Marilyn Manson (band)

This article is about the band. For the person, see Marilyn Manson.
Marilyn Manson

Marilyn Manson performing in 2012
Background information
Origin Fort Lauderdale, Florida, United States
Years active 1989–present
Associated acts
Past members

Marilyn Manson is an American rock band formed by singer Marilyn Manson and guitarist Daisy Berkowitz in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, in 1989. Originally named Marilyn Manson & the Spooky Kids, they gained a local cult following in South Florida in the early 1990s with their theatrical live performances. In 1993, they were the first act signed to Trent Reznor's Nothing Records label. Until 1996, the name of each member was created by combining the first name of an iconic female sex symbol and the last name of an iconic serial killer, for example Marilyn Monroe and Charles Manson. Their lineup has changed between many of their album releases; the current members of Marilyn Manson are the eponymous lead singer (the only remaining original member), bassist Twiggy Ramirez, guitarists Paul Wiley and Tyler Bates, keyboardist/percussionist Daniel Fox, and drummer Gil Sharone.

In the past, band members dressed in outlandish makeup and costumes, and engaged in intentionally shocking behavior both onstage and off. Their lyrics often received criticism for their anti-religious sentiment and references to sex, violence and drugs, while their live performances were frequently called offensive and obscene. On several occasions, protests and petitions led to the group being blocked from performing, with at least three US states passing legislation banning the group from performing at state-owned venues. They released a number of platinum-selling albums, including Antichrist Superstar (1996) and Mechanical Animals (1998). These albums, along with their highly-stylized music videos and worldwide touring, brought public recognition to Marilyn Manson. In 1999, news media falsely blamed the band for influencing the perpetrators of the Columbine massacre.

As this controversy began to wane throughout the 2000s, so did the band's mainstream popularity. Despite this, Jon Wiederhorn of MTV, in June 2003, referred to Marilyn Manson as "the only true artist today".[1] Marilyn Manson is widely regarded as being one of the most iconic and controversial figures in heavy metal music, with the band and its lead singer influencing numerous other groups and musicians, both in metal-associated acts and also in wider popular culture. VH1 ranked Marilyn Manson as the seventy-eighth best rock band on their 100 Great Artists of Hard Rock. They were inducted into the Kerrang! Hall of Fame in 2000, and have been nominated for four Grammy Awards. In the US, the band has seen eight of its releases debut in the top ten, including two number-one albums. Marilyn Manson have sold in excess of 50 million records worldwide.


Formation and The Spooky Kids (1989–92)

In 1989, Brian Warner was a college student working towards a degree in journalism at Broward College, gaining experience by writing music articles for the South Florida lifestyle magazine 25th Parallel.[2] It was in this capacity that he met several of the musicians to whom his own band would later be compared, including My Life With the Thrill Kill Kult and Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails.[3] That December, he met Scott Putesky, who proposed that the two form a band together after reading some lyrics and poems written by the singer.[4][5] Warner, guitarist Putesky and bassist Brian Tutunick recorded their first demo tape as Marilyn Manson & the Spooky Kids in 1990, taking on the stage names of Marilyn Manson, Daisy Berkowitz and Olivia Newton Bundy, respectively.[6] Bundy left the band soon after, and was replaced by Gidget Gein, born Brad Stewart.[7] They were later joined on keyboard by Stephen Bier, who called himself Madonna Wayne Gacy.[8] In 1991, drummer Fred Streithorst joined the band under the name Sara Lee Lucas.[9]

The stage names adopted by each member were representative of a concept the band considered central: the dichotomy of good and evil, and the existence of both, together, in every whole. "Marilyn Monroe had a dark side", explained Manson in his autobiography, "just as Charles Manson has a good, intelligent side." Images of both Monroe and Manson, as well as of other famous and infamous figures, were common in the band's early promotional materials.[10]

The Spooky Kids' popularity in the area grew quickly, largely thanks to the support of WYNX-FM DJ Scott David, who would regularly play songs from the band's demo tapes on air,[11] and because of the band's highly visual concerts, which drew from performance art and used many shock techniques such as "naked women nailed to a cross, a child in a cage, or bloody animal body parts."[12] Band members variously performed in women's clothing or bizarre costumes; and, for lack of a professional pyrotechnician, would set their own stage props on fire.[11] The band would contrast these theatrics with elements drawn from their youth: characters from 1970s and '80s children's television made regular, often grotesquely altered, appearances on band flyers and newsletters, and were frequently sampled in their music.[10] They continued to perform and release cassettes—shortening their name to Marilyn Manson in 1992—until the summer of 1993, when they drew the attention of Reznor, who had just founded his own label, Nothing Records.[13]

Portrait of an American Family and Smells Like Children (1993–1995)

Left to Right: Twiggy, Gacy and Manson performing at the "A Night of Nothing" industry showcase, 1996

Reznor offered the band a contract with the label, as well as an opening slot supporting Nine Inch Nails on their upcoming "Self Destruct Tour".[13] After accepting both offers, recording sessions for their debut studio album began in July 1993 with Swans producer Roli Mosimann at Criteria Studios in Miami, Florida. Recording a selection of new songs along with material from their Spooky Kids repertoire, the first version of their debut, titled The Manson Family Album, was completed by the end of September. However, it was not well received.[14] The band's members, along with Reznor, criticized Mosimann's production as being flat, lifeless and poorly representative of the band's live performances.[10] At the same time, Gidget Gein had begun to lose control of his addiction to heroin.[14] Before reworking the album, the band played two shows in Florida under the name Mrs. Scabtree. This band featured Manson on drums, Gacy on keyboard, Berkowitz on guitar, and Jessicka from Jack Off Jill sharing vocal duties with Jeordie White of Miami thrash band Amboog-a-Lard. Four other local musicians, bassists Mark Dubin of Sister Venus and Patrick Joyce from The Itch, guitarist Miles Hie and violinist Mary Karlzen were also involved.[15][16]

Reznor agreed to rework production of The Manson Family Album in October 1993 at Record Plant Studios in Los Angeles. Gein, who had been hospitalized after his fourth heroin overdose, was not invited to participate.[11] After seven weeks of mixing, re-recording and remixing, the album — now titled Portrait of an American Family — was presented to Nothing's parent label Interscope.[10] As first single "Get Your Gunn" was beginning to receive airplay, Gein received a letter declaring his services "no longer needed" by the band, after he overdosed on heroin for a fifth time.[10][14] He was replaced by White, of Amboog-a-Lard, who undertook the alias Twiggy Ramirez.[7] The album was released on July 19, 1994 and peaked at number thirty-five on Billboard's Top Heatseekers album chart.[17] The band began its first national headlining tour in December 1994, with Jack Off Jill opening.[18] During the band's stint as opening act on the Nine Inch Nails tour, Manson met Church of Satan founder Dr. Anton LaVey, who bestowed Manson with the title of "Reverend" — meaning a person who is revered by the church, and not necessarily one who dedicates their life to preaching the religion to others, as with a priest or minister.[10] Manson would use this title in the liner notes of the band's following album, citing himself as "Reverend Marilyn Manson".[19]

In March 1995, the band began a two-month tour, this time with Monster Voodoo Machine as support.[20] This would be drummer Sara Lee Lucas' last tour with the band.[9] Kenneth Wilson, better known by his stage name Ginger Fish, then joined the group before they embarked on a tour with rock bands Danzig and Korn.[10] The band then relocated to the new home of Nothing Studios in New Orleans to begin work on remixes and b-sides for Portrait's third single, "Dope Hat",[10] releasing a music video inspired by the boat ride scene from the 1971 movie Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory.[21] The proposed single eventually developed into an hour-long EP, titled Smells Like Children. The EP's fifteen tracks of covers, remixes, and sonic experiments also included the band's version of the Eurythmics' "Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)",[22] which would prove to be their first legitimate hit.[23] The song's music video was placed in heavy rotation on MTV,[24] in stark contrast with the "Dope Hat" video, which the same channel had banished to late-night airplay only a few months prior.[25] A seven-month headlining tour followed, during which the band began to debut new material.[26]

Antichrist Superstar (1996–97)

Twiggy, the band's longest serving member, during the "Dead to the World Tour"

The band's second studio album, Antichrist Superstar, was released on October 8, 1996.[27] The rock opera concept album[28] was recorded at Nothing Studios with Reznor, Manson, Sean Beavan and Skinny Puppy member Dave Ogilvie sharing co-production duties; while members of both Marilyn Manson and Nine Inch Nails also took part in production duties.[27] The process of making the album was reputedly a long and difficult one, highlighted by experiments involving sleep deprivation and near-constant drug use, in an effort to create a violent and hostile environment suited to the album's content.[29] During this time, antagonism between band members was high, which caused the departure of guitarist and Spooky Kids founding member Daisy Berkowitz, with Twiggy performing much of the album's guitar work as a result.[29] Timothy Linton responded to an advert seeking Berkowitz' replacement. He would form a close relationship, even sharing a house, with Madonna Wayne Gacy, who was responsible for the inclusion of one of the major sources of inspiration for the album: Kabbalah. Breaking with the six-year tradition of naming band members after female icons and serial killers, the band chose to name Linton Zim Zum, which was derived from the Lurianic Kabbalah concept of Tzimtzum.[30]

"The Beautiful People" was released as the album's lead single, and made a fairly major impact on the alternative rock charts. It created enough anticipation for Antichrist Superstar that the album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200[31] with first-week sales of 132,000 copies.[32] Manson also appeared on the cover of Rolling Stone, who awarded the band their 'Best New Artist' accolade in 1997.[31] The year long "Dead to the World Tour" followed, which was the band's longest and widest-ranging tour yet. In the US, however, the band was receiving more attention than ever before, and not all of it was positive. As the tour was getting underway, the band found itself the target of congressional hearings, led by Senator Joseph Lieberman, to determine the effects, if any, of violent lyrics on young listeners.[33] Lieberman would later go on to refer to Marilyn Manson as "perhaps the sickest group ever promoted by a mainstream record company."[34] In addition, nearly every performance of the tour was picketed by religious organizations.[35]

The band released their second EP, Remix & Repent, on November 25, 1997, which featured new versions of Antichrist Superstar's four singles, "The Beautiful People", "Tourniquet", "Antichrist Superstar" and "Man That You Fear".[36] The same year, three previously unreleased songs were included on the soundtracks to motion pictures, "Long Hard Road Out of Hell" appeared on the soundtrack to Spawn,[37] "Apple of Sodom" on the soundtrack to David Lynch's Lost Highway, while "The Suck for Your Solution" featured on the soundtrack to the Howard Stern biopic Private Parts.[38] In February 1998, Manson released his autobiography, The Long Hard Road out of Hell,[38] as well as a live video entitled Dead to the World. It also came to light around this time that Antichrist Superstar would be the first installment in a concept album trilogy, and that the release of a follow-up was imminent, along with rumors of the involvement of The Smashing Pumpkins frontman Billy Corgan[39] and The Dust Brothers[40] with the as-yet-untitled album.

Mechanical Animals (1998–99)

Manson as Mechanical Animals' antagonist, "Omega"

The band released the second part of their triptych, Mechanical Animals, on September 15, 1998.[41] Co-produced by the band's eponymous lead singer with Sean Beavan and Michael Beinhorn,[42] the album moved away from the industrial rock production of its predecessor and was strongly influenced by the glam rock period of the 1970's, particularly David Bowie's 1974 album Diamond Dogs.[43] Corgan served as an unofficial consultant to the band during the early development stages of the album. After playing a few songs for him, Corgan advised them that "This is definitely the right direction" but to "go all the way with it. Don't just hint at it", referring to its inclusion of glam influences.[39] To suit their new musical style, the band also recast itself as a glam rock outfit, setting aside the "rotting-corpse chic" of the previous era[39] in favor of attire more suited to the genre, incorporating leather, platform boots and brightly dyed hair.[39] The band also relocated from New Orleans to Los Angeles,[39] while Zim Zum was replaced by guitarist John Lowery,[44] who dubbed himself John 5.[45] Immediately prior to this, Lowery had been a member of former Judas Priest vocalist Rob Halford's 2wo, who were themselves signed to Nothing Records.[46]

Interscope's promotion of the album was massive,[47] with the label erecting enormous billboards of the lead singer as an androgynous extraterrestrial in both Times Square and Sunset Strip.[48] Repeated appearances on MTV and other networks helped propel the album's lead single, "The Dope Show", to number twelve on Billboard's Mainstream Rock chart,[41] becoming the band's highest-charting single yet in the process.[49] The song's music video was critically acclaimed, winning two awards at the 1998 Billboard Music Video Awards[50] as well as the Best Cinematography award at the 1999 MTV VMA's;[51] while the song was also nominated for Best Hard Rock Performance at the 41st Annual Grammy Awards.[52] The album would go on to debut at number one on the Billboard 200, with first week sales of over 223,000.[53]

After a brief promotional campaign, the band set out on the "Beautiful Monsters Tour" with Hole.[54] The tour would be a problematic one, however,[55] and was marred by frequent on–and–off stage exchanges between Manson and Hole vocalist Courtney Love.[56] Private disputes also arose over the tour's financial arrangements, with Hole unwittingly financing most of Manson's production costs, which were disproportionately high relative to Hole's.[57] The tour was to include thirty-seven shows spanning over a two-month period,[54] although Hole left after taking part in just nine of the scheduled dates. A broken ankle from Manson also forced the postponement of the next two shows,[56] with the remainder of the tour being renamed "Rock Is Dead" and Jack Off Jill and Nashville Pussy taking over select opening slots.[58]

The final four dates of the tour were canceled out of respect for the victims of the Columbine High School massacre.[59][60] The latter half of 1999 and much of 2000 was a period of relative silence for the band, who refused to take part in interviews and retreated from public life.[61] They shelved plans for a proposed single and music video for their cover of AC/DC's "Highway to Hell", which appeared on the soundtrack to Detroit Rock City.[62] They spent this period writing and recording in a secluded studio in Death Valley,[63][64] with only the live album The Last Tour on Earth appearing during this time.[65] A studio outtake from Antichrist Superstar, titled "Astonishing Panorama of the Endtimes", served as its only single.[66]

Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) (2000–02)

Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) was released on November 14, 2000.[67] Produced by the band's lead singer with Dave Sardy, the album also features programming and pre-production editing by Bon Harris of Nitzer Ebb.[68] The band wrote over 100 songs for the album,[68] which was a return to the darker, more abrasive sound of Antichrist Superstar. Much of its content was written in response to the Columbine massacre,[69] with the album's third single, "The Nobodies", directly referencing the shootings.[70] Described by the band's frontman as the third part of a trilogy which began with Antichrist Superstar and continued in Mechanical Animals,[71] its overarching theme is an exploration of the relationship between death and fame in American culture, and its lyrics and artwork contain many references to John F. Kennedy and Lee Harvey Oswald, John Lennon and Mark David Chapman, and Abraham Lincoln and John Wilkes Booth.[72] The "Guns, God and Government Tour" elaborated on Holy Wood's central theme, and with its logo – a rifle and handguns arranged to resemble the Christian cross — Manson made no attempt to conceal what he saw as the source of that fascination.[73]

The band also revealed that within their concept album trilogy,[74] Holy Wood serves as prequel to Mechanical Animals and Antichrist Superstar despite the latter two preceding Holy Wood in release date.[75] Each album contains its own distinct storyline, which can be linked together to create a larger overarching storyline encompassing all three.[75] Manson has offered this much in the way of an interpretation: "[Holy Wood is about] wanting to fit into a world that didn't want me, and fighting really hard to get there. [The album's deepest elements] are idealism and the desire to start a revolution. If you begin with Holy Wood, then Mechanical Animals really talks about how that revolution gets taken away from you and turned into a product, and then Antichrist Superstar is where you're given a choice to decide if you're going to be controlled by the power that you created or if you want to destroy yourself and then start over. It just becomes a cycle."[74]

As part of the album's promotional campaign, the band joined the 2001 line-up of Ozzy Osbourne's Ozzfest, although they initially refused to take part in its June 21 date in Denver–their first appearance in Colorado since the Columbine massacre.[76] After protests from several religious groups, however, the band announced on their website that they would perform in Denver, and planned to "balance out" their "violent lyrics" by quoting Bible text, "so we can examine the virtues of wonderful Christian stories of disease, murder, adultery, suicide and child sacrifice."[77][78] During the concert, Manson read passages such as Leviticus 20:9 ("For every one that curseth his father or his mother shall surely be put to death") and Psalm 137:9 ("Happy shall he be, that taketh and dasheth thy little ones against the stones").[79] The tour was documented by a DVD of the same name, which was released on October 29, 2002. In addition to a compilation style concert [songs from multiple individual shows edited together to appear as a single performance], it includes a thirty-minute short film titled "The Death Parade".[80] This was followed by Guns, God and Government – Live in LA seven years later. Released on Blu-ray on November 17, 2009, it depicts their January 13, 2001 performance at Los Angeles' Grand Olympic Auditorium in its entirety.[81]

Earlier in 2001, the band released a cover of Gloria Jones' "Tainted Love" on the soundtrack to Not Another Teen Movie.[82] The song became the band's biggest international hit yet, peaking at number one in numerous European territories.[83] In 2002, Jonathan Davis of Korn invited Marilyn Manson to record vocals on a track titled "Redeemer", which was released on his soundtrack to Queen of the Damned.[84] Manson also appeared in Michael Moore's 2002 documentary, Bowling for Columbine; his appearance was filmed on the same day as their Denver Ozzfest performance. When Moore asked what Manson would have said to the students at Columbine, he replied, "I wouldn't say a single word to them. I would listen to what they have to say, and that's what no one did."[85]

The Golden Age of Grotesque and Lest We Forget (2003–05)

With the "triptych" of previous albums complete, the band was free to begin a fresh project. In 2002, Manson created an original score for the Resident Evil film with former KMFDM multi-instrumentalist Tim Sköld.[86] Soon after, Sköld became an official band member when Twiggy Ramirez amicably left the group, citing creative differences.[87] After finding inspiration through Manson's girlfriend Dita Von Teese in the swing and burlesque movements of 1920s Berlin,[88] the band recorded The Golden Age of Grotesque, which was released on May 13, 2003 and debuted atop the Billboard 200 album chart, selling over 118,000 copies on its first week.[32] It was also an international success, debuting at number one in Austria, Canada, Germany, Italy, Switzerland and Billboard's European Albums Chart.[89] The album appeared on several critics' year-end lists,[13] and won a 2003 Metal Edge Readers' Choice Award for "Album of the Year".[90]

Performing at Ozzfest (2003)

Eschewing the lyrical depth and symbolism found on Holy Wood, the album was relatively straightforward: in an extended metaphor, Manson compares his own often-criticized work to the Entartete Kunst banned by the Nazi regime.[91] Lyrically, Manson utilizes the narrative mode of stream of consciousness throughout the album to examine the human psyche in times of crisis, specifically focusing on the mindset of lunatics and children, as, according to Manson, "they don't follow the rules [of society]."[92] Several songs incorporate elements commonly found in playground chants and nursery rhymes, which Manson would "pervert into something ugly and lurid."[92] The work of Kurt Weill was also noted as an influence, along with the lucid dreams the singer was having during its production, with Manson explaining that he would "wake up and say, 'I want to write a song that sounds like a stampeding elephant,' or 'I want to write a song that sounds like a burning piano.'"[92][93]

Manson began his long-term collaboration with Austrian-Irish artist Gottfried Helnwein, working together on several multi-media projects associated with the album, including the exhibitions and installation art projects featured at the album's launch party at The Key Club in Los Angeles, the album artwork, the music video to lead single "mOBSCENE", as well as the artwork which accompanied Manson's essay for The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum.[94][95] Limited edition copies of the album included a DVD titled Doppelherz (Double-heart), a 25-minute surrealist short film directed by Manson which featured art direction by Helnwein.[96] Another world tour followed, "Grotesk Burlesk", which furthered the album's Weimar Republic-inspired theme by adding Helnwein-created stage dressing and elements of German Kabarett to the group's performances.[95] Manson and the band members began appearing both on-and off-stage in designer suits created by Jean Paul Gaultier.[97]

Lest We Forget: The Best Of was released on September 28, 2004 and was referred to by Manson as a "farewell" compilation.[98] It was the last album released under Nothing Records, as the label was dissolved following a lawsuit filed by Reznor against his former manager and business partner, John Malm.[99] The compilation was supported by the "Against All Gods Tour",[100] as well as a single–a cover of Depeche Mode's "Personal Jesus".[101] It was the first and only tour to feature Mark Chaussee of Rob Halford's Fight on lead guitar,[102] replacing John 5, whose relationship with Manson had soured over the previous year.[103] During the band's performance of "The Beautiful People" at the 2003 Rock am Ring festival, Manson kicked and then shoved the guitarist. John 5 responded in anger, throwing his guitar to the ground and raising his fists to Manson, before resuming the song.[104] Former Nine Inch Nails drummer Chris Vrenna also replaced Ginger Fish, who fractured his wrist, skull and cheekbone after falling several feet off his drum riser during a performance at a German awards ceremony.[105][106]

Eat Me, Drink Me (2006–08)

Sköld and Manson during the "Rape of the World Tour"

By late 2005, the band had composed eighteen new songs, but work on their sixth studio album was halted when Manson focused his attention toward various film and art projects, including the development of his screenplay, Phantasmagoria: The Visions of Lewis Carroll, as well as a minor role in the Lucy Liu movie Rise: Blood Hunter.[107] He also launched a self-proclaimed art movement, the Celebritarian Corporation, which included artist Gottfried Helnwein, fashion designer Steven Klein and director Anthony Silva,[108] as well as announcing plans to open an art gallery and publish a book of his paintings.[109] It was after opening the Celebritarian Corporation Gallery Of Fine Art on Melrose Avenue in 2006 that work started on new material, with Manson writing lyrics over Sköld's already existing compositions.[110]

The resulting material was composed and recorded entirely by Sköld, and does not feature writing or performance contributions from any other member of the band.[111] Its content is largely inspired by personal troubles relating to Manson's failed marriage to Von Teese, and his burgeoning relationship with then-19-year old actress Evan Rachel Wood.[110] The band made their debut appearance on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno on October 31, 2006, performing their cover of "This Is Halloween" from a deluxe edition re-release of The Nightmare Before Christmas soundtrack.[112] This would be their last performance featuring longtime keyboardist Madonna Wayne (Pogo) Gacy,[113][114] who would go on to file a $20m lawsuit against the band the following year for unpaid "partnership proceeds".[115]

The album was preceded by the release of a single, "Heart-Shaped Glasses (When the Heart Guides the Hand)", whose music video was shot using director James Cameron's 3D Fusion Camera System technology.[116] The video caused controversy upon release, with several sources claiming that it featured genuine footage of Manson and Wood engaged in sexual intercourse.[116][117][118][119] Wood was reportedly paid "the highest [music] video salary in history" to appear in the video.[120] Eat Me, Drink Me was released on June 5, 2007,[121] and entered the Billboard 200 at number eight with first week sales of 88,000 copies.[122] It also peaked in the top ten of most major international album charts, as well as at number two on Billboard's European Albums Chart.[123] "Putting Holes In Happiness" was released as the album's second single,[124] with a remix of the track by Yeah Yeah Yeahs guitarist Nick Zinner appearing on Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock.[125]

To promote the album, the band embarked on the nine-month "Rape of the World Tour", which featured Sköld on lead guitar,[126] former The Prodigy bassist Rob Holliday[127] and longtime drummer Ginger Fish; while Vrenna rejoined the band as their live keyboardist.[128] The first leg of the tour was a co-headlining set with American thrash metal band Slayer, with support coming from Bleeding Through.[129][130] In November 2007, Manson confirmed that he and Sköld had begun work on the band's next studio album, with Slayer's Kerry King, former The Smashing Pumpkins guitarist James Iha and Nick Zinner of Yeah Yeah Yeahs set to feature.[131] By the beginning of 2008, however, Twiggy Ramirez had rejoined the band as bassist, resulting in the exit of Sköld, with Holliday moving from bass to lead guitar for the remaining duration of the tour.[132] Future collaborations with Sköld were not ruled out.[133]

The High End of Low (2008–09)

In March 2008, Twiggy stated through his Myspace blog that the band had began work on their seventh studio album.[134] Four months later, former Limp Bizkit guitarist Wes Borland joined the band for their headlining show at the 2008 ETP Fest in South Korea.[135] However, Borland left the group to reunite with Limp Bizkit after just one other performance.[136] He later said that he was reluctant to be a "hired gun", citing the band's refusal to record any of the nine songs he submitted for their upcoming album.[137] R&B singer Ne-Yo claimed in early December that he would hold writing sessions with the band's frontman on new material,[138] although Manson released a statement on Christmas Eve denying this,[139] saying that he had "never even met Ne-Yo. I can assure him that he would not want to be associated with something this godless."[140]

The High End of Low was recorded throughout 2008, with Manson recording vocals at his Hollywood Hills home studio[141] between November and January 5, 2009.[142] Produced by Manson, Twiggy and Vrenna with Antichrist Superstar and Mechanical Animals co-producer Sean Beavan,[143][144] Manson described the album as containing "extreme" autobiographical content relating to the dissolution of his engagement to Wood,[141][142] and as being "very ruthless, heavy and violent".[145] Its fifteen songs appear on the album in the order they were written.[142] The penultimate track, "Into the Fire", portrays the vocalist's mental state on Christmas Day, wherein he attempted to contact Wood 158 times, cutting himself with a razorblade on the face or hands for each corresponding attempt.[146] The album's final song, "15", was completed on Manson's January 5 birthday—hence the name.[142] Manson utilized his entire home as a canvas to document the disintegration of the relationship, writing its lyrics on walls and coupling them with paintings and drawings relating to Wood, as well as used condoms, bags of cocaine and other drug paraphernalia.[143]

Album version, as it appeared on The High End of Low. A heavily-censored version of the track performed poorly at US radio.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

"We're from America" was released as a free download on the band's website on March 27, 2009,[147] while a Hot Topic-exclusive CD single followed two weeks later.[148] After playing an instrumental version of "Arma-goddamn-motherfuckin-geddon" to Interscope's A&R department, it was chosen as the album's official lead single, with an employee telling Manson, "This is gonna be a hit!". Manson then quipped to the employee, "Well, I'm glad that you have no consideration for what I [might] put on top of it."[149] A heavily censored version of the profanity-laced track – re-titled to "Arma... geddon"[150] – was serviced to radio from April 13,[147] and peaked at number thirty-seven on Billboard's Mainstream Rock chart, becoming their lowest-peaking single in the process.[49] The album was released on May 26, 2009 and debuted at number four on the Billboard 200 with sales of over 49,000 copies, their lowest opening week figure since The Last Tour on Earth debuted with 26,000 copies in 1999.[151] It was supported by "The High End of Low Tour". Rob Holliday did not rejoin the band, with former Wired All Wrong member Andy Gerold performing bass and Twiggy taking over on lead guitar.[152][153]

Prior to The High End of Low's release, Manson made a series of disparaging comments regarding Interscope and its artistic censorship; as well as its then-CEO Jimmy Iovine, who Manson said "wasn't smart enough to understand what [we] do",[154] and publicly claiming that the label "cares more about Vitamin Water [the private equity venture of Interscope-signed 50 Cent[155]] than music."[156] Reznor – who, as of 2015, remains friends with Iovine[157] – responded by calling Manson a "dopey clown" and claiming that "He is a malicious guy and will step on anybody's [sic] face to succeed and cross any line of decency."[158] While promoting the album in the UK, Manson appeared inebriated in a series of interviews.[159][160][161] An interview for Alan Carr: Chatty Man recorded during this time remains unaired,[162] due to graphic language and content.[163] A music video for "Running to the Edge of the World" – in which Manson beats a Wood lookalike to death – was released on November 4 and was condemned as a perceived glorification of violence against women.[164][165] The band parted ways with Interscope on December 3.[166] Eight days later,[167] they settled the lawsuit filed by former keyboardist Stephen Bier (aka M.W. Gacy), with Manson's insurance company paying Bier's attorney's fees and Bier receiving no monetary value.[168][169][170]

Born Villain (2009–12)

Upon parting with Interscope, Manson said "a lot of the creative control on which my hands were tied [has been regained]", while stating that the band had been writing new material while touring their previous album.[171] At the beginning of 2010, Vrenna said that they were "talking and coming up with concepts" for their upcoming studio album.[172] Manson attested that its lyrical content would be "more romantic" yet "self-abusive",[171] and described its sonic elements as being "suicide death metal".[173] That April, Manson expressed interest in releasing the record in a different way from previous ones.[174] Fred Sablan – bassist for Twiggy and Masters of Reality vocalist Chris Goss' project Goon Moon[175] – joined the band in July.[176] By October, Twiggy described the album as being "almost done", and opined that "It's our best record yet. I mean, everyone always says that, but I think this is our best work so far. It's kind of like a little more of a punk rock Mechanical Animals, without sounding too pretentious."[177] The following month, it was announced that the band had signed a joint-venture deal with London-based indie label Cooking Vinyl.[177] As part of the deal, the band would retain creative control over their artistic direction,[178] with the band and label sharing profits equally after the label recoups costs associated with marketing, promotion and distribution.[179]

The band logo for Born Villain.

