seasons have begun with three or four tribes. Once assigned a tribe, each castaway is given a buff in their tribe color to aid the viewers in identifying tribal allocation. Tribes are then subsequently given names, often inspired by the local region and culture, and directions to their camps.

At their camps, tribes are expected to build a shelter against the elements from the local trees and other resources. Tribes are typically given minimal resources, such as a machete, water canteens, cooking pots, and staples of rice and grains, though this will vary from season to season. Sometimes, tribes will be provided with a water well near the camp, but require the water to be boiled to make it potable, necessitating the need for the tribe to build a fire. The tribes are encouraged to forage off the land for food, including fruits, wild animals, and fish.

Tribe swaps

In some seasons, tribe swaps will occur where one or more players will shift from one tribe to another. These new tribal designations are often determined by random draw or schoolyard pick. When these occur, those players that shift tribes are given new buffs for their new tribe and return to that tribe's camp, with any personal possessions from their former camp moved with them. In seasons with more than two tribes, tribe swaps will often reduce the number of tribes to two. In Survivor: Cambodia, a tribe swap increased the number of tribes from two to three; a second tribe swap later in the season reduced the number of tribes back to two.

Tribes that have lost too many members may be absorbed by the other remaining tribes, as seen with the Ulong tribe in Survivor: Palau and the Matsing tribe of Survivor: Philippines; in the former case, the lone remaining Ulong member joined the opposing Koror tribe and the tribes were treated as if they were merged, whereas in the later case the two remaining Matsing members were randomly assigned to the two remaining tribes. Alternatively, in Survivor: All-Stars, the tribe that placed third in a designated challenge was disbanded, with the members reallocated to the other two tribes by schoolyard pick.

The Merge

At a point in the middle of the game, the remaining tribes are merged into one. All of the players then live in a single camp, and are given new buffs and instructed to select a new tribe name and paint a tribe flag. The merge is often signified with a feast. Though the merge often occurs when approximately 10 to 12 players remain, the tribes have been merged with as many as 13 players (as in Survivor: Cambodia) and as few as eight (as in Survivor: Thailand). Merge colors are different, but black has been used by far the most at 12 times, followed by green six times, red, orange, and blue three times each, purple and yellow twice each, and magenta once.


Tribes compete frequently in both mental and physical challenges to win rewards or immunity, such as this race to pull cannons during the first episode of Survivor: Pearl Islands.

During both pre- and post-merge parts of the game, the castaways compete in a series of challenges. Tribes are alerted to these upcoming challenges by a message, often in rhyme, delivered to camp by the production team at a basket or box on a nearby tree; this message has come to be called "treemail", playing off the word "e-mail". The message typically hints at what the challenge might be. The message may also provide props to demonstrate this, practice equipment for the players, or a sampling of the reward. Challenges can last from a few minutes to a couple of hours. The longest Survivor challenge was 11 hours and 55 minutes in the final immunity challenge in Survivor: Palau.

Tribal challenges

Prior to the merge, tribes compete against each other in challenges. These most often are multi-segment obstacle courses that include both physical and mental elements with the tribe that finishes first declared the winner; commonly, these start with tribe members collecting puzzles pieces that are then used to solve a puzzle by other tribe members. Other challenges may be based on winning a number of rounds of head-to-head competitions. Challenges are normally held with equal numbers of all tribes participating and in some cases equal splits of gender. Tribes with more players will be asked to sit out as many players as needed to balance the numbers, with the stipulation that those players cannot sit out in back-to-back reward and immunity challenges.[3] When one tribe has more than twice the other tribe members, then players in the larger tribe cannot participate in back-to-back challenges. Tribes are given time to strategically decide who should sit out and who will perform the various duties on a challenge.

Individual challenges

After the merge, challenges are generally performed on an individual basis. These include similar obstacle courses as for team challenges, but will often also include endurance challenges, having players maintain the balance under precarious situations for as long as possible, with the last player remaining winning the challenge. In some cases, during post-merge challenges, the individuals will be split into separate teams, with only the winning team eligible for reward or immunity .

Types of challenges

Challenges can be played for rewards, immunity, or both. Rewards include food, survival equipment like flint, tarps, or fishing gear, luxury items, and short getaways from camp. Before the merge, the entire winning tribe will enjoy these rewards. Post-merge, only one player may win the reward but will be given the opportunity to select one or more other players to bring along with them on it. Individual challenge rewards may also include an advantage that can be used at the subsequent immunity challenge, such as advancing directly into the final round of the challenge without having to participate in the first round.

Immunity challenges provide the winning tribe or team with immunity from Tribal Council. Immunity is usually represented in a form of an idol prior to the merge, and a necklace afterwards. Prior to the merge, tribes with immunity do not attend Tribal Council, allowing them to stay intact. In seasons featuring more than two tribes, immunity will be available for all but the last place finishers, forcing this one tribe to Tribal Council. With individual immunity, those castaways still attend Tribal Council with the rest of the merged tribe, but, unless they assign immunity to someone else, are ineligible to be voted for. Winning immunity is only good for one Tribal Council; at the next immunity challenge, the tribe or castaway will be asked to give up the idol or necklace, making immunity "up for grabs". There have been a few cases in which individual immunity challenges have taken place prior to the merge whereupon usually, one castaway in each tribe will be given immunity, after which both tribes will attend Tribal Council, one after the other. This is used to quickly dwindle the number of remaining castaways.

Though a wide variety of challenges have been used across the Survivor's broadcast, several challenges are frequently reused:

Tribal Council

Tribal Council is a specially built stage located near the tribe camps; tribes sit across a fire pit from the host, while the jury members, if present, sit off to the side. A small voting alcove adjoins the structure. Events at Tribal Council are presented as the finale of each episode.

The first time any player attends Tribal Council, its members are each given a torch and told to light it from the fire pit, with the statement that "fire represents your life in this game". After the tribe is seated, the host will call in the jury (if in the Jury phase), reminding them they are there to watch but not speak. The host will then proceed to ask the tribe questions regarding camp life and events he witnessed at the challenges over the last few days. During this process, internal strife within the tribe may be brought to light, and castaways in precarious situations may reveal information or bargain with others to keep themselves in the game. Though only a few minutes of these proceedings are shown to the viewing audience, some Tribal Councils have gone on for hours.

