Pikes Peak International Hill Climb
Colorado Springs, Colorado USA|
38°50′N 105°02′W / 38.84°N 105.04°W
|Surface||Tarmac (and historically, dirt)|
|Length||19.99 km (12.42 mi)|
|Lap record||8:13.878 (Sébastien Loeb, Peugeot 208 T16 Pikes Peak, 2013, Unlimited)|
The Pikes Peak International Hill Climb (PPIHC), also known as The Race to the Clouds, is an annual automobile and motorcycle hillclimb to the summit of Pikes Peak in Colorado, USA. The track measures 12.42 miles (19.99 km) over 156 turns, climbing 4,720 ft (1,440 m) from the start at Mile 7 on Pikes Peak Highway, to the finish at 14,110 ft (4,300 m), on grades averaging 7.2%. It used to consist of both gravel and paved sections, however as of August 2011, the highway is fully paved and as a result all subsequent runnings will be on asphalt from start to finish.
The race is self sanctioned and has taken place since 1916. It is currently contested by a variety of classes of cars, trucks, motorcycles and quads. There are often numerous new classes tried and discarded year-to-year. On average there are 130 competitors. The PPIHC operates as the Pikes Peak Auto Hill Climb Educational Museum to organize the annual motorsports event.
The first Pikes Peak Hill Climb was promoted by Spencer Penrose, who had converted the narrow carriage road into the much wider Pikes Peak Highway.
The first Penrose Trophy was awarded in 1916 to Rea Lentz with a time of 20:55.60.
The event was part of the AAA and USAC IndyCar championship from 1946 to 1970.
In 1984 the first European racers took part in the PPIHC with Norwegian Rallycrosser Martin Schanche (Ford Escort Mk3 4x4) and French Rally driver Michèle Mouton (Audi Sport quattro), thereby starting a new era for European teams in the almost unknown American hillclimb. While Schanche failed to set a new track record, due to a flat right front tyre, Mouton (together with her World Rally Championship co-driver Fabrizia Pons from Italy) won the Open Rally category, but also failed to break the current overall track record.
In 1989, an award-winning short film about the 1988 event was released by French director Jean-Louis Mourey. The film, titled Climb Dance, captured the efforts of Finnish former World Rally Champion Ari Vatanen, as he won the event in a record-breaking time with his turbocharged Peugeot 405 Turbo-16.
Paving of the highway
The City of Colorado Springs began to pave the highway in 2002 after losing a lawsuit against the Sierra Club. The local authority paved approximately 10% of the route each year after the order. The 2011 event was the last race with dirt sections, comprising approximately 25% of the course.
Hill Climb champion Rod Millen warned at the time that paving the road would put an end to the race. However, the 2012 race saw over 170 racer registrations by December 2011, compared with 46 at the same time in 2011.
Emergence of electric vehicles
The 2012 race saw numerous unusual occurrences, namely a larger field than ever before and the longest race day in the race's known history. The 2012, 90th running of the race was the first time the race has been run on all asphalt and saw the toppling of several records, notably the overall record, being set by first Romain Dumas in the Open Division only to be overturned later in the day by Rhys Millen, son of the famed Rod Millen, in the Time Attack Division. Nobuhiro Tajima, the 2011 winner and at the time overall record holder, running in the Electric Division saw a surprising upset when his car caught fire in the lower portion of the course causing a DNF. One of the unusual highlights, and proof that asphalt has changed the race; Mike Ryan spun his big rig in a hairpin in a section called the "W"s, slamming into the guard rail, he then managed to execute a three point turn and continued on course, at which point he broke his old record by 5 seconds. Jeremy Foley flew off the road at Devil's Playground and totaled his Mitsubishi Lancer. The race also saw the first ever motorcycle to achieve a sub 10 minute time with Carlin Dunne in the 1205 Division riding a Ducati pulling out a 9:52.819 (only a bit over a second slower than the 2011 overall record).
Due to the race's postponement, weather also caused issues. Towards the end of the raceday, freezing rain and snow closed in on the summit, causing a race stoppage and the eventual relocation of the finish line to Glen Cove.
