Max Carl Wilhelm Weber

Not to be confused with Max Weber.
Max Carl Wilhelm Weber
Born (1852-12-05)December 5, 1852
Died February 7, 1937(1937-02-07) (aged 84)
Institutions University of Utrecht, University of Amsterdam, University of Bonn, Humboldt University
Known for Weber's line
Notable awards Foreign Member of the Royal Society[1]
Author abbrev. (zoology) Weber
Spouse Anna Weber-van Bosse
Map showing Weber's line in relation to those of Wallace and Lydekker, as well as the probable extent of land at the time of the last glacial maximum, when the sea level was more than 110 m lower than today

Max Carl Wilhelm Weber or Max Wilhelm Carl Weber (5 December 1852, in Bonn – 7 February 1937, in Eerbeek) was a German-Dutch zoologist and biogeographer.

Weber studied at the University of Bonn, then at the Humboldt University in Berlin with the zoologist Eduard Carl von Martens (1831–1904). He obtained his doctorate in 1877. Weber taught at the University of Utrecht then participated in an expedition to the Barents Sea. He became Professor of Zoology, Anatomy and Physiology at the University of Amsterdam in 1883. In the same year he received naturalised Dutch citizenship.

His discoveries as leader of the Siboga Expedition led him to propose Weber's line, which encloses the region in which the mammalian fauna is exclusively Australasian, as an alternative to Wallace's Line. As is the case with plant species, faunal surveys revealed that for most vertebrate groups Wallace’s line was not the most significant biogeographic boundary. The Tanimbar Island group, and not the boundary between Bali and Lombok, appears to be the major interface between the Oriental and Australasian regions for mammals and other terrestrial vertebrate groups.[2]

With G.A.F. Molengraaff, Weber gave names to the Sahul Shelf and the Sunda Shelf in 1919.[3]

Weber became member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1887.[4]


See also


  1. Thompson, D. W. (1938). "Max Wilhelm Carl Weber. 1852-1937". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 2 (6): 346–326. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1938.0017.
  2. page 3-82
  3. Ballard, Chris (1993). "Stimulating minds to fantasy? A critical etymology for Sahul". Sahul in review: pleistocene archaeology in Australia, New Guinea and island Melanesia. Canberra: Australian National University. p. 17. ISBN 0-7315-1540-4.
  4. "Max Wilhelm Carl Weber (1852 - 1937)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
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