Subsequently, the host will ask the tribe member with the immunity necklace if they want to keep it or transfer it to someone else; whoever wears it after this possible exchange cannot be voted for. The host then asks each castaway to make their vote in the alcove. The castaway is given an opportunity to speak to a camera in a message directed to the person they are voting off and to the viewers before placing the vote in an urn. When all votes are made, the host collects the urn, tallies the votes and starts reading the votes one by one. When enough votes have been read to eliminate one player, all remaining votes are kept secret (although in almost all cases, it is assumed that any leftover votes are to the eliminated player), and that player is asked to bring the host their torch, who then snuffs it out. The player is then told "the tribe has spoken" (or in rare cases, a variation thereof) and is instructed to leave the Tribal Council area. The remainder of the tribe is then allowed to return to camp with their torches, though in some seasons, if they have not earned or made fire yet, they have been required to douse their torches before leaving; in All-Stars seasons, any tribe that have not earned or made fire yet have been asked to leave their torches at Tribal Council.

The eliminated player is given the opportunity to speak to a camera about their feelings of being eliminated before they are secluded with other eliminated castaways until the end of filming. Those players that will become jury members are sequestered until the end of the final Tribal Council and are generally not allowed to discuss their voting or issues with the remaining contestants, other jury members, or the final players, in order to prevent any possible cooperation or collusion from subgroups within the jury.

Ties may occur. Normally, a second vote is held, with only the tied players eligible to be voted for. If this second vote does not break the stalemate, a tiebreaker is used, the nature of which has changed throughout the seasons. In Survivor: The Australian Outback and Survivor: Africa, ties were resolved by eliminating the player with the higher number of previous votes cast against them. If the players had the same number of previous votes cast against them, as seen in Africa, the tie was resolved by a sudden-death challenge (in this case a trivia quiz about nature), with the loser eliminated. In subsequent seasons, the non-tied voters are given several minutes to deliberate and must come to a unanimous agreement about which tied castaway to eliminate. If they are successful, their chosen castaway is eliminated; if not, all non-immune deliberators draw concealed rocks from a bag and the castaway who draws the odd-colored rock is eliminated. This is done to punish the deliberators for not resolving the tie, and to encourage castaways to change their votes to avoid a tie. The rock draw tiebreaker has occurred three times: in Survivor: Marquesas, Survivor: Blood vs. Water and in Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X. In the case of Survivor: Marquesas, the rock draw occurred with four players remaining, and the tied castaways were both involved in the deliberation and eligible for the rock draw; host Jeff Probst later revealed that this was a mistake and that this tiebreaker should only be used when six or more players are involved.[4] Following Survivor: Marquesas, all tiebreakers with four players remaining have been resolved by a fire making duel, in which the first tied castaway to build a small fire high enough to burn through a rope remained in the game. The fire making tiebreaker was also used in Survivor: Palau at a Tribal Council where the losing tribe had only two members remaining.

Final Tribal Council

The Final Tribal Council occurs when there are only two—or, in later seasons, three—players left in the game. The change to three finalists was made so that the endgame would present more of a challenge to the castaway who wins the final immunity challenge: while that person has clinched their spot at the Final Tribal Council, they are not able to decide alone which of the other remaining castaways they will compete against for the jury's votes.[5]

At the Final Tribal Council, each remaining castaway is given time to make a statement to the jury. Then each jury member, in turn, addresses them, asking each a question or commenting on their behaviour in the game in an effort to sway the other jury members; the castaways are free to respond to these as they see fit. The remaining castaways may be given time for a concluding speech. After this, the host has each jury member, in turn, go to vote in the alcove, this time for the person that they feel should be named the Sole Survivor. As with regular elimination votes, the jurors are given an opportunity to speak to the camera to explain their vote. The host then collects the urn, and in most seasons, leaves the votes unread until a live finale months later, at the conclusion of the season's broadcast, where the Sole Survivor is announced.

Though no tied final vote has occurred in the American version, it has been a theoretical possibility in several seasons. At the finale of Survivor: Micronesia, the only season to date with two finalists and an even-numbered jury (with eight jurors), host Jeff Probst reportedly had a white envelope that was involved in the tiebreaker, but the exact nature of this tiebreaker has not been made known.[6] This contingency plan was also in place for three-way ties involving three finalists and nine jurors. In the case of a tie between two of three finalists, Probst has revealed that the first ballot would be read on-location, and the jurors would re-vote between the two remaining finalists; the resolving ballot would then be held until the live finale, and the reveal would proceed as normal.[7]

In the French series, ties between two finalists are resolved by crowning them co-winners, as seen in their third and seventh seasons.

Evacuation and quitting

Some players have been eliminated from the game by other means than being voted out. Castaways who suffer severe injuries or exhaustion are evaluated by the medical team which is always on call. The medical team may provide treatment and give the player the option to continue in the game, warning them of the health risks involved. However, if the medical doctor determines that the player is at risk of permanent injury or death and needs to be removed from the game for their own health, they will be removed and taken to a nearby hospital. In Survivor: Cambodia, the producers were notified that one of the remaining castaways' children had been hospitalized, and the castaway was pulled from the game to return home and be with their family. Survivor: Kaoh Rong has had the most evacuations to date, with three.

Occasionally, castaways who are not in need of medical treatment have decided to quit the game, without waiting to be voted out, due to physical or emotional exhaustion—either by making an announcement at a Tribal Council, in which case they are let out of the game without any vote, or by being recovered from camp after making their intentions clear to producers and being interviewed by the host. When a player leaves the game without being voted off, the other tribes are notified of the departed player's removal, and the next Tribal Council may be cancelled. After the players merge into one tribe, any who have been removed from the game by medical evacuation are still eligible to participate as jury members once the medical examiners deem them healthy enough to do so. Those that have quit the game voluntarily may also still be eligible for the jury and, if their reasons for leaving are considered sufficient, they may also still be allowed to make a farewell speech to the camera.

Hidden immunity idols

Hidden immunity idols are pocket-sized ornaments—typically necklaces—made to fit the theme of the season, that are hidden around the tribes' camps or other locations that the castaways have access to. When played at Tribal Council, the hidden immunity idol makes the castaway who plays it immune from elimination at that Tribal Council. Idols are typically usable until the Tribal Council with five players remaining, and do not need to be declared to other castaways when found. The idol, once found by a player, cannot be stolen from them, but other castaways can look through their possessions to see if they have it. Idols can, however, be transferred to other players at any point, or be played on another player at Tribal Council. Once an idol "leaves the game", either by being played or by the holder leaving the game with their idol, a replacement idol may be hidden.