2013 saw the nine-minute barrier shattered by WRC legend Sébastien Loeb, with a time of 8:13.878, while Rhys Millen ended up second with 9:02.192, beating his own record by more than 44 seconds. Jean-Philippe Dayrault finished third with a time of 9:42.740, and Paul Dallenbach fourth with a time of 9:46.001, making it four drivers to beat the record set only the previous year.
2015 was the first time in the history of the race that an electric car won in all classes. Second place was earned by an electric car, too. Already in 2014, electric cars were at the places 2 and 3. In an interview with the winning driver, Rhys Millen, he said that he had lost power to the car's rear motor pack before the halfway point, and had expected his run to be 30 seconds faster.
Current racing classes
4-Wheeled Divisions & Classes
- Anything goes in the Unlimited Division as long as it passes safety inspection and meets the PPIHC’s general rules. The Unlimited Division features the most exotic vehicles, most of them built specifically for this race. These race cars have the best chance of setting a new overall race record. In 2013, Sébastien Loeb set a new record of 8'13"878 in a Peugeot 208 T16 Pikes Peak, beating Rhys Millen's previous record.
Electric Car Division
- The Pikes Peak International Hill Climb recognizes the future of electric technology in the automotive industry and Pikes Peak as the ultimate proving ground to test and display it. While internal combustion engines gradually lose power as they near the Summit due to the lack of oxygen at high altitudes, these EV (Electric Vehicles) racers maintain the same amount of power at 14,115 feet as they do at sea-level. In an effort to allow EV constructors to showcase the engineering excellence of these truly unique vehicles there are 2 classes within the Electric Division.
- Electric Modified Class
- This class features the cutting edge of electric technology as it applies to racing.
- Electric Production Class
- This class features mass-produced EVs that are readily available to the public. Very few modifications are allowed
Time Attack Division
- A division for production based two and four wheel drive vehicles; this division features the Time Attack 1 Class and Time Attack 2 Production Class. Eligibility is restricted to close-bodied four-wheeled vehicles.
- Time Attack 1 Class
- This class features production based race vehicles with more modification and specialization than what is seen in the Time Attack 2 Class.
- Time Attack 2 Production Class
- This class features production based race vehicles with minor modifications allowed.
Pikes Peak Challenge Car Division
- Established in 2014, the Pikes Peak Challenge Division encompasses a wide variety of class options.
- Open Wheel Class
- The traditional Pikes Peak racecars with appearances ranging from Indy style sprinters to dune buggies. Open wheel cars have competed in every Pikes Peak International Hill Climb since the inaugural race in 1916.
- Pikes Peak Open Class
- These cars may look like stock cars from the outside, but major modifications can be done to their engines, transmissions and suspension.
- Pikes Peak Vintage Car/Truck Class
- This class is exclusively eligible for vehicles manufactured in 1990 or earlier and have previously competed in PPIHC. Competitors can vary from Ford Mustangs and Chevrolet Camaros, to Datsun 240Zs and Porsche 911s.
- Exhibition Class
- In keeping with the mission statement of the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb, specifically to “demonstrate advancements in the practical application of motor sports technology,” the race encourages competitors with vehicles that do not meet the technical specifications of PPIHC sanctioned divisions and classes to enter in the Exhibition Class. While there are no class records for this class because of its exhibition status, entries are eligible for recording an overall course record.
2-Wheeled Divisions & Classes
Pikes Peak Lightweight Division
- Two-stroke and four-stroke engines are eligible. Single and twin-cylinder engines are allowed.
Pikes Peak Middleweight Division
- Competitors are eligible to enter bikes with 1-4 cylinders and a displacement of up to 849cc.
Pikes Peak Heavyweight Division (Formerly known as Pikes Peak Open Motorcycle in 2013)
- This is the top motorcycle division offered at Pikes Peak.
Pikes Peak Electric Motorcycle Division
- There are 2 classes within the Pikes Peak Electric Motorcycle Division.
