Spyro: Year of the Dragon

Spyro: Year of the Dragon

North American cover art
Developer(s) Insomniac Games
Publisher(s) Sony Computer Entertainment
Distributor(s) Universal Interactive Studios
Director(s) Connie Booth
Producer(s) Donovan Soto
Grady Hunt
Composer(s) Stewart Copeland
Ryan Beveridge
Series Spyro
Platform(s) PlayStation
Release date(s)
  • NA: October 25, 2000
  • EU: November 8, 2000
Genre(s) Platformer
Mode(s) Single-player

Spyro: Year of the Dragon is a platform video game developed by Insomniac Games and published by Sony Computer Entertainment for the PlayStation in 2000. Year of the Dragon is the third installment in the Spyro series and the last Spyro game to be released for the first generation PlayStation. The game was also the last Spyro game Insomniac developed; their next title would be Ratchet & Clank for the PlayStation 2.

Named after the animal of the Chinese zodiac, which was the symbol at the time of the game's release, Year of the Dragon follows the titular purple dragon Spyro as he travels to the "Forgotten Worlds" after 150 magical dragon eggs are stolen from the land of the dragons by an evil sorceress. Players travel across thirty different worlds gathering gems and eggs. Year of the Dragon introduced new characters and minigames to the series, as well as offering improved graphics and music.

Upon release, the game sold more than two million units in the United States and received positive critical response. Reviewers noted the game built on the successful formula of its predecessors by adding more games and expansive environments. It was followed by the multiplatform title Spyro: Enter the Dragonfly, and was later released for download on the PlayStation Store in 2009 in North America and in 2012 in Europe, the latter date coincidentally being another Year of the Dragon in the real-world Chinese zodiac.


Spyro attacking the winged Rhynoc on the level "Cloud Spires"

Year of the Dragon is set primarily in the third-person; its gameplay makes few deviations from that of its predecessors. The main objective of the game is to collect special dragon eggs which are scattered across 37 worlds. These eggs are hidden, or are given as rewards for completing certain tasks and levels. The worlds of Spyro are linked together by "homeworlds" or "hubs", large worlds which contain gateways to many other levels. To proceed to the next hub, the character must complete five worlds, gather a certain number of eggs, and defeat a boss.[1] Players do not need to gather every egg to complete the main portion of the game or gain access to new levels; in fact, certain eggs can only be found by returning to the world at a later time.[2] Gems are scattered across the worlds, hidden in crates and jars. These gems are used to bribe a bear named Moneybags to release captured "critters" and activate things which help Spyro progress through levels (Such as bridges). Gems, along with the number of eggs collected, count to the total completion percentage of the game.[1]

For most of the game, the player controls the dragon Spyro. Spyro's health is measured by his companion, a dragonfly named Sparx; Sparx changes color and then disappears after taking progressively more damage. If the player has no Sparx, then the next hit would cause the player to lose a life and restart at the last saved checkpoint. Consuming small wildlife known as "fodder" regenerates Sparx.[1] Spyro has several abilities, including breathing fire, swimming and diving, gliding, and headbutting, which he can use to explore and combat a variety of enemies, most of which are rhinoceros-like creatures called Rhynocs. Some foes are only vulnerable to certain moves.[3] Spyro can run into "Powerup Gates", which give him special abilities for a limited period.[1]

Year of the Dragon introduced playable characters other than Spyro, known as "critters",[4] which are gradually unlocked as the player proceeds through the game. Critters can be found blocking the level they are played in until released from Moneybags. Subsequently, the player plays as the character in specially marked sections of levels. Each homeworld features one world which is played through entirely by a non-Spyro character. There are a total of seven playable characters, which all have their own special moves and abilities. Sheila the Kangaroo, for example, can double jump, while Sgt. Byrd is armed with rocket launchers and can fly indefinitely.[3]

Besides the primary quest to find dragon eggs, Year of the Dragon features an extensive set of minigames, which are split off from the levels into smaller zones.[5] Some of the minigames were featured in Spyro 2: Ripto's Rage! and were subsequently expanded for Year of the Dragon, while others are entirely new to the series.[4] These minigames are played by Spyro or the other playable characters.[3]


Setting and characters

Spyro is assisted by many characters during the course of Year of the Dragon. Spyro is the game's protagonist, and Sparx is his dragonfly sidekick. Sparx functions as the player's health meter and assists the player in gathering gems;[1] Sparx is a playable character in certain levels. Also aiding Spyro is Hunter the Cheetah, who teaches the player game mechanics and is a playable character at special racing levels. Four other playable characters are freed from Moneybags during the game; Sheila the kangaroo, Sergeant Byrd the penguin, Bentley the yeti, and Agent 9 the space monkey. The primary antagonist of the game is the Sorceress, a tyrant who rules over the Forgotten Worlds with her forces. Aiding her is the apprentice Bianca the Rabbit, who attempts to hinder Spyro on his mission.