First seen in Survivor: Guatemala, several seasons have used different iterations of the idol:

The third type of idol is seen as a "happy medium" relative to the two previous versions,[8] and forces both the voters and the idol holder to make a more complicated strategic decision: the voters may have to vote without knowing whether the person they are voting for has a hidden immunity idol or without knowing whether that person will choose to play it, and the person with the idol must decide whether to play it without knowing whether enough votes have been cast to vote them out of the game. This type of idol may be "wasted" if a player uses it and does not receive the highest number of votes, and other times idol holders may choose not to use the idol, intending to save it to use at a later time, but will be eliminated with their idol unplayed. Though this third idol continues to be used, two seasons have used the two latter forms of idols concurrently: in Cagayan, clues were given to the third type of idol, but an idol with the second power was hidden with no clues; this idol could not be transferred.[9] In Kaôh Rōng, all hidden idols were of the third type, but two idols could be combined into a single idol of the second type, referred to as a "super idol".[10]

Strategically, castaways have used the idol as a bargaining chip to align other players with them and swing pending votes in a specific direction; as a result, some players have been inspired to create fake hidden immunity idols, either leaving them the spot that the original idol was found, or carrying them around as a bluff to attempt to alter people's voting strategies in advance of Tribal Council. If a fake idol is played at Tribal Council, the host notes that it is not the real idol and throws it in the fire. In the U.S. version of the show, the producers have encouraged players to make fake idols by providing decorative materials—such as beads, string, and paint—through props within the game.[11] In Cambodia, all idols were deliberately made to look different from each other to further encourage castaways to make fake idols.[12]

To help castaways find the idol, a series of clues are given to them in succession in a number of different ways. A clue may be given to the winner of a reward challenge, hidden among the reward prizes, announced by the host to all remaining castaways, or provided to a castaway who has been sent to Exile Island or temporarily sent to live with the other tribe. Castaways are under no obligation to share the idol clues with other players. Clues continue to be provided even after a player has secretly found the idol. Each successive clue includes all the previous clues given for that location. Only once a new idol is hidden are new clues provided to the players. In later seasons, players have been very aware that hidden idols may be in play from the start of the game and some have started to look for them near apparent landmarks before any clues have been provided. One castaway, Russell Hantz, was able to find two idols during Survivor: Samoa without the aid of clues. In light of this so-called "Russell factor," producers subsequently began hiding the idols in more difficult-to-find locations,[13] and, in a subsequent season, clues contained visual rebuses rather than text.[14]

Exile Island

Exile Island is a remote location away from the tribal camps, where one or two castaways are sent to live in isolation from the rest of their tribe. Exile Island was first introduced in Survivor: Palau when a single contestant was made to stay alone on a beach for a day as a result of being the first to drop out of an Immunity Challenge. This twist would not be used regularly until Survivor: Panama; it was also used in Cook Islands, Fiji, Micronesia, Gabon, Tocantins, and San Juan del Sur.

A selected player is exiled to a location (typically a small island) apart from the main tribe camps. Typically, the castaway is exiled after the reward challenge, leaving the challenge location for Exile Island, and usually returns immediately before the following immunity challenge. The exiled castaway is chosen as a result of the reward challenge: in the tribal phase, a member of the losing tribe is exiled (usually exiled by the winning tribe), while in the individual phase, the reward challenge winner holds the sole right to choose. Unless stated otherwise, players who win the right to decide who goes to Exile Island may also choose to go themselves. In Micronesia, Tocantins, and San Juan del Sur, one person from each tribe was sent to Exile Island. In several seasons with Exile Island, there are tribe swaps with an uneven number of castaways remaining, as in Panama, Fiji, Gabon; the leftover contestant will be treated as "tribeless" and exiled immediately after formation. In this case, the contestant is immune until following the next Tribal Council, joining the tribe that loses the next immunity challenge.

Once selected, the exiled contestant is immediately sent there. They are given minimal survival tools, typically a water canteen, a machete, a pot, and a limited amount of shelter. The two main disadvantages of being on Exile Island are the lack of food and water, which can weaken a player and make them less effective in challenges, and the isolation from other contestants, which can cause a player to become out of the loop and weaken their position in their tribe. Contestants are often sent to Exile Island for one or both of these strategic reasons.

In certain seasons, exiled castaways receive a consolation prize: in all seasons with Exile Island, the exiled castaway receives a clue to the hidden immunity idol, which may or may not be located on the island. On Survivor: Gabon, the exiled castaway was given the option to give up their idol clue for "instant comfort," and in Survivor: Tocantins, the exiled castaway had the right to change tribes. Occasionally, the exiled castaway is instructed to return after the next Tribal Council, earning them automatic immunity.

Other exile twists

Two seasons of the U.S. version have used different variations on the Exile twists. In China, tribes who win reward challenges earned the right to "kidnap" a member of the losing tribe, and that person would have to stay with them until the next immunity challenge. The kidnapped person would be given a clue to the hidden immunity idol which he or she must give to one member of the winning tribe. In Samoa, a reverse version of the kidnapping rule was used, called "spy expedition" (also known as "observing"). The winning tribe would have to send one of their own to accompany the other tribe until the immunity challenge. Both of these twists were retired after the merge. In Kaôh Rōng, the three tribes were shuffled into two tribes with 13 players remaining; the leftover castaway was exiled to the now-defunct third camp and joined the tribe that lost the next immunity challenge the day after their Tribal Council.

Redemption Island

Redemption Island is a twist used in Survivor: Redemption Island, Survivor: South Pacific and Survivor: Blood vs. Water, in which voted out contestants remain in the game, exiled from the other castaways, competing in challenges for a chance to return to the game. It was first used in several international editions, including the Swedish version, the Israeli version as "The Island of the Dead", Philippine version's second season as "Isla Purgatoryo" (Purgatory Island), the Serbian version's second season as "Ghost Island" and the Romanian version's first season as "Exile Island".

After being voted out, contestants are exiled to Redemption Island, where they will fend for themselves like the castaways in the game proper until the next person is voted out. The day following Tribal Council, there is a duel in which the winner remains on the island and the losers are eliminated for good; upon elimination, the duel losers must remove their buff and throw it into a small fire pit. There are two places where the winner of the duel returns to the game: at the merge, where Redemption Island is cleared and reset; and when there are four players remaining in the main game, at which point Redemption Island is retired.

Double elimination cycles, or any other disruption of the game's pattern, leads to three or four duelists instead of two. In Survivor: Redemption Island only the loser of the duel was eliminated, resulting in four players competing in the final duel due to two double elimination cycles, with two Tribal Councils and no duels in between. For Survivor: South Pacific, the rules were changed so only the winner remained in the game while all others were eliminated. In Survivor: Blood vs. Water, there were three competitors at every duel, with only one player eliminated at each duel except for ones in which a sole winner returned to the main game.

