Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation

Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation
Participant in the Iraq War
Active 3 October 2007 - 18 December 2011
January 2014 – present
Ideology Ba'athism, Iraqi nationalism, Sufism
Leaders Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri[1]
Area of operations Iraq, Sunni Triangle
Strength 1,000+

Naqshbandi Army


Free Iraqi Army

Anbar Tribal Councils

Iraq Republic of Iraq

Popular Mobilization Forces

Iraqi Kurdistan Kurdistan Regional Government

Battles and wars

Iraqi insurgency (2003–11)
Civil war in Iraq (2006–07)
Iraqi insurgency (2011–present)


The Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation (a.k.a. Supreme Council of Jihad and Liberation or SCJL or Ba'athist Loyalists) is an Iraqi front comprising some 23 militia groups formed in October 2007 and led by former Iraqi vice president and deputy chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri. The name is also often used to refer to the largest militia in the front, the Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order (also known by its Arabic initials JRTN), which is commanded by Douri himself.[2]

The formation of the coalition was announced on 3 October 2007 in a videotaped message broadcast on the Arab satellite television channel Al Arabiya and in a statement posted on a Ba'athist website.[3]


The group laid down a series of eight terms and conditions in order for negotiations with U.S. forces to take place:[4]


In addition to naming ad-Douri head of the group, the Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation also appointed several others to its general staff:[5]

Included groups

The Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation is made up of 23 resistance groups. The coalition is led by a Sufi Muslim group – "The Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order." Ad-Douri is said to have ascribed to Sufism, a mystical form of Islam, in his later years.[6]

The 23 named groups include:[4]

See also


  1. "The JRTN Movement and Iraq's Next Insurgency". Combating Terrorism Center at West Point.
  2. al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (23 January 2014). "Comprehensive Reference Guide to Sunni Militant Groups in Iraq". Jihadology. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014.
  3. Saddam ex-deputy heads new insurgent coalition: report Agence France-Presse, 3 October 2007
  4. 1 2 Al Douri forms nationalist Sunni coalition The Long War Journal, 4 October 2007
  5. Iraqi Resistance announces Founding of Supreme Command for the Jihad and Liberation in Baghdad, 3 October 2007
  6. Iraqi Insurgents Announce New Coalition Associated Press, 3 October 2007
  7. Kurdistan Liberation Army Pledges Allegiance to al Douri CBS News, 22 December 2008

External links

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