For much of 2011, Manson removed himself from the public spotlight and ceased almost all communication with fans,[180] only taking a break from his self-imposed sequestration to appear in the music video for "Tempat Ku" by Brunei rock band D'Hask.[181] On February 24, longtime drummer Ginger Fish announced his resignation from the group.[182] On May 22, their website underwent a complete overhaul. A 26-second clip of an unreleased song, tentatively titled "I am among no one", was uploaded to their Vimeo account, along with a new logo.[183] The logo consisted of the letter M repeated four times in a spiral pattern, each with one long tail. At the end of two of the tails was the Taoist symbol ☲, which is the inner trigram of hexagram 30 from the I Ching, named 離 (pronounced: lí). This hexagram, symbolizing "radiance", is also known as "the clinging, fire" and "the net".[184] The CMYK coloring was also notable with regard to an acrostic which appeared in a journal entry accompanying the site changes, spelling out the words "Christianity Manufactures Yesterdays Killers".[183]

After being impressed by his directorial work on one of Kid Cudi's music videos,[185] Manson employed actor Shia LaBeouf to direct a short film entitled Born Villain.[186] Contrary to media reports that the project would be a "making-of" video documenting the album's recording,[187][188] Born Villain was a surrealist short[189] featuring a previously unreleased track, "Overneath the Path of Misery". Containing numerous references to Macbeth,[190] it was inspired by Jodorowsky's The Holy Mountain[185] and Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí's 1929 silent film Un Chien Andalou.[190] To promote the project, LaBeouf and his girlfriend, photographer Karolyn Pho, graffitied areas of LA with its artwork. LaBeouf and Pho later photographed their work, and released it as a limited edition book titled Campaign, which was bundled with a DVD of the film.[190][191] In November, Vrenna departed the band to focus on other production work, whilst indicating that production of their eighth studio album was "largely completed".[192]

The album was preceded by the release of "No Reflection", which Manson leaked to KROQ-FM on March 7, 2012.[193] Cooking Vinyl CEO Martin Goldschmidt called the leak a "masterstroke", saying "we had all these exclusives lined up around the world, and then Manson blew them all. We're already getting more radio play than the whole of the last record."[194] The song went on to peak at number twenty-six on the Mainstream Rock chart, spending fourteen weeks on the chart, and was their best-performing single there since "Personal Jesus" in 2004.[49] Born Villain was released worldwide from April 30,[193] debuting at number ten on the Billboard 200 and atop both the Independent Albums and Top Hard Rock Albums charts.[195] Internationally, it peaked within the top ten of numerous territories,[196] and spent two weeks at number one on the UK Rock Albums Chart.[197] A remix EP for "Slo-Mo-Tion" followed on November 5.[198] The band embarked on the seventeen-month "Hey Cruel World... Tour" from the end of April,[199] which was interspersed by co-headlining tours with Rob Zombie ("Twins of Evil") and Alice Cooper ("Masters of Madness").[200][201]

The Pale Emperor (2012–16)

In August 2012, it was announced that Manson would play a fictionalized version of himself in a four-episode arc of the sixth season of TV series Californication.[202] While filming its season finale at the Greek Theatre in LA,[203] Manson met the series' score composer, Tyler Bates, and the two discussed a potential collaboration.[204] Manson confirmed that production started on new material by May 2013,[205] with Gil Sharone, drummer for The Dillinger Escape Plan and Stolen Babies, indicating in February 2014 that he would be performing on the band's upcoming record.[206] Four months later, Sablan announced that he had left the group,[207] being replaced on bass by Twiggy for their 2014 summer tour, with Bates and his friend, Paul Wiley, taking over as live guitarists.[208][209]

The album was preceded by the release of several new songs. "Cupid Carries a Gun" was the first song previewed,[206] when it was used as the opening theme to Salem from its second episode onwards, which premiered on US television on April 27.[210] In October, a large portion of the album track "Killing Strangers" was predominantly featured[211] in the Keanu Reeves movie John Wick.[212] "Third Day of a Seven Day Binge" was released for free download on the band's website on October 26,[213] and served as the album's first official single.[214] The band performed several new songs live for the first time as they played a handful of concerts around southern California in October and early November.[215] "Deep Six" was released on December 16,[216] with a music video following three days later.[217] It went on to peak at number eight on Billboard's Mainstream Rock chart,[218] making it the band's highest-ever peaking single on Billboard.[49] "Cupid Carries a Gun" was released as the album's third official single on January 8, 2015.[219][220]

The Pale Emperor was released on January 20 in the US.[221] It is dedicated to Manson's mother, who died in May 2014 after an eight-year battle with Alzheimer's disease and dementia.[222][223] It was both a critical and commercial success, debuting at number eight on the Billboard 200 with sales of over 51,000 copies,[224] their largest opening-week figure since Eat Me, Drink Me in 2007.[122][225] Numerous publications referred to it as the band's best album in over a decade.[221][222][226][227] It would go on to appear on several 'best of 2015' lists, with Rolling Stone dubbing it the 'best metal album' of 2015.[228] Music videos for both "The Mephistopheles of Los Angeles" and "Third Day of a Seven Day Binge" were released in May and July, respectively.[229][230]

The band embarked on the nearly-two year-long The Hell Not Hallelujah Tour in support of the album, which was interspersed by a co-headlining tour with The Smashing Pumpkins titled The End Times.[231][232] In February 2016, Manson contributed vocals to a version of David Bowie's "Cat People (Putting Out Fire)" on Countach (For Giorgio), a tribute album to Giorgio Moroder curated by Shooter Jennings.[233][234][235] A 16-bit music video for the song was released five months later.[236] Also in February, details were announced of another co-headlining tour, this time with Slipknot.[237] The tour was scheduled to begin on June 9 in Salt Lake City and consist of thirty-four dates in Amphitheatres throughout North America, with support from Of Mice & Men.[238] However, the first twelve dates of the tour were postponed after a physical examination revealed that Corey Taylor had broken two vertebrae in his neck. The tour began on June 28 in Nashville, Tennessee, with the postponed shows rescheduled for August.[239] Marilyn Manson are also confirmed to play at both the Mexican and Japanese dates of Slipknot's festival Knotfest.[240]

SAY10 and recent activity (2016–present)

While touring with The Smashing Pumpkins, Manson indicated a "strong possibility" of working with Corgan on new material, and also revealed plans to collaborate with Korn frontman Jonathan Davis on a "Southern-sounding, acoustic" project.[241] Manson announced in an interview with KEGL in November that work had begun on the band's tenth studio album, while also confirming that Twiggy, Bates and Sharone would all be involved in its recording.[242] Antichrist Superstar was reissued on cassette exclusively in Europe as part of Record Store Day 2016.[243][244] To celebrate the twentieth anniversary of the album's release, Manson indicated that a special edition of Antichrist Superstar would be issued on October 20,[245] although this failed to materialize. Among its bonus content was to be a previously unreleased film, created during the "Dead to the World Tour".[246]

On July 19, Manson announced that the band's tenth studio album would be released on Valentine's Day in 2017, and has the working title SAY10.[247] In September, Manson confirmed that the band were "putting the finishing touches" on the album, and said: "It's not very much in any way like The Pale Emperor. It's pretty violent in its nature for some reason, and it's not emotional in the same way. It's got a chip on its shoulder. I can't wait for people to hear it. I think they're going to be quite surprised."[248] On November 8 – the day of the 2016 US presidential election – Manson released a 76-second clip of a new music video. It features scenes of Manson brandishing a knife while standing over a decapitated corpse, which is dressed to resemble Donald Trump. The video was directed by Tyler Shields.[249]

Musical style

Although the band's music has often been labeled as shock rock by mainstream media,[224][250][251][252] Manson disputes the use of the label,[253] preferring instead to identify their work as being primarily rooted in rock and roll.[254] Over the course of their career, the band has produced music which has been ascribed to many genres, including industrial metal,[13][255][256] industrial rock,[257][258][259] industrial dance,[260] post-industrial,[261][262] alternative metal,[263][264][265] progressive metal,[259] hard rock,[13][266][267] electronic music,[8] glam rock,[41][255] goth rock,[259][268][269] death metal,[258][270] blues rock[271] and pop.[266]

Ginger Fish (left) and John 5 (right), both performing at the Nova Rock Festival in Austria with Rob Zombie in 2014

Before parting ways with the band in 1996, Daisy Berkowitz was their lead composer,[272] either writing or co-writing the majority of their music alongside Gidget Gein.[14][273] Until his departure in 2002,[274] Twiggy was their chief musical contributor, co-writing many of the band's biggest hits with Manson during this period.[275] Despite never receiving a writing credit, drummer Ginger Fish provided substantial pre-production assistance to both Manson and Twiggy while composing demos for Antichrist Superstar. His drums loops and sound effects would go on to be predominantly featured on several tracks, most notably "The Beautiful People".[276] John 5 and Tim Sköld were also prevalent composers,[45][111] with the latter composing every song on Eat Me, Drink Me;[277] while The Pale Emperor was composed entirely by Tyler Bates.[278]

All of the band's lyrics are written by Manson, whose songwriting style varies between albums.[279] Utilizing aesthetics often found within spoken-word poetry,[270][280] his writing employs various means of word play[281][282] for comedic effect,[270] such as puns[283][284][285] and double entendres,[286][287] and he makes frequent use of literary devices such as alliteration[288] and symbolism.[289] These witticisms often take the form of neologisms, delivered several at a time in rapid-fire succession.[290] Lyrical content has emerged from a wide range of subjects, including love,[110] sex and sexuality,[35] sexual abuse, consumerism, politics,[291] revenge,[142] suicide, capitalism,[266] violence and mortality,[292] as well as the Bible[293] and Greek mythology.[294][295]

Manson predominantly delivers lyrics in a melodic fashion,[296] although he invariably enhances his vocal register by utilizing several extended vocal techniques, such as vocal fry,[297] screaming,[298] growling[299] and crooning.[300][301] His voice can omit five different tones simultaneously,[302] which mixing engineer Robert Carranza discovered can form a pentagram when imported into a phrasal analyzer.[303][304] He possesses a baritone vocal type,[305] and has a vocal range which can span more than four octaves.[306] His lowest bass note of A1 can be heard in "Arma-goddamn-motherfuckin-geddon", while his highest note, an E6 – the first note of the whistle register – can be heard on the Born Villain song "Hey, Cruel World...".[307]


The earliest incarnation of the band was conceived by Manson at a Fort Lauderdale[308] nightclub called The Reunion Room in December 1989,[4] where he was introduced to Big Black's Songs About Fucking by his future keyboardist, Stephen Bier.[10] Daisy Berkowitz played in several punk rock outfits before co-founding the Spooky Kids, and was influenced by acts such as New York Dolls and the Jim Carroll Band, whose "People Who Died" was covered regularly at live shows.[10] Using a Yamaha RX-8 drum machine,[4] they produced several demo tapes of experimental, beat-heavy compositions, similar to Steve Albini's work with Big Black.[309] With the addition of a live drummer, the band gradually altered and developed their composing process, recording techniques and live performances.[309]

As its only permanent member, Manson heads the direction of the band's sound, who has been influenced by the shock rock work of artists such as Screamin' Jay Hawkins,[310] Arthur Brown,[10] Alice Cooper,[255] The Doors,[311] Black Sabbath/Ozzy Osbourne[255] and Iggy Pop.[312] His biggest influence, however, was David Bowie, who he credited with "changing [his] life forever".[312][313] The two have often been compared by mainstream media, particularly in relation to their ability to shift genre and style – replete with a new look and musical philosophy – with each studio release.[314][315][316] For several years, Manson sang "Cat People (Putting Out Fire)" as a vocal warm up exercise before live performances,[317] later covering the song with outlaw country musician Shooter Jennings.[318]

During their period at Nothing Records, the band's sound gathered sonic elements from other outfits on that label's roster, particularly Nine Inch Nails, with Reznor co-producing their first two studio albums.[27][41] Manson has cited Queen as an influence on the band's more melodic work,[41] while new wave and synthpop acts such as Depeche Mode[319] and Gary Numan[320] have been noted as influencing their electronic material. Manson said of the latter, "I was always into his apocalyptic fiction lyrics. He pioneered electronic dance music."[321] The work of gothic rock acts such as The Cure[322] and Bauhaus has also been cited, with Twiggy saying that "as far as guitar and bass combinations go", Bauhaus' Daniel Ash and David J were "a really big influence".[323] Manson's other influences include Johnny Cash, Jimi Hendrix, N.W.A, Justin Timberlake, The Smashing Pumpkins,[324] Led Zeppelin, the occult, horror comics, and the King James Bible.[255]

Impact and legacy

Manson wearing a "dental device" in the music video for "The Beautiful People"

Marilyn Manson have been credited with creating some of the most recognizable and visually defining music videos of the MTV Generation,[325][326] with some commentators suggesting that their music videos played a significant role in the band's commercial success.[327][328] Their work frequently incorporates surrealist iconography and purposefully grotesque imagery,[190][329][330][331] and their style has been emulated by other performers.[332] Joseph Schafer of Stereogum said in 2015 that "perhaps no single artist has mastered the music video as a medium so well [as Marilyn Manson]."[266] They have received numerous awards and accolades for their work. Three of their videos – "Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)", "The Beautiful People" and "The Dope Show" – received a total of five MTV Video Music Award nominations. The latter won the Award for Best Cinematography at the 1999 ceremony,[51] and two awards at the 1998 Billboard Music Video Awards.[50] "The Beautiful People" appeared at number fifty-four on MTV's list of the '100 Greatest Music Videos Ever Made',[333] as well as at number one-hundred on MuchMusic's 100 Greatest Videos Ever.[334] Their 2003 video for "(s)AINT" was referred to by NME as "one of the most explicit music videos ever made",[335] and was included in lists of the 'Most Controversial Music Videos' by both Time and SF Weekly.[336][337]

The band have received several Kerrang! Awards throughout their career, and were inducted into the Kerrang! Hall of Fame in 2000.[338] Manson also received their Icon Award in 2005,[339][340] as well as their Lifetime Achievement Award ten years later.[341] The publication has ranked Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) as the eleventh greatest rock album of the 2000s,[342] and in 2015 they listed Manson as the twenty-eighth greatest rockstar in the world.[343] VH1 included Marilyn Manson at seventy-eight on their list of the '100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock',[344] and also included "The Beautiful People" at number eighty-six on their list of the 100 Greatest Hard Rock Songs.[345] Similarly, Gigwise included Manson at number thirty-six in their list of the '60 Greatest Solo Artists of All Time'.[346] In 2016, Manson was presented with an Icon Award at the Alternative Press Music Awards.[347] The band has also received four Grammy Award nominations, including two for Best Metal Performance, along with nominations for Best Hard Rock Performance and Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance.[52] Marilyn Manson have sold over 50 million records worldwide.[347][348][349][350]

"It's clear Manson isn't merely a freak rocker, media manipulator or one-trick pony. The secret to his longevity lies not in his sometimes schlocky image, but in the content of his work. Not only are his songs sonically compelling and his themes fresh and intriguing, but his actions speak louder than his words. His imagery, sounds and theatrics all still have a point, and like all true artists, he continues to wring significant messages from the lining of his contorted innards. Manson doesn't just bleed for his art. He drinks, pukes, fornicates and risks his life for it."