Redemption Island in Blood vs. Water featured additional alterations to fit with the game's primary twist of featuring pairs of loved ones. Prior to any duel, the castaways with loved ones on Redemption Island are given the choice to replace their loved one on Redemption Island, with their loved one returning to the main game and taking their place in the tribe. In addition, the first-place winner of the duel must give a clue to a hidden immunity idol to any castaway in the main game.

Other seasons have featured alternate twists in which voted out players can return to the game. In 2003, Survivor: Pearl Islands featured the Outcast twist, in which the six eliminated castaways competed as the Outcast tribe against the two remaining tribes; as the Outcast tribe won the challenge, they earned the right to vote two of their own back into the game, while the other two tribes had to vote players out; following this, the tribes merged. In the seventh season of the Israeli version, voted out players remained in the game as "zombies", challenging their former tribemates to stay in the game and vote in their stead at Tribal Council; similar to Redemption Island, zombies returned to the game at the merge and near the end of the game.


The Sole Survivor receives a cash prize of $1,000,000 prior to taxes and sometimes also receives a car provided by the show's sponsor. Every player receives a prize for participating on Survivor depending on how long he or she lasts in the game. In most seasons, the runner-up receives $100,000, and third place wins $85,000. All other players receive money on a sliding scale, though specific amounts have rarely been made public. Sonja Christopher, the first player voted off of Survivor: Borneo, received $2,500.[15] In Survivor: Fiji, the first season with tied runners-up, the two runners-up received US$100,000 each, and Yau-Man Chan received US$60,000 for his fourth-place finish.[16] All players also receive an additional $10,000 for their appearance on the reunion show.[17]

Most seasons between The Australian Outback and Fiji have featured a late-season reward challenge where the winner receives a car. This reward was infamous for what was later dubbed the "car curse,"[18] referring to the fact that no player who ever won the car went on to win the game.

Other additional prizes are given out post-game, usually at the live reunion that immediately follows the coronation of the winner.

Variations in the format

Aside from the U .S. version, other franchises introduced variations and twists for the game. Most of these twists and variations are used in other franchises as well:

Expeditie Robinson Belgium/Netherlands
Koh-Lanta (France)
Robinson Ekspeditionen Denmark
Robinsonid (Estonia), Robinsoni (Latvia), Robinzonai (Lithuania)
Survivor Israel
Robinsonekspedisjonen Norway
Survivor Philippines
Expedition Robinson Sweden
The title card for Expedition Robinson's 15th season, Robinson: Revanschen.
Twists with unknown origins

Game rules

Survivor series

The Survivor format has been adapted for numerous international versions of the show, some named after the original Expedition Robinson.


     Currently airing franchise
     Franchise with an upcoming season
     Franchise no longer aired
Region/Country Local title Networks Winners Grand Prize Hosts
Africa Survivor Africa M-Net Season 1, 2006: Tsholofelo Gasenelwe $100,000 Anthony Oseyemi
(Season 1)
Arab World Survivor
LBC Season 1, 2005: Hussein El-Abass SR1,000,000 Tareq Mounir
(Season 1)
Argentina Expedición Robinson Canal 13

Season 1, 2000: Sebastián Martino
Season 2, 2001: María Victoria Fernández

$100,000 Julián Weich
(Season 1–2)
Australia Australian Survivor Nine Network
(Season 1)
Network Ten
(Season 3-present)
Season 1, 2002: Rob Dickson
Season 3, 2016: Kristie Bennett
Season 4, 2017: Upcoming Season
A$500,000 & Ford Escape
(Season 1)
(Season 3-present)
Lincoln Howes
(Season 1)
Jonathan LaPaglia
(Season 3-present)
Australian Celebrity Survivor Seven Network Season 2, 2006: Guy Leech A$100,000
(For charity)
Ian "Dicko" Dickson
Expedition Robinson ORF
Season 1, 2000: Melanie1 DEM100,000
Azerbaijan Extreme Azerbaijan
(Ekstrim Azərbaycan)
Space TV Season 1, 2011: Unknown Sports car Emin Əhmədov
(Season 1)
Baltics Robinsonid
TV3 Estonia
TV3 Latvia
TV3 Lithuania

Season 1, 2000: Zane Mukane
Season 2, 2001: Māris Šveiduks
Season 3, 2002: Rimas Valeikis

Mazda 626
(Season 1)

50,000 LT
(Season 2–3)
Emil Rutiku
(Season 1-3)

Pauls Timrots
(Season 1-3)
Vytautas Kernagis
(Season 1-3)
Džungļu zvaigznes
Season 1, 2004: Dagmāra Legante 10,000 Tenu Karks
Raimond Dombrovskis
Vytautas Kernagis
Expeditie Robinson VT4
(Season 1–5)

(Season 6–13)

(Season 1–5)

(Season 6–7)

(Season 6–13)

Season 1, 2000: Karin Lindenhovius
Season 2, 2001: Richard Mackowiak
Season 3, 2002: Derek Blok
Season 4, 2003: Jutta Borms
Season 5, 2004: Frank de Meulder
Season 6, 2005: Marnix Allegaert
Season 7, 2006: Olga Urashova
Season 8, 2007: Vinncent Arrendell
Season 9, 2008: Yin Oei Sian
Season 10, 2009: Marcel Vandezande
Season 11, 2010: Regina Romeijn
Season 12, 2011: Tanja Dexters
Season 13, 2012: Fatima Moreira de Melo

(Season 3 – present)
(Season 1–2)
(Season 1–9)
Désiré Naessens
(Season 1)
Roos Van Acker
(Season 2–5)
Lotte Verlackt
(Season 6–7)
Evi Hanssen
(Season 7–13)
Eddy Zoey
(Season 10–12)
Dennis Weening
(Season 13)
Expeditie Robinson:
Season 1, 2006: Ryan van Esch
Brazil No Limite Globo

Season 1, 2000: Elaine de Melo
Season 2, 2001: Léo Rassi
Season 3, 2001: Rodrigo Trigueiro
Season 4, 2009: Luciana de Araújo

R$ 500,000 Zeca Camargo
(Season 1–4)
Bulgaria Survivor BG
(Сървайвър БГ)

Season 1, 2006: Neli Ivanova
Season 2, 2007: Georgi Kostadinov
Season 3, 2008: Nikolay Martinov
Season 4, 2009:[19] Georgi Kehaiov
Season 5, 2014: Vanja Džaferović

250,000 BGN
(Season 1-4)
100,000 BGN
(Season 5)

(Season 1)
Vladimir Karamazov
(Season 2–5)
Evtim Miloshev
(Season 4 to Day 22)

People's Republic of China Into The Shangri-La
CCTV Season 1, 2001: Members of Sun Village A chance to
fulfill their dreams
Chile Expedición Robinson
(Celebrity Format)
Canal 13 Season 1, 2006: Marcela Roberts $50,000,000

Sergio Lagos
(Season 1)
Karla Constant
(Season 1)

Colombia Expedición Robinson Caracol TV

Season 1, 2001: Rolando Patarroyo
Season 2, 2002: Cristóbal Echevarría

(Season 1)

(Season 2)

Margarita Francisco
(Season 1–2)
La Isla
de los Famo S.O.S.