The game opens with a celebration in the land of the dragons, where Spyro and his kin are celebrating the "Year of the Dragon", an event that occurs every twelve years when new dragon eggs are brought to the realm.[6] During the celebration however, a cloaked rabbit girl named Bianca invades the Dragon Realms with an army of creatures called Rhynocs and steals all of the Dragon eggs, bringing them back to the Sorceress, who scatters the eggs throughout several worlds. The worlds are split up into four realms: Sunrise Spring, Midday Gardens, Evening Lake, and Midnight Mountain.[6] Spyro, along with Sparx and Hunter, are sent down a hole to find the thieves and recover the dragon eggs.

While pursuing the thief, Spyro discovers a world once inhabited by the dragons, but long abandoned and forgotten. This world is ruled by the Sorceress and her Rhynoc army. Only a few creatures stand and fight against the Sorceress' rule. Spyro learns from one such inhabitant named Sheila the Kangaroo that when the dragons left the realm, the magic of the world began to dry up.[7] Spyro travels through each world in the forgotten realm, acquiring aid from the local inhabitants and rescuing the dragon eggs. It is revealed that the Sorceress is seeking not the baby dragons themselves, but merely their wings to concoct a spell that can grant her immortality.[8] Once Bianca discovers this, she sympathizes for the baby dragons and decides to side with Spyro and his allies. Spyro eventually fights and defeats the Sorceress and celebrations occur throughout the realm.

The Sorceress survives her battle with Spyro, however, and waits for Spyro with the last of the dragon eggs. Spyro and the Sorceress battle again where the Sorceress is finally defeated, allowing Spyro to return all the baby dragons to the Dragon Realms.


Development of Spyro: Year of the Dragon spanned about ten and a half months, from November 1999 to September 2000; the development team was influenced by a host of other games, including Doom and Crash Bandicoot.[4] Among the new features touted before the game's release was "Auto Challenge Tuning", which Insomniac CEO Ted Price described as "invented to even out the gameplay difficulty curve for players of different abilities".[5] The levels were made much larger than those in Spyro 2, so that more areas for minigames could be added; to prevent player confusion on where to go next, these areas were designed to load separately from the main hubs.[5] Price stated that the addition of critters was a way to make the game more enjoyable and varied, instead of just adding more moves for Spyro.[4] The game was named "Year of the Dragon" simply because it was released during 2000, the year of the Dragon in the Chinese zodiac.[4]

In previews, publications such as IGN and GameSpot noted that the graphics had been improved, and that there were many new characters and locations.[9] The new minigames were previewed, and IGN pointed out that they offered enough complexity to back up the simple gameplay.[10] In an interview with GameSpot, Ted Price stated that the emphasis for the title was on the new critters, but that Spyro would not be left behind in the story.[11] Year of the Dragon also implemented crack protection, in addition to the copy protection previous games had contained. This helped prevent hackers from cracking the game until two months after release.[12]

Despite the positive response the game would go on to receive, Year of the Dragon was developer Insomniac Games' last Spyro title.[5] In an interview, CEO Ted Price said that the company stopped producing the games because they couldn't do anything new with the character,[13] and that after five years of development on a single series the team wanted to do something different.[11] Future Spyro games were produced by, among other developers, Digital Eclipse, Equinox Digital Entertainment, Eurocom, Krome Studios, Étranges Libellules, and Tantalus Media.


"Fireworks Factory"

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The music for Year of the Dragon was composed and produced by Stewart Copeland, former drummer for the rock band The Police, with additional contributions by Ryan Beveridge. During the band's hiatus, Copeland composed several movie soundtracks, and composed the scores for the previous Spyro titles;[11] Price stated that Copeland's offering for the third installment was his best work to date.[11]

In an interview, Copeland stated his creative process for writing the music for the Spyro series always began by playing through the levels, trying to get a feel for each world's "atmosphere".[14] Copeland noted the challenge of writing for games was to create music that would both be interesting to listen to and complemented the gameplay; his approach was to incorporate more complicated harmonies and basslines so that the music could seem fresh for players, even after repeated listening.[14] He complimented the compact disc format of the PlayStation and its support for high quality audio; there were no technical constraints that stopped him from producing the sound he wanted.[14] Copeland recorded entire orchestral scores for extra flourish when the visuals called for an expansive sound, but used more percussive and beat-driven melodies for "high-energy" moments in the game.[14]


Aggregate scores
Review scores
Game RevolutionA-[18]

Year of the Dragon was critically acclaimed, with the game receiving an average ranking of 91% at GameRankings,[15] and a similar score based on fifteen reviews at Metacritic.[16] According to GameRankings, Year of the Dragon is the fourteenth highest rated PlayStation game of all time.[15] The game sold more than two million units in the United States.[21]

GameSpot noted that while Year of the Dragon made no significant changes to the formula of its predecessors, the combination of new playable characters, more detailed graphics, and the variety of minigames made the game worth the buy.[19] IGN praised the game's appeal to all ages and the polished levels, as well as the successful multi-character focus.[20] Game Revolution thought that while the game's premise itself was simply a rehash of previous titles, "the story that unfolds as you actually play the game is flawlessly interwoven and quite entertaining".[18] GamePro noted that the ability of the game to automatically drop the difficulty if players get stuck was an excellent feature.[22] Next Generation Magazine's Kevin Rice provided one of the most positive reviews in which he stated the top-notch level design, intuitive controls and excellent graphics made the title the best Spyro game to date, and arguably the best PlayStation game overall.[23]

Copeland's score was generally well-received, though several critics sharply disagreed with the general consensus. Publications like PSXExtreme thought the music helped bring atmosphere to the varied worlds,[24] and Allgame enthused that "Insomniac should be commended for realizing the importance of music in games; it seems to enhance the whole experience."[17] Others, such as Joseph Parazen of Game Revolution, thought the background music sounded "identical to every other 3D, cartoony, action platformer I've ever played".[18] Other points of praise were the voice acting and character development.[17][18][20] Among the few complaints aside from the story included the game camera, which could be difficult to control and led to unjustified enemy attacks.[17][24] Some publications warned that the game might feel too much like its predecessors, with a similar plot and objectives.[17]


Wikiquote has quotations related to: Spyro: Year of the Dragon
  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Insomniac, ed. (2000). Spyro: Year of the Dragon Instruction Manual: Game Mechanics. Sony Computer Entertainment. pp. 4–10.
  2. Insomniac, ed. (2000). Spyro: Year of the Dragon Instruction Manual: Tips. Sony Computer Entertainment. pp. 17–20.
  3. 1 2 3 Insomniac, ed. (2000). Spyro: Year of the Dragon Instruction Manual. Sony Computer Entertainment. pp. 11–16.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 Bordelon, Phil. "An Interview with Ted Price, the Developer of Spyro". PlayStation Illustrated. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved March 30, 2008.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Staff (November 24, 2000). "Feature: Interview With The Dragon". GamePro. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
  6. 1 2 Insomniac, ed. (2000). Spyro: Year of the Dragon Instruction Manual: Story. Sony Computer Entertainment. pp. 1–3.
  7. "Sheila the Kangaroo: You dragons used to rule this entire world, you know. Then all of a sudden, you left. Whew. / Spyro the Dragon: Dragons used to live here?! / Sheila the Kangaroo: Didn't you know? They say it was over a thousand years ago, I think. /Spyro the Dragon: And they just left? / Sheila the Kangaroo: Yes, and the weird thing is after they left, all the magic in the world just sorta went with them."—Insomniac Games. Spyro: Year of the Dragon. PlayStation. Sony Computer Entertainment America. Level/area: No Hard Feelings.
  8. "Bianca: What?! All this time you've only wanted them for their wings?! / Sorceress: Of course, you ignorant girl. I need them for a spell, so I can live forever!"—Insomniac Games. Spyro: Year of the Dragon. PlayStation. Sony Computer Entertainment America. Level/area: A Monster To End All Monsters.
  9. Stahl, Ben (June 23, 2000). "Spyro: The Year of the Dragon Preview". GameSpot. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2008.
  10. Staff (June 23, 2000). "Spyro: Year of the Dragon Preview". IGN. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
  11. 1 2 3 4 Ahmed, Shahed (October 10, 2000). "Q&A: Ted Price of Insomniac Games". GameSpot. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved March 7, 2008.
  12. Dodd, Gavin (October 17, 2001). "Keeping the Pirates at Bay: Implementing Crack Protection for Spyro: Year of the Dragon". Gamasutra. Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  13. MyGEN (February 25, 2008). "MyGEN Interview with Ted Price". GameTrailers. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved February 29, 2008.
  14. 1 2 3 4 Copeland, Stewart; Drummer, Alan. Composing Music With a Rockstar (DVD). Sony Computer Entertainment America.
  15. 1 2 3 "Spyro: Year of the Dragon for PlayStation". GameRankings. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved March 8, 2008.
  16. 1 2 "Spyro: Year of the Dragon for PlayStation Reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
  17. 1 2 3 4 5 Simpson, Chris (October 20, 2000). "Spyro: Year of the Dragon". Allgame. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
  18. 1 2 3 4 Parazen, Joseph (October 1, 2000). "Spyro: Year of the Dragon review". Game Revolution. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved January 2, 2008.
  19. 1 2 Shoemaker, Brad (October 24, 2000). "Spyro: Year of the Dragon Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved March 19, 2008.
  20. 1 2 3 Smith, David (October 12, 2000). "Spyro: Year of the Dragon—Fun for the whole family". IGN. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved March 21, 2008.
  21. "US Platinum Videogame Chart". The Magic Box. December 27, 2007. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved March 30, 2008.
  22. Staff (November 24, 2000). "Review: Spyro: Year of the Dragon". GamePro. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved March 18, 2008.
  23. Rice, Kevin (January 2001). "Spyro 3: Even cute purple dragons can kick a little ass". Next Generation Magazine. 3 (1): 102.
  24. 1 2 Coa, Anton (October 29, 2000). "Spyro: Year of the Dragon Review @ PSXE". PSXExtreme. Archived from the original on December 30, 2010. Retrieved March 18, 2008.

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