Shabaki dialect

Native to Iraq
Region Mosul
Native speakers
(10,000–20,000 cited 1989)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sdb
Glottolog shab1251[2]

Shabaki is a dialect of the Indo-Iranian language Gorani[3] spoken by the Shabak Kurds[4][5][6] in Mosul, Iraq. The number of speakers of Shabaki was estimated in 1989 to be between 10,000 and 20,000.[3][7]

Similarities with other languages

As Shabaki belongs the Zaza–Gorani group it is most similar to languages such as Gorani (Hewrami) dialects and Zazaki. Because Zaza–Gorani belongs to the Northwestern Iranian branch, it also has similarities to Kurdish languages:

Shabaki Zazaki Sorani Kurdish Kurmanji Kurdish Hewrami English
ziwanziwanzimanzimanziwantongue, language


Shabaki Zazaki Sorani Kurmanji Hewrami English
emn-emezminez, minemin, minI, me, mine, my
etuto, tutu, totu, te eto, tothou, thee, thine
ew, înaa, oewew, wî, wêew s/he, his, hers, him, her
hima-alama-giştmaêmeem, me mawe, our
işmaşimaêwehûn, weşimayou, your
işanînu, înanewanewana, wanadethey, them, their


  1. Shabaki at Ethnologue (15th ed., 2005)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Shabak". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. 1 2 Ethnologue about Shabaki
  5. Abd al-Jabbar, Falih. Ayatollahs, sufis and ideologues: state, religion, and social movements in Iraq. University of Virginia 2008.
  6. Sykes, Mark. The Caliphs' last heritage: a short history of the Turkish Empire
  7. Omniglot Shabaki page
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