(Celebrity Format)

Season 1, 2004: María Cecilia Sánchez
Season 2, 2005: Leonel Álvarez
Season 3, 2006: Lucas Jaramillo
Season 4, 2007: José Javier Ramírez


Guillermo Prieto
(Season 1–4)
Katerine Porto
(Season 1)

Croatia Survivor HRT
(Season 1)
Season 1, 2005: Vazmenko Pervanu €100,000
(Season 1)

Antonija Blaće
(Season 2)
Milan Kalinić
(Season 2)
Andrija Milošević
(Season 2)
Marijana Batinić
(Season 2)
Survivor Croatia VIP RTL Televizija
(Season 2)
Season 2, 2012: Vladimir "Vlada" Vuksanović4 50,000
(Season 2)

Czech Republic Trosečník TV Prima Season 1, 2006: Ingrid Golasová 5,000,000 CZK Marek Vašut
(Season 1)
Robinsonův ostrov TV Nova Season 1, 2017: Upcoming season 2,500,000 CZK Ondřej Novotný
(Season 1)
Denmark Robinson

Season 1, 1998: Regina Pedersen
Season 2, 1999: Dan Marstrand
Season 3, 2000: Sonny Pedersen
Season 4, 2001: Malene Hasselblad
Season 5, 2002: Henrik Ørum
Season 6, 2003: Frank Quistgard
Season 7, 2004: Mette Frandsen
Season 8, 2005: Mogens Brandstrup
Season 9, 2006: Diego Tur
Season 10, 2007: Rikke Gøransson
Season 11, 2008: Daniela Hansen
Season 12, 2009: Villy Eenberg
Season 13, 2010: Søren Engelbret
Season 14, 2011: Hugo Kleister
Season 15, 2013: Jeppe Bruun Hansen
Season 16, 2014: Stina Von Edelstein
Season 17, 2015: Kenneth Mikkelsen
Season 18, 2016: Henrik Oltmann Andersen
Season 19, 2017: Upcoming Season

1,000,000 DKK (Season 5-9)

500,000 DKK (Season 10-Present)

250,000 DKK (Season 1-4)

Thomas Mygind
(Season 1–6)
Jakob Kjeldbjerg
(Season 7–Present)

Ecuador Expedición Robinson Teleamazonas Season 1, 2003: Tito Grefa $30,000
and a car
Marisa Sánchez
(Season 1)
Finland Suomen Robinson Nelonen

Season 1, 2004: Marjaana Valkeinen
Season 2, 2005: Mira Jantunen


Jarmo Mäkinen
(Season 1)
Arttu Harkki
(Season 2)

Selviytyjät Suomi
(Survivor Finland)
MTV3 Season 1, 2013: Jarkko Kortesoja €50,000

Heikki Paasonen
(Season 1)

France Koh-Lanta TF1

Season 1, 2001: Gilles Nicolet
Season 2, 2002: Amel Fatnassi
Season 3, 2003: Isabelle Seguin and Delphine Bano
Season 4, 2004: Philippe Bordier
Season 5, 2005: Clémence Castel
Season 6, 2006: François-David Cardonnel
Season 7, 2007: Jade Handi and Kevin Cuoco
Season 8, 2008: Christelle Gauzet
Season 9, 2009: Christina Chevry
Season 10, 2010: Philippe Duron
Season 11, 2011: Gérard Urdampilleta
Season 12, 2012: Ugo Lartiche
Season 13, 2013: Cancelled
Season 14, 2015: Marc Rambaud
Season 15, 2016: Wendy Gervois
Season 16, 2016: Current season

€100,000 Hubert Auriol
(Season 1)

Denis Brogniart
(Season 2 – Present)

Koh-Lanta: All-Stars

Season 1, 2009: Romuald Lafite
Season 2, 2010: Grégoire Delachaux
Season 3, 2012: Bertrand Bolle
Season 4, 2014: Laurent Maistret

Denis Brogniart
(Season 1–4)
Georgia უკანასკნელი

Ukanaskneli Gmiri
Rustavi 2 Season 1, 2007–2008: Tamar Chanturashvili
Germany Survivor RTL 2
(Season 1 - 2)

(Season 3)

Season 2, 2001: Alexander Kolo1
Season 3, 2007: Volker

(Season 2)

(Season 3)
Greece Survivor Mega TV Season 1, 2003: Evagelina Dermetzoglou

Season 2, 2004: Konstantina Golias

STAR Season 4, 2016-17: Upcoming season TBA TBA
Survivor: Greece vs. Turkey Mega TV Season 3, 2006: Derya Durmuşlar3 €250,000
Hungary Survivor – A Sziget RTL Klub

Season 1, 2003: Tünde Molnár
Season 2, 2004: Dávid Hankó

10,000,000 Ft
and a car
András Stohl
(Season 1–2)
India Survivor India – The Ultimate Battle Star Plus Season 1, 2012 : Raj Rani 1 crore Sameer Kochhar
Israel הישרדות
Hisardut (Hebrew: Survival)
Channel 10
(Seasons 1-6)
Channel 2'
(Reshet) (Season 7-)

Season 1, 2007-2008: Na'ama Kaesari
Season 2, 2008-2009: Erik Alper
Season 3, 2009: Shay Arel
Season 4, 2010: Natan Bashevkin
Season 5, 2011: Irit Rahamim Basis
Season 7, 2015-2016: Liron "Tiltil" Orfali
Season 8, 2016: Upcoming season

1,000,000 Guy Zu-Aretz
(Season 1 – Present)
הישרדות VIP
Hisardut VIP
(Hebrew: Survival VIP)
Season 6, 2012: Itay Segev
Italy Survivor Italia Italia 1 Season 1, 2001: Milica Miletic €200,000

Pietro Suber
(Season 1)
Benedetta Corbi
(Season 1)