—Jon Wiederhorn of MTV on Marilyn Manson, 2003[1]

Several commentators have referred to the band's lead singer as being one of the most iconic and controversial figures in heavy metal music,[328][351][352][353] with some going so far as to call him a "pop culture icon".[354][355][356][357] Paste magazine said there were "few artists in the 90s as shocking as Marilyn Manson, the most famous of the shock-rockers."[358] Rolling Stone editor Lorraine Ali credited Antichrist Superstar with marking the end of the reign of grunge within popular music, writing that Marilyn Manson "[offered] total escapism as a true alternative", elaborating that the album was "a volatile reaction to five years of earnest, post-Nirvana rock."[258] In 2003, Jon Wiederhorn of MTV called Manson "the only major performer today who can justifiably call himself an artist."[1] Graham Hartmann of Loudwire said that the band's best songs document "a career that is unlike any other that came before", highlighting their mix of a "rock 'n' roll mentality with profound lyrics narrating the progression of society in real time, Manson has developed a polarizing identity as both a beloved hero and a reviled villain."[359]

Similarly, Hannah Ewers of The Guardian wrote in 2016 that the band's music has "never been more relevant [than] at this time of cultural and political turbulence. Whether [his lyrics are addressing] America's gun crime problem, sexual abuse, religious hypocrisy or consumerism, Manson remains a relevant cultural figure rather than a 90s one, because he continues to address the times without lapsing into a parody", and opined: "As long as young people are angry (which they are), he will have listeners."[291] Such controversial material has invariably overshadowed the band's music, with Tim Grierson of writing, "The downside to [the] provocative album covers and bizarre appearance was that the songs often took a backseat to his outrageous persona", but said that "in terms of continuing the rock 'n' roll tradition of offending authority, he was one of the art forms most memorable troublemakers."[360]

The band has been noted as influencing numerous groups within metal-associated genres, such as American Head Charge,[361] Avatar,[362] Babymetal,[363][364] Combichrist,[365] Cradle of Filth,[366] Ghost,[367][368] Korn,[369] Motionless in White,[370][371][372] Murderdolls,[373] Mushroomhead,[374] New Years Day,[375] September Mourning[376][377] and Slipknot.[378] Outside of heavy metal, both the band and its lead singer have inspired a diverse group of acts, including Avril Lavigne,[379][380] Charli XCX,[381][382] Die Antwoord,[383] Eminem,[384] Grimes,[385] Lady Gaga,[386][387] Lana Del Rey,[388] Lil Uzi Vert,[389] Lisa Marie Presley,[390] Muse,[391] My Chemical Romance,[392] Mykki Blanco,[393] Natalia Kills,[394] Porcelain Black,[395] Skrillex,[396] Skylar Grey[397] and Years & Years.[398] Garbage vocalist Shirley Manson has called Manson an "amazing figure and provocateur and agitator" and said that he was "always challenging you to think about the church, to think about sexuality and to think about society in different ways. We just don't have singers like that anymore."[399] Billy Corgan of The Smashing Pumpkins has commended Manson's manipulation of the culture of celebrity, saying: "He's very savvy, in that he lets people think things about him or plays into things to see what will happen, almost like a performance artist. He's a visionary in a way, because he identified a culture that was coming and now that culture is everywhere."[291]


In December 1996, Senator Joe Lieberman, along with former Secretary of Education William Bennett and Secretary of Pennsylvania State C. DeLores Tucker, held a press conference wherein they questioned MCA – the owner of Interscope – president Edgar Bronfman Jr.'s ability to head the label competently whilst profiting from "profanity-laced" albums by artists such as Tupac Shakur, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Marilyn Manson.[400] Earlier that year, Tucker called the band's EP Smells Like Children the "dirtiest, nastiest porno record directed at children that has ever hit the market."[401] The following November, Representative Sam Brownback chaired a hearing of the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs titled "Music Violence: How Does It Affect Our Children".[402] At this subcommittee, Lieberman once again criticized the band's music, calling it "vile, hateful, nihilistic and damaging", and repeated his request that Seagram – then-owner of MCA – "start [...] disassociating itself from Marilyn Manson." The subcommittee also heard from Raymond Kuntz, of Burlington, North Dakota, who blamed his son Richard's suicide on Antichrist Superstar–specifically the song "The Reflecting God".[403]

The band's live performances have also come under fire – the Dead to the World Tour, in particular, was followed by protesters at nearly every North American venue it visited.[35] Utah passed legislation allowing state-operated venues to ban the group from performing, forcing the cancelation of their January 11, 1997 performance at Utah State Fairpark. This legislation was repealed six months later, when a group of nine fans successfully sued the state.[404] Similarly, an April 10 concert at the state-owned Carolina Coliseum in Columbia, South Carolina was canceled after the South Carolina House of Representatives voted to ban Marilyn Manson from ever performing on state-owned property. This resulted in South Carolina being forced to pay the band's promoters $40,000 for loss of income.[405] The city council of Richmond, Virginia ordered the cancelation of their May 10 concert at Richmond Coliseum.[405] The American Civil Liberties Union sued the city on the band's behalf.[406]

A July 22 concert at La Luna in Portland, Oregon was canceled following the venue's inability to obtain insurance for the event.[407] Their concert at Calgary's Max Bell Arena three days later was also canceled, with the owner of the venue – Larry Ryckman – citing the band's reputation. He would later be successfully sued by the band's promoters for $66,000 in damages.[408] The New Jersey date of Ozzfest at Giants Stadium was canceled by the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority, who cited Marilyn Manson's performance as its reason.[409] The event was only held after Ozzy Osbourne successfully sued the state, which compelled authorities to allow the concert.[406] During this time, schools in Florida threatened to expel students who attended the band's concerts.[34]

On June 30, 2003, the mutilated body of fourteen-year old schoolgirl Jodi Jones was discovered in woodland near her home in Easthouses, Scotland.[410] The injuries sustained by Jones closely resembled those of actress Elizabeth Short, who was murdered in 1947 and was popularly referred to by media as the Black Dahlia.[411][412] Jones' boyfriend, then-fifteen year old Luke Mitchell, was arrested on suspicion of her murder ten months later.[413] During a search of his home, detectives confiscated a copy of The Golden Age of Grotesque containing the short film Doppelherz.[414] It was purchased two days after Jones' death.[415] A ten-minute excerpt from the film, as well as several paintings by Manson depicting the Black Dahlia's mutilated body, were presented as evidence during the trial.[414][416][417] Although Mitchell's defense attorney argued that Jones' injuries were inconsistent with those found in Manson's paintings,[418] Lord Nimmo Smith said during sentencing that he did "not feel able to ignore the fact that there was a degree of resemblance between the injuries inflicted on Jodi and those shown in the Marilyn Manson paintings of Elizabeth Short that we saw. I think that you carried an image of the paintings in your memory when you killed Jodi."[419] Mitchell was found guilty of murder and sentenced to serve a minimum of twenty years in prison.[420]

The band's scheduled appearance at the Park Live Festival in Moscow on June 27, 2014 was canceled moments before they were due to arrive on stage,[421] after authorities received numerous bomb threats, while hundreds of activists affiliated with the Russian Orthodox Church protested outside the venue.[422] The incident culminated in the assault of several members of the band and crew near their hotel.[423] Two days later, a performance in Novosibirsk was also canceled when authorities refused to grant permission for the show to go ahead, accusing Manson of insulting the beliefs of the Orthodox church and of "promoting sadomasochism".[424][425] Later that year, Manson garnered significant media attention when a video depicting the simulated rape of Lana Del Rey was posted onto YouTube by production company Sturmgruppe.[426] The video, titled "Sturmgruppe 2013 Reel", showed simulated footage of film director Eli Roth attacking Del Rey, which was interspersed by unrelated images from two of the band's previous music videos — "No Reflection" and "Slo-Mo-Tion".[427][428][429] Manson's representatives released a statement to Billboard denying any involvement in the production of the rape scenes.[430]

School shootings

Columbine massacre

"I couldn't care less about those kids' reasoning. What reason do we have to go to war? It's all the same. Killing somebody can't be justified by having a reason. I think it says a lot about the [news] media that those two kids were on the cover of Time magazine twice because I'm sure that's everything they wanted. They wanted fame. America sold them the idea that an obituary is just another headline."

—Marilyn Manson on the Columbine massacre.[431]

On April 20, 1999, Columbine High School students Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold killed twelve students and a teacher, and wounded twenty-one others before committing suicide. It remains the deadliest high school shooting in US history.[432] In the days following the massacre, media reports surfaced alleging that they were influenced by violence in entertainment, specifically movies, video games and music.[433] The pair were widely reported as being fans of German bands KMFDM and Rammstein, but the majority of blame was directed at Marilyn Manson.[70][434]

Five days after the incident, William Bennett and Joseph Lieberman cited the band as a contributing factor to the massacre during an appearance on Meet the Press.[435] Soon after, sensationalist headlines such as "Killers Worshipped Rock Freak Manson" and "Devil-Worshipping Maniac Told Kids To Kill" began appearing in mainstream media.[63][436] The Mayor of Denver, Wellington Webb, successfully petitioned promoters to cancel KBPI-FM's annual 'Birthday Bash', at which the band was scheduled to appear.[437] Coloradoan politicians such as Governor Bill Owens and Republican Representative Tom Tancredo accused Manson of promoting "hate, violence, death, suicide, drug use and the attitudes and actions of the Columbine High School killers,"[77] despite later reports that neither Harris or Klebold were fans.[438][439] The band canceled the remaining four dates of the Rock Is Dead Tour out of respect for the victims, while steadfastly maintaining that music, movies, books or video games were not to blame.[59][60]

Eleven days after the massacre, Manson wrote an op-ed piece for Rolling Stone, titled "Columbine: Whose Fault Is It?", where he rebuked the ensuing hysteria and "witch hunt", and castigated America's gun culture, the political influence of the National Rifle Association, and the media's culpability in similarly violent events in the future – through their irresponsible coverage – in facilitating the placement of blame on a scapegoat, instead of informing the populous of genuine societal issues.[440][441]

Other shootings

The controversy connecting the band and school shootings continued on October 10, 2007, when 14-year-old SuccessTech Academy student Asa Coon shot four people before committing suicide.[442] After being punched in the face by another student whilst exiting a bathroom, he shot his attacker – Michael Peek – in the abdomen.[443] Armed with two Revolvers, he then proceeded down a hallway, where he wounded another student and two teachers by firing in to two occupied classrooms, before entering a nearby bathroom and committing suicide.[444] Coon was wearing a black Marilyn Manson T-shirt during the incident.[445][446]

On May 18, 2009, 15-year-old Justin Doucet, a student at Larose Middle School in Lafourche Parish, Louisiana, entered the school armed with a .25-caliber Automatic Colt Pistol.[447] When seventh-grade teacher Jessica Plaisance refused to comply with Doucet's demand to say "Hail Marilyn Manson", he fired two shots, narrowly missing her head, before turning the gun on himself.[448][449] He died from his injuries a week later.[450]

Band members

For more details on this topic, see List of Marilyn Manson band members.

Current members
  • Marilyn Manson lead vocals, guitar, tambourine, saxophone, pan flute (1989present)
  • Twiggy Ramirez bass (1993–2002, 2008, 2014–present), guitars, backing vocals (2009-2014)
  • Gil Sharone drums (2013present)
  • Paul Wiley guitar, backing vocals, programming (2014present)
  • Tyler Bates guitar, backing vocals (20142015, 2016–present)
  • Daniel Fox keyboards, percussions (2015present)

Former members
Former touring members


Grammy Awards
Year Nominee/work Award Result Ref.
1999 "The Dope Show" Best Hard Rock Performance Nominated [52]
2001 "Astonishing Panorama of the Endtimes" Best Metal Performance Nominated
2004 "mOBSCENE" Nominated
2013 "No Reflection" Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Nominated