- Electric Modified Class
- This class features the cutting edge of electric technology as it applies to motorcycle racing.
- Electric Production Class
- This class features mass-produced EVs that are readily available to the public. Very few modifications are allowed.
Pikes Peak Challenge Motorcycle Division
- Established is 2014, the Pikes Peak Challenge Motorcycle Division encompasses a wide variety of class options.
- Pikes Peak 250 Class
- These machines are usually factory built for racing with two-stroke and four-stroke single or twin cylinder engines.
- Quad Class
- Essentially four-wheeled motorcycles, these machines are limited only by tread width and the use of an ATV engine of 500cc or less.
- Sidecar Class
- Three wheels, two riders (“driver” and “passenger”)
- Pikes Peak Vintage Motorcycle
- This division includes 650cc-750cc 4-stroke twin cylinder bikes that qualify for current AHRMA (American Historic Racing Motorcycle Association) events.
- UTV/Exhibition Powersport
- This division includes Utility Terrain Vehicles (UTVs) and other vehicles that don’t fit perfectly in other Pikes Peak Divisions. While there are no records for this class because of its exhibition status entries are eligible for recording an overall course record. 
|Current 4-Wheel Division & Class Records|
|Electric||Modified||2016||Rhys Millen||e0 PP100||8:57.118|
|Production||2016||Blake Fuller||Tesla Model S||11:48.264|
|Pikes Peak Challenge||Exhibition||2015||Tetsuya Yamano||Honda Electric SH-AWD with Precision All-Wheel Steer||10:23.829|
|Open Wheel||2015||Paul Dallenbach||PVA Dallenbach Special||9:36.496|
|Pikes Peak Open||2012||Romain Dumas||2012 Porsche GT3 R||9:46.181|
|Vintage||2014||Ralf Christensson||1967 Ford Mustang GT350||10:46.000|
|Time Attack||Time Attack 1||2013||Paul Dallenbach||Hyundai Genesis Coupe||9:46.001|
|Time Attack 2 Production||2015||David Donner||2014 Porsche 911 Turbo S||10:26.896|
|Unlimited||2013||Sébastien Loeb||Peugeot 208 T16 Pikes Peak||8:13.878|
New Records for 2016 listed in red.
|Current 2-Wheel Division & Class Records|
|Pikes Peak Lightweight||2015||Codie Vahsholtz||2006 KTM SMR||10:50.421|
|Pikes Peak Middleweight||2014||Eric Piscione||2013 Ducati Streetfighter||10:46.159|
|Pikes Peak Heavyweight (Open)||2014||Jeremy Toye||2013 Kawasaki Ninja ZX-10R||9:58.687|
|Electric Motorcycle||Modified||2013||Carlin Dunne||2013 Lightning Motorcycle LS-218 electric Superbike||10:00.694|
|Production||2014||Jeff Clark||2013 Zero FX||11:59.814|
|Pikes Peak Challenge Motorcycle||Exhibition Powersport||2016||Jeremy Toye||2016 Victory Project 156||10:19.777|
|Pikes Peak 250cc||2013||Codie Vahsholtz||1996 Kawasaki KX 250||11:24.792|
|Quad||2016||Cyril Combes||2011 Suzuki KTM JF Prototype||11:05.664|
|Sidecar||2016||John Wood||1999 Shelbourne Superlite F2||11:26.644|
|Vintage||2012||Marc LaNoue||1969 Triumph Bonneville||12:39.782|
New Records for 2016 listed in red.