L'Isola dei Famosi
The Island Of The Famous
Rai Due
(Season 1-9)

Canale 5
(Season 10-present)

Season 1, 2003: Walter Nudo
Season 2, 2004: Sergio Múñiz
Season 3, 2005: Lori Del Santo
Season 4, 2006: Luca Calvani
Season 5, 2007: Manuela Villa
Season 6, 2008: Vladimir Luxuria
Season 7, 2010: Daniele Battaglia
Season 8, 2011: Giorgia Palmas
Season 9, 2012: Antonella Elia
Season 10, 2015: Donatella
Season 11, 2016: Giacobbe Fragomeni


Simona Ventura
(Season 1–8)
Marco Mazzocchi
(Season 1–3)
Paolo Brosio
(Season 4)
(Season 5)
Filippo Magnini
(Season 6)
Rossano Rubicondi
(Season 7)
Daniele Battaglia
(Season 8)
Nicola Savino
(Season 9)
Vladimir Luxuria
(Season 9)
Alessia Marcuzzi
(Season 10-present)
Alberto 'Alvin' Bonato
(Season 10-present)

Japan Survivor

Season 1, 2002: Eri Minoshima
Season 2, 2002: Asami Kawamura
Season 3, 2003: Yasuhito Ebisawa
Season 4, 2003: Kōshin Gunji


(Season 1–4)
Munehiro Tokita
(Season 1–4)

Mexico La Isla, el reality Azteca 7

Season 1, 2012: María Reneé
Season 2, 2013: Cecilia Ponce
Season 3, 2014: Francisco Covarrubias
Season 4, 2015: Jorge Lyle
Season 5, 2016: Upcoming season

$2,000,000 Alejandro Lukini
Netherlands Expeditie Robinson RTL 5

Season 14, 2013: Edith Bosch
Season 15, 2014: Kay Nambiar
Season 16, 2015: Amara Onwuka
Season 17, 2016: Current Season

(Season 14)
(Season 15)
(Season 16 - present)
Dennis Weening
Evi Hanssen
(Season 14)
Nicolette Kluijver
(Season 15 - present)
New Zealand Survivor New Zealand TV2 Season 1, TBA: Upcoming season NZ$100,000 Matt Chisholm
Norway Robinson-
(Season 1 - 14)

(Season 15-present)

Season 1, 1999: Christer Falch
Season 2, 2000: Therese Andersen
Season 3, 2001: Mia Martinsen
Season 4, 2002: Ann Karene Molvig
Season 5, 2003: Emil Orderud
Season 6, 2004: Jan Stian Gundersen
Season 7, 2007: Ann-Kristin Otnes
Season 8, 2008: Tom Andre Tveitan
Season 9, 2009: Lina Iversen
Season 10, 2010: Alita Dagmar Kristensen
Season 11, 2011: Lillan Ramøy
Season 12, 2012: Elisabeth Nielsen
Season 13, 2013: Bjørn Tore Bekkeli
Season 14, 2015: Maiken Sæther Olsen
Season 15, 2016: Thomas Larsen


Nils Ole Oftebro
(Season 1)
Christer Falch
(Season 2 – Present)

Pakistan Survivor Pakistan PTV
Season 1, 2006: Muhammad Ziad US$100,000
Philippines Survivor Philippines GMA

Season 1, 2008: John Carlo "JC" Tiuseco
Season 2, 2009: Amanda Coolley Van Cooll

₱3,000,000 Paolo Bediones
(Season 1–2)
Survivor Philippines: Celebrity Showdown

Season 3, 2010: Akihiro Sato
Season 4, 2011-2012: Albert "Betong" Sumaya Jr.

Richard Gutierrez
(Season 3–4)
Poland Wyprawa Robinson TVN Season 1, 2004: Katarzyna Drzyżdżyk 100,000 Hubert Urbański
(Season 1)
Portugal Survivor TVI Season 1, 2001: Pedro Besugo Esc10,000,000
Romania Supraviețuitorul Pro TV Season 1, 2016: Lucian "Zapp" Lupu
100,000 Dragoș Bucurenci
(Season 1)
Russia Последний герой
Posledniy Geroy
Last Hero

Season 1, 2001: Sergey Odintsov
Season 2, 2002-2003: Veronika Norkina
Season 3, 2003: Vladimir Presnyakov, Jr
Season 4, 2003-2004: Yana Volkova
Season 5, 2004: Aleksey Matveyev
Season 6, 2005: Alexander "Conan" Alexeev
Season 7, 2008-2009: Vladimir Lysenko

3,000,000 RUB

Sergei Bodrov, Jr.
(Season 1)
Dmitry Pevtsov
(Season 2)
Nikolai Fomenko
(Season 3)
(Season 4)
Vladimir Menshov
(Season 5)
Kseniya Sobchak
(Season 7)

Scandinavia Robinson: VIP
(Celebrity Edition)
TV3 Denmark
TV3 Norway
TV3 Sweden
Season 1, 2005: Tilde Fröling2 SEK500.000
to charity
Mikkel Beha
(Season 1)
Serbia Survivor Srbija Serbia Prva(1-2)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaAlternativna Televizija(1-2)
Bosnia and Herzegovina NTV Hayat(2)
Slovenia TV 3(2)
Republic of Macedonia Sitel(2)
Republic of Macedonia A1 Televizija(1)
Montenegro TV In (2)
Montenegro PRO TV (1)

Season 1, 2008-2009: Nemanja Pavlov
Season 2, 2009-2010: Aleksandar Krajišnik

Nissan Patrol
(Season 1)

(Season 1)

(Season 2)

Andrija Milošević
(Season 1 - 4)
Marijana Batinić
(Season 4)
Survivor Srbija: VIP Serbia Prva(3-4)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaOBN(3-4)
Croatia RTL (4)
Republic of Macedonia Sitel(3-4)
Montenegro TV In (3-4)
Season 3, 2010-2011: Andrej Maričić
Season 4, 2012: Vladimir "Vlada" Vuksanović4
Slovakia Ostrov Markíza Season 1, 2016: Current Season 100 000 € Marián Mitaš
(Season 1)
Slovenia Survivor TV 3 Season 1 : Survivor Srbija 2 season 100 000 € Ula Furlan
Suvivor Slovenija: Filipini POP TV Season 2, 2016: Alen Perklič
50 000 € Miran Stanovnik
(Season 1)
South Africa Survivor
South Africa

Season 1, 2006: Vanessa Marawa
Season 2, 2007: Lorette Mostert
Season 3, 2010: Perle "GiGi" van Schalkwyk
Season 4, 2011: Hykie Berg
Season 5, 2014: Graham Jenneker