For a more comprehensive list, see Marilyn Manson discography.
Studio albums



    1. 1 2 3 Wiederhorn, Jon (June 13, 2003). "The Argument: Marilyn Manson Is The Only True Artist Today". MTV. Viacom. Archived from the original on February 22, 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
    2. Hamersly, Michael (February 4, 2008). "Interview with your vampire: Marilyn Manson". PopMatters. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    3. Buchanan, David (August 24, 2014). "Top 11 Influential Minds of Industrial Metal". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    4. 1 2 3 Tron, Gina (April 10, 2014). "Daisy Berkowitz: Portrait of an American Ex-Marilyn Manson Member". Vice. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    5. Hawk, Mike (January 7, 2013). "Scott Mitchell Putesky (Daisy Berkowitz) Interview". Blankman, Inc. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    6. Kissell, Ted B. "Manson: The Florida Years". Cleveland Scene. Euclid Media Group. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    7. 1 2 Kaufman, Gil (October 13, 2008). "Former Marilyn Manson Bassist Gidget Gein Dead At 39". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    8. 1 2 Feemster, Scott. "Marilyn Manson – Biography". Amoeba Music. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    9. 1 2 Finn, Natalie (August 5, 2007). "Marilyn Manson Accused of Bilking the Band". E!. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Marilyn Manson; Neil Strauss (1998). The Long Hard Road Out of Hell. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-098746-6.
    11. 1 2 3 Diamond, Ollie H. (May 11, 2014). "Sunday Old School: Marilyn Manson". Metal Underground. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    12. Baker, Greg (July 20, 1994). "Manson Family Values". Miami New Times. Voice Media Group. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    13. 1 2 3 4 5 Ankeny, Jason. "Marilyn Manson – Biography & History". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
    14. 1 2 3 4 Wiederhorn, Jon. "21 Years Ago: Marilyn Manson Issues 'Portrait of an American Family'". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    15. Baker, Greg (March 16, 1993). "Program Notes 48". Miami New Times. Village Voice Media. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    16. Baker, Greg (February 9, 1994). "Program Notes". Miami New Times. Village Voice Media. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    17. "Portrait of an American Family". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved March 28, 2016.
    18. Baker, Greg (January 5, 1995). "Program Notes 38". Miami New Times. Village Voice Media. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    19. Revolver Staff (July 15, 2014). "Marilyn Manson and 10 Famous Members of the Church of Satan". Revolver. NewBay Media. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    20. Anderson, Jason. "Monster Voodoo Machine – Biography & History". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved March 24, 2014.
    21. Garis, Mary Grace (October 27, 2015). "13 Creepy Music Videos Perfect For Halloween That Are Even Better Than Watching A Movie". Bustle. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    22. "Smells Like Children – Marilyn Manson – Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    23. Rosenberg, Axl (November 15, 2013). "Original Marilyn Manson Guitarist Daisy Berkowitz Has Stage Four Colon Cancer". MetalSucks. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
    24. "Marilyn Manson Biography". FYI. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    25. Evers, Derek (February 13, 2009). "Flashback Friday Video – Marilyn Manson "Dope Hat"". The Fader. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    26. "Story of the Antichrist (archived at Google Groups)". February 24, 1997. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
    27. 1 2 3 Childers, Chad (October 8, 2015). "19 Years Ago: Marilyn Manson Makes Creative Leap With 'Antichrist Superstar'". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
    28. Harkness, Ryan (December 4, 2016). "12 Musical Projects Trent Reznor Was Behind". Medium. Retrieved June 26, 2016.
    29. 1 2 Jackson, Alex (September 10, 1996). "Recording Antichrist Superstar A "Trying Experience" For Manson". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
    30. Miller, Gerri (December 1998). "Zim Zum Speaks (Archived at Provider Module)". Metal Edge. Zenbu Media. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
    31. 1 2 Thigpen, David E. (February 24, 1997). "Music: Satan's Little Helpers". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved March 31, 2016. (subscription required (help)).
    32. 1 2 Dansby, Andrew (May 21, 2003). "Manson Golden at Number One". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
    33. Kretkowski, Paul D. (November 11, 1997). "Blaming the Shock Rockers: Now that Frank Zappa's dead, who will stick up for Marilyn Manson?". Mother Jones. Foundation For National Progress. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
    34. 1 2 Neil Strauss (May 17, 1997). "A Bogey Band to Scare Parents With". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
    35. 1 2 3 Mirapaul, Matthew (April 24, 1997). "The Traveling Controversy That Is Marilyn Manson". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Retrieved March 31, 2016.
    36. "Remix & Repent by Marilyn Manson on iTunes". iTunes. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
    37. MTV News Staff (September 16, 1997). "Marilyn Manson: Sneaker Pimps "Very Confused Individuals"". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
    38. 1 2 "Running With the Devil, by Marilyn Manson". Spin. SpinMedia. February 1998. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
    39. 1 2 3 4 5 Lorraine Ali (September 2, 1998). "Marilyn Manson's New (Happy) Face". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media LLC. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
    40. MTV News Staff (December 3, 1997). "Manson, Weiland, Wyclef, Beck Line Up For Dust Brothers". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
    41. 1 2 3 4 5 Childers, Chad (September 15, 2015). "17 Years Ago: Marilyn Manson Goes Glam With 'Mechanical Animals'". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
    42. Stephen Thomas Erlewine (1998). "Mechanical Animals AllMusic Review". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
    43. Olsen, Chad. "Marilyn Manson - Mechanical Animals (1998)". Metal Forces. Rockzone Publications. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
    44. Kaufman, Gil (August 22, 1998). "Zim Zum Quits Marilyn Manson To Persue Solo Career". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
    45. 1 2 St. James, Adam. "John 5 - Marilyn Manson's Dirty Little Secret". Retrieved April 21, 2016.
    46. "Rob Halford Says His Two Project Has 'Stood The Test Of Time'". September 28, 2014. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
    47. Vanhorn, Teri (September 15, 1998). "Marilyn Manson Fans Queue Up For Mechanical Animals". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
    48. Hochman, Steve (August 16, 1998). "Marilyn Manson Aims to Change Tide of the Mainstream". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
    49. 1 2 3 4 "Marilyn Manson - Mainstream Rock Chart History". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
    50. 1 2 MTV News Staff (November 9, 1998). "Marilyn Manson, 'N Sync, Beastie Boys, Lauryn Hill Win at the Billboard Music Video Awards". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
    51. 1 2 "Lauryn Hill The Big Winner At MTV Video Music Awards". Chicago Tribune. tronc. September 10, 1999. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
    52. 1 2 3 McKinstry, Lee (February 6, 2015). "20 artists you may not have known were nominated for (and won) Grammy Awards". Alternative Press. Alternative Press Magazine, Inc. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
    53. Boehlert, Eric (September 24, 1998). "Marilyn Manson Shows He's Dope". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
    54. 1 2 Kaufman, Gil (January 27, 1999). "Marilyn Manson, Hole Schedule 'Beautiful Monsters' Tour". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    55. Kaufman, Gil (March 10, 1999). "Best Of '99: Boston Promoter Says Hole Dropping Off Manson Tour". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    56. 1 2 MTV News Staff (March 15, 1999). "Hole Walks Out On Tour, Manson Injury Postpones Several Dates". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    57. Kaufman, Gil (March 11, 1999). "Hole Threaten To Drop Off Marilyn Manson Joint Tour". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    58. MTV News Staff (March 22, 1999). "Manson Resumes Tour Without Hole, Taps Nashville Pussy And Jack Off Jill For Upcoming Dates". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    59. 1 2 Sterngold, James (April 29, 1999). "Terror in Littleton: The Culture; Rock Concerts Are Cancelled". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    60. 1 2 "Manson cancels rest of US tour". BBC News. BBC. April 29, 1999. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    61. Christopher Scapelliti (Winter 2000). "Dark Angel". Revolver. Future US, Inc.: 72–77.
    62. MTV News Staff (June 16, 1999). "Marilyn Manson To Shoot Video For "Highway To Hell"". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    63. 1 2 Tom Bryant (November 10, 2010). "Screaming For Vengeance". Kerrang!. Bauer Media Group: 40–42.
    64. Lanham, Tom (November 2000). "Marilyn Manson: Absinthe Makes The Heart Grow Fonder". Alternative Press. Alternative Press Magazine, Inc. (148): 76–86.
    65. Stephen Robinson (November 24, 1999). "The Last Tour On Earth - Music Review - Album". Hot Press. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
    66. Manson, Marilyn (June 8, 1999). "Manson Penning New Music Material". Seems Like Salvation News. Archived from the original on August 16, 2000. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    67. "Critic Reviews for Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) - Metacritic". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    68. 1 2 Vanhorn, Teri (December 16, 1999). "Marilyn Manson Gets More Mercurial". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    69. Bezer, Terry (August 15, 2014). "Modern Classics: Marilyn Manson - Holy Wood - Features". Classic Rock. TeamRock. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    70. 1 2 France, Lisa Respers (April 20, 2009). "Columbine left its indelible mark on pop culture". CNN. Time Warner. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    71. Basham, David (December 16, 1999). "Manson To Walk In The "Valley Of Death" For Next LP". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    72. Myers, Ben (November 18, 2000). "Holy Wood". Kerrang!. Bauer Media Group (831): 29–36.
    73. Segal, David (November 27, 2000). "Welcome to His Nightmare: Acceptance". Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    74. 1 2 Goldyn, A.R. (June 18, 2001). "Guns, God and Government: Interview with Marilyn Manson". The Omaha Reader (latterly by Pioneer Publishing. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    75. 1 2 Quelland, Sarah (December 14, 2000). "Into the Mind of Marilyn". Metroactive Music. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    76. D'Angelo, Joe (March 22, 2001). "Marilyn Manson Bows Out Of Denver Ozzfest Date". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    77. 1 2 D'Angelo, Joe (May 21, 2001). "Colorado Governor, Congressman Support Anti-Manson Group". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    78. Bychawski, Adam (May 13, 2001). "Manson To Lead Bible Studies Class". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    79. " :: Music :: Concert Reviews - Ozzfest 2001 / June 21, 2001 / Denver, CO @ Mile High Stadium". Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    80. "Marilyn Manson – Guns, God and Government World Tour (2001)". Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    81. "Marilyn Manson: Guns, God and Government – Live in L.A. [Blu-ray] (2009)". Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    82. "Not Another Teen Movie – Original Soundtrack". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    83. Jose Promis (September 27, 2003). "Missing Tracks Mean Fewer U.S. Album Sales". Billboard. 115 (39): 14. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    84. Payne, Chris (June 30, 2015). "Marilyn Manson & Korn's Jonathan Davis Are Collaborating: What's It Gonna Sound Like?". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    85. Tietelman, Brian (July 20, 2012). "In The Wake Of Today's Massacre, Here's Marilyn Manson's Columbine Essay". Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    86. Wiederhorn, Jon (November 21, 2001). "Marilyn Manson Says Scoring Comes Naturally For Him". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    87. Michael, Troy (April 1, 2009). "Sköld vs. KMFDM: Anything But Competition". Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    88. Saul, Heather (March 24, 2016). "Dita Von Teese on remaining friends with Marilyn Manson: 'He encouraged all of my eccentricities'". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    89. "Hits Of The World". Billboard. 115 (22): pages 80–81. May 31, 2003. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    90. Metal Edge June 2004 issue.
    91. "Marilyn Manson über Stimmung in USA und "Entartete Kunst"" [Marilyn Manson on the mood in the US and "Degenerate Art"]. Der Standard (in German). May 5, 2003. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    92. 1 2 3 Wiederhorn, Jon (May 12, 2003). "Marilyn Manson Draws From Dreams, Lunatics For Golden Age Of Grotesque". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    93. "Marilyn Manson: 'The Golden Age Of Grotesque' Cover Art Posted Online". February 19, 2003. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    94. "Marilyn Manson Launches New Album With Grotesk Burlesk Party". PR Newswire. May 8, 2003. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    95. 1 2 "Die Grotesk Burlesk Tour Von Marilyn Manson" [The Grotesk Burlesk Tour Of Marilyn Manson]. (in German). June 1, 2003. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    96. "Doppelherz, video with Marilyn Manson". January 1, 2003. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    97. MTV News Staff (April 28, 2003). "For The Record: Quick News on Marilyn Manson and Jean Paul Gaultier". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
    98. "Marilyn Manson Calls His 'Best Of' Collection 'A Farewell Compilation'". September 23, 2004. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
    99. Harris, Chris (May 31, 2005). "Nine Inch Nails' Trent Reznor Wins Case Against His Former Partner". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
    100. "Manson To Tour 'Against All Gods'". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. October 5, 2004. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
    101. D'Angelo, Joe (September 30, 2004). "Marilyn Manson Loses His Religion For Upcoming Tour". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
    102. "Marilyn Manson: Former Fight/Danzig Guitarist Joins The Fold?". October 20, 2004. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
    103. Wiederhorn, Jon (April 6, 2004). "Fired Marilyn Manson Guitarist Wonders What Went Wrong". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
    104. Suehs, Bob (March 26, 2006). "John 5 - Interview". Rock N Roll Experience. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
    105. "Manson's Drummer Injured In Fall". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. September 27, 2004. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
    106. "Marilyn Manson Guests On New York's K-Rock 92.3 FM: Audio Available". November 20, 2004. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
    107. "Marilyn Manson's home movies". Hot Press. July 18, 2005. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
    108. Harris, Chris (October 28, 2005). "Marilyn Manson Likes His New Guitar God To A Naked Woman". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
    109. Bychawski, Adam (July 18, 2005). "Marilyn Manson Unleashes 'Horrorpilation'". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
    110. 1 2 3 Ames, Jonathan (May 2007). "Marilyn Manson: Return of the Living Dead". Spin. SpinMedia. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
    111. 1 2 Rosenberg, Axl (May 14, 2007). "Marilyn Manson Likes Cats, Tim Sköld". MetalSucks. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    112. "Marilyn Manson To Perform On 'Tonight Show With Jay Leno'". October 6, 2006. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    113. DiVita, Joe (February 1, 2016). "Ex-Marilyn Manson Keyboardist Extends Death Wish to Singer". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    114. Breihan, Tom (February 1, 2016). "Madonna Wayne Gacy Wishes Death Upon Former Bandmate Marilyn Manson". Stereogum. SpinMedia. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    115. MTV News Staff (December 22, 2007). "Marilyn Manson Countersues Bandmate; Plus Chingy, DMX, Yung Berg, Jordin Sparks, Mario, Kid Rock & More, In For The Record". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    116. 1 2 Harris, Chris (May 15, 2007). "Marilyn Manson's Sex Scene: 'Stellar Acting' Or The Real Deal?". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    117. Bychawski, Adam (May 16, 2007). "Marilyn Manson in video controversy". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    118. SPIN Staff (May 23, 2007). "Marilyn Manson's 'Heart-Shaped Glasses' Music Video". Spin. SpinMedia. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    119. "Marilyn Manson Says Sex Scenes In New Video Are 'Simulated'". May 15, 2007. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    120. "Manson pays Wood highest video salary in history". Irish Examiner. Landmark Media Investments. May 16, 2007. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    121. "Marilyn Manson - Eat Me, Drink Me". Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    122. 1 2 Hasty, Katie (June 13, 2007). "T-Pain Soars To No. 1 Ahead Of Rihanna, McCartney". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    123. "Hits Of The World". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 119 (25): pages 86–87. June 23, 2007. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    124. "Putting Holes In Happiness - EP von Marilyn Manson in iTunes". iTunes Germany (in German). Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    125. Spence D. (November 1, 2007). "Guitar Hero III: Legends Of Rock Companion Pack". IGN. Ziff Davis. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