|1981||Bud Hoffpauir||Wells Coyote Special Roadster||13:10.100|
|1982||John Buffum||Audi Quattro||12:20.520|
|1983||John Buffum||Audi Quattro||12:27.910|
|1984||Michèle Mouton||Audi Sport Quattro S1||12:10.380|
|1985||Michèle Mouton||Audi Sport Quattro E2||11:25.390|
|1986||Bobby Unser||Audi Sport Quattro E2||11:09.220|
|1987||Walter Röhrl||Audi Sport Quattro E2||10:47.850|
|1988||Ari Vatanen||Peugeot 405 Turbo 16||10:47.220|
|1989||Robby Unser||Peugeot 405 Turbo 16||10:48.340|
|1992||Nobuhiro Tajima||Suzuki Swift||12:51.630|
|1993||Nobuhiro Tajima||Suzuki Swift||10:44.220|
|1994||Rod Millen||Toyota Celica AWD Turbo||10:04.060|
|1995||Nobuhiro Tajima||Suzuki Escudo||7:53.000*|
|1996||Rod Millen||Toyota Celica||10:13.640|
|1997||Rod Millen||Toyota Celica||10:04.540|
|1998||Rod Millen||Toyota Tacoma||10:07.700|
|1999||Rod Millen||Toyota Tacoma||10:11.150|
|2000||Per Eklund||Saab 9-3||11:21.580|
|2001||Yutaka Awazuhara||Suzuki Vitara||11:01.770|
|2002||Per Eklund||Saab 9-3||11:13.200|
|2004||Stig Blomqvist||Ford RS200E||5:16.800*|
|2005||Koichi Horiuchi||Mitsubishi FTO||11:34.570|
|2006||Nobuhiro Tajima||Suzuki Sport||7:38.900*|
|2007||Nobuhiro Tajima||Suzuki XL7||10:01.408|
|2008||Nobuhiro Tajima||Suzuki Sport Co. Ltd. XL7||10:18.250|
|2009||Nobuhiro Tajima||Suzuki SX4||10:15.368|
|2010||Nobuhiro Tajima||Suzuki SX4||10:11.490|
|2011||Nobuhiro Tajima||Suzuki SX4||9:51.278|
|2012||David Donner||Palatov D4PPS||10:04.652|
|2013||Sébastien Loeb||Peugeot 208 T16 Pikes Peak||8:13.878|
|2014||Romain Dumas||Norma M20 RD||9:05.801|
|2015||Dominic Dobson||Radical SR8||10:15.289|
|2016||Romain Dumas||Norma M20 RD||8:51.445|
AAA/USAC IndyCar championship years (1946–1970)
- Silverstone Race to the Sky (now the longest gravel hill climb in the world )
- Shelsley Walsh Speed Hill Climb (one of the oldest motorsport events in the world)
- Giants Despair Hillclimb
- Mount Washington Hillclimb Auto Race (one of the oldest auto races in the USA)
- 1 2 PPIHC race overview, http://www.ppihc.com/2014-spectator-guide/
- ↑ Race Winners by Year - PPIHC official website
- ↑ Pikes Peak History - PikesPeak.us.com
- ↑ Competition Press & Autoweek, July 23, 1966, Vol.16, No.29, Pages 1, 3.
- ↑ http://www.ppihc.com/history/paving-pikes-peak/
- ↑ CNN, April 15, 1999, http://articles.cnn.com/1999-04-15/nature/9904_15_pikes.peak.enn_1_settlement-clean-water-act-toll-road?_s=PM:NATURE
- ↑ "Denver Uphill Battle". Westword. 1997-06-12. Retrieved 2012-06-09.
- ↑ Daniel Chacón (2011-12-20). "Pikes Peak hill climb could expand to 2-day race". Colorado Springs Gazette. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- ↑ "Mike Ryan Sets New Pikes Peak Record!". DesignEngineering.com. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- ↑ "Jeremy Foley's Pikes Peak Crash Story In Detail: Video". Motor Authority. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
- ↑ "8:13.878—Sebastien Loeb vaporizes the Pikes Peak record". Retrieved 2013-07-01.
- ↑ Electric power lights up Pikes Peak
- ↑ Electric car wins title at Pikes Peak race
- ↑ Rhys Millen wins Pikes Peak under all-electric power
- ↑ video: Rhys Millen winnig run at Pikes Peak 2015 and an interview at the end of the video with Rhys Millen
- ↑ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y20CLumT2Sg
- ↑ http://www.ppihc.com/divisions/
- ↑ "PPIHC Race Records". www.PPIHC.com. PPIHC. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
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