Raymond Chow

For the convicted triad member, see Raymond "Shrimp Boy" Chow.
Raymond Chow Man-Wai
Chinese name 鄒文懐 (traditional)
Chinese name 邹文怀 (simplified)
Pinyin Zōu Wénhuái (Mandarin)
Jyutping Zau1 Man4 Waai1 (Cantonese)
Origin Hong Kong
Born (1927-10-08) 8 October 1927
Hong Kong
Occupation Film producer
Ancestry Dabu, Guangdong
Raymond Chow

Chow's star on the Avenue of Stars, Hong Kong
Traditional Chinese 鄒文懐
Simplified Chinese 邹文怀

Raymond Chow Man-Wai GBS (born 8 October 1927) is a Hong Kong film producer, and presenter. He is responsible for successfully launching martial arts and the Hong Kong cinema onto the international stage. As the founder of Golden Harvest, he produced some of the biggest stars of the martial arts film genre, including Bruce Lee, Jackie Chan, and Tsui Hark.

Early life

Chow, who is of Hakka Han ethnicity, attended Saint John's University, Shanghai,[1] and graduated with a B.A in journalism in 1949. In 1951 he joined the Voice of America office in Hong Kong.[2][3] He also studied martial arts under master Lam Sai-wing.

Film career

Chow was the head of publicity and the production chief of Shaw Brothers between 1958 and 1970. He leased Cathay's studio and contracted its exhibition chain of 104 cinema theatres in Southeast Asia.[4] At the time Cathay was a predominant force in the Malaysian film industry.

When Cathay wanted to end the company's association in Hong Kong, Chow left Shaw Brothers to establish Golden Harvest in 1970. Chow capitalized on the Shaw Brothers who had a system that limited creativity, and was able to lure Bruce Lee into Golden Harvest, making it a serious competitor to Shaw Brothers. Under Chow's leadership, Golden Harvest would become the cornerstone for Hong Kong cinema leading HK box office sales for two decades from the 1970s to 1980s.[1]

Whilst he is credited with producing many films, in the audio commentary for the UK release of Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain, Tsui Hark in conversation with Bey Logan who asked the elementary question of Chow's role as a film producer, explained that this credit is mostly meaningless. Tsui stated that any producer's role at the studio was often nothing more than to greenlight and insure funding the project, and that producers such as Chow would rarely if ever set foot on the set during the making of the film.[5] Raymond Chow officially announced his retirement in Hong Kong on November 5, 2007.[6]


  1. 1 2 Chu, Yingchi. [2003] (2003). Hong Kong Cinema: Coloniser, Motherland and Self. Routledge. ISBN 0-7007-1746-3
  2. http://movies.msn.com/celebs/celeb.aspx?c=231018&mp=b Movie msn Raymond Chow
  3. http://www.newline.com/jackiechan/firststrike/Production/raymondchow.html newline Raymond Chow
  4. Teo, Stephen (2009). Chinese Martial Arts: The Wuxia Tradition. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pg. 111.
  5. Tsui Hark and Bey Logan (2002). Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain, commentary track (DVD). Hong Kong Legends.
  6. Chow announces retirement
Order of precedence
Preceded by
John Estmond Strickland
Recipients of the Gold Bauhinia Star
Hong Kong order of precedence
Recipients of the Gold Bauhinia Star
Succeeded by
Cheng Hon-kwan
Recipients of the Gold Bauhinia Star
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