    126. Harris, Chris (April 5, 2007). "Marilyn Manson Reveals He Came Close To Suicide; LP 'Was My Salvation'". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
    127. Cohen, Jonathan (April 24, 2007). "Devils, Vampires Rub Elbows On Manson Album". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
    128. Syrjala, Marko (January 7, 2008). "News, Interviews, Concert Reviews >> Marilyn Manson - Live in Helsinki". Metal Rules. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
    129. Guitar World Staff (May 7, 2007). "Slayer and Marilyn Manson Announce Dates for Co-Headlining Tour". Guitar World. NewBay Media. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
    130. Harris, Chris (June 18, 2007). "Slayer's Kerry King Warns Marilyn Manson About Co-Headlining Run". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
    131. Saavedra, David (November 16, 2007). "Marilyn Manson: 'Puedo vivir como quiera en mi mundo de vanidad'" [Marilyn Manson: 'I can live as I want in my world of vanity']. El Mundo (in Spanish). Unidad Editorial. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
    132. Zaleski, Annie (January 9, 2008). "Marilyn Manson and Twiggy Ramirez are back together!". The Riverfront Times. Euclid Media Group. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
    133. "Twiggy Ramirez Rejoins Marilyn Manson". January 9, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
    134. Jeordie White. "News Archives: January - February - March 2008 (archived at Twiggy's official site,". Myspace. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    135. "Wes Borland to play guitar for Marilyn Manson". Metal Injection. August 15, 2008. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    136. Rosenberg, Axl (May 13, 2009). "Marilyn Manson & MetalSucks Agree: Wes Borland Is A Hypocrite Tool Bag". MetalSucks. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    137. "Marilyn Manson Vs. Limp Bizkit's Wes Borland". May 13, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    138. Springer, Anthony (December 13, 2008). "Ne-Yo on Marilyn Manson, Country Music and Reaching R. Kelly Status". HipHopDX. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    139. Harris, Chris (December 3, 2008). "Marilyn Manson Is Not Working With Ne-Yo, Spokesperson Insists". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    140. Snead, Elizabeth (December 26, 2008). "Hey, gals and ghouls! Marilyn Manson is still on the market". Zap2it. Tribune Media. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    141. 1 2 Bosso, Joe. "Marilyn Manson says new album 'left many scars'". MusicRadar. Future plc. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    142. 1 2 3 4 5 Powers, Nicole (June 5, 2009). "Marilyn Manson: The High End of Low". SuicideGirls. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    143. 1 2 "Marilyn Manson: 'The High End Of Low' Artwork, Track Listing Revealed". April 16, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    144. Young, Alex (May 27, 2009). "Marilyn Manson - The High End of Low – Album Review". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    145. Hayden, Chaunce (January 30, 2009). "The Return of Shock Rocker Marilyn Manson". Steppin' Out. Larry Collins: 61–63, 86. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
    146. Goodman, William (June 24, 2009). "Q&A: Marilyn Manson". Spin. SpinMedia. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    147. 1 2 Kreps, Daniel (March 24, 2009). "Marilyn Manson Offers Free Song As New Album "The High End of Low" Lurks". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    148. "Marilyn Manson - We're From America (CD Single)". Discogs. Zink Media, Inc. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    149. "ShockHound - Shock TV - Marilyn Manson: The ShockHound Interview - Chapter II". ShockHound. Hot Topic. June 11, 2009. Archived from the original on June 14, 2009. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
    150. Kreps, Daniel (April 17, 2009). "Marilyn Manson Courts Controversy With "The High End of Low"". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    151. Caulfield, Keith (June 3, 2009). "Eminem Stays Atop Billboard 200; Grizzly Bear, Manson Debut Top 10". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    152. Cashmere, Tim (June 10, 2009). "Marilyn Manson Returns To Australia". Undercover.FM. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    153. Job, James (January 5, 2016). "Interview With Musician Andy Gerold". Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    154. Hartmann, Graham (April 17, 2012). "Marilyn Manson: I'm Not Trying To Be Reborn, I'm Trying to Transform". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    155. Howard, Theresa. "50 Cent, Glaceau forge unique bond". USA Today. ABC News. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    156. Epstein, Dan (March–April 2012). "Man That You Fear – Feature". Revolver. NewBay Media: pages 17–23. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    157. Aswad, Jem (August 14, 2015). "Zane Lowe Talks Beats 1's First Weeks, Working With Trent Reznor and Dr. Dre, And 'Gorging On Pearl Jam Radio'". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    158. Kreps, Daniel (June 2, 2009). "Trent Reznor Says Marilyn Manson Has "Become A Dopey Clown"". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    159. Youngs, Ian (June 3, 2009). "The mad world of Marilyn Manson". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    160. Hugo Rifkind (June 5, 2009). "A most bizarre encounter with Marilyn Manson". The Times. News UK. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    161. Rosenberg, Axl (June 4, 2009). "Marilyn Manson is HHHHHHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIGGGGGHHHH". MetalSucks. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    162. Nissim, Mayer (September 23, 2013). "'Alan Carr: Chatty Man': Alan's top guests and memorable moments". Digital Spy. Hearst Media. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    163. Alan Carr (August 13, 2009). "Manson Man Action". Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    164. San Roman, Gabriel (April 11, 2012). "Marilyn Manson's 'No Reflection' Latest to Mirror Images of Violence Against Women". OC Weekly. Duncan McIntosh. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    165. Kaufman, Gil (August 6, 2010). "Eminem's 'Love The Way You Lie' Isn't First Video To Deal With Domestic Abuse". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    166. "Marilyn Manson Splits With Interscope". December 3, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    167. Trent Vanegas (December 21, 2009). "Marilyn Manson Settles Lawsuit With Madonna Wanye Gacy". Pink is the new blog. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    168. "Marilyn Manson's Attorney Says Former Keyboardist Will Not Get Any Proceeds From Settlement". December 22, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    169. "Marilyn Manson, ex-bandmate Bier settle lawsuit". Toronto Star. Star Media Group. December 27, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    170. "Marilyn Manson, Former Bandmate Settle Lawsuit". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. December 28, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
    171. 1 2 Goodman, William (December 3, 2009). "Marilyn Manson: "I'm Back with Evan Rachel Wood"". Spin. SpinMedia. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
    172. Shlosman, Rafi (January 12, 2010). "Interview with Chris Vrenna (Archived at Provider Module)". Retrieved May 18, 2016.
    173. Chris D. (May 5, 2011). "New Marilyn Manson = "Suicide Death Metal"". Decibel. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
    174. Peterson, Marta (April 8, 2010). "Marta & Marilyn Manson (Archived at Provider Module)". Revolver. NewBay Media. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
    175. Ahmed, Raymond. "Live Review: Goon Moon 12.09.07 – San Francisco, California – Great American Music Hall (Archived at Base Tendencies)". Ground Control Magazine. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    176. Fred Sablan. "Fred Sablan – Biography". Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    177. 1 2 "Marilyn Manson Signs With Cooking Vinyl Records". November 7, 2010. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
    178. Shaw, Zach (November 8, 2010). "Marilyn Manson Signs New Record Deal With Cooking Vinyl Records". Retrieved May 18, 2016.
    179. Paine, Andre (November 8, 2010). "Marilyn Manson: Antichrist indie star". Billboard. Reuters. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
    180. Kerrang! Staff (March 18, 2011). "Marilyn Manson stars in My Chemical Romance-esque pop video". Kerrang!. Bauer Media Group. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
    181. "Marilyn Manson Guest Stars In D'Hask's "Tempat Ku" Music Video". The PRP. March 17, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
    182. Bychawski, Adam (February 24, 2011). "Marilyn Manson drummer Ginger Fish quits after 15 years in singer's band". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
    183. 1 2 Bychawski, Adam (May 23, 2011). "Marilyn Manson previews eighth studio". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
    184. Michael P. Garofalo. "Eight Trigrams Charts for the I Ching (Book of Changes)". Retrieved May 18, 2016.
    185. 1 2 Coplan, Chris (September 1, 2011). "Marilyn Manson's Shia LaBeouf-directed short film: "Born Villain"". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    186. Blumeyer, Kevin (September 1, 2011). "Shia LaBeouf Directed the Marilyn Manson Music Video 'Born Villain' and This is the Result". CraveOnline. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
    187. Weingarten, Christopher (July 1, 2011). "Shia LaBeouf to Direct Marilyn Manson Documentary". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    188. "Marilyn Manson Taps Shia LaBeouf to Direct Doc". Spin. SpinMedia. July 1, 2011. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    189. Lecaro, Lina (September 13, 2011). "Marilyn Manson's Born Villain Tracks: We Heard Them First". LA Weekly. Voice Media Group. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    190. 1 2 3 4 Warner, Kara (August 31, 2011). "Shia LaBeouf Calls Marilyn Manson Video 'A Cool Diversion'". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    191. Rao, Mallika (August 31, 2011). "'Born Villain': The Shia LaBeouf/Marilyn Manson Collaboration Has Arrived (VIDEO)". The Huffington Post. AOL. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    192. Bychawski, Adam (November 23, 2011). "Marilyn Manson drummer Chris Vrenna quits the band". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    193. 1 2 "Marilyn Manson: 'Born Villain' Release Date Announced". March 12, 2012. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    194. Smirke, Richard (May 3, 2012). "Cooking Vinyl's Martin Goldschmidt On Universal-EMI Deal, Marilyn Manson, the Rise of Indies". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    195. "Born Villain - Marilyn Manson / Awards". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    196. "Born Villain by Marilyn Manson". Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    197. "Official Rock & Metal Albums Chart Top 40: 13 May 2012 - 19 May 2012". Official Charts Company. May 19, 2012. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    198. "Marilyn Manson: "Slo-Mo-Tion" Proxy Remix Exclusive". Vice. October 25, 2012. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    199. Ouellette, Mary. "Marilyn Manson, April 2012". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    200. Kaufman, Spencer (July 12, 2012). "Rob Zombie and Marilyn Manson Team Up for 2012 Twins of Evil Tour". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    201. Childers, Chad. "Marilyn Manson + Alice Cooper - 2013 Must-See Rock Concerts". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
    202. Baltin, Steve (August 3, 2012). "Marilyn Manson, Steve Jones Rock 'Californication' Season Finale Event". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    203. Nepales, Ruben (August 17, 2012). "David Duchovny talks about 'Californication' and Marilyn Manson". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    204. Scully, Alan (January 23, 2015). "Marilyn Manson to unveil 'Pale Emperor' in Bethlehem". The Morning Call. Tribune Media. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    205. Lauvou, Jim (May 30, 2013). "Marilyn Manson: "I Like To Smoke and Hang Out With The Gangsta Rappers"". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    206. 1 2 Moskovitch, Greg (September 2, 2014). "Marilyn Manson Confirms New Album "Prepared For Landing"". Music Feeds. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    207. Fred Sablan (June 25, 2014). "Twitter / Fredsablan: Lots of love for my brother ...". Retrieved June 27, 2014.
    208. "Marilyn Manson - Tyler Bates". January 29, 2015. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
    209. Harmsen, Nando (April 3, 2014). "Preview Marilyn Manson - Utrecht 2014-08-06". Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    210. O'Connell, Michael (April 24, 2014). "WGN America's 'Salem' Enlists Marilyn Manson for Opening Titles (Video)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    211. Taylor, Drew (October 23, 2014). "Review: 'John Wick' Is A B-Movie Pleasure, Anchored By Keanu Reeves' Raw Charisma". Indiewire. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    212. Rosenberg, Axl (October 27, 2014). "Marilyn Manson is on the "Third Day of a Seven Day Binge"". MetalSucks. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    213. Grow, Kory (October 27, 2014). "Hear Marilyn Manson's Punkish New 'Third Day of a Seven Day Binge'". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    214. "Marilyn Manson Premieres New Song, "Third Day of a Seven Day Binge"". Revolver. October 26, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    215. Bezer, Terry (November 3, 2014). "Marilyn Manson, Live in Los Angeles". Metal Hammer. TeamRock. Retrieved September 19, 2016. (registration required (help)).
    216. Khomami, Nadia (December 16, 2014). "Marilyn Manson drops new single 'Deep Six' from forthcoming album 'The Pale Emperor' - listen". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    217. Grow, Kory (December 19, 2014). "See Marilyn Manson's Unsettling, Phallic 'Deep Six' Video". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    218. "Rock Music: Top Mainstream Rock Songs Chart - The Week of March 14, 2015". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. March 5, 2015. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
    219. Styles, Wes (January 8, 2015). "Marilyn Manson Releases 3rd New Song 'Cupid Carries A Gun'". WQLZ. Mid-West Family Broadcasting. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    220. Crane, Matt (April 25, 2014). "Marilyn Manson previews new song, "Cupid Carries A Gun"". Alternative Press. Alternative Press Magazine, Inc. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    221. 1 2 Ryzik, Melena (January 15, 2015). "A Dark Prince Steps Into the Light". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    222. 1 2 Brophy, Aaron (January 20, 2015). "Why Marilyn Manson's 'The Pale Emperor' Is A 'F*ck You' To The Devil". The Huffington Post. AOL Music. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    223. "Marilyn Manson's Mother Dies After Battle With Dementia". May 18, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    224. 1 2 Lynch, Joe (January 28, 2015). "Who Says Rock Is Dead? Marilyn Manson, Fall Out Boy & More Notch Big Debuts". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    225. Caulfield, Keith (January 28, 2015). "Fall Out Boy Scores Third No. 1 Album on Billboard 200". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
    226. Thompson, Barry (January 20, 2015). "Marilyn Manson Interview - Marilyn Manson on 'The Pale Emperor', Grunge, Courtney Love". Esquire. Hearst Media. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
    227. Sosa, Chris (February 2, 2015). "Marilyn Manson Just Made an Unexpected Comeback". The Huffington Post. AOL. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
    228. "Marilyn Manson, 'The Pale Emperor' - 20 Best Metal Albums of 2015". Rolling Stone. December 10, 2015. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
    229. Spanos, Brittany (May 11, 2015). "Watch Marilyn Manson Become 'Mephistopheles of Los Angeles'". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
    230. Reed, Ryan (July 10, 2015). "Watch Marilyn Manson's Creepy 'Third Day of a Seven Day Binge' Video". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
