Launch of a MGM-29
|Type||Tactical ballistic missile|
|Place of origin||United States|
United States Army|
|Designer||Jet Propulsion Laboratory|
|Weight||10,100 lb (4,600 kg)|
|Length||34 ft 6 in (10.52 m)|
|Diameter||31 in (79 cm)|
|Warhead||W52 (M65) nuclear|
|Blast yield||200 kt|
200 kN (45,000 lbf)
|75 nmi (139 km)|
|Boost time||34 sec|
Activated by the US Army in 1962 to replace the MGM-5 Corporal, it was deployed in Europe and South Korea by 1963, carrying the W52 (M65) nuclear warhead or alternatively one of high explosives. A biological warhead, the M210, was standardized but not procured, and there was also a chemical variant, the M212 which had not attained standardization. It was replaced by the MGM-52 Lance and the last US Army battalion was deactivated in 1977. Sergeant Missile Systems were usually assigned to the field army with the mission of "general support to a corps"
Operation of the Sergeant was recognized to be an interim stage in the development of battlefield missiles. It avoided the Corporal's liquid-fuel-handling drawbacks, but still requiring extensive setup and checkout before launch, together with a train of semi-trailer support vehicles. More advanced missiles, such as the contemporary Blue Water and later Lance, would reduce setup time.
The Sergeant had a takeoff thrust of 200 kilonewtons (45,000 lbf), a takeoff weight of 4,530 kilograms (9,990 lb), a diameter of 790 millimetres (31 in), a length of 10.52 metres (34.5 ft) and a fin span of 1.80 metres (5 ft 11 in). The Sergeant missile had a minimum range of 40 kilometres (25 mi), and a maximum range of 135 kilometres (84 mi).
The Sergeant was used as the second stage of the Scout satellite launcher, and clusters of Sergeant-derived rockets were used in the second and third stages of the Jupiter-C sounding rocket and used in the second, third, and fourth stages of the Juno I and Juno II launch vehicles.
- 150th Rocket Artillery Battalion (1964-1976)
- 250th Rocket Artillery Battalion (1964-1976)
- 350th Rocket Artillery Battalion (1964-1976)
- 650th Rocket Artillery Battalion (1965-1976)
- 2nd Battalion, 30th Field Artillery Regiment 1963-1975 - Vicenza, Italy
- 3rd Battalion, 38th Field Artillery Regiment (1962-?) - Fort Sill
- 1st Battalion, 68th Field Artillery Regiment (1964-1970) - West Germany
- 5th Battalion, 73rd Field Artillery Regiment (1963-1975) - West Germany
- 5th Battalion, 77th Field Artillery Regiment (1963-1975) - West Germany
- 3rd Battalion, 80th Field Artillery Regiment (1964-1970) - West Germany
- 3rd Battalion, 81st Field Artillery Regiment (1963-1976) - South Korea
- "Weapons of the Filed Artillery (1965)". US Army. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
- "Sergeant electrodynamics". Flight: 643–644. 23 April 1964.
- "Thiokol". Box Elder County, Utah.