Nordic combined

Not to be confused with Alpine combined, in which athletes compete in downhill and slalom ski racing.
Nordic combined
Highest governing body International Ski Federation
First played 1892, Holmenkollen Ski Festival, Oslo
Team members Individuals or groups
Mixed gender no
Type Skiing
Olympic Since the first ever Winter Olympics in 1924

Nordic combined is a winter sport in which athletes compete in cross-country skiing and ski jumping. Nordic combined at the Winter Olympics and the FIS Nordic Combined World Cup are ongoing.

Still as of the early-2010s the International Ski Federation sanctioned no women's competitions. However it was decided in early-November 2016 that women's competitions were to be established on FIS-level starting during the second half of the 2010's with inclusion at world championships starting in 2021 and at the Olympic Winter Games in 2022.[1]


The first major competition was held in 1892 in Oslo at the first Holmenkollen ski jump. King Olav V of Norway was an able jumper and competed in the Holmenkollen Ski Festival in the 1920s. It was in the 1924 Winter Olympics, and has been on the programme ever since. Until the 1950s, the cross-country race was held first, followed by the ski jumping. This was reversed as the difference in the cross-country race tended to be too big to overcome in ski jumping. The sport has been dominated by the Norwegians, supported by the Finns. It was not until 1960 that the Nordic grip on this discipline was broken when West German Georg Thoma won the gold medal at the 1960 Winter Olympics.[2]


Formats and variations currently used in the World Cup are:[3]

Included in the rules but currently not used in World Cup:

Events in the Olympics are: the sprint K120 individual, ski jumping K90 (70m), and Team/4x5km.[4]



  1. "Decisions of the Autumn 2016 FIS Council Meeting". International Ski Federation. 5 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  2. 1 2 "Nordic Combined Equipment and History". FIS. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  3. "Nordic Combined World Cup". FIS. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  4. "Nordic Combined". IOC. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
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