    231. Blistein, Jon (March 31, 2015). "Smashing Pumpkins, Marilyn Manson Plot End Times Tour". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    232. Asulin, Chelsi (March 31, 2015). "Marilyn Manson & Smashing Pumpkins Announce Co-Headlining North American Tour". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    233. Vanderbilt, Mike (January 5, 2016). "Neon noir meets outlaw country in Shooter Jennings' tribute to Giorgio Moroder". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
    234. Leahey, Andrew (January 4, 2016). "Shooter Jennings Enlists Marilyn Manson, Brandi Carlile for 'Countach'". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
    235. Kaye, Ben (February 18, 2016). "Marilyn Manson covers the hell out of David Bowie's "Cat People" — listen". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
    236. Moore, Sam (August 3, 2016). "Watch Marilyn Manson star in disturbing 16-bit video for his cover of David Bowie's 'Cat People'". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved August 12, 2016.
    237. DiVita, Joe (February 29, 2016). "Slipknot + Marilyn Manson Reveal Itinerary for 2016 Summer Tour; Corey Taylor Launching Apple Music Show". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
    238. Payne, Chris (February 16, 2016). "Slipknot Plots U.S. Tour With Marilyn Manson and Of Mice & Men". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
    239. "Slipknot singer has surgery on his neck, which he didn't realise he'd broken". BBC Online. BBC. June 7, 2016. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
    240. O'Neill, Christina (July 19, 2016). "Marilyn Manson reveals new album details". Metal Hammer. TeamRock. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
    241. NME News Desk (July 1, 2015). "Marilyn Manson making 'acoustic and Southern-sounding' music with Korn frontman". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
    242. Cindy Scull (November 2, 2015). "Marilyn Manson - 97.1FM - The Eagle". KEGL. iHeartMedia. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
    243. Copsey, Rob (March 8, 2016). "Record Store Day 2016: The full list of 557 exclusive music releases revealed". Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
    244. "Record Store Day 2016: The good, the bad and the ugly from this year's release list". Fact. The Vinyl Factory. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
    245. John Earls (September 28, 2016). "Marilyn Manson says new album 'Say10' is 'The last thing people will expect'". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
    246. Kennelty, Greg (September 27, 2016). "Marilyn Manson To Release An Unreleased, "Legendary" Video From 1996". Metal Injection. Retrieved September 27, 2016.
    247. 1 2 DeVita, Joe (July 19, 2016). "Marilyn Manson Announces New Album 'Say10'". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
    248. Grow, Kory (September 16, 2016). "Marilyn Manson Teases 'Pretty Violent' New Album 'SAY10'". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved September 20, 2016.
    249. Stern, Marlow (November 8, 2016). "Marilyn Manson's Shocking Trump Video". The Daily Beast. IAC. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
    250. Distefano, Alex (November 21, 2013). "Top 10 Shock Rock Bands of All Time". OC Weekly. Duncan McIntosh Co. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    251. Garza, Richard (January 29, 2015). "Marilyn Manson trades shock rock for new sound in The Pale Emperor". Western Herald. Western Michigan University. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    252. Wolgamott, L. Kent (May 30, 2013). "High Guru of shock rock". Boulder Weekly. Stewart Sallo. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    253. Hartmann, Graham (March 2, 2012). "Marilyn Manson Calls New Album His 'Grandest Concept Record' + Disputes 'Shock Rock' Label". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    254. "Friday Night with Jonathan Ross". Friday Night with Jonathan Ross. Season 4. Episode 11. June 6, 2003. 14 minutes in. BBC. BBC One. Retrieved June 13, 2016. Ross: How would you describe your band? I've heard the new album and there's so much going on. Do you consider it heavy metal or glam rock or dance — what is it? / Manson: I don't really care for genres. When we first started out, grunge was everywhere. After that, it was the whole industrial thing. Then it was nu metal. And we've outlasted them all. We're a rock 'n' roll band.
    255. 1 2 3 4 5 Serpick, Evan. "Marilyn Manson - Rolling Stone Biography". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    256. Tietelman, Brad (August 5, 2015). "Take a look at Spotify's top 25 metal subgenres". Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    257. Thompson, Barry (January 20, 2015). "Marilyn Manson on 'Inventing' Grunge, Sons of Anarchy, and Why He's a Furby". Esquire. Hearst Media. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    258. 1 2 3 Lorraine Ali (October 29, 1996). "Marilyn Manson: Antichrist Superstar". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    259. 1 2 3 "Marilyn Manson – Antichrist Superstar". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    260. Chuck Eddy (June 1998). "Metal Machine Music". Spin. SpinMedia. 14 (6): 139.
    261. "Marilyn Manson News". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    262. Berman, Judy (September 1, 2011). "Watch Shia LaBeouf's NSFW Marilyn Manson Music Video". Flavorwire. Flavorpill Media. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    263. "Pop/Rock » Heavy Metal » Alternative Metal". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    264. Ramirez, AJ (August 3, 2011). "The 10 Best Alternative Metal Singles of the 1990s". PopMatters. Sarah Zupko. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    265. Cochran, Greg (January 22, 2015). "Marilyn Manson - The Pale Emperor (Album Review)". Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    266. 1 2 3 4 Schafer, Joseph (April 8, 2015). "The 10 Best Marilyn Manson Songs". Stereogum. SpinMedia. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    267. "Motörhead, Papa Roach, Marilyn Manson see Paris shows canceled". Agence France-Presse. Yahoo. November 15, 2015. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    268. Greg Kot (November 12, 2000). "Marilyn Manson Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley...". Chicago Tribune. tronc. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    269. Lewis, Luke (March 5, 2009). "Release The Bats - It's The 20 Greatest Goth Tracks". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    270. 1 2 3 Bailey, Thomas. "Marilyn Manson : Born Villain". Furst Media. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    271. Mathieson, Craig (February 12, 2015). "Marilyn Manson - The Pale Emperor demonstrates creative discipline". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
    272. "Interview: SMP - Scott Mitchell Putesky (Daisy Berkowitz)". RockRevolt Magazine. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    273. "Spooky Kids Demos". Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    274. D'Angelo, Joe (May 29, 2002). "Marilyn Manson Splits With Bassist Twiggy Ramirez". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    275. Riemenschneider, Chris (February 7, 2008). "The Big Gigs: Shows and highlights of the upcoming entertainment week". Star Tribune. Michael J. Klingensmith. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    276. Doerschuk, Andy (September 24, 2009). "From The Archive: Ginger Fish Vs. Marilyn Manson". Drum!. Enter Music Publishing, Inc. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    277. "No Guilty Pleasures #4: Marilyn Manson's 'Eat Me, Drink Me'". Stereoboard. Eyedigit Limited. January 12, 2015. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    278. Dolan, Jon (January 20, 2015). "Marilyn Manson: The Pale Emperor". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    279. "Marilyn Manson – The High End of Low | Album Reviews". Consequence of Sound. May 27, 2009. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    280. "Review: Marilyn Manson Born Villain". KASC. Arizona State University. May 2, 2012. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    281. Brown, Matt. "Marilyn Manson - The Golden Age of Grotesque". Soundwaves Magazine. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    282. Kowalski, Ben (January 2, 2015). "Marilyn Manson - The Pale Emperor - Pop 'stache". Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    283. Grow, Kory (December 15, 2014). "Hear Marilyn Manson's Vicious Dance-Floor Metal Banger 'Deep Six'". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    284. Macgregor, Jody (January 15, 2016). "First Impressions: Marilyn Manson - Pale Emperor". Junkee. Junkee Media. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    285. Nissim, Mayer (May 1, 2012). "Marilyn Manson: 'Born Villain' - Album review". Digital Spy. Hearst Media. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    286. "Metroactive Music | Marilyn Manson". Metro Silicon Valley. Metro Newspapers. May 15, 2003. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    287. Paulet, Emma (February 11, 2015). "The Pale Emperor: Marilyn Manson". Perdeby Newspaper. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    288. Furness, Dyllan (May 12, 2015). "Marilyn Manson Releases New Video for "The Mephistopheles of Los Angeles"". New Times Broward-Palm Beach. Voice Media Group. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    289. Hernandez, Victor (January 22, 2015). "Album Review: Marilyn Manson – The Pale Emperor". Collective Lifestyle. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    290. Chris Norris (January 13, 1997). "The Satanic Verses". New York. New York Media, LLC. 30 (1): 48; 62; 79. ISSN 0028-7369. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    291. 1 2 3 Ewens, Hannah (July 29, 2016). "The evolution of Marilyn Manson: from Columbine scapegoat to Belieber". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    292. Wray, Tyson. "Marilyn Manson Interview | Beat Magazine". Furst Media. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    293. Shultz, Steve (February 12, 2015). "Marilyn Manson at the Fillmore Auditorium in Denver (photos, review)". The Denver Post. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    294. Mike, Mazzarone (January 12, 2015). "Marilyn Manson Claims He Invented Grunge, Talks Nirvana & Pearl Jam". Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    295. Thomas, Jeremy (January 20, 2015). "Marilyn Manson – The Pale Emperor Review". 411Mania. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    296. "Album Review: Marilyn Manson – The Pale Emperor". Nouse. University of York Students' Union. February 13, 2015. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    297. Semley, Jon (January 28, 2015). "Marilyn Manson - NOW Toronto Magazine". Now. Now Communications. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    298. Bogosian, Dan (January 30, 2015). "Live Review: Marilyn Manson at New York City's Terminal 5 (1/29)". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    299. Robinson, Melina (February 17, 2015). "Review: Marilyn Manson brings Valentine's Day mayhem to HOB". Las Vegas Sun. Greenspun Media Group. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    300. Price, Dale (November 13, 2000). "Album Review: Marilyn Manson – Holy Wood (In The Shadow of the Valley of Death) / Releases". Drowned in Sound. Silentway. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    301. Robb, John (May 12, 2009). "Marilyn Manson's High End Of Low Reviewed Track-By-Track". The Quietus. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    302. Grow, Kory (February 9, 2015). "PAPERMAG - Marilyn Manson Shows Us His Soft Side". Paper. Paper Communications. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    303. Knopper, Steve (January 29, 2015). "A poignant, mystical Marilyn Manson holds forth". Chicago Tribune. tronc. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    304. Swan, David (February 16, 2015). "Marilyn Manson: "I'm somewhere between a peacock and a panther"". FasterLouder. Junkee Media. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    305. Emerstone, Glenn (December 2000). "Marilyn Manson: Death, Destruction and Bouncing Butt Cheeks at the Hammerstein Ballroom". NY Rock Magazine. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
    306. "Digging Deeper: Axl Rose is NOT the Singer With the Widest Range". VVN Music. Vintage Vinyl News. May 28, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2016.
    307. Hit Parader Staff (December 2012). "Top 100 Vocalists". Hit Parader. Charlton Publications. 12 (12): 22.
    308. Stratton, Jeff (April 15, 2016). "Manson Family Feud". New Times Broward-Palm Beach. Voice Media Group. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
    309. 1 2 "wElCOme kiDdIEs! Marilyn Manson & The Spooky Kids". Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    310. Phil Hall. "Review for Screamin' Jay Hawkins: I Put a Spell on Me (2001)". Film Threat. IMDb. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    311. Baltin, Steve (August 12, 2012). "Q&A: A Conversation With Marilyn Manson and Ray Manzarek". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    312. 1 2 Finn, Natalie (January 11, 2016). "Inspired by David Bowie: 10 Artists Who Borrowed a Page From the Late Icon's Truly Original Playbook". E! Online. E!. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    313. Saul, Heather (January 12, 2016). "David Bowie death: Marilyn Manson and gender fluid stars pay tribute to the ultimate gender fluid icon". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    314. Mattingly, David (September 21, 1998). "Marilyn Manson living the lead role in his own show". CNN. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    315. "Rock's 'Gothic Chameleon' Marilyn Manson sets his sights on an intimate show at the Casino Ballroom". The Portsmouth Herald. Local Media Group. March 8, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    316. Chuck Klosterman (November 5, 2004). "Marilyn Manson, 'Lest We Forget' (Interscope)". Spin. SpinMedia. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    317. Kaye, Ben (February 18, 2016). "Marilyn Manson covers the hell out of David Bowie's "Cat People" — listen". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    318. Payne, Chris (February 18, 2016). "Hear Marilyn Manson & Shooter Jennings Cover David Bowie's 'Cat People'". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    319. Grow, Kory (August 11, 2016). "Are Depeche Mode Metal's Biggest Secret Influence?". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    320. Epting, Chris. "Gary Numan Discusses Influencing NIN and Marilyn Manson + Making New Album 'Splinter (Songs From a Broken Mind)'". Townsquare Media. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    321. "Gary Numan - All Tomorrow's Parties". All Tomorrow's Parties. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    322. Adams, Chip (August 26, 2004). "Marilyn Manson To Honor The Cure On MTV". The Fader. Andy Cohn. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    323. DiPerna, Alan. "Marilyn Manson: Shock, Rattle and Roll". Guitar World. Harris Publications (December 1996): 18–25. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    324. "Marilyn Manson: The Music That Made Me". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. May 8, 2015. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
    325. Murray, Chris (August 1998). "Keeping the Fear Alive: Marilyn Manson". Seven Magazine. DMC Publishing.
    326. Stagg, Natasha (September 27, 2016). "Marilyn Manson: all-American nightmare". Dazed Digital. Dazed. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
    327. Ford, Chris (January 3, 2014). "10 Best Marilyn Manson Videos". Noisecreep. Townsquare Media. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    328. 1 2 Barkan, Jonathan (May 13, 2015). "[From Worst To Best] The Music Videos Of Marilyn Manson". Bloody Disgusting. The Collective. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    329. Crane, Matt (October 31, 2014). "16 Music Videos That Will Give You Nightmares - Features". Alternative Press. Alternative Press Magazine, Inc. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    330. Lau, Melody (October 23, 2014). "The 13 Scariest Music Videos of All Time". Vulture. New York. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    331. Adriana de Barros (April 24, 2015). "Interview with Floria Sigismondi :: SCENE 360". Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    332. "60 Top Disturbing Horror Music Videos of All Time". April 13, 2016. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    333. "MTV: 100 Greatest Music Videos Ever Made". MTV. Rock On The Net. December 1999. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    334. "Much Music's 100 Greatest Videos Ever". Much. Bell Media. August 30, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    335. NME Staff (June 17, 2016). "NSFW! - It's The 19 Most Explicit Music Videos Ever". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    336. Rosenfeld, Everett (June 6, 2011). "'(S)aint' | Top 10 Controversial Music Videos". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    337. Schaffer, Dean (August 1, 2011). "MTV at 30: The Top 10 Most Controversial Music Videos (NSFW)". SF Weekly. San Francisco Media Co. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    338. "The 20 Greatest Moments of the Relentless Kerrang! Awards | Kerrang! Radio – Everything That Rocks". Kerrang! Radio. Bauer Media Group. June 5, 2013. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
    339. Jones, Sam (August 26, 2005). "Green Day triumph at Kerrang! awards | Media". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
    340. "Entertainment | Green Day rock Kerrang! honours". BBC News. BBC. August 26, 2005. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
