Non-profit journalism

Non-profit journalism (abbreviated as NPJ, also known as a not-for-profit journalism or think tank journalism)[1][2][3] is the practice of journalism as a non-profit organization instead of a for-profit business. NPJ groups are able to operate and serve the public good without the concern of debt, dividends and the need to make a profit. Just like all non-profit organizations, NPJ outfits depend on private donations and or foundation grants to pay for operational expenses.

Non-profit journalism history

The recent emergence of non-profit journalism may lead some to believe that this is a new trend[4][5] in a struggling industry. However, journalism non-profits have been operating since the beginning of the newspaper age. In 1846,[6] five New York newspapers united[7] to share incoming reports from the Mexican-American War. That experiment in journalism became the Associated Press, which to this day is still a non-profit cooperative.[8]

New Internationalist magazine – published since 1973 in the UK and since 1979 as a separate company in Australia – represents one of the world's longest-lasting independent non-profit publications.[9] In the United States, two local non-profit journalism organizations, the Chicago Reporter[10] were established in 1974 and City Limits Magazine[11] in 1976, to cover social and economic urban policy issues. The Center for Investigative Reporting[12] (founded in 1977) is the nation's oldest non-profit investigative news organization. The second oldest is the Center for Public Integrity (CPI), founded in 1989 by Charles Lewis, a former producer for ABC News and CBS News. CPI's international arm, the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), was founded in 1997. ICIJ works through a global network of 175 investigative reporters in more than 60 countries.

More recently, non-profit journalism organizations such as ProPublica, Fair Observer, The Texas Tribune, MinnPost, Voice of San Diego,, the International Reporting Program, the Global Reporting Centre and The Huffington Post Investigative Fund, have emerged as nonprofit journalism organizations. In July 2009, 20 non-profit news organizations and guests convened to discuss the issues facing non-profit newsrooms focused on investigative journalism and there formed the Investigative News Network, later renamed the Institute for Nonprofit News. In April 2010, a London-based not-for-profit initiative was launched under the name Bureau of Investigative Journalism.

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