Pawn Sacrifice

For the chess move, see Sacrifice (chess).
Pawn Sacrifice

Theatrical release poster
Directed by Edward Zwick
Produced by
Screenplay by Steven Knight
Story by
Music by James Newton Howard
Cinematography Bradford Young
Edited by Steven Rosenblum
Distributed by Bleecker Street
Release dates
  • September 11, 2014 (2014-09-11) (TIFF)
  • September 16, 2015 (2015-09-16) (United States)
Running time
115 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $19 million[2]
Box office $5.6 million[3]

Pawn Sacrifice is a 2014 American biographical drama film. It is based on the true story of Bobby Fischer's challenge against top Soviet chess grandmasters during the Cold War and culminating in the 1972 World Chess Championship match versus Boris Spassky in Reykjavík, Iceland. It was directed by Edward Zwick and written by Steven Knight. The film stars Tobey Maguire as Bobby Fischer, Liev Schreiber as Boris Spassky, Lily Rabe as Joan Fischer, and Peter Sarsgaard as William Lombardy. It was released in the United States on September 16, 2015.[4]


The film starts with an adult Bobby Fischer in a paranoid state, worried he is being spied upon by the Soviets. The film flashes back to when Fischer is 6 years old, the late 1940s, and he is shown even then feeling a general sense of paranoia. His mother, a Russian immigrant, supports his general fears, telling him she thinks a socialist revolution could begin in the U.S. and hence they are spied upon.

He immerses himself into learning and becoming an expert chess player. His mother, worried that chess is becoming his obsession, takes him to an adult chess club. He impresses the resident chessmaster and is accepted as a student. His coaching leads him into the world of professional chess championships. He soon becomes the youngest grand master ever. Personal tensions lead to frequent outbursts. He enters a championship match in Bulgaria where he senses that they are trying to isolate him, and alleges collusion, which he feels makes it impossible for a non-Soviet player to win the championship. He quits the tournament and ends his professional career.

When he returns to the USA, a lawyer says that he will help him modify the tournament rules, offering his services free of cost to give Fischer a fair chance to win future tournaments. Fischer re-enters the world of professional chess. He selects William Lombardy, a former World Junior Chess Champion who is now a Catholic priest, as his second. Lombardy tries to calm Fischer's excessive demands, which leads Fischer back to winning tournaments.

He overcomes most of the grand masters across the world and gets close to the world championship. He becomes a celebrity with the American public, which makes him overconfident. He loses against Boris Spassky, the current world champion.

It is the height of the Cold War era and the US is desperate to challenge the Russian dominance in the world of chess. The White House closely monitors his progress. The pressure to win every game drives Fischer towards psychosis. His sister suspects that he is under severe mental stress fearing for his life because he might defeat Spassky.

Reporters and fans all assemble at Reykjavík, Iceland to witness the historic match between Fischer and Spassky. Fischer is easily distracted by small noises like someone coughing in the audience, rolling cameras, or the pawns on the chess board, which leads him to make extreme demands for silence and fewer distractions. Spassky concedes to all his demands to make sure the match continues so that he can win the 24-game match in the right spirit.

Bobby loses the first game, and doesn't show up for the second therefore losing by forfeit, but wins the third using unconventional tactics. Americans are thrilled with Bobby's victory. Game four is a draw but Fischer wins game five after Spassky himself begins showing signs of paranoia. With the match now more interesting, experts speculate that the next game will determine the outcome of the tournament. In game six Fischer plays using an opening he has never played before, surprising the audience and wins it. Spassky expresses amazed admiration and rises to lead the applause from the gallery. Fischer ultimately goes on to win the match, but his delusions have destroyed him emotionally and he goes into self-imposed exile.


Title meaning

Director Edward Zwick explained the meaning of the movie's title: “You have Henry Kissinger and Richard Nixon calling Bobby Fischer; you have Brezhnev and the KGB agents following Boris Spassky. Both of these men were pawns of their nations”.


Principal photography began in early October 2013 in Reykjavík, Iceland.[5] In mid-October, the remaining 41 days of shooting began in Montreal, Canada, wrapping in Los Angeles on December 11, 2013.[6]


The film had its world premiere at the 2014 Toronto International Film Festival on September 11, 2014.[7] On September 10, 2014, Bleecker Street acquired the U.S. distribution rights to the film, the company's first acquisition.[8] The film was originally set to be released in the United States on September 18, 2015; however, it was pushed up to September 16,[9][10] with wide releases in both America and Canada on September 25, 2015.[11]


Box office

As of November 1, 2015, Pawn Sacrifice has grossed $2.4 million in North America and $3.6 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $6 million, against a budget of $19 million.[3]

The film grossed $1 million in the opening weekend of its wide release, finishing 12th at the box office.

Critical response

Pawn Sacrifice has received generally positive reviews. On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a rating of 72%, based on 100 reviews, with an average rating of 6.5/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Anchored by a sensitive performance from Tobey Maguire, Pawn Sacrifice adds another solidly gripping drama to the list of films inspired by chess wiz Bobby Fischer".[12] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 65 out of 100, based on 29 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[13]

See also


  1. "PAWN SACRIFICE (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. September 3, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
  2. Dondis, Harold; Chase, Chris (2015-09-27). "Chess Notes". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2016-01-02.
  3. 1 2 "Pawn Sacrifice (2015)". Box Office Mojo. ( Retrieved August 31, 2016.
  4. Pedersen, Erik (2015-02-04). "'I'll See You In My Dreams' and 'Pawn Sacrifice' Get Release Dates". Deadline. Retrieved 2015-05-30.
  5. Siegel, Tatiana (2013-10-23). "'Boardwalk Empire's' Michael Stuhlbarg Joins Bobby Fischer Chess Pic 'Pawn Sacrifice' (Exclusive)". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2015-05-30.
  6. Kay, Jeremy (2013-10-23). "Shooting underway on Pawn Sacrifice". Retrieved 2015-05-30.
  7. "Toronto Film Festival Lineup Includes Denzel Washington's 'Equalizer,' Kate Winslet's 'A Little Chaos'". Variety. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  8. Paula Bernstein (September 11, 2014). "Bleecker Street Acquires Ed Zwick's Bobby Fischer Biopic - Indiewire". Indiewire.
  9. Erik Pedersen. "'I'll See You In My Dreams' and 'Pawn Sacrifice' Get Release Dates - Deadline". Deadline.
  10. "Pawn Sacrifice".
  11. "Pawn Sacrifice". Retrieved 20 Sep 2015.
  12. "Pawn Sacrifice (2015)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 18, 2015.
  13. "Pawn Sacrifice reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved September 28, 2015.
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