| "Cuckoo Flower Longhorn moth"
Cauchas rufimitrella (Adelidae)
Monotrysia (Borner, 1939)
The Monotrysia are a group of insects in the Lepidopteran order which are not currently considered to be a natural group or clade. The group contains only moths and most of these (apart from the recently discovered family Andesianidae) are small and are relatively understudied (compared to Ditrysia) in many regions of the world. The group is so named because the female has a single genital opening for mating and laying eggs, in contrast to the bulk of the Lepidoptera (Ditrysia), which have two female reproductive openings. They comprise all of the group Heteroneura but the Ditrysia.
- Davis, D. R. (1986). A new family of monotrysian moths from austral South America (Lepidoptera: Palaephatidae), with a phylogenetic review of the Monotrysia. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 434: 1-202.
- Davis, D. R. and Gentili, P. (2003). Andesianidae, a new family of monotrysian moths (Lepidoptera: Andesianoidea) from South America. Invertebrate Systematics, 17: 15-26.Abstract
- Dugdale, J.S. (1974). Female genital classification in the classification of Lepidoptera. New Zealand Journal of Entomology, 1(2): 127-146. pdf
- Davis D. R. (1999). The Monotrysian Heteroneura. Pages 65-90 in: Lepidoptera: Moths and Butterflies. 1. Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Handbook of Zoology Vol. IV, Part 35. N. P. Kristensen, ed. De Gruyter, Berlin and New York.