    341. Brown, August (June 12, 2015). "Marilyn Manson's comeback validated by Kerrang lifetime achievement award". Los Angeles Times. tronc. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
    342. Emily Carter (February 21, 2016). "The 50 Best Rock Albums Of The 2000s". Kerrang!. Bauer Media Group. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
    343. Emily Carter (August 15, 2015). "The 50 Greatest Rockstars In The World 2015". Kerrang!. Bauer Media Group. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
    344. "VH1: '100 Greatest Hard Rock Artists': 51-100". VH1. Rock On The Net. December 2000. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
    345. Stosuy, Brandon (January 5, 2009). "VH1's 100 Greatest Hard Rock Songs". Stereogum. SpinMedia. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
    346. "The 60 greatest solo artists of all time, ranked". Gigwise. Giant Digital. April 21, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
    347. 1 2 Al-Sharif, Rabab (May 13, 2016). "Marilyn Manson to receive APMAs 2016 Icon Award - News - Alternative Press". Alternative Press. Alternative Press Magazine, Inc. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
    348. Carole Cadwalladr (January 18, 2015). "Marilyn Manson: 'I created a fake world because I didn't like the one I was living in'". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    349. Hedegaard, Erik (January 6, 2015). "Marilyn Manson: The Vampire of the Hollywood Hills". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
    350. Stern, Marlow (January 21, 2015). "Marilyn Manson on Charlie Hebdo and Why You Should Avoid Foursomes". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
    351. Lloyd, Gavin (January 14, 2015). "The A-Z Of Marilyn Manson - Feature". Metal Hammer. TeamRock. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    352. Gasparek, Brian (February 6, 2015). "25 Unexpected Facts About Marilyn Manson (Only One Of Which Involves Mario Kart)". The Huffington Post. Verizon. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    353. Eggertsen, Chris (August 12, 2015). "Outrage Watch: Johnny Depp can probably relate to this Marilyn Manson controversy". HitFix. Woven Digital. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    354. Chaz, Kangas (September 6, 2012). "The 1997 Edition Was the Best MTV Video Music Awards". LA Weekly. Voice Media Group. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    355. DeWolf, Annna (June 20, 2016). "Marc Jacobs casts Marilyn Manson and Courtney Love in new ad | Dazed". Dazed Digital. Waddell Limited. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    356. Mack, Emmy (December 23, 2015). "Read Charles Manson's Batshit Insane Letter To Marilyn Manson". Music Feeds. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    357. "47 years of Marilyn Manson: Has society finally understood him?". The Times Group. January 5, 2016. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    358. Bonaime, Ross (October 31, 2011). "The 13 Scariest Bands of All Time :: Music :: Lists". Paste. Wolfgang's Vault. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    359. Hartmann, Graham (January 27, 2013). "10 Best Marilyn Manson Songs". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    360. Grierson, Tim (February 5, 2016). "Marilyn Manson Biography and Profile". IAC. Retrieved August 1, 2016.
    361. The Grim Lord (March 30, 2016). "Album Review: American Head Charge - 'Tango Umbrella'". New Noise Magazine. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    362. Ballengee, Luke (June 13, 2016). "Review: Avatar- Feathers & Flesh". The Front Row Report. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    363. Tuset, Eduard (June 17, 2016). "Babymetal, entrevista en MondoSorono (2016)" [Babymetal, MondoSorono interview (2016)]. Mondo Sorono (in Spanish). Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    364. Grow, Kory (April 27, 2016). "Watch Babymetal Show 'Karate' Dance Moves, Talk Song's Empowering Message". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    365. Steele, Mark (June 14, 2016). "Combichrist - 'This Is Where Death Begins' Album Review". Vita in Musica. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    366. "Cradle Of Filth Frontman Dani Filth On Shock Value In Music - "It's So Blasé And So Contrived"". Brave Words & Bloody Knuckles. August 12, 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    367. Martins, Chris (April 26, 2013). "Ghost B.C. Now Going Inside Butts Trying to Shock People". Spin. SpinMedia. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    368. Bienstock, Richard (August 4, 2015). "Skulls, Satan and Dave Grohl: Inside Mysterious Occult-Rock Band Ghost". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    369. Richardson, Sean (December 2, 2004). "Music | All the Rage". Portland Phoenix. Phoenix Media/Communications Group. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    370. Rosenberg, Axl (June 3, 2013). "I'm Not Saying Motionless In White Wanna Be Marilyn Manson, Butttt...". MetalSucks. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    371. Encina, Sol (September 30, 2014). "Album Review: Motionless In White - Reincarnate". Metal Injection. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    372. Shotwell, James (September 14, 2014). "Review: Motionless In White - 'Reincarnate'". Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    373. Roadrunner Records Staff (February 12, 2008). "Roadrunner Records UK // Interview With A Murderdoll (Tripp)". Roadrunner Records. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    374. Henderson, Alex (October 14, 2003). "XIII - Mushroomhead | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    375. Geist, Brandon (October 19, 2011). "Exclusive Interview: Hot Chick in Hard Rock Ash Costello of New Years Day". Revolver. NewBay Media. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    376. Kaufman, Spencer (December 22, 2014). "September Mourning, 'Children of Fate' - Song Premiere". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    377. AntiHero Magazine Staff (January 7, 2015). "September Mourning Releases New Single "Children Of Fate" From Upcoming Album". AntiHero Magazine. AntiHero Media. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    378. Full Metal Jackie (April 26, 2016). "Corey Taylor Talks Slipknot's Evolution, Future Plans + More". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
    379. Stephen Thomas Erlewine. "Influences: Avril Lavigne - Various Artists | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
    380. Austin Scaggs (June 24, 2004). "Q&A: Avril Lavigne". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
    381. Morris, Andy (February 13, 2015). "Charli XCX on the wisdom of Marilyn Manson + Kanye". Gigwise. Giant Digital. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
    382. Lipshutz, Jason (December 13, 2014). "5 Things We Want to See Charli XCX Do on 'SNL'". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
    383. Noakes, Tim (March 1, 2015). "Marilyn Manson: a nose for trouble". Dazed Digital. Dazed. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
    384. Rodriguez, Jayson (March 24, 2009). "Eminem's Video Legacy, On The Eve Of 'We Made You'". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
    385. Claire Boucher (July 10, 2012). "Grimes on the importance of Marilyn Manson". Electronic Beats. T-Mobile. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
    386. Williams, Tia (July 19, 2014). "10 Ways That Marilyn Manson Inspired Lady Gaga". VH1. Viacom. Retrieved August 31, 2016.
    387. Carroll, Grace (July 18, 2012). "Marilyn Manson: 'I have a hard time liking Lady Gaga'". Gigwise. Giant Digital. Retrieved September 2, 2016.
    388. Steven Hyden (June 17, 2014). "The United States of Lana «". Grantland. ESPN. Archived from the original on December 26, 2015. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
    389. Diep, Eric (January 20, 2016). "Next Wave: Meet Lil Uzi Vert, the Next Phenom in Rap". Complex. Complex Media Inc. Retrieved 2016-06-04.
    390. "Lisa Marie Presley Cites Marilyn Manson As An Influence". April 8, 2003. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
    391. Dionne, Zach (June 8, 2015). "Muse's Muses: 9 of the British Band's Funky, Heavy, Wacky Influences". Fuse. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
    392. Stephen Thomas Erlewine (October 31, 2006). "The Black Parade - My Chemical Romance | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
    393. Freger, Halley (September 25, 2015). "Mykki Blanco returns to Grinnell". Scarlet and Black. Grinnell College. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
    394. Woods, Mickey (September 3, 2013). "Exclusive: Natalia Kills Shares Her Obsessions and Premieres "Boys Don't Cry" With Us!". Glamour. Condé Nast. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
    395. Sokol, Stephanie (August 13, 2013). "Detroit native Porcelain Black teases album with live video series". The Oakland Press. 21st Century Media. Retrieved August 31, 2016.
    396. "Required Listening For Fall". mtvU. Viacom. September 26, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
    397. Sciarretto, Holly (October 19, 2011). "Skylar Grey: Interview". Gigwise. Giant Digital. Retrieved August 30, 2016.
    398. Corner, Lewis (January 9, 2015). "Years & Years interview: 'We now have a responsibility to not be s**t!'". Digital Spy. Hearst Media. Retrieved August 31, 2016.
    399. Chris Bitonti (April 9, 2013). "The Weekly interview: Shirley Manson of Garbage". Las Vegas Weekly. Greenspun Media Group. Retrieved August 5, 2016.
    400. Chuck Philips (December 10, 1996). "Critics expected to take on MCA for explicit rap lyrics". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
    401. Michael Goldberg (June 1, 1996). "Elvis Fan Bill Bennett Attacks Rap, Marilyn Manson". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
    402. "Music Violence: How Does It Affect Our Children – Hearing before the Committee of Governmental Affairs, United States Senate" (PDF). United States Government Publishing Office. November 7, 1997. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
    403. Nelson, Chris (November 7, 1997). "Senate Hearing Attempts To Connect Manson To Suicide". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
    404. MTV News Staff (June 24, 1997). "Marilyn Manson Fans Settle Lawsuit Over Canceled Utah Show". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
    405. 1 2 Spencer, Jim (April 20, 1997). "Richmond Makes Martyr Out Of Manson". Daily Press. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
    406. 1 2 Nelson, Chris (April 19, 1997). "Ozzy Osbourne To Sue New Jersey Over Marilyn Manson". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
    407. MTV News Staff (July 21, 1997). "R 'N' R Three Dot: Portland Axes Marilyn Manson Show". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
    408. Kaufman, Gil (December 11, 1997). "Marilyn Manson Wins Case Of Canceled Concert". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
    409. Neil Strauss (June 17, 1997). "Heavy Metal Upstaged By a Fury Offstage". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
    410. Glendinning, Lee (May 16, 2008). "Luke Mitchell loses appeal in Jodi Jones murder". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
    411. Cramb, Auslan (January 7, 2005). "Jodi Jones death 'similar to Hollywood killing'". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
    412. PA (January 21, 2005). "Teenager convicted of Jodi murder | Crime | News". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
    413. "UK | Scotland | Killer 'obsessed by occult'". BBC News. January 21, 2005. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
    414. 1 2 Bychawski, Adam (December 24, 2004). "Marilyn Manson DVD Played In Murder Trial". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
    415. Peterkin, Tom (January 22, 2005). "Jodi killed by boyfriend attracted to sex, drugs and Satan". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
    416. "I did not inspire Jodi's killer, says rock star Marilyn Manson". The Scotsman. Johnston Press. February 14, 2005. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
    417. PA (February 14, 2005). "Blame Jodi killer's upbringing: Manson". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
    418. "Defense Lawyer: No Connection Between Murder And Marilyn Manson Paintings". January 8, 2005. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
    419. Scott, Kirsty (February 12, 2005). "Jodi's killer to serve at least 20 years in jail | UK news". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
    420. "Murderer Luke Mitchell has latest appeal over Jodi Jones conviction rejected". STV. STV Group. April 15, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
    421. Crane, Matt (June 27, 2014). "Bomb threats, protests cancel Marilyn Manson shows in Russia". Alternative Press. Alternative Press Magazine, Inc. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    422. "Marilyn Manson: Bomb Threats And Protests Force Cancelation Of Two Shows in Russia". June 27, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    423. "Orthodox activists 'confront' Marilyn Manson band with eggs, holy water in Moscow". RT. Russia Today. June 27, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    424. "Russian Christians in Novosibirsk Block Marilyn Manson Concert". NBC News. NBCUniversal. June 27, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    425. "Authorities not allowing Marilyn Manson concert to go ahead as hundreds of religious activists protest". SBS Australia. June 28, 2014. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    426. Khomami, Nadia (November 21, 2014). "Marilyn Manson denies involvement in Lana Del Rey 'rape' video". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    427. Sean Michaels (November 21, 2014). "Marilyn Manson denies involvement in Lana Del Rey rape horror video". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    428. Denham, Jess (November 21, 2014). "Marilyn Manson denies involvement in shocking leaked footage from Lana Del Rey rape video". The Independent. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    429. Gordon, Jeremy (November 21, 2014). "Marilyn Manson Denies Involvement in Lana Del Rey Sexual Assault Depiction Footage". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    430. Warner, Denise (November 20, 2014). "Marilyn Manson's Camp on Lana Del Rey Footage: We Had Nothing to Do With This Video". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
    431. Kessler, Ted (September 9, 2000). ""It's Time For Chaos!" - Marilyn Manson Goes Ape". NME. Time Inc. UK: 28–31.
    432. Aviva Shen (December 14, 2012). "A Timeline Of Mass Shootings In The US Since Columbine". ThinkProgress. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    433. Powers, Ann (April 25, 2000). "The Nation; The Stresses of Youth, The Strains of Its Music". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    434. "Never mind the headlines...". BBC News. BBC. February 9, 2001. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    435. O'Connor, Christopher (April 26, 1999). "Colorado Tragedy Continues To Spark Manson Bashing". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
    436. Jones, Steve (2002). Jones, Steve, ed. Pop music and the press. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. pp. 126–127. ISBN 978-1-56639-966-1. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    437. MTV News Staff (April 22, 1999). "Marilyn Manson Concert, Other Denver Events Cancelled In Wake Of High School Shooting". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    438. Cullen, Dave (September 23, 1999). "Inside the Columbine High investigation". Salon. Salon Media Group. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    439. Holland, Meegan (April 20, 2009). "Columbine High School massacre on 10th anniversary: 5 myths surrounding deadliest school attack in U.S. history". The Grand Rapids Press. Booth Newspapers. Retrieved April 17, 2016.
    440. Marilyn Manson (May 28, 1999). "Rolling Stone : Columbine: Whose Fault Is It?". Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    441. Bychawski, Adam (May 1, 1999). "Marilyn Manson: The Write To Be Wrong". NME. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
    442. Gumbel, Andrew (October 10, 2007). "Boy, 14, kills himself after shooting four in school rampage". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    443. "Police: Suspended boy shoots 4 at Ohio school". NBCUniversal. October 10, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    444. "Police chief: Teen shoots four, kills self at Cleveland high school". CNN. Time Warner. October 11, 2007. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
    445. "Shooting Spree At Cleveland High School". CBS News. CBS Corporation. October 10, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    446. Kaufman, Gil (October 11, 2007). "Cleveland School Shooter Fit Sadly Predictable Profile: Bullied Loner From Troubled Home". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    447. Jervis, Rick (May 18, 2009). "La. student shoots self, misses teacher". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    448. Hernandez, Jenn (May 19, 2009). "Eighth Grader Attempts Suicide After Marilyn Manson-Related Altercation With Teacher". The Fader. Andy Cohn. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    449. Fitzmaurice, Larry (May 19, 2009). "Teen Classroom Shooter: "Hail Marilyn Manson"". Spin. SpinMedia. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    450. "Marilyn Manson Fan Who Shot Himself After Firing At Teacher Dies". May 25, 2009. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marilyn Manson.
    This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/30/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.