Paul Grimault

Grimault in 1961

Paul Grimault (French: [ɡʁimo]; 23 March 1905 in Neuilly-sur-Seine – 29 March 1994 in Le Mesnil-Saint-Denis) was one of the most important French animators. He made many traditionally animated films that were delicate in style, satirical, and lyrical in nature.

His most important work is Le Roi et l'oiseau, which ultimately took over 30 years to produce. He began it as La Bergère et le Ramoneur (The Shepherdess and the Chimneysweep) in 1948 and it was highly anticipated, but Grimault's partner André Sarrut showed the film unfinished in 1952, against Grimault's wishes. This caused a rift between partners and a stop in production. In 1967, Grimault got possession of the film and subsequently was able to complete it in 1980 under a new title, Le Roi et l'oiseau, incorporating some footage from the original and re-hiring the original animators, together with some new, younger ones. There are many names for it in English that have been used in various releases, including: The King and the Bird (literal), The King and the Mockingbird, The Curious Adventures of Mr. Wonderbird and The King and Mr. Bird (1980).

He also collected his best shorts in a retrospective compilation movie, La table tourante (1988), which is included in the deluxe edition of Le Roi et l'oiseau. For a detailed bibliography, see this reference.[1]

Les Gémeaux

In 1936 Grimault founded, with André Sarrut, Les Gémeaux, which was the second significant French animation venture, following the work of Émile Cohl, which had closed years earlier.[2] During World War II, Americans films being unavailable, its films found a captive audience. The studio produced a number of shorts, then closed its doors in 1952 following the expense of making La Bergère et le Ramoneur, which was the first feature-length French animated movie.

Other work

Grimault was part of the agitprop group Groupe Octobre. At this group he met Jacques Prévert, with whom he went on to collaborate on several animated films, most notably Le roi et l'oiseau.


Paul Grimault square, Paris

Grimault's filmography is as follows;[1][3][4] those included in the retrospective La table tournante are marked with a star ("*").

Feature length:

Named after the moving table in La séance de spiritisme (1931), which is the short that begins the collection.



Other work:

See also



  1. 1 2 "Paul Grimault - Writer - Films as Animator:, Films as Actor:, Other Films:, Publications". Retrieved 2015-09-05.
  2. Archived August 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. Archived July 15, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. "Le roi et l'oiseau de Paul Grimault" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-09-05.
  5. "Excerpts of Hayao Miyazaki's news conference announcing his retirement". Retrieved 2015-09-04.
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