Mark Bayly
(Season 1 - 2)
Nico Panagio
(Season 3 - 5)

Spain Supervivientes Telecinco

Season 1, 2000: Xavier Monjonell
Season 2, 2001: Alfredo "Freddy" Cortina


Juan Manuel López
(Season 1 - 2)
Paco Lobaton
(Season 2)

La Isla
de los Famo S.O.S.
Antena 3

Season 3, 2003: Daniela Cardone
Season 4, 2003: Felipe López
Season 5, 2004: Jose Antonio Canales Rivera
Season 6, 2005: Víctor Janeiro


Paula Vázquez
(Season 3 - 6)
Alonso Caparrós
(Season 3)
Nuria Roca
(Season 4 - 6)

Supervivientes Telecinco

Season 7, 2006: Carmen Russo
Season 8, 2007: Nilo Manrique
Season 9, 2008: Miriam Sánchez
Season 10, 2009: Maite Zúñiga
Season 11, 2010: María José Fernández
Season 12, 2011: Rosa Benito
Season 13, 2014: Abraham García
Season 14, 2015: Christopher Mateo
Season 15, 2016: Jorge Díaz


Jesús Vázquez
(Season 7 - 11)
José Mª Íñigo
(Season 7)
Mario Picazo
(Season 8 - 10)
Eva González
(Season 11)
Jorge Javier

(Season 12 - 15)
Raquel Sánchez
(Season 12 - 14)
Lara Álvarez
(Season 14 - 15)

Sweden Expedition Robinson SVT
(Season 1 - 7)

(Season 8 - 9)

(Season 10 -

(Season 15)

Season 1, 1997: Martin Melin
Season 2, 1998: Alexandra Zazzi
Season 3, 1999: Jerker Dalman
Season 4, 2000: Mattias Dalerstedt
Season 5, 2001-2002: Jan Emanuel Johansson
Season 6, 2002: Antoni Matacz
Season 7, 2003-2004: Emma Andersson
Season 8, 2004: Jerry Forsberg
Season 9, 2005: Karolina Conrad
Season 10, 2009: Ellenor Pierre
Season 11, 2009-2010: Hans Brettschneider
Season 12, 2010: Erik Svedberg
Season 13, 2011: Mats Kemi
Season 14, 2012: Mariana "Mirre" Hammarling
Season 15, 2015: Dan Spinelli Scala & Jennifer Egelryd


Harald Treutiger
(Season 1 - 2)
Anders Lundin
(Season 3 - 7)
Robert Aschberg
(Season 8 - 9)
Linda Isacsson
(Season 10)
Paolo Roberto
(Season 11 - 14)

Switzerland Expedition Robinson TV3

Season 1, 1999: Andreas Widmer
Season 2, 2000: Stefanie Ledermann

CHF100,000 Silvan Grütter
(Season 1 - 3)
Turkey Survivor: Büyük Macera Kanal D

Season 1, 2005: Uğur Pektaş


Ahmet Utlu[20]
Survivor: Greece vs. Turkey Show TV

Season 2, 2006: Derya Durmuşlar


Acun Ilıcalı
Survivor: Aslanlar vs. Kanaryalar Show TV

Season 3, 2007: Taner Özdeş


Acun Ilıcalı
Survivor: Kızlar vs. Erkekler Show TV

Season 4, 2010: Merve Oflaz


Acun Ilıcalı
Survivor: Ünlüler vs. Gönüllüler
(with Celebrities)
Show TV
(Season 5-6)

Star TV
(Season 7-8)

Season 5, 2011: Derya Büyükuncu
Season 6, 2012: Nihat Altınkaya
Season 7, 2013: Hilmi Cem İntepe
Season 8, 2014: Turabi Çamkıran


Acun Ilıcalı
Hanzade Ofluoğlu
(Season 5)
Burcu Esmersoy
(Season 6)
Alp Kırşan
(Season 7-8)

Survivor All Star tv8

Season 9, 2015: Turabi Çamkıran


Acun Ilıcalı
Alp Kırşan

Survivor: Ünlüler vs. Gönüllüler
(with Celebrities)

Season 10, 2016: Çağan Atakan Arslan
Season 11, 2017: Upcoming season


Acun Ilıcalı
Alp Kırşan

Ukraine Oстанній герой
Ostanniy Geroy
Last Hero

Season 1, 2011: Andrey Kovalski
Season 2, 2012: Alexei Diveyeff-Tserkovny

United Kingdom Survivor ITV

Season 1, 2001: Charlotte Hobrough
Season 2, 2002: Jonny Gibb


Mark Austin
(Season 1)
John Leslie
(Season 1)
Mark Nicholas
(Season 2)

United States Survivor CBS Season 1, 2000: Richard Hatch

Season 2, 2001: Tina Wesson
Season 3, 2001-2002: Ethan Zohn
Season 4, 2002: Vecepia Towery
Season 5, 2002: Brian Heidik
Season 6, 2003: Jenna Morasca
Season 7, 2003: Sandra Diaz-Twine
Season 8, 2004: Amber Brkich
Season 9, 2004: Chris Daugherty
Season 10, 2005: Tom Westman
Season 11, 2005: Danni Boatwright
Season 12, 2006: Aras Baskauskas
Season 13, 2006: Yul Kwon
Season 14, 2007: Earl Cole
Season 15, 2007: Todd Herzog
Season 16, 2008: Parvati Shallow
Season 17, 2008: Robert "Bob" Crowley
Season 18, 2009: James "J.T." Thomas Jr.
Season 19, 2009: Natalie White
Season 20, 2010: Sandra Diaz-Twine
Season 21, 2010: Jud "Fabio" Birza
Season 22, 2011: Rob Mariano
Season 23, 2011: Sophie Clarke
Season 24, 2012: Kim Spradlin
Season 25, 2012: Denise Stapley
Season 26, 2013: John Cochran
Season 27, 2013: Tyson Apostol
Season 28, 2014: Tony Vlachos
Season 29, 2014: Natalie Anderson
Season 30, 2015: Mike Holloway
Season 31, 2015: Jeremy Collins
Season 32, 2016: Michele Fitzgerald
Season 33, 2016: Current Season

US$1,000,000 & a car (Seasons 1–12)
US$1,000,000 (Season 13 – present)
Jeff Probst
(Season 1 – present)
Venezuela Robinson
La Gran Aventura

Season 1, 2001: Gabriel Pérez
Season 2, 2002: Graciela Boza

100,000,000 VEB


^1 The German Survivor created their own version after airing a co-production of Austrian-German Survivor in season 1. Austria had not continued its own series nor co-produced an Austrian-German Survivor after season 1.
^2 Expedition Robinson 2005 (VIP) was a pan-regional version of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.
^3 Survivor: Greece vs. Turkey is a co-production between the Greek and Turkish Survivor franchises. It was the third season of the popular show Survivor to air in Greece and the second season to air in Turkey. This was the first time that either country's franchise competed with another country and because of this the major twist this season was that the tribes were divided up by country of origin.
^4 Is a season co-produced by the Croatian and Serbian franchises. It was the second season of Survivor to air in Croatia and the fourth season to air in Serbia.

Current series

     Current season
Country Season name Launch date Finale date Days Survivors Grand prize
France Koh-Lanta: L'Île au trésor August 26, 2016 42 20 €100,000
Netherlands Expeditie Robinson September 8, 2016 16 €25,000
Slovakia Ostrov 2016 42 22 €100,000
United States Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X September 21, 2016 39 20 $1,000,000
Slovenia Survivor Slovenija: Filipini August 31, 2016 42 18 €50,000
Czech Republic Robinsonův Ostrov Spring 2017 45 18 2,500,000 CZK

Other media

Thrill ride

One of the more novel merchandising items has been the interactive Survivor: The Ride thrill ride at California's Great America in Santa Clara, California. The ride includes a rotating platform on which riders are divided into one of four "tribes." As the ride moves along an undulating track, riders can be sprayed by water guns hidden in oversized tribal masks while drums and other familiar Survivor musical accents play in the background. Other theming includes Survivor memorabilia throughout the queue line and other merchandise for sale in nearby gift shops.[21] The ride has since been rethemed as Tiki Twirl.

Online games

During the first Survivor seasons many online games based on forums were created. More specific Survivor online games appeared later.

In late 2013, a former contestant of the American version of the show, Erik Reichenbach, launched a Kickstarter campaign for a Survivor-styled online mobile app called "Islands of Chaos". It pits players from all over the world in a battle of challenges and strategy to be the last one standing. If the campaign is successful, the plan is to release the game free of charge on a range of platforms including on Apple and Android devices.[22]

Parody Series

Beginning on July 8, 2007, a parody of Survivor called Total Drama Island appeared on the television network Cartoon Network. This animated show included 22 summer campers who signed up to stay at a 5-star resort, which actually turned out to be a cruddy summer camp on an island somewhere in Muskoka, Ontario. The host, Chris McLean, is modelled after Survivor host Jeff Probst. The campers are taken to the island on boats to meet their fellow competitors, being heartbroken at the sight of their wasted summer. The campers were separated into two teams: The "Screaming Gophers" and the "Killer Bass". Every three days there would be a challenge for the campers to face, from jumping off a 1,000-foot high cliff into a lake to survival skills. The losing team of each challenge would go to the Bonfire Ceremony the night of the challenge, and vote someone off the team, like Survivor. Each team member still in the game would receive a marshmallow, leaving one team member without one. The member who does not receive a marshmallow (the symbol of life on the island) would have to walk the Dock of Shame and board the Boat of Losers to leave the island, and "Never ever ever ever ever" return (which turned out to be a lie in the episode "No Pain, No Game"). After 12 members of the island were voted off, the teams were merged. Two competitors were brought back into the game for another chance at the grand prize, C$100,000. When only three members are left, there is a sudden-death challenge. The person who does not accept a dare is immediately taken off the island. For the final challenge, the 20 campers voted off the island are brought back to root for one of the two survivors. The winner receives a check for the C$100,000 and the final marshmallow. The show then ends with Chris thrown off the Dock of Shame. The show aired in 188 countries and also appeared on the channels of Cartoon Network and Jetix. The show became a critical and commercial success and it spun off into a series.

See also


  1. Probst, Jeff (2009-10-23). "Jeff Probst blogs 'Survivor: Samoa': episode #6". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  2. "Jeff Probst Talks "Survivor: Fiji"". Retrieved 2007-01-12.
  3. Probst, Jeff (2010-02-26). "Jeff Probst blogs 'Survivor: Heroes vs Villains': Episode 3". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2010-02-26.
  4. Ross, Dalton (2005-02-07). "The Host Has Spoken". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
  5. "Returning Shows". Retrieved 2007-09-21.
  6. Rocchio, Christopher (2008-05-12). "Exclusive: Amanda Kimmel discusses 'Micronesia,' losing 'Survivor' twice". Reality TV World. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
  7. Holmes, Gordon (2012-05-07). "What if There's a Tie at a 'Survivor' Final Tribal Council? Jeff Probst (Kinda) Explains". Retrieved 2016-04-26.
  8. "The Slug" - Jeff Probst Talks "Survivor: Fiji"
  9. "Survivor: Cagayan Preview Special". CBS. February 12, 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  10. Ross, Dalton (January 11, 2015). "Survivor host Jeff Probst reveals latest twist: a new 'super idol'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
  11. Probst, Jeff (2009-04-03). "Jeff Probst blogs 'Survivor: Tocantins' (episode 6)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
  12. Ross, Dalton (January 11, 2015). "Survivor exclusive: Immunity idols to be hidden at challenges this season". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  13. Probst, Jeff (2010-04-30). "Jeff Probst blogs 'Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains' episode 11". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
  14. Ross, Dalton (August 9, 2010). "'Survivor: Nicaragua': New cast and new twists revealed!". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
  15. Senior Women Web
  16. "He lost a million, won our hearts on 'Survivor'". Retrieved 2007-05-15.
  17. Survivor's Lindsey Discusses Fame, Fortune, and the AIDS Benefit Reality News Online
  18. Smith, Stephan (2006-12-09). "Car Curse In Cruise Control". CBS News. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
  19. "Bulgaria Survivor contestant dies". BBC News. 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2010-03-27.
  20. Semercioğlu, Cengiz (20 May 2005). "Ahmet Utlu bir kez bile denize girmedi". Hürriyet. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  21. "Survivor: The Ride – LoveToKnow Themeparks".
  22. "Islands of Chaos: The Strategic Adventure Mobile App" Check |url= value (help).

Further reading

United Kingdom Season #1 (2001)

United Kingdom Season #2: Survivor: Panama (2002)

United States Season #1: Survivor: Pulau Tiga, Borneo (2000)

United States Season #2: Survivor: The Australian Outback (2001)

United States Season #6: Survivor: Amazon (2003)

United States Season #9: Survivor: Vanuatu -Islands of Fire (2004)

Various Seasons, esp. United States 1–6

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