Province of Lugo

Provincia de Lugo
Lugo Province


Coat of arms
Country  Spain
Autonomous community Galicia
Capital Lugo
  Body Diputación de Lugo
  President José Ramón Gómez Besteiro (Socialists' Party of Galicia)
  Total 9,856 km2 (3,805 sq mi)
Area rank 25th
Population (2008)
  Total 355,549
  Rank 37th
Demonym(s) Lugués (m), Luguesa (f)
Postal code 27---
ISO 3166 code ES-LU
Parliament 15 deputies (out of 75)
Congress 4 deputies (out of 350)
Senate 4 senators (out of 264)

Lugo is a province of northwestern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Galicia. It is bordered by the provinces of Ourense, Pontevedra, and A Coruña, the principality of Asturias, the State of León, and in the north by the Cantabrian Sea (Bay of Biscay).

The population is 356,595 (2006), of whom a quarter live in the capital Lugo. The capital city was an ancient Celtic settlement named in honour of the god Lugh (see Lyon), later Latinised as Lucus Augusti, and which became one of the three main important Galician-Roman centres alongside Braccara Augusta and Asturica Augusta (modern Braga and Astorga respectively). The province has 67 municipalities.


The vast majority of people have a common language which is Galician. Some people, especially the older generation, are monolingual and only speak Galician. There are only a few people bilingual in Galician and Castilian of the little over 10,000 inhabitants. Even in the capital, the vitality of the Galician language in conversation is very strong.

The inhabitants speak several variants of Galician in the province of Lugo. They have the characteristics of being the closest to León isoglosses and therefore also the Castilian language. So they have some grammatical and phonetic signs that are mistakenly considered influences of the Castilian or Leonese languages. However, the language of Galicia in Lugo, especially in non-coastal areas, is probably the most genuine in Galicia, due to almost no historic pressure of Castilian exercised on the rural population.



The estuaries of the Lugo province are part of the Atlas estuaries. From west to east they are:


Town/City Inhabitants
1-Lugo 96.678
2-Monforte de Lemos 19.546
3-Viveiro 16.238
4-Vilalba 15.437
5-Sarria 13.508
6-Ribadeo 9.983
7-Foz 9.970
8-Burela 9.381
9-Chantada 9.014
10-Guitiriz 5.896

Notes and references

    See also

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    Coordinates: 43°00′N 7°30′W / 43.000°N 7.500°W / 43.000; -7.500

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