Menella Bute Smedley

Menella Bute Smedley (1820–1877) was a novelist and poet. A relative of Lewis Carroll,[1] she wrote some minor novels and books of poems, including the anonymous, The Story of Queen Isabel, and Other Verses, 1863.

She translated the old German ballad The Shepherd of the Giant Mountains into English blank verse in 1846. Roger Lancelyn Green in the Times Literary Supplement on 1 March 1957, and later in The Lewis Carroll Handbook (1962), suggested that Carroll’s "Jabberwocky" may have been inspired by this work.[2][3] Peter Lucas suggested in particular that verses 2-6 of Jabberwocky were a loose parody.[4]

Her first novel, The Maiden Aunt, originally appeared in Sharpe's London Magazine under the pen name "S.M."[5] In 1848 and 1849 it was published as a single volume in both England and the United States, and was reprinted in 1856.[6]

In addition to writing poetry and fiction, she also provided material for parliamentary reports on pauper schools.[5]

She was the daughter of the Revd Edward Smedley and lived for many years with her cousin Frank Smedley, acting as his housekeeper and secretary. She died at her home at Regent's Park, London on 25 May 1877 and was buried at West Norwood Cemetery.


Wikisource has original works written by or about:
Menella Bute Smedley
  1. Clark, Ann (1979). Lewis Carroll: A Biography. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. p. 65. ISBN 0-460-04302-1.
  2. Martin Gardner, The Annotated Alice. New York: Norton, 2000. p. 154, n. 42.
  3. Ronald Reichertz (2000). The Making of the Alice Books: Lewis Carroll's Uses of Earlier Children's Literature. McGill-Queen's Press. p. 99. ISBN 0-7735-2081-3.
  4. Peter J. Lucas (1997). "From Jabberwocky back to Old English". In Raymond Hickey; Stanisław Puppel. Language history and linguistic modelling: a Festschrift for Jacek Fisiak on his 60th birthday. Trends in linguistics: Studies and monographs. 101. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 503–520. ISBN 3-11-014504-9.
  5. 1 2 "Orlando Project: Menella Bute Smedley". Cambridge Online, Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  6. "WorldCat record". Retrieved 28 September 2016.